2020 FIA Formula One
World Championship
Drivers' Champion: Lewis Hamilton
Constructors' Champion: Mercedes
Pole Trophy: Lewis Hamilton
Previous: 2019 Next: 2021
Support series:
Formula 2 Championship
FIA Formula 3 Championship
Porsche Supercup

The 2020 FIA Formula One World Championship is a motor racing championship for Formula One cars which marks the 70th anniversary of the first Formula One World Drivers' Championship.[1][a] The championship is recognised by the governing body of international motorsport, the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. Drivers and teams are scheduled to compete for the titles of World Drivers' Champion and World Constructors' Champion respectively.

The championship was originally due to start in March,[2] but the start was postponed until July in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The season was due to be contested over a record of 22 Grands Prix, but as some races were cancelled and new races were added to replace them, a total of 17 races are scheduled to be run.[3] The season started in July with the Austrian Grand Prix[4] and will end in December with the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.[5] Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the first eight rounds of the championship were run behind closed doors with the rest of the races due to be run at a reduced capacity or also behind closed doors due to the second wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes entered the season as the reigning World Drivers' and World Constructors' champions respectively, after they both won their sixth championship in 2019. At the Emilia Romagna Grand Prix, Mercedes secured their seventh consecutive Constructors' Championship making them the only team to win seven consecutive championships, breaking Ferrari's record from 1999 to 2004. Mercedes also maintained the distinction of being the only team to win the championship since the 2014 turbo-hybrid engine regulation changes were enacted. Lewis Hamilton equalled Michael Schumacher's record of seven World Drivers' Championship at the Turkish Grand Prix and broke Schumacher's previous record of 91 career wins at the Portuguese Grand Prix.

Entries

The following teams and drivers are currently under contract to compete in the 2020 World Championship. All teams compete with tyres supplied by Pirelli.[6]

Teams and drivers competing in the 2020 World Championship
Entrant Constructor Chassis Power unit Race drivers
No. Driver name Rounds
Switzerland Alfa Romeo Racing Orlen[7] Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari C39[7] Ferrari 065 7
99
Finland Kimi Räikkönen
Italy Antonio Giovinazzi
1–15
1–15
Italy Scuderia AlphaTauri Honda AlphaTauri-Honda AT01[8] Honda RA620H[9] 10
26
France Pierre Gasly
Russia Daniil Kvyat
1–15
1–15
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF1000[10] Ferrari 065[11] 5
16
Germany Sebastian Vettel
Monaco Charles Leclerc
1–15
1–15
United States Haas F1 Team Haas-Ferrari VF-20[12] Ferrari 065 8
20
France Romain Grosjean
Denmark Kevin Magnussen
1–15
1–15
United Kingdom McLaren F1 Team McLaren-Renault MCL35[13] Renault E-Tech 20[14] 4
55
United Kingdom Lando Norris
Spain Carlos Sainz Jr.
1–15
1–15
Germany Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes F1 W11[15] Mercedes-AMG F1 M11[16] 44
77
United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton
Finland Valtteri Bottas
1–15
1–15
United Kingdom BWT Racing Point F1 Team[17] Racing Point-BWT Mercedes RP20[18] BWT Mercedes[b] 11
27
18
27
Mexico Sergio Pérez[c]
Germany Nico Hülkenberg
Canada Lance Stroll[d]
Germany Nico Hülkenberg[e]
1–4, 6–15
4–5
1–15
11
Austria Aston Martin Red Bull Racing Red Bull Racing-Honda RB16[21] Honda RA620H 23
33
Thailand Alexander Albon
Netherlands Max Verstappen
1–15
1–15
France Renault DP World F1 Team[22] Renault R.S.20[23] Renault E-Tech 20[24] 3
31
Australia Daniel Ricciardo
France Esteban Ocon
1–15
1–15
United Kingdom Williams Racing[25] Williams-Mercedes FW43[26] Mercedes-AMG F1 M11[27] 6
63
Canada Nicholas Latifi
United Kingdom George Russell
1–15
1–15
Sources:[23][28]

Free practice drivers

Across the season, three drivers drove as a test or third driver in free practice sessions. Jack Aitken and Roy Nissany both drove for Williams at one and three Grands Prix respectively, while Robert Kubica drove for Alfa Romeo Racing at four Grands Prix.[28] Robert Shwartzman is due to take part in the first practice session at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, driving for Haas.[29] Mick Schumacher and Callum Ilott were due to appear in the first practice session for the Eifel Grand Prix, driving for Alfa Romeo Racing and Haas respectively, but it was cancelled due to bad weather conditions.[30]

