BYD Auto Co., Ltd. is the automotive subsidiary of the Chinese multinational BYD Co Ltd, which is based in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province. It was founded in January 2003, following BYD Company's acquisition of Tsinchuan Automobile Company in 2002. The company produces automobiles, buses, electric bicycles, forklifts, rechargeable batteries and trucks. The current model range of automobiles includes electric vehicles, plug-in hybrids and petrol-engined vehicles.
BYD Co Ltd created the wholly owned subsidiary BYD Auto a year after its 2002 acquisition of the Norinco-owned Qinchuan Machinery Works, which may have been made solely to acquire the passenger car production license held by the purchased company. Qinchuan had been manufacturing cars since 1987, when the company began production of the 0.5 L (30.5 cu in) QJC7050 model. At the time of the acquisition, the QCJ7181 Flyer was in production, which from 2005 was rebadged to the "BYD Flyer."
In 2008, a plugin hybrid version of the BYD F3 compact sedan was introduced. Total sales in 2009 were 448,400 vehicles. In the same year, BYD began the export of its cars to Africa, South America and the Middle East, where the cars competed on price, not quality.
In 2012, the municipal government of Shenzhen purchased 500 BYD E6 cars for use as taxis. A total of 506,189 passenger cars were sold in China in 2013, making it the tenth-largest selling brand.
In 2013, BYD was awarded The Top Crash Facility Award of the year 2013.
In 2014, the BYD Qin plug-in hybrid had total sales of 14,747 (plus a relatively small number of sales in Latin America), In 2015, sales of the Qin increased to 31,898 and the Qin was the 88th highest selling sedan in China. In 2016, the BYD Tang plug-in hybrid SUV had 31,405 sales, the plug-in hybrid version of the Qin compact sedan had 21,868 sales and the BYD e6 electric compact MPV had 20,605 sales. By 2016, total sales of the Qin were 68,655 cars.
In 2015, the company was planning to open factories in Brazil to produce electric cars and buses. In July 2015, exports to Russia were suspended, due to the war in Ukraine and the falling value of the Russian currency. BYD was the highest selling brand of highway legal light-duty plug-in electric vehicles (combined sales for plug-in hybrids and battery electric cars), with 61,772 passenger vehicles sold, mostly plug-in hybrids. BYD continued as the world's top selling plug-in car manufacturer in 2016 with over 100,000 units sold, up 64% from 2015. BYD sold more than 100,000 new energy passenger cars in China in 2016. The BYD Tang was the top selling plug-in car in China in 2016 with 31,405 units delivered.
BYD achieves top rankings of 2015 J.D Power's Quality Study.
In September 2016, the company became the third largest manufacturer of plug-in cars, with a total of 161,000 plug-in cars produced since 2008. Also in September 2016, the company introduced a range of electric sanitation truck models, to be used in Beijing.
- BYD F0 supermini (petrol engine)
- BYD F6 mid-size saloon
- BYD Flyer city car (2003–2008)
- BYD G3 compact saloon
- BYD G3-R compact hatchback
- BYD G5 compact saloon successor to the BYD G3
- BYD G6 mid-size sedan
- BYD L3 (or New F3) - compact saloon
- BYD M6 MPV
- BYD S6 crossover SUV
- BYD S7 SUV
- BYD S8 convertible
- BYD e1 city car based on the F0 (electric vehicle)
- BYD e2 compact hatchback (electric vehicle)
- BYD e3 compact sedan (electric vehicle)
- BYD e5 midsize sedan (electric vehicle)
- BYD e6 compact MPV (electric vehicle)
- BYD F3 compact sedan (petrol engine)
- BYD F3-R compact hatchback
- mid-size sports sedan (plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle) (Named after the Han dynasty (202 BC–220 AD))
- BYD F5 Surui compact saloon (petrol engine)
- BYD Qin compact sedan (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle) (Named after the Qin dynasty (221 BC–206 BC))
- BYD S2 subcompact SUV based on the Yuan (electric vehicle)
