The Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale is a mid-engined sports car built by Italian car manufacturer Alfa Romeo. It is one of the world's first supercars; it was the fastest commercially available car for the standing kilometer when introduced. 18 examples were produced between 1967 and 1969. "Stradale" (Italian for "road-going") is a term often used by Italian car manufacturers to indicate a street-legal version of a racing car; indeed the 33 Stradale was derived from the Tipo 33 sports prototype.
The 33 Stradale, first built in 1967, was based on the Autodelta Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 racing car. The car, designed by Franco Scaglione, and built by Carrozzeria Marazzi, made its debut at the Paris Salon de L'Auto 5 October 1967.
The first prototype (chassis no. 10533.01) was built at Autodelta's workshop in Settimo Milanese, side by side with the Tipo 33 "Periscopica" race car in 1967. The body was built by Franco Scaglione and his men, while Autodelta made the technical production. Another magnesium bodied prototype (chassis no. 10533.12) (planned for some street racing) was started by Scaglione. However, this was not finished until 1968 by Marazzi. The two prototypes are the only ones to have dual headlight arrangement. This was redesigned by Scaglione on the following production cars due to regulations on minimum headlight distance from the ground.
The two prototypes carry the projects original serial numbers, 105.33.xx. However, the Tipo 33 racing- and production Stradales got 750.33.0xx (racing) and 750.33.1xx (stradale) chassis numbers. Marazzi claims to have built 18 chassis. 5 of them were used for 6 concept cars (one chassis was used twice) by Pininfarina, Bertone and Giugiaro/ItalDesign. Eight are confirmed with Scaglione's beautiful bodies. The rest are experimental or unconfirmed at this point. There are huge holes in the history of the Tipo 33s and the exact number (allegedly 18) of actual Stradale-chassis (with 10 cm longer wheelbase than the race cars) doesn't quite match the range of chassis numbers.
The car was introduced at the Sport Car Show at Monza, Italy in September 1967. Only 18 were made. The prototype (chassis No. 10533.01) was sold to private Gallery Abarth, Japan. The second magnesium bodied Stradale prototype (chassis No. 10533.12) and the five concept cars are now part of the Alfa Romeo Museum.
Body and chassis
The 33 Stradale is the first production vehicle to feature dihedral doors, also known as butterfly doors. The 33 Stradale also features windows which seamlessly curve upward into the 'roof' of the vehicle. The car has aluminium body on aluminium tubular chassis. As a result of being built by hand, each model differs from the others for some details. For example, early models had twin headlights, replaced in the last ones by single lights. The position of the windscreen wiper, and even the number of them, is another thing that differentiates each example from the others. Also the late models have vents added behind both the front and rear wheels to allow hot air from the brakes to escape. The car has 13-inch Campagnolo magnesium wheels, the front wheels eight and the rear wheels nine inches wide; the brakes used are disc brakes by Girling, the rear ones are inboard. The suspension system of the car is directly derived from the race cars of the 1960s with upper and lower control arms in front and double trailing arms in the rear, along with substantial antiroll bars.
|Type||90° V8 DOHC|
|Displacement||1,995 cc (2.0 L; 121.7 cu in)|
|Power||230 PS (227 bhp; 169 kW) @ 8,800 rpm|
|Torque||206 N⋅m (152 lb⋅ft) @ 7,000 rpm|
|Top speed||260 km/h (160 mph)|
|0–100 km/h(62 mph)||less than 6 seconds|
Engine and transmission
The race-bred engine bore no relation to the mass-produced units in Alfa's more mainstream vehicles. The engine is closely related to the V8 of the Alfa Montreal, albeit with smaller capacity and in a much higher state of tune. Both engines were derived from the 33 racers' but differed in many details. Both engines had chain driven camshafts as opposed to the racers' gear driven ones, but the Stradale kept the racing engine's flat plane crankshaft, whereas the Montreal engine had a crossplane crank. Race engineer Carlo Chiti designed an oversquare bore x stroke of 78 mm × 52.2 mm (3.07 in × 2.06 in) dry-sump lubricated all-aluminum 1,995 cc (2.0 L) V8 engine that featured SPICA fuel injection, four ignition coils and twin spark plugs per cylinder. The engine used four chain-driven camshafts to operate the DOHC 2 valves per cylinder valvetrain and had a rev-limit of 10,000 rpm with a compression ratio of 10.5:1, producing 230 PS (227 bhp; 169 kW) at 8,800 rpm and 206 N⋅m (152 lb⋅ft) at 7,000 rpm of torque in road trim and 270 bhp (201 kW) in race trim. Because every Stradale is hand built and unique the power levels can vary by car, used rpms etc., for example the first production Stradale (No. 750.33.101) has a factory datasheet that claims 243 hp (181 kW) at 9,400 rpm with a "street" exhaust and 254 hp (189 kW) with open exhaust.