Team changes

Red Bull GmbH, the parent company of Red Bull Racing and Scuderia Toro Rosso, renamed Toro Rosso as "Scuderia AlphaTauri". The team uses the constructor name "AlphaTauri".[23] The name is derived from Red Bull's AlphaTauri fashion brand.[31]

Driver changes

After a year's absence, Esteban Ocon returned to racing in Formula One after signing a contract with Renault, replacing Nico Hülkenberg.[32] Robert Kubica left Williams at the end of the 2019 championship and joined Alfa Romeo Racing as a reserve driver.[7] Nicholas Latifi, the 2019 Formula 2 Championship runner-up, replaced Kubica at Williams.[33][34]

Mid-season changes

A day before the British Grand Prix weekend, Racing Point driver Sergio Pérez tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 and was ruled out of the race weekend.[35] After seeking clarification from Public Health England, Racing Point stated that they intended to let Pérez race in the 70th Anniversary Grand Prix pending a negative SARS-CoV-2 test.[36] This re-test came back positive and so Pérez was also unable to take part in the 70th Anniversary Grand Prix. He was replaced by Nico Hülkenberg for both races, who had raced for the team's predecessor Force India in 2012 and from 2014 to 2016, and last raced in Formula One at the 2019 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.[37][38] Pérez had a negative SARS-CoV-2 test result the week preceding the Spanish Grand Prix weekend and he competed in the Grand Prix having been cleared by the FIA to return.[39]

Pérez's Racing Point teammate Lance Stroll felt ill prior to the Eifel Grand Prix and tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 on the day of the race. Hülkenberg again raced for the team.[40][20]

Calendar

Circuits originally scheduled to host a Grand Prix in 2020 are marked with a black dot.

Twenty-two Grands Prix were originally scheduled for the 2020 World Championship.[2] However, the COVID-19 pandemic resulted in numerous race cancellations and postponements. A rescheduled calendar consisted of seventeen Grands Prix, while thirteen races were cancelled. The length of each race is the minimum number of laps that exceeds a total distance of 305 km (189.5 mi). Under the sporting regulations, a minimum of eight races must take place for the season to be considered a championship.[41][f]

Schedule of events
Round Grand Prix Circuit Race date
1 Austrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg 5 July
2 Styrian Grand Prix 12 July
3 Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Mogyoród 19 July[g]
4 British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone 2 August[h]
5 70th Anniversary Grand Prix 9 August
6 Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Montmeló 16 August[i]
7 Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot 30 August
8 Italian Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, Monza 6 September
9 Tuscan Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello, Scarperia e San Piero 13 September
10 Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi 27 September
11 Eifel Grand Prix Germany Nürburgring, Nürburg 11 October
12 Portuguese Grand Prix Portugal Autódromo Internacional do Algarve, Portimão 25 October
13 Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Italy Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari, Imola 1 November
14 Turkish Grand Prix Turkey Intercity Istanbul Park, Tuzla 15 November
15 Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir[j] 29 November[k]
16 Sakhir Grand Prix 6 December
17 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi 13 December[l]
Sources:[44][45][46][47]

The following rounds were included on the original calendar published by the World Motor Sport Council, but were cancelled in response to the COVID-19 pandemic:

Grand Prix Circuit Original date
Australian Grand Prix Australia Albert Park Circuit, Melbourne 15 March
Vietnamese Grand Prix Vietnam Hanoi Street Circuit, Hanoi 5 April
Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai 19 April
Dutch Grand Prix Netherlands Circuit Zandvoort, Zandvoort 3 May
Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo 24 May
Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku City Circuit, Baku 7 June
Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montréal 14 June
French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet 28 June
Singapore Grand Prix Singapore Marina Bay Street Circuit, Singapore 20 September
Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka 11 October
United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas 25 October
Mexico City Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City 1 November
Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo 15 November
Sources:[48][49][50][51][52][53]

Changes from the 2019 calendar to the original 2020 calendar

After purchasing the commercial rights to the sport from CVC Capital Partners in January 2017, Liberty Media announced plans to expand the Formula One calendar using a concept they termed "destination races" and modelled on the Singapore Grand Prix.[54] Under the "destination races" model, Grands Prix would be established in or near key tourist destinations and integrate racing, entertainment and social functions with the aim of making the sport more accessible and appealing to a wider audience.[peacock term] Several countries and venues announced plans to bid for a Grand Prix,[55][56] with two bids being successful:

Liberty Media initially expected that the 2020 calendar would consist of twenty-one Grands Prix and that any new races would come at the expense of existing events, but later negotiated an agreement with the teams to allow up to twenty-two Grands Prix. Several further changes were made between the 2019 and 2020 calendars, with the German Grand Prix discontinued and the Mexican Grand Prix planned to be rebranded as the "Mexico City Grand Prix" before it was cancelled.[64][65]