- BYD Song compact SUV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle) (Named after the Song dynasty (960–1279))
- BYD Song Max MPV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle) (Named after the Song dynasty (960–1279))
- BYD Tang mid-size SUV (petrol engine / plug-in hybrid / electric vehicle) (Named after the Tang dynasty (618–907))
- BYD Yuan subcompact SUV (electric vehicle) (Named after the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368))
Current transit buses
- BYD K6 electric bus (7m/23 ft)
- BYD K7 electric bus (8m/26 ft)
- BYD K8 electric bus (10.5m/35 ft)
- BYD K9 electric bus (12m/40 ft)
- BYD K10 electric bus (double decker, 10m/32 ft)
- BYD K11 electric bus (articulated, 18m/60 ft)
- BYD C6 electric coach (7m/23 ft)
- BYD C8 electric coach (10.5m/35 ft)
- BYD C9 electric coach (12m/40 ft)
- BYD C10 electric coach (14m/45 ft)
- BYD T5 (Class 5 Electric Truck)
- BYD T7 (Class 6 Electric Truck)
- BYD T9 (Class 8 Electric Truck)
- BYD Q1M (Class 8 Terminal tractor)
BYD Design Center
In 2019, BYD launched its global design center, which is led by a team of industry veterans from Audi, Ferrari, and Mercedes-Benz. Leading the team is Wolfgang Egger. The carmaker unveiled its E-SEED GT, the first joint effort from the new design team, at the Auto Shanghai industry show in April 2019. The futuristic design concept reflects the sleek lines of the Chinese dragon, and the company plans to feature more Chinese cultural symbols in future models.
BYD Auto had been accused of taking designs from other manufacturers. Articles claimed BYD F1 "is a clear copy of the Toyota Aygo," that the BYD S6 "closely apes the Lexus RX", the BYD F3 "is a copycar of the Toyota Corolla the BYD S8 has a similar appearance to a Mercedes-Benz SL-Class, and the BYD F8 "features an almost identical Mercedes-Benz CLK front-end and Renault Megane CC rear". Although the U.S. government had been advised by its consul-general in Guangzhou, China that BYD uses an approach of "copying and then modifying car designs." Chinese courts ruled BYD has not infringed on patents.
Settled Albuquerque bus claim
In December 2018, the Albuquerque council filed a lawsuit against BYD for "issues including bolts falling off doors, doors opening on their own and battery range issues". BYD disputed the city's allegations and disputed Mayor Tim Keller's "false and misleading statements."  The lawsuit was settled with no money changing hands. A joint statement was issued in May 2019.
Facilities consist of two manufacturing plants in Xi'an, an R&D center and manufacturing plant in Shenzhen (the headquarters of BYD Co Ltd), a manufacturing plant in Changsha, a manufacturing plant in Shaoguan, and an R&D center and parts plant in Shanghai. Construction of a third manufacturing plant in Xi'an resumed in 2011, following the company being fined for illegal land use.
Denza joint venture
In May 2010, the Shenzhen BYD Daimler New Technology Co., Ltd., trading as "Denza" was established with Daimler AG to produce luxury electric vehicles. The Denza 500 model is based on the previous generation Mercedes-Benz B-Class.
In 2010, BYD Auto sold a total of 519,800 vehicles, representing 2.9% of the market in China and the sixth largest manufacturer. In 2011, the BYD sales rank was outside the top ten. In 2012, the company became the 9th largest car manufacturer in China, producing over 600,000 vehicles.
The North American headquarters opened in Los Angeles in 2011. As of 2013 BYD Auto sells the e6 and Electric Bus in the United States as fleet vehicles only. BYD has supplied the Los Angeles Metro system with buses since 2015. A 2018 investigation by the Los Angeles Times found reliability issues with the BYD buses.
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BYD road vehicle timeline, 2003–present
|city car||BYD Flyer||BYD F0|
|BYD F3DM||BYD Qin|
|Subcompact crossover||BYD S1|
|Compact crossover||BYD S3|
|Mid-size crossover||BYD S6/S7|
|BYD Tang||BYD Tang|
|BYD Song Max|
|Sports car||BYD S8||