2022 FIA Formula One
World Championship
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The 2022 FIA Formula One World Championship is a planned motor racing championship for Formula One cars which will be the 73rd running of the Formula One World Championship.[a] It is recognised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), the governing body of international motorsport, as the highest class of competition for open-wheel racing cars. The championship is due to be contested over a series of races, or Grands Prix, held around the world. Drivers and teams are scheduled to compete for the titles of World Drivers' Champion and World Constructors' Champion respectively.

The 2022 championship is expected to see the introduction of significant changes to the sport's technical regulations. These changes had been intended to be introduced in 2021, but were delayed until 2022 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[1]

Entries

The following constructors and drivers are currently under contract to compete in the 2022 World Championship.[2] All teams will compete with tyres supplied by Pirelli.[3]

Constructor Power unit No. Driver name Ref.
Switzerland Alfa Romeo Racing-TBA TBA 77 Finland Valtteri Bottas [4]
TBA TBA
Italy AlphaTauri-Red Bull Red Bull[5][6] 10 France Pierre Gasly [7]
22 Japan Yuki Tsunoda
France Alpine-Renault Renault 14 Spain Fernando Alonso [8]
31 France Esteban Ocon [9]
United Kingdom Aston Martin-TBA TBA 5 Germany Sebastian Vettel [10]
18 Canada Lance Stroll
Italy Ferrari Ferrari 16 Monaco Charles Leclerc [11]
55 Spain Carlos Sainz Jr. [12]
United States Haas-Ferrari Ferrari[13] 9 Russian Automobile Federation Nikita Mazepin[b] [15][16]
47 Germany Mick Schumacher [17][18]
United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Mercedes 3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo [19]
4 United Kingdom Lando Norris [20][21]
Germany Mercedes Mercedes 44 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton [22]
63 United Kingdom George Russell [23][24]
Austria Red Bull Racing Red Bull[5][6] 11 Mexico Sergio Pérez [25]
33 Netherlands Max Verstappen [26]
United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes Mercedes[27] 6 Canada Nicholas Latifi [28]
23 Thailand Alexander Albon

Team changes

Honda announced that they would not supply power units beyond 2021.[29] The company had provided power units to Scuderia AlphaTauri (previously called Scuderia Toro Rosso) since 2018 and to Red Bull Racing since 2019.[30] Red Bull Racing will take over Honda's engine programme and manage it in-house setting up a new division called Red Bull Powertrains Limited. The decision was made after lobbying the other nine teams to negotiate an engine development freeze until 2025. Red Bull Racing acknowledged that they would have left the championship if the engine development freeze had not been agreed to as they lacked the capacity to develop a brand new engine and were unwilling to again become a customer of Renault.[5][31][c]

Panthera Team Asia announced their intention to join the grid in 2022.[33] The team had planned to enter the championship in 2021, but was forced to delay their plans because of the COVID-19 pandemic.[34] However, lack of news about the team has put their potential entry in 2022 in doubt.[35]

Driver changes

Kimi Räikkönen announced his retirement at the end of the 2021 championship, ending his Formula One career after 19 seasons.[36] Räikkönen's seat at Alfa Romeo Racing will be filled by Valtteri Bottas, who is due to leave Mercedes at the end of 2021.[4] George Russell is due to replace Bottas,[24] vacating his seat at Williams which will be filled by former Red Bull Racing driver Alexander Albon.[28]

List of planned races

The following eighteen Grands Prix are contracted to form a part of the 2022 World Championship:

Grand Prix Circuit Ref.
Australian Grand Prix Australia Albert Park Circuit, Melbourne [37]
Austrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg [38]
Azerbaijan Grand Prix Azerbaijan Baku City Circuit, Baku [39]
Bahrain Grand Prix Bahrain Bahrain International Circuit, Sakhir [40]
Belgian Grand Prix Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Stavelot [41]
British Grand Prix United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone [42]
Canadian Grand Prix Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montréal [43]
Chinese Grand Prix China Shanghai International Circuit, Shanghai [44]
Dutch Grand Prix Netherlands Circuit Zandvoort, Zandvoort [45]
French Grand Prix France Circuit Paul Ricard, Le Castellet [46]
Hungarian Grand Prix Hungary Hungaroring, Mogyoród [47]
Italian Grand Prix Italy Monza Circuit, Monza [48]
Japanese Grand Prix Japan Suzuka International Racing Course, Suzuka [49]
Mexico City Grand Prix Mexico Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez, Mexico City [50]
Miami Grand Prix United States Miami International Autodrome, Miami Gardens, Florida [51]
Russian Grand Prix Russia Sochi Autodrom, Sochi [52]
Saudi Arabian Grand Prix Saudi Arabia Jeddah Street Circuit, Jeddah [53]
São Paulo Grand Prix[d] Brazil Interlagos Circuit, São Paulo [56]