Regulation changes

Sporting regulations

Teams are allowed to use an additional MGU-K compared to 2019 to compensate for the increased demands of contesting the originally planned twenty-two races.[66][67][clarification needed]

Drivers who participate in free practice sessions are eligible for additional FIA Super Licence points. Any driver who completes a minimum 100 km (62 mi) during a free practice session receives an additional Super Licence point on the condition that they do not commit a driving infraction. Drivers may only accrue ten Super Licence points across a three-season period from free practice sessions.[68]

As a result of what was then planned to be an expanded calendar, the two pre-season tests which took place at Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya were reduced in length from four days to three days each, whilst the two in-season tests that took place at Bahrain International Circuit and Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in 2019 have been discontinued. Teams were no longer allowed to hide their cars during testing.[69] The amount of time in which car mechanics are not allowed to work on the car has been extended from eight to nine hours.[67]

The rules surrounding jump starts and the weighbridge have been relaxed with the race stewards now being able to hand out less severe punishments for missing the weighbridge and jump starts.[67]

Technical regulations

In order to reduce the risk of punctures, the last 50 mm (2.0 in) of the front wing can no longer contain any metal. Brake ducts can no longer be outsourced and must be made and designed by the team. The amount of fuel that can be outside of the fuel tank has been reduced from 2 litres (3.5 imp pt) to 250 millilitres (0.44 imp pt). A decrease in electronic driver aids means that drivers will be responsible for managing more of the car's torque during race starts.[67]

Mid-season changes

From the Italian Grand Prix, drivers were only allowed to run one engine mode from the start of qualifying to the end of the race.[70] However, drivers are still allowed to use electrical power for the powertrain throughout the race weekend.[71]

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic

Initial response

The season was heavily disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic, with an announcement prior to the start of the championship that the Chinese Grand Prix would be postponed.[50]

Italian-based teams Ferrari and AlphaTauri expressed concern about the spread of the disease and its effect on the championship.[72][73] As Italy suffered one of the worst outbreaks of the virus, both teams were concerned about the ability of their staff to leave the quarantine zone established in northern Italy and to enter host nations. Pre-season testing in Barcelona proceeded as planned, with all teams and drivers completing the six days of testing.[74]

Ross Brawn, the managing director of the sport, announced that Grands Prix would not go ahead if a team were blocked from entering a host nation, but that events could go ahead if a team voluntarily chose not to enter a host nation.[75] In early March, organisers of the Bahrain Grand Prix stated that the event would be "participants-only" and that no spectators would be allowed.[76]

Race postponements and cancellations

The season-opening Australian Grand Prix was expected to go ahead and all teams and drivers arrived at the venue as planned. Three days before the race was due to take place, McLaren announced their withdrawal from the event after a team member tested positive for the virus.[77] This led to the Grand Prix being cancelled altogether the following morning.[78] Later that day, it was announced that the Bahrain Grand Prix would be postponed rather than closed to spectators, as would the inaugural Vietnamese Grand Prix.[49]

Formula One and the FIA released a joint statement saying that they "expect to begin the Championship in Europe at the end of May" but that this timeline "will be regularly reviewed".[79] On 19 March, the FIA announced that the Dutch, Spanish and Monaco Grands Prix had all been postponed indefinitely due to the pandemic. In the statement, the FIA said they now expect to begin the season "as soon as it is safe to do so after May" and that the situation would continue to be monitored.[80] The organisers of the Monaco race, Automobile Club de Monaco, clarified that the race had been cancelled. This means that Formula One would not race in Monaco for the first time since 1954.[81] Four days later, organisers of the Azerbaijan Grand Prix announced that the race had been postponed.[82]

In early April, organisers of the Canadian Grand Prix announced the race's postponement.[52] Later in the month, the French Grand Prix organisers confirmed that the race would not be held in 2020,[53] and the managing director of Silverstone Circuit stated that should the British Grand Prix go ahead, it would be without spectators.[83] In May, organisers of the Hungarian Grand Prix announced that their race would use the same model.[84] The sport's plans to resume competition called for a ban on team motorhomes and a rigid testing regime to stop any outbreak of the virus.[85]

