Tom Kristensen smiling at the camera and wearing white racing overalls
Tom Kristensen has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans nine times, more than any other driver.

The 24 Hours of Le Mans (French: 24 heures du Mans)[1] is a 24-hour automobile endurance race organised by the automotive group Automobile Club de l'Ouest (ACO) and held annually on the Circuit de la Sarthe race track close to the city of Le Mans, France.[2] It was first staged as the Grand Prix of Endurance and Efficiency in 1923,[3] after a proposal was made by the automotive journalist Charles Faroux to Georges Durand, the ACO president, and the industrialist Emile Coquile, to allow car manufacturers to test vehicle reliability, equipment and fuel-efficiency.[4][5] The race forms part of the Triple Crown of Motorsport along with the Indianapolis 500 and the Monaco Grand Prix.[2][3] Each overall victor is presented with a trophy featuring the event's emblem and the logo of the ACO commissioned by the automotive group's sporting director Jean-Pierre Moreau in 1993. Any three-time consecutive winning manufacturer can retain the trophy permanently.[6] Every year since 1991, at the former grocery store owner Bernard Warain's initiative,[7] a cast of the winning driver's feet, hands and signature are taken prior to the following year's race. They are cast in a bronze car-wheel shaped plaque and placed in the pavement in Le Mans' Saint Nicholas district.[8][9]

Tom Kristensen holds the record for the most 24 Hours of Le Mans driver victories, having won the race nine times. Jacky Ickx, the previous record holder, is second with six victories and Derek Bell, Frank Biela and Emanuele Pirro are third with five wins each. Kristensen also holds the record for the most consecutive victories, having won the race six times in succession from the 2000 to the 2005 editions.[10] Hurley Haywood has the record for the longest period of time between his first Le Mans win and his last. He won the race for the first time in 1977 and for the last time in 1994, a span of 17 years and 5 days. Alexander Wurz waited the longest period of time between his inaugural win at the 1996 event and his second victory—following 12 years, 11 months, 29 days later—at the 2009 edition. Luigi Chinetti is the oldest winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans; he was 47 years, 11 months and 9 days old when he won the 1949 event. Wurz is the youngest winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans; he was 22 years, 4 months and 1 day old when he won the 1996 race.[11] The United Kingdom is the most represented event-winning country, having produced 33 overall victors, followed by France with 29 and Germany with 19. There have been four countries which have been represented by just one winner.[12]

Porsche hold the record for the most Le Mans wins as a manufacturer with 19 since their maiden victory in 1970. Audi are in second position with 13 wins and Ferrari are in third place with 9 victories. Porsche also maintain the record for the most consecutive wins, having won the event seven times in succession from 1981 to 1987.[13] German manufacturers are the most victorious in the event with 34 wins amongst four constructors, followed by the United Kingdom with 17 victories amongst 6 manufacturers and France with 15 wins amongst 9 constructors. Joest Racing have achieved more wins than every other racing team, having claimed victory on 13 occasions and the Audi R8 won more times than any other race-winning vehicle with five victories.[12]

As of the 2021 24 Hours of Le Mans, there have been 139 victorious drivers from 20 individual countries and 25 winning manufacturers representing 7 different nations in the race's 89 editions. The first two winners of the event were André Lagache and René Léonard at the 1923 edition, and the most recent drivers to achieve their first Le Mans wins were the trio of Mike Conway, Kamui Kobayashi and José María López, who each claimed their maiden victories at the 2021 race. Most years until 1985 saw two drivers per entry win before three participants per car became the norm from 1985 onwards.[12] Timo Bernhard, Romain Dumas and Mike Rockenfeller set the record for the farthest distance covered by a race-winning team, driving 5,410.713 km (3,362.061 mi) and completing 397 laps in an Audi R15 TDI plus at the 2010 edition.[14] Frank Clement and John Duff hold the record for the shortest distance covered by a victorious squad, completing 120 laps and 2,077.34 km (1,290.80 mi) sharing an Bentley 3 Litre Sport at the 1924 race.[15]