The following eight Grands Prix are under contract to run in 2021, but do not have a contract for 2022:

Grand Prix Circuit Ref.
Abu Dhabi Grand Prix United Arab Emirates Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi [57]
Emilia Romagna Grand Prix Italy Imola Circuit, Imola [58]
Monaco Grand Prix Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monaco [59]
Portuguese Grand Prix Portugal Algarve International Circuit, Portimão [60]
Spanish Grand Prix Spain Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya, Montmeló [61]
Styrian Grand Prix Austria Red Bull Ring, Spielberg [62]
Turkish Grand Prix Turkey Istanbul Park, Tuzla [63]
United States Grand Prix United States Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas [64]

Changes

The 2022 season is due to see the inaugural Miami Grand Prix, which is expected to take place at Miami International Autodrome in Miami Gardens, Florida.[51]

Regulation changes

Technical regulations

A model of what a 2022 Formula One car might look like.

The 2022 World Championship is due to see an overhaul of the technical regulations.[65] These changes had been planned for introduction in 2021, with teams developing their cars throughout 2020. However, the introduction of the regulations was delayed until the 2022 championship in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[1] Once the delay was announced, teams were banned from carrying out any development of their 2022 cars during the 2020 calendar year.[66]

Drivers were consulted on developing the new technical regulations,[67] which were deliberately written to be restrictive so as to prevent teams from developing radical designs that limited the ability of drivers to overtake.[68] The FIA created a specialist Working Group, or committee of engineers, tasked with identifying and closing loopholes in the regulations before their publication. The elimination of loopholes will, in theory, stop one team from having a dominant car, and in turn allow for closer competition throughout the field while improving the aesthetics of the cars. This philosophy was a major aim of the new regulations.[69] Red Bull car designer Adrian Newey noted that the regulation changes were the most significant in Formula One since the 1983 season.[70]

Aerodynamics and bodywork

The technical regulations will reintroduce the use of ground effect for the first time since they were banned in the 1980s.[71][e] This will coincide with a simplification of the cars' bodywork, making the underside of the car the primary source of aerodynamic grip. This aims to reduce the turbulent air in the cars' wake to allow drivers to follow each other more closely whilst still maintaining a similar level of downforce compared to previous years. Further changes to the aerodynamics are aimed at limiting the teams' ability to control airflow around the front wheels and further reduce the cars' aerodynamic wake.[72] This includes the elimination of bargeboards, the complex aerodynamic devices that manipulate airflow around the body of the car.[73] The front wing and endplates will be simplified, reducing the number and complexity of aerodynamic elements. The front wing must also directly connect to the nosecone unlike pre-2022 designs where the wing could be connected to the nose via supports to create a space under the monocoque, thereby encouraging airflow under the car by way of the wing's larger surface area and the nose's increased height. The rear wings will be wider and mounted higher than in previous years, with additional restrictions in place to limit the teams' ability to use the car's exhaust gases to generate downforce and bodywork will be required to be coated in rubber to reduce the risk of components breaking off cars to minimise the risk of local yellow flags, safety cars and stoppages. Figures released by the Working Group revealed that where a 2019-specification car following another car had just 55% of its normal levels of downforce available, a 2022-specification car following another car would have up to 86% of its normal levels of downforce.[74]

Teams will be further restricted in the number of aerodynamic upgrades they can introduce to the car, both over the course of a race weekend and over the course of the championship. These rules were introduced to further cut the costs of competing.[75][76] Following the decision to delay the 2021 regulations to 2022, aerodynamic development of the cars was banned from 28 March to the end of 2020.