The Dutch Grand Prix was cancelled entirely in late May, with organisers of the event stating that they would prefer to host the revived race with spectators in attendance in 2021 rather than without spectators in 2020.[63] Formula One confirmed the cancellation of the Azerbaijan, Singapore, and Japanese Grands Prix in June.[86] Organisers of the Azerbaijan and Singapore races cited the difficulty of assembling the infrastructure required for a street circuit as the reason for their cancellation, while the Japanese Grand Prix was cancelled because of the Japanese government's travel restrictions. In July the Brazilian, Canadian, Mexico City and United States Grands Prix were formally cancelled amidst rising virus cases and travel restrictions in the Americas.[87] However, organisers of the Brazilian Grand Prix disputed the claims of Formula One Management and were unhappy with their race being cancelled without further consultation.[88] In August the cancellation of the Chinese Grand Prix was announced,[89] followed, in October, by the cancellation of the inaugural Vietnamese Grand Prix.[59]

The annual summer break, where factories shut down for two weeks, was brought forward from August to March and April. Teams nominated a three-week period to close with the aim of making room for races later in the year.[90] At the end of March, it was announced that for the first time the factory shut down would additionally apply to power unit manufacturers.[91][92] The factory shut down period was later extended to a total of nine weeks for competitors and seven weeks for power unit manufacturers.[93][94]

Rescheduled calendar

In March, teams agreed that the 2020 Championship could run into early 2021 to ensure the running of as many races as possible. Such a move would also ensure that eight Grands Prix could be held, over three different continents, thereby meeting the minimum number of races needed for the season to qualify as a World Championship.[95][96][97] In a statement in late April, Formula One CEO Chase Carey declared the intention to begin the season on 5 July and a target to hold between 15 and 18 races overall.[98]

Ross Brawn later[when?] suggested that a rescheduled calendar of 18 or 19 races would be possible should racing begin in July, and that the opening round "is most likely to be in Europe", potentially without spectators. He also raised the possibility of Grand Prix events being reduced to two days in order to ease pressure on logistical operations.[99] However, Alfa Romeo Racing managing director Frédéric Vasseur cautioned that a condensed calendar could escalate the costs of competing and put smaller teams at risk of financial collapse.[100] This was reiterated by other teams[who?], who pointed out that the race sanctioning fees paid by event organisers contributed to the prize money awarded to all teams at the end of the year. This money is awarded proportionally based on the teams' World Constructors' Championship positions and forms a significant part of a team's budget for the upcoming year. With fewer races and the prize structure remaining fixed, teams were concerned that they would suffer a significant financial loss.[101]

In June, the first eight races of a rescheduled calendar were confirmed, with the season expected to begin on 5 July with the Austrian Grand Prix. This revised calendar included two newly named one-off events — both second races at the Red Bull Ring and Silverstone — known as the Styrian and the 70th Anniversary Grands Prix respectively.[44] Ross Brawn announced that the eight-round calendar was expected to grow and that the sport was considering races at venues that were not on the original calendar or using multiple configurations of existing circuits to achieve the goal of fifteen Grands Prix.[102]

On 10 July, the Russian Grand Prix was re-added to the calendar on its originally scheduled date, and the first Tuscan Grand Prix was announced at the Mugello Circuit, the first time the circuit would host a Formula One World Championship race.[103] Later in July, the return of the Nürburgring[m] and the Autodromo Internazionale Enzo e Dino Ferrari in Imola to the calendar was revealed, along with the debut of the Algarve International Circuit. These races were named the Eifel and Emilia Romagna Grands Prix respectively, with the return of the Portuguese Grand Prix for the first time since the 1996 season. The Emilia Romagna Grand Prix took place over a shortened two-day weekend, with a single 90 minute practice session taking place on Saturday morning.[104][105] This marks the first race at the Nürburgring since 2013 and at Imola since 2006, and also the first time that a country hosts three Grands Prix since the 1982 season.[106][n]

In August, it was announced that Formula One would return to Istanbul Park for the first Turkish Grand Prix since the 2011 season, together with the debut of the Sakhir Grand Prix, to be held at the Bahrain International Circuit, using the configuration of the track called "Outer Circuit". They join the rescheduled Bahrain and Abu Dhabi Grands Prix as the final four races of the season, bringing the calendar to seventeen races.[107][108]

Of the races and dates on the original calendar, only four races, the Austrian, Belgian, Italian and Russian Grands Prix kept their original dates.