As on the racing car, the transmission was a six-speed transaxle made in house by Alfa Romeo.
Although the Stradale is a road car, it has some limitations which may make the everyday use slightly hard, for example missing locks and the lack of ground clearance.
The car takes less than six seconds to reach 100 km/h (62 mph) from a standing start and has a claimed top speed of 260 km/h (160 mph). In 1968, the German Auto, Motor und Sport magazine measured a top speed of 252 km/h (156.6 mph) and 24.0 seconds for the standing kilometer which made it the fastest commercially available car for this distance. It achieved this using an engine less than half the displacement of those in high-performance contemporaries such as the Lamborghini Miura, Ferrari Daytona, and Maserati Ghibli.
Price and value
Built in an attempt by Alfa to make some of its racing technology available to the public, it was the most expensive automobile for sale to the public in 1968 at US$17,000 (when the average cost of a new car in 1968 was $2,822). In the same year, in Italy, the retail price for a 33 Stradale was 9,750,000 lire. In comparison, the Lamborghini Miura was sold for 7,700,000 lire, while the average worker's wage was about 150,000 lire. The Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale are hardly ever traded; thus their value is very hard to estimate. At the 2015 Detroit auto show, while presenting the Alfa 4C Spider, Alfa's Head of North America estimated the current market value of the 33 Stradale at "well over $10 million".
Five 33 Stradales were used as concept cars with bodies being built by Italian coachbuilders:
|Alfa Romeo Carabo||Marcello Gandini at Bertone||1968 Paris Motor Show|
|Alfa Romeo P33 Roadster[a]||Paolo Martin at Pininfarina||1968 Turin Auto Show|
|Alfa Romeo Iguana||Giorgetto Giugiaro at Italdesign||1969 Turin Auto Show|
|Alfa Romeo 33/2 Coupé Speciale||Leonardo Fioravanti at Pininfarina||1969 Paris Motor Show||wheelbase: 2,350 mm (92.5 in)|
|length x width: 4,000 mm × 1,800 mm (157.5 in × 70.9 in)|
|weight: 720 kg (1,587 lb)|
|Alfa Romeo P33 Cuneo||Paolo Martin at Pininfarina||1971 Brussels Motor Show|
|Alfa Romeo Navajo||Marcello Gandini at Bertone||1976 Geneva Motor Show||wheelbase: 2,430 mm (95.7 in)|
|length x width: 3,800 mm × 1,860 mm (149.6 in × 73.2 in)|
|height: 1,050 mm (41.3 in)|
|weight: 870 kg (1,918 lb)|
Alfa Romeo Carabo
The Alfa Romeo Navajo concept car was unveiled at the March 1976 Geneva Motor Show. The Navajo is based on the 33 Stradale chassis No. 750.33.11. It was given a full fibreglass coupé body. The car is equipped with 2-litre fuel injected (SPICA) V8 engine producing around 233 PS (171 kW; 230 hp) at 8800 rpm.
Between 1969 and 1971, Pininfarina designed a total of three vehicles on two 33 Stradale chassis:
Alfa Romeo P33 Roadster
The Alfa Romeo P33 Roadster of 1968 was an open vehicle with a lower windscreen and a striking, contrast-painted roll bar. The vehicle used in the chassis No. 750.33.108. It was presented to the public at the Turin Motor Show in November 1968. Its whereabouts are unclear. Possibly the body of the P 33 was removed after the public exhibition, and the chassis re-bodied two years later to produce the Cuneo.
Alfa Romeo 33/2 Coupé Speciale
This 2-door coupé was designed by Leonardo Fioravanti, then working at Pininfarina; the design was influenced by the Ferrari 250 P5 concept shown a year earlier at Geneva. The 33.2 featured hydraulically working butterfly doors and pop-up headlights.
It is based on the 33 Stradale chassis No. 750.33.115. It bore a striking yellow paint.
Alfa Romeo P33 Cuneo
Alfa Romeo Iguana
Italdesign Giugiaro presented the Iguana at the Turin Motor Show in November 1969. It is a two-seater sports coupé built on chassis No. 750.33.116. The design showed some new elements, that Giugiaro introduced later in production vehicle designs. The body of the Iguana was painted a metal-flake grey, while the roof frame and cabin pillars were finished in brushed metal, a treatment Giugiaro later applied to the DMC DeLorean. The front end of the Iguana inspired Giugiaro in his designs for the Bora and Merak, and the rear end with the high-mounted tail lights informed the design of the Alfa Romeo Alfasud Sprint. Allegedly, a serial production of the Iguana was planned, but it never materialized.