In 2021 the championship introduced a sliding scale system to regulate aerodynamic testing. Under this system, the least successful teams in the previous year's World Constructors' Championship standings will be given additional time for aerodynamic testing. Conversely, the most successful teams will be given less time to complete testing. The system was trialled in 2021 with the results used to create a more formal, structured and steeper model for the 2022 championship.[77]

Power units

Discussions over the 2022 engine regulations began in 2017 and were finalised in May 2018.[78][79] The proposed regulations involved removing the Motor Generator Unit–Heat (MGU-H) to simplify the technology used in the engine whilst raising the maximum rev limit by 3,000 rpm.[80] Further proposals dubbed "plug-and-play" would see engine suppliers bound by the regulations to make individual engine components universally compatible, allowing teams to source their components from multiple suppliers.[81] Manufacturers will also be subject to a similar regulation concerning commercially available materials as chassis constructors will be subject to from 2021. The proposals were designed to simplify the engine technology whilst making the sport more attractive to new entrants.[82] However, as no new power unit suppliers committed themselves to entering the sport from 2022, the existing suppliers proposed to retain the existing power unit formula in a bid to reduce overall development costs.[83]

The quota system of power unit components will continue in 2022, with teams given a limited number of individual components that can be used before incurring a penalty. The exhaust system will be added to the list of components, with teams allowed to use a maximum of six over the course of the championship.[75]

Standardised components

The sport intends to introduce a series of standardised components from 2022, with the regulations calling for the standard components to be in place until 2024. These standardised components include the gearbox and fuel system.[84][85] Some aerodynamic components—such as the tray that sits at the front of the car floor—will also be standardised so as to restrict teams' ability to develop the area and gain a competitive advantage.[74] Individual parts will now be classified as a way of clarifying the rules surrounding them:[74]

  • "Listed parts" refers to the parts of the car that teams are required to design by themselves.
  • "Standard parts" is the name given to the parts of the car that all teams must use, including wheel rims and equipment used in pit stops.
  • "Transferable parts" are parts that a team can develop and sell on to another team, such as the gearbox and the clutch.
  • "Prescribed parts" are parts that teams are required to develop according to a prescriptive set of regulations. Prescribed parts include wheel arches and wheel aerodynamics.
  • "Open-source parts" may be developed collectively by teams and sold on to customers. Steering wheels and the DRS mechanism are listed as open-source parts.

The system of categorising parts was introduced to allow for design freedom as the overhaul to the aerodynamic regulations was highly-prescriptive.[74]

Tyres

The championship will move from 13 inches (33 cm) to 18 inches (46 cm) wheels. The 18-inch wheels were introduced into the Formula 2 Championship in 2020, to test changes in tyre behaviour.[86] It was originally proposed that the use of tyre warmers—electric blankets designed to keep the tyres at the optimal operating temperature when not in use—will be banned,[87] although this decision was later reversed after opposition from the tyre supplier Pirelli.[88] Tyre warmers will instead become a standardised piece of equipment, with all teams required to use the same product with a view to eventually phase them out altogether by 2024.[89]

Notes

  1. ^ In the history of Formula One, Formula One regulations were first introduced during the 1946 Grand Prix season. These were adopted for every race in 1948, and were formally organised into a championship in 1950.
  2. ^ Nikita Mazepin is Russian, but he will compete as a neutral competitor using the designation RAF (Russian Automobile Federation [ru]), as the Court of Arbitration for Sport upheld a ban on Russia competing at World Championships. The ban was implemented by the World Anti-Doping Agency in response to state-sponsored doping program of Russian athletes.[14]
  3. ^ Under the technical regulations, the engine supplier providing the fewest teams with engines is obligated to provide engines to any team without a supplier. At the time of Honda's announcement of their withdrawal, both Mercedes and Ferrari were supplying more teams than Renault and were unwilling to supply Red Bull Racing with engines, leaving Renault as Red Bull Racing's only alternative.[32]
  4. ^ The São Paulo Grand Prix is subject to the reinstatement of the contract between race organizers and the Formula One Group after it was suspended in January 2021.[54][55]
  5. ^ Ground effects had previously been permitted until 1983 when the concept was banned over concerns about increased cornering speeds and radical car designs such as the Brabham BT46B "fan car".

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External links