Regulatory changes

The pandemic required changes to the format of a race weekend, which included abandoning the drivers' parade and pre-race assembly for the host venue's national anthem. A modified podium ceremony was planned for after races.[109] The FIA introduced limits to the number of team personnel who could be on the starting grid to prepare cars and changed the cut-off times for cars to leave pit lane to minimise the amount of time team personnel spent on the grid.[110] Tyre supplier Pirelli was also required to provide an identical allocation of tyre compounds to all teams and drivers. Where Pirelli were previously required to announce compounds for a race several weeks in advance, this window was reduced to two weeks, allowing them to respond to anticipated changes to the calendar.[110]

Solidarity campaign

In June, Formula One launched the We Race As One initiative to fight racism, global inequity and the impact of COVID-19. The initiative used a rainbow logo, with the colours of all ten Formula One teams, also with the #WeRaceAsOne hashtag, and featured prominent We Race As One branding on vehicles (including the safety car) and signage on track. Formula One and several teams launched projects or fundraising efforts in support of the initiative.[111][112]

Protests against car legality

Mercedes

Ahead of the season opening Austrian Grand Prix, Red Bull launched a protest against the Mercedes F1 W11's dual axis steering, a system where the driver can adjust the toe of the car by pulling and pushing on the steering wheel. The system was found to be legal for 2020, but it would be banned by the FIA from 2021 onward.[113]

Racing Point

After the Styrian Grand Prix, Renault launched a protest against the brake ducts of Racing Point's car, the RP20, alleging that Racing Point had copied the brake ducts from the Mercedes F1 W10, the car used in 2019 by Mercedes. Similar protests would be launched after the Hungarian and British Grands Prix with the verdict being published between the British and 70th Anniversary Grands Prix. The ruling concluded that Racing Point had illegally copied the brake ducts of the Mercedes F1 W10 and Racing Point were subsequently penalised by 15 Constructors' Championship points and fined 400,000.[114]

Racing Point, Ferrari, McLaren, Renault and Williams had all indicated an intention to appeal the stewards decision with Racing Point trying to clear their name and Ferrari, McLaren, Williams and Renault appealing for a tougher sanction.[115] Ferrari, Renault and Racing Point confirmed their appeal, while Williams and McLaren pulled out of the appeal.[116][117] Later, Renault announced their decision to withdraw the appeal against the penalty handed out to Racing Point.[118] The same decision was made by Racing Point and Ferrari before and after the Italian Grand Prix, respectively.[119][120]

Season summary

Opening rounds

The delayed season started with the Austrian Grand Prix. Valtteri Bottas, driving for Mercedes, took pole position, ahead of his teammate Lewis Hamilton and Red Bull's Max Verstappen; however, Hamilton was given a three-place grid penalty, since he did not slow sufficiently when yellow flags were waved following a small mistake by Bottas. This promoted Verstappen to second, McLaren driver Lando Norris to third, and Alexander Albon to fourth. In an eventful race, featuring three safety car periods and the retirements of nine drivers, Bottas won, ahead of the Ferrari of Charles Leclerc and Norris. Hamilton crossed the line in second place, but received a five-second time penalty after a collision with Albon, who soon retired; after the penalty was applied, Hamilton finished fourth, ahead of Carlos Sainz Jr., Sergio Pérez and Pierre Gasly.[121]

The inaugural Styrian Grand Prix was won by Hamilton ahead of Bottas and Verstappen.[122] The Hungarian Grand Prix started with a slippery track. Verstappen slid into the barrier on his way to the grid and broke his steering axis, but his mechanics managed to repair the car before the race start. The race winner was Hamilton, with Verstappen in second and Bottas in third place.[123]

Hamilton won the British Grand Prix despite his left-front tyre delaminating in the middle of the last lap. Verstappen finished second with Leclerc in third.[124] Bottas had a puncture which resulted in him finishing in eleventh. Daniil Kvyat had a puncture at high speed entering Maggotts corner which resulted in a big crash with a safety car, and Sainz Jr. finished 13th after a puncture made him fall from what would have been 4th place. In the 70th Anniversary Grand Prix, Verstappen won with Hamilton second and Bottas third. This was the first non-Mercedes win of the season.[125] The Spanish Grand Prix was won by Hamilton with Verstappen in second and Bottas in third.[126]

Mid-season rounds

The Belgian Grand Prix was won by Lewis Hamilton, who led every lap and won by 8 seconds over teammate Valtteri Bottas who finished second ahead of Max Verstappen. Daniel Ricciardo finished fourth, setting the fastest lap on the last lap. On lap 11, Antonio Giovinazzi crashed at Campus corner; one of the wheels of his car came loose and hit the front right suspension of George Russell’s car, causing both drivers to retire from the race. This brought out the safety car for three laps. Renault achieved a finish of P4 and P5, equalling their best result since their return to the sport in 2016.[127]