- later rebodied by Pininfarina into the Cuneo
- "1967 ALFA ROMEO TIPO 33 STRADALE PROTOTIPO". archivioprototipi.it (in Italian). Retrieved 17 December 2019.
- Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale turns 50, is still the most beautiful car ever...: Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale turns 50, is still the most beautiful car ever... Archived 20 February 2020 at the Wayback Machine, accessdate: 19. June 2019
- Bruno von Rotz (2011). "Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale - Schönheit und Geschwindigkeit in Perfektion". zwischengas.com (in German). Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Patrick Lang. "50 JAHRE ALFA ROMEO T33/2 STRADALE". auto-motor-und-sport.de (in German). Archived from the original on 17 June 2018. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
- "1968 Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale in Un bellissimo novembre". imcdb.org. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 Stradale on". Youtube.com. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Most Sensuous Car Shapes Ever Designed". 8 October 2010.
- The Revs Institute: The Revs Institute - The Revs Institute[permanent dead link], accessdate: 6. June 2019
- "Spotlight: The Exquisite Alfa-Romeo Tipo 33 Stradale". autoinjected.com. Archived from the original on 28 April 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "Dalla 6C 2500 alla 4C Concept, la storia delle sportive Alfa Romeo". panorama-auto.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- "Alfa Romeo 33 Stradale". ultimatecarpage.com. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Matras, John. "Dancing in the street". www.carbuzzard.com. familycar.com. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "Alfa Romeo 33 Sport Prototipo". geocities.com/mundoalfa (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 25 October 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2007.
- "Alfa Romeo 33 Part 1: 33 Stradale". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 17 December 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
- "1968 Alfa Romeo T33 Serial Number 75033.101". ferraris-online.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- "News". italiaspeed.com. Archived from the original on 4 May 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2007.
- "1968". thepeoplehistory.com. Archived from the original on 9 December 2007. Retrieved 22 December 2007.
- "ALFA ROMEO 33 stradale" (in Italian). spideralfaromeo.it. Retrieved 4 October 2012.
- "Ruoteclassiche special "Le otto cilindri Alfa Romeo", September 2008". Ruoteclassiche (in Italian). Retrieved 29 May 2012.
- Artemi, Paolo (19 March 1993). "Quando per l'auto lussuosa bastavano undici stipendi". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). p. 3. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "1969 PININFARINA ALFA ROMEO 33/2 COUPE' SPECIALE". archivioprototipi.it (in Italian). Retrieved 17 December 2019.
- "1971 PININFARINA ALFA ROMEO P33 CUNEO". archivioprototipi.it (in Italian). Retrieved 17 December 2019.
- "33 Spider "Cuneo" - 1971". museoalfaromeo.com. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
- "Images of the Bertone Carabo". carbodydesign.com. 2 July 2009. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Alfa Romeo 33 Part 7: 33 Stradale Bertone 'Navajo'". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "Alfa Romeo Navajo". bertone.it/. Archived from the original on 16 December 2007. Retrieved 30 September 2008.
- "Image of Sport Roadster". Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Présentation Alfa Romeo 33.2 Pininfarina". motorlegend.com (in French). Archived from the original on 7 May 2007. Retrieved 26 April 2007.
- Sparrow, David; John Tipler. Alfa Romeo Legends. ISBN 1-85532-646-9.
- "Image 33 Prototype of the Alfa Tipo Pininfarina Speciale". Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Cuneo". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
- "Iguana". qv500.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2007.
- German article of Stradale with chassis numbers
- Brief story and original pictures about the 33 Stradale and five of the derived concepts
|Small family car||Dauphine||Alfasud|
|Compact executive car||Giulietta (750/101)|
|Executive car||1750 Berlina||Alfetta|
|2000 Berlina||Alfetta 2000|
|Coupé||Giulietta Sprint||GT Junior||Alfasud Sprint|
|Giulia Sprint GT/GT Veloce||Alfetta GT and GTV|
|1900 Sprint||2000 Sprint||2600 Sprint|
|Cabriolet||1900 L||Giulia GTC|
|2000 Spider||2600 Spider|
|Roadster||Gran Sport Quattroruote|
|Sports car||6C 2500||Montreal|
|LCV||Romeo||Romeo 2||Romeo 3||F11/F12/A11/A12|