Key

Winners

Winners of the 24 Hours of Le Mans[12]
Year Nat Drivers Class Team Car and engine make Tyre Distance Series Ref
L K M
1923  France André Lagache 3.0 Chenard & Walcker SA Chenard-Walker Type U3 15CV Sport M 128 2209.536 1372.942 N/A [16]
 France René Léonard
1924  United Kingdom Frank Clement 3.0 Duff & Aldington Bentley 3 Litre Sport R 120 2077.34 1290.80 N/A [15]
 Canada John Duff[a]
1925  France Gérard de Courcelles 5.0 Société Lorraine De Dietrich et Cie Lorraine-Dietrich B3-6 Sport E 129 2233.982 1388.132 N/A [17]
 France André Rossignol
1926  France Robert Bloch 5.0 Société Lorraine De Dietrich et Cie Lorraine-Dietrich B3-6 Le Mans D 148 2552.414 1585.997 N/A [18]
 France André Rossignol
1927  United Kingdom Dudley Benjafield 3.0 Bentley Motors Limited Bentley 3 Litre Speed D 137 2369.807 1472.530 N/A [19]
 United Kingdom Sammy Davis
1928  United Kingdom Woolf Barnato 5.0 Bentley Motors Limited Bentley 4½ Litre D 155 2669.272 1658.609 N/A [20]
 Australia Bernard Rubin
1929  United Kingdom Woolf Barnato 8.0 Bentley Motors Limited Bentley Speed Six D 174 2843.83 1767.07 N/A [21]
 United Kingdom Henry Birkin
1930  United Kingdom Woolf Barnato <3.0 Bentley Motors Limited Bentley Speed Six D 179 2930.663 1821.03 N/A [22]
 United Kingdom Glen Kidston
1931  United Kingdom Henry Birkin 3.0 Earl Howe Alfa Romeo 8C-2300 LM D 184 3017.654 1875.083 N/A [23]
 United Kingdom Earl Howe
1932  Italy Luigi Chinetti 5.0 Raymond Sommer Alfa Romeo 8C-2300 LM E 218 2954.038 1835.554 N/A [24]
 France Raymond Sommer
1933  Italy Tazio Nuvolari 5.0 Raymond Sommer Alfa Romeo 8C-2300 MM P 233 3144.038 1953.615 N/A [25]
 France Raymond Sommer
1934  Italy Luigi Chinetti 3.0 Luigi Chinetti/Philippe Étancelin Alfa Romeo 8C 2300 E 213 2886.938 1793.860 N/A [26]
 France Philippe Étancelin
1935  United Kingdom Luis Fontés 5.0 Fox & Nichol Lagonda M45R Rapide D 222 3006.797 1868.337 N/A [27]
 United Kingdom Johnny Hindmarsh
1936
Not held as a result of worker strikes
[28]
1937  France Robert Benoist 5.0 Roger Labric Bugatti Type 57G Tank D 244 3287.938 2043.030 N/A [29]
 France Jean-Pierre Wimille
1938  France Eugène Chaboud 5.0 Eugène Chaboud et Jean Trémoulet Delahaye 135CS D 235 3180.94 1976.54 N/A [30]
 France Jean Trémoulet
1939  France Pierre Veyron 8.0 Jean-Pierre Wimille Bugatti Type 57S Tank D 248 3354.76 2084.55 N/A [31]
 France Jean-Pierre Wimille
1940–1948
Not held as a consequence of the Second World War and subsequent circuit and automobile industry reconstruction
[32]
1949  United States Luigi Chinetti[b] S 2.0 Lord Selsdon Ferrari 166 MM E 235 3178.299 1974.903 N/A [34]
 United Kingdom Peter Mitchell-Thomson
1950  France Jean-Louis Rosier S 5.0 Louis Rosier Talbot Lago Grand Sport T26 D 256 3465.12 2153.13 N/A [35]
 France Louis Rosier
1951  United Kingdom Peter Walker S 5.0 Peter Walker Jaguar XK-120C D 267 3611.193 2243.891 N/A [36]
 United Kingdom Peter Whitehead
1952  Germany Hermann Lang S 3.0 Daimler-Benz A.G. Mercedes-Benz 300 SL W194 C 277 3733.800 2320.076 N/A [37]
 Germany Fritz Riess
1953  United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton S 5.0 Jaguar Cars Ltd. Jaguar C-Type D 304 4088.064 2540.205 1953 WSC [38]
 United Kingdom Tony Rolt
1954  Argentina José Froilán González S 5.0 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 375 Plus P 302 4061.15 2523.48 1954 WSC [39]
 France Maurice Trintignant
1955  United Kingdom Ivor Bueb S 5.0 Jaguar Cars Ltd. Jaguar D-Type D 307 4135.38 2569.61 1955 WSC [40]