The Italian Grand Prix was won by Pierre Gasly after a red flag caused by Charles Leclerc. This was his and AlphaTauri's first race victory. The race marked the first time since Kimi Räikkönen won the 2013 Australian Grand Prix driving for Lotus F1 that the race winner did not drive for Ferrari, Mercedes, or Red Bull and the first time since the 2012 Hungarian Grand Prix that all three constructors failed to score a podium finish. The race marked the second career podium finishes for Carlos Sainz Jr., who finished second, and Lance Stroll, who finished third.[128]

The inaugural Tuscan Grand Prix, Ferrari's 1000th Grand Prix start, resulted in Hamilton's sixth race win of the season, and Mercedes's third 1–2 finish. Bottas overtook Hamilton into turn one before a major collision at turn two caused the retirement of both Verstappen (who had fallen from 3rd to 14th due to a power issue) and Gasly. This brought out the safety car for 8 laps to allow for the debris to be cleared. At the end of the safety car period, a major misunderstanding in the upper midfield led to a large collision down the pit straight, causing the retirement of Nicholas Latifi, Kevin Magnussen, Giovinazzi and Sainz Jr., and a red flag period. At the first restart, Hamilton overtook Bottas and led the race from there onwards. On lap 42, Ricciardo looked poised for his first podium since the 2018 Monaco Grand Prix when Stroll's Racing Point spun off the track due to a puncture, causing the second red flag of the race. This was the first time since the 2016 Brazilian Grand Prix that there were two red flag periods in one race. At the second restart, Hamilton maintained his lead to win the race. Red Bull's Alexander Albon overtook Ricciardo in the closing laps, earning his first ever podium and the first podium for a Thai driver in Formula One.[129]

At the Russian Grand Prix, Hamilton started on pole, but two separate five-second penalties for practice starts outside the designated area meant he finished third, teammate Bottas won the Grand Prix with Verstappen in second.[130]

At the inaugural Eifel Grand Prix, five cars retired in the forms of Russell, Esteban Ocon, Albon, Lando Norris and Bottas, who had started from pole. Hamilton took first place after Bottas locked up into turn 1 on lap 13. Hamilton would go on to win the race, his 7th win this season. Ricciardo claimed his first podium for Renault, finishing the race in third. The race also saw Räikkönen pass the record for most race starts.[131]

At the Portuguese Grand Prix, Hamilton took his 92nd win, taking the record for most wins that had been held by Michael Schumacher. Bottas would finish second in the race, twenty-five seconds behind his teammate, with Verstappen finishing third.[132]

At the inaugural Emilia Romagna Grand Prix, Lewis Hamilton won from Valtteri Bottas and Daniel Ricciardo who picked up his second podium of the season. Max Verstappen had a puncture from second, putting him out of the race. Mercedes won their seventh consecutive Constructor World Championship.[133]

Closing rounds

The Turkish Grand Prix saw Hamilton claim his seventh world title with a race win,[134] equalling Michael Schumacher's record for the most Formula One world titles. He finished on the podium with Sergio Pérez and Sebastian Vettel, whilst in qualifying, Lance Stroll claimed his maiden pole position in rainy conditions.[135]

At the Bahrain Grand Prix, Hamilton claimed his 11th win of the year, followed by Verstappen and Alexander Albon, who picked up his second career podium. The race was marred by a serious accident involving Haas driver Romain Grosjean, who hit a barrier at the start of the race. Grosjean's car broke in two and burst into flames as it split the barrier. The driver walked away from the crash with only minor injuries, including burns to the hands. Pérez surrendered third place after an engine failure, putting him out of the race, whilst teammate Stroll flipped at the restart after contact with Daniil Kvyat.[136]

Results and standings

Grands Prix

Round Grand Prix Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Winning constructor Report
1 Austria Austrian Grand Prix Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lando Norris Finland Valtteri Bottas Germany Mercedes Report
2 Austria Styrian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Spain Carlos Sainz Jr. United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
3 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
4 United Kingdom British Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
5 United Kingdom 70th Anniversary Grand Prix Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda Report
6 Spain Spanish Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
7 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Australia Daniel Ricciardo United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
8 Italy Italian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton France Pierre Gasly Italy AlphaTauri-Honda Report
9 Italy Tuscan Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
10 Russia Russian Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Finland Valtteri Bottas Finland Valtteri Bottas Germany Mercedes Report
11 Germany Eifel Grand Prix Finland Valtteri Bottas Netherlands Max Verstappen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
12 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
13 Italy Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
14 Turkey Turkish Grand Prix Canada Lance Stroll United Kingdom Lando Norris United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
15 Bahrain Bahrain Grand Prix United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Netherlands Max Verstappen United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
16 Bahrain Sakhir Grand Prix Report
17 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Report

