The start line

Circuito de Jerez – Ángel Nieto (formerly known as Circuit of Jerez and Circuito Permanente de Jerez), is a 4.428 km (2.751 mi) racing circuit located close to the city of Jerez de la Frontera, 90 km (55.9 mi) south of Seville and deep within the sherry-producing region in the south of Spain. The project was led by the Spanish engineer Manuel Medina Lara, based on a preliminary idea from Alessandro Rocci.

Circuit history

The circuit opened on 8 December 1985. During 1986 the circuit hosted the first international motorcycle event in Spain in March and the Formula One Spanish Grand Prix in April. The circuit's relatively remote location hindered significant spectator turnout, although up to 125,000 can be accommodated. Because of this, F1 moved to Barcelona following the 1991 race.

In 1992, the track eliminated four corners to create the long right hander Curva Sito Pons. Due to the hosting of the European Grand Prix in 1994, a new chicane was created (the Senna curve) at the corner where Martin Donnelly had a career-ending accident during qualifying for the 1990 Spanish Grand Prix. Jerez also hosted the 1997 European Grand Prix, which was the championship decider between Michael Schumacher and Jacques Villeneuve, who collided during the race.

During the podium celebrations of the 1997 race, Jerez's Mayor Pedro Pacheco disrupted the podium celebrations by presenting a trophy that was supposed to be presented by a dignitary from Daimler-Benz. This incident resulted in the track being temporarily banned from hosting a Grand Prix.[1] It has not hosted another Grand Prix since, but continued to be used for winter testing until 2015.

During 2005, the track was resurfaced. It was expected that the Champ Car World Series would race there in 2008[2] until the series was cancelled early in the year after merging with the IndyCar Series.

On 2 May 2013, it was announced that the final corner would be renamed after Spanish then four-time and reigning world champion (250cc - 2006, 2007; MotoGP - 2010, 2012) Jorge Lorenzo.[3]

In 2017, FIA Formula 2 hosted a stand-alone event on October 7 and 8 at the circuit.

The track during 2010 F1 pre-season testing

On 3 May 2018, the circuit was renamed in honor of the former motorcyclist Ángel Nieto, who died in 2017.

On 3 May 2019, the sixth corner (formerly Curva Dry Sac) was renamed after Dani Pedrosa, retired three-time world champion (125cc - 2003; 250cc - 2004, 2005) and three-time runner-up in the MotoGP class.[4][5]

Lap records

The official race lap records at the Circuito de Jerez are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Date Circuit Map
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.429 km (1994–present)
F1 1:23.135 Heinz-Harald Frentzen Williams FW19 1997 European Grand Prix Jerez Grand prix Circuit 1994-2003.svg
Formula 2 1:29.296 Nyck de Vries Dallara GP2/11 2017 Jerez Formula 2 round
Formula V8 1:30.014 Pietro Fittipaldi Dallara T12 2017 Jerez Formula V8 round
Superleague Formula 1:30.029 Davide Rigon Panoz DP09 2008 Jerez Superleague Formula round
GP3 1:32.279 George Russell Dallara GP3/16 2017 Jerez GP3 round
Euroformula Open 1:36.988 Harrison Scott Dallara F312 2017 Jerez Euroformula Open round
F3000 1:39.010 Ricardo Zonta Lola T96/50 1997 Jerez F3000 round
Formula Renault 2.0 1:41.859 Nyck de Vries Tatuus FR2.0/13 2014 Jerez Formula Renault Eurocup round
Formula 4 1:43.229 Dilano van't Hoff Tatuus F4-T014 2021 Jerez F4 Spain round
GT1 1:49.680 John Nielsen McLaren F1 GTR 1995 4 Hours of Jerez
Motorcycling Circuit: 4.424 km (1992–present)
MotoGP 1:37.770 Fabio Quartararo Yamaha YZR-M1 2021 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix Jerez.svg
World SBK 1:39.004 Álvaro Bautista Ducati Panigale V4 R 2019 Jerez World SBK round
Moto2 1:41.313 Sam Lowes Kalex Moto2 2021 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
World SSP 1:42.329 Dominique Aegerter Yamaha YZF-R6 2021 Jerez World SSP round
Moto3 1:46.060 Jaume Masiá Honda NSF250RW 2020 Andalusian motorcycle Grand Prix
MotoE 1:47.473 Eric Granado Energica Ego 2021 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
Supersport 300 1:52.778 KTM RC 390 R 2019 Jerez Supersport 300 round
Original Grand Prix Circuit: 4.218 km (1985-1991)
F1 1:24.513 Riccardo Patrese Williams FW13B 1990 Spanish Grand Prix Circuito de Jerez (1985-1992).svg
F3000 1:34.780 Éric Bernard Lola T89/50 1989 Jerez F3000 round
500cc 1:47.615 Wayne Rainey Yamaha YZR500 1991 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
250cc 1:50.002 Helmut Bradl Honda NSR250 1991 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
World SBK 1:51.850 Raymond Roche Ducati 888SBK 1990 Jerez World SBK round
125cc 1:54.038 Ezio Gianola Derbi 125 1991 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix

Weather and climate

Jerez' racetrack is located near the airport where the city's official weather station is located. The site has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa with mild and rainy winters coupled with hot summers with pronounced drought. As a result, all of Jerez' Formula One and MotoGP races have been held during shoulder seasons when the air temperatures normally are gentler. The current placement of the MotoGP event in early May has reduced rainfall risk compared to the previous April date, as well as raising the likely average temperature by several degrees. Formula One races used to be held in latter parts of the autumn, but were discontinued after 1997.

Jerez used to be a primary winter testing venue for Formula One and remains so for both MotoGP and the Superbike World Championship, in part due to the favourable temperatures in winter mimicking potential conditions during the race season farther north in Europe even in January.

Climate data for Jerez de la Frontera (Jerez Airport) (1981–2010), Extremes (1921–)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
29.0
(84.2)
30.6
(87.1)
33.6
(92.5)
38.2
(100.8)
42.0
(107.6)
44.7
(112.5)
45.1
(113.2)
44.6
(112.3)
36.5
(97.7)
30.8
(87.4)
26.8
(80.2)
45.1
(113.2)
Average high °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
17.8
(64.0)
20.8
(69.4)
22.2
(72.0)
25.5
(77.9)
29.9
(85.8)
33.6
(92.5)
33.5
(92.3)
30.4
(86.7)
25.5
(77.9)
20.2
(68.4)
16.9
(62.4)
24.4
(75.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
12.1
(53.8)
14.6
(58.3)
16.0
(60.8)
19.0
(66.2)
22.9
(73.2)
25.9
(78.6)
26.1
(79.0)
23.7
(74.7)
19.6
(67.3)
14.9
(58.8)
12.0
(53.6)
18.2
(64.8)
Average low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
6.4
(43.5)
8.3
(46.9)
9.8
(49.6)
12.5
(54.5)
15.9
(60.6)
18.1
(64.6)
18.7
(65.7)
17.0
(62.6)
13.7
(56.7)
9.5
(49.1)
7.1
(44.8)
11.9
(53.4)
Record low °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−5
(23)
−2.4
(27.7)
−2
(28)
5.0
(41.0)
7.0
(44.6)
9.8
(49.6)
10.5
(50.9)
7.0
(44.6)
2.8
(37.0)
−1
(30)
−5.4
(22.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78
(3.1)
56
(2.2)
37
(1.5)
49
(1.9)
30
(1.2)
9
(0.4)
1
(0.0)
2
(0.1)
27
(1.1)
72
(2.8)
96
(3.8)
109
(4.3)
570
(22.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 6 6 5 6 4 1 0 0 2 6 7 8 53
Average relative humidity (%) 77 73 67 64 60 56 52 55 61 69 75 79 66
Mean monthly sunshine hours 184 187 224 251 300 318 354 334 250 225 184 158 2,965
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[6][7]

Fatalities

References

  1. ^ "Chaves y Pacheco irrumpieron en el podio". Diario El País. 1997-12-13. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  2. ^ "CHAMP CAR: 2008 Schedules Confirmed". speedtv.com. 2007-04-11. Archived from the original on 2008-02-06. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
  3. ^ "MotoGP Twitter". 2013-02-05. Retrieved 2013-02-05.
  4. ^ López-Rey, Alex (2019-05-03). "Dani Pedrosa inaugura su curva en el Circuito de Jerez-Ángel Nieto". Motorbike Magazine (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-03-11.
  5. ^ "Jerez Turn 6 named after Pedrosa". MotoGP.com. Dorna Sports. 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2021-03-11.
  6. ^ "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981-2010)". Archived from the original on 2013-05-26.
  7. ^ Meteorología, Agencia Estatal de. "Jerez de la Frontera Aeropuerto: Jerez de la Frontera Aeropuerto - Valores extremos absolutos - Selector - Agencia Estatal de Meteorología - AEMET. Gobierno de España". www.aemet.es. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Dean Berta Viñales passes away". 25 September 2021. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  9. ^ Ismael Bonilla overleden na crash op Circuito de Jerez Angel Nieto (in Dutch)
  10. ^ Sports, Dorna. "Remembering Nobuyuki Wakai | MotoGP™". www.motogp.com. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  11. ^ "Obituary: Nobuyuki Wakai". The Independent. 1993-05-11. Retrieved 2020-07-18.

External links