 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn
1956  United Kingdom Ron Flockhart S 5.0 Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar D-Type D 300 4034.929 2507.189 N/A [41]
 United Kingdom Ninian Sanderson
1957  United Kingdom Ivor Bueb S 5.0 Ecurie Ecosse Jaguar D-Type D 327 4397.108 2732.236 1957 WSC [42]
 United Kingdom Ron Flockhart
1958  Belgium Olivier Gendebien S 3.0 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR58 E 305 4101.926 2548.819 1958 WSC [43]
 United States Phil Hill
1959  United Kingdom Roy Salvadori S 3.0 David Brown Racing Dept. Aston Martin DBR1/300 A 323 4347.9 2701.7 1959 WSC [44]
 United States Carroll Shelby
1960  Belgium Paul Frère S 3.0 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR59/60 D 314 4217.527 2620.650 1960 WSC [45]
 Belgium Olivier Gendebien 1960 GTC
1961  Belgium Olivier Gendebien S 3.0 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TRI/61 D 333 4476.58 2781.62 1961 WSC [46]
 United States Phil Hill 1961 GTC
1962  Belgium Olivier Gendebien E +3.0 Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 330 TRI/LM Spyder D 331 4451.255 2765.882 1962 WSC [47]
 United States Phil Hill 1962 CMVE
1963  Italy Lorenzo Bandini P 3.0 SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250 P D 339 4561.71 2834.52 1963 WSC [48]
 Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti 1963 CMVE
1964  France Jean Guichet P 4.0 SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 275 P D 349 4695.31 2917.53 1964 WSC [49]
 Italy Nino Vaccarella 1964 CMVE
1965  United States Masten Gregory P 4.0 North American Racing Team Ferrari 250 LM G 348 4677.11 2906.22 1965 WSC [50]
 United States Ed Hugus
 Austria Jochen Rindt 1965 CMVE
1966  New Zealand Chris Amon[c] P +5.0 Shelby-American Inc. Ford GT40 Mk. II G 360 4843.09 3009.36 1966 WSC [52]
 New Zealand Bruce McLaren[c] 1966 CMVE
1967  United States A. J. Foyt P +5.0 Shelby-American Inc. Ford GT40 Mk. IV G 388 5232.9 3251.6 1967 WSC [53]
 United States Dan Gurney 1967 CMVE
1968  Belgium Lucien Bianchi S 5.0 J. W. Automotive Engineering Ford GT40 Mk. I F 331 4452.88 2766.89 1968 ICM [54]
 Mexico Pedro Rodríguez 1968 CMVE
1969  Belgium Jacky Ickx S 5.0 J. W. Automotive Engineering Ford GT40 Mk. I F 372 4998 3106 1969 ICM [55]
 United Kingdom Jackie Oliver 1969 CMVE
1969 CFC
1970  United Kingdom Richard Attwood S 5.0 Porsche KG Salzburg Porsche 917KH Coupé G 343 4607.81 2863.16 1970 ICM [56][57]
 Germany Hans Herrmann 1970 CMVE
1971  Austria Helmut Marko S 5.0 Martini Racing Team Porsche 917KH Coupé F 397 5335.313 3315.210 1971 ICM [56][58]
 Netherlands Gijs van Lennep 1971 CMVE
1972  United Kingdom Graham Hill S 3.0 Equipe Matra-Simca Shell Matra-Simca MS670 G 344 4691.343 2915.065 1972 WCM [59]
 France Henri Pescarolo 1972 CMVE
1973  France Gérard Larrousse S 3.0 Equipe Matra-Simca Shell Matra-Simca MS670B G 355 4853.945 3016.102 1973 WCM [60]
 France Henri Pescarolo 1973 CMVE
1973 SSGTC
1974  France Gérard Larrousse S 3.0 Equipe Gitanes Matra-Simca MS670C G 338 4606.571 2862.391 1974 WCM [61]
 France Henri Pescarolo 1974 CMVE
1975  United Kingdom Derek Bell S 3.0 Gulf Research Racing Co. Mirage GR8-Ford Cosworth G 336 4595.577 2855.559 N/A [62]
 Belgium Jacky Ickx
1976  Belgium Jacky Ickx Gp.6 3.0 Martini Racing Porsche System Porsche 936/76 Spyder G 349 4769.923 2963.893 N/A [63]
 Netherlands Gijs van Lennep
1977  Germany Jürgen Barth Gp.6 3.0 Martini Racing Porsche System Porsche 936/77 Spyder D 342 4671.63 2902.82 N/A [64][65]
 United States Hurley Haywood