Scoring system

Points are awarded to the top ten classified drivers and the driver who set the fastest lap. The driver with the fastest lap has to be within the top 10 to receive the point. The points are awarded for every race using the following system:[137]

Position  1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th   FL 
Points 25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1 1

World Drivers' Championship standings

Pos. Driver AUT
Austria
STY
Austria
HUN
Hungary
GBR
United Kingdom
70A
United Kingdom
ESP
Spain
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
TUS
Italy
RUS
Russia
EIF
Germany
POR
Portugal
EMI
Italy
TUR
Turkey
BHR
Bahrain
SKH
Bahrain
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 4 1P 1PF 1P 2F 1P 1P 7PF 1PF 3P 1 1PF 1F 1 1P 332
2 Finland Valtteri Bottas 1P 2 3 11 3P 3F 2 5 2 1F RetP 2 2P 14 8 201
3 Netherlands Max Verstappen Ret 3 2 2F 1 2 3 Ret Ret 2 2F 3 Ret 6 2F 189
4 Australia Daniel Ricciardo Ret 8 8 4 14 11 4F 6 4 5 3 9 3 10 7 102
5 Mexico Sergio Pérez 6 6 7 WD 5 10 10 5 4 4 7 6 2 18dagger 100
6 Monaco Charles Leclerc 2 Ret 11 3 4 Ret 14 Ret 8 6 7 4 5 4 10 98
7 United Kingdom Lando Norris 3F 5 13 5 9 10 7 4 6 15 Ret 13 8 8F 4 86
8 Spain Carlos Sainz Jr. 5 9F 9 13 13 6 DNS 2 Ret Ret 5 6 7 5 5 85
9 Thailand Alexander Albon 13dagger 4 5 8 5 8 6 15 3 10 Ret 12 15 7 3 85
10 France Pierre Gasly 7 15 Ret 7 11 9 8 1 Ret 9 6 5 Ret 13 6 71
11 Canada Lance Stroll Ret 7 4 9 6 4 9 3 Ret Ret WD Ret 13 9P Ret 59
12 France Esteban Ocon 8 Ret 14 6 8 13 5 8 Ret 7 Ret 8 Ret 11 9 42
13 Germany Sebastian Vettel 10 Ret 6 10 12 7 13 Ret 10 13 11 10 12 3 13 33
14 Russia Daniil Kvyat 12dagger 10 12 Ret 10 12 11 9 7 8 15 19 4 12 11 26
15 Germany Nico Hülkenberg DNS 7 8 10
16 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Ret 11 15 17 15 14 12 13 9 14 12 11 9 15 15 4
17 Italy Antonio Giovinazzi 9 14 17 14 17 16 Ret 16 Ret 11 10 15 10 Ret 16 4
18 France Romain Grosjean Ret 13 16 16 16 19 15 12 12 17 9 17 14 Ret Ret 2
19 Denmark Kevin Magnussen Ret 12 10 Ret Ret 15 17 Ret Ret 12 13 16 Ret 17dagger 17 1
20 Canada Nicholas Latifi 11 17 19 15 19 18 16 11 Ret 16 14 18 11 Ret 14 0
21 United Kingdom George Russell Ret 16 18 12 18 17 Ret 14 11 18 Ret 14 Ret 16 12 0
Pos. Driver AUT
Austria
STY
Austria
HUN
Hungary
GBR
United Kingdom
70A
United Kingdom
ESP
Spain
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
TUS
Italy
RUS
Russia
EIF
Germany
POR
Portugal
EMI
Italy
TUR
Turkey
BHR
Bahrain
SKH
Bahrain
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Source:[138]
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
Annotation Meaning
P Pole position
F Fastest lap

Notes:

  • dagger – Driver did not finish the Grand Prix, but was classified as he completed more than 90% of the race distance.

World Constructors' Championship standings

Pos. Constructor AUT
Austria
STY
Austria
HUN
Hungary
GBR
United Kingdom
70A
United Kingdom
ESP
Spain
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
TUS
Italy
RUS
Russia
EIF
Germany
POR
Portugal
EMI
Italy
TUR
Turkey
BHR
Bahrain
SKH
Bahrain
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
1 Germany Mercedes 1P 1P 1PF 1P 2F 1P 1P 5 1PF 1F 1 1PF 1F 1 1P 533
4 2 3 11 3P 3F 2 7PF 2 3P RetP 2 2P 14 8
2 Austria Red Bull Racing-Honda 13dagger 3 2 2F 1 2 3 15 3 2 2F 3 15 6 2F 274
Ret 4 5 8 5 8 6 Ret Ret 10 Ret 12 Ret 7 3
3 United Kingdom McLaren-Renault 3F 5 9 5 9 6 7 2 6 15 5 6 7 5 4 171
5 9F 13 13 13 10 DNS 4 Ret Ret Ret 13 8 8F 5
4 United Kingdom Racing Point-BWT Mercedes 6 6 4 9 6 4 9 3 5 4 4 7 6 2 18dagger 154[o]
Ret 7 7 DNS 7 5 10 10 Ret Ret 8 Ret 13 9P Ret
5 France Renault 8 8 8 4 8 11 4F 6 4 5 3 8 3 10 7 144
Ret Ret 14 6 14 13 5 8 Ret 7 Ret 9 Ret 11 9
6 Italy Ferrari 2 Ret 6 3 4 7 13 Ret 8 6 7 4 5 3 10 131
10 Ret 11 10 12 Ret 14 Ret 10 13 11 10 12 4 13
7 Italy AlphaTauri-Honda 7 10 12 7 10 9 8 1 7 8 6 5 4 12 6 97
12dagger 15 Ret Ret 11 12 11 9 Ret 9 15 19 Ret 13 11
8 Switzerland Alfa Romeo Racing-Ferrari 9 11 15 14 15 14 12 13 9 11 10 11 9 15 15 8
Ret 14 17 17 17 16 Ret 16 Ret 14 12 15 10 Ret 16
9 United States Haas-Ferrari Ret 12 10 16 16 15 15 12 12 12 9 16 14 17dagger 17 3
Ret 13 16 Ret Ret 19 17 Ret Ret 17 13 17 Ret Ret Ret
10 United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 11 16 18 12 18 17 16 11 11 16 14 14 11 16 12 0
Ret 17 19 15 19 18 Ret 14 Ret 18 Ret 18 Ret Ret 14
Pos. Constructor AUT
Austria
STY
Austria
HUN
Hungary
GBR
United Kingdom
70A
United Kingdom
ESP
Spain
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
TUS
Italy
RUS
Russia
EIF
Germany
POR
Portugal
EMI
Italy
TUR
Turkey
BHR
Bahrain
SKH
Bahrain
ABU
United Arab Emirates
Points
Source:[138]
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Other points position
Blue Other classified position
Not classified, finished (NC)
Purple Not classified, retired (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrawn (WD)
Annotation Meaning
P Pole position
F Fastest lap


Notes:

  • dagger – Driver did not finish the Grand Prix, but was classified as he completed more than 90% of the race distance.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In the history of Formula One, Formula One regulations were first introduced during the 1946 Grand Prix season. These were adopted for every race in 1948, and were formally organised into a championship in 1950.
  2. ^ Racing Point F1 Team uses Mercedes-AMG F1 M11 power units. For sponsorship purposes, these engines are rebadged as "BWT Mercedes".[19]
  3. ^ Sergio Pérez was entered into the 2020 British Grand Prix, but later withdrew after testing positive for the SARS-2 coronavirus.
  4. ^ Lance Stroll was entered into the 2020 Eifel Grand Prix, but later withdrew after feeling unwell and testing positive for the SARS-2 coronavirus on the day of the race.[20]
  5. ^ When Nico Hülkenberg raced for Racing Point for the 2020 Eifel Grand Prix, he drove the car that was previously entered for Lance Stroll, rather than the car he had driven in the fourth and fifth rounds.
  6. ^ Under the FIA's International Sporting Code, a season must contest races across three continents to be considered a World Championship.[42][43]
  7. ^ The Hungarian Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 2 August, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, replacing the British Grand Prix race date.
  8. ^ The British Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 19 July, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, replacing the Hungarian Grand Prix race date.
  9. ^ The Spanish Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 10 May, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  10. ^ The Bahrain Grand Prix is being run using the traditional layout called the "Grand Prix Circuit", while the Sakhir Grand Prix will be run using a different layout called the "Outer Circuit".
  11. ^ The Bahrain Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 22 March, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic, replacing the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix race date.
  12. ^ The Abu Dhabi Grand Prix was originally due to take place on 29 November, but was rescheduled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  13. ^ All Formula One Grands Prix held at the Nürburgring since 1984 have used the 5 km (3.1 mi) long GP-Strecke and not the 21 km (13 mi) long Nordschleife, which was last used by Formula One in 1976.
  14. ^ Italy hosted three Grands Prix at Monza, Mugello and Imola. In 1982 the United States held three Grands Prix in Long Beach, Detroit and Las Vegas.
  15. ^ Racing Point drivers scored 169 points, but the constructor was deducted 15 points after a protest from Renault was upheld regarding the legality of their car.[139]

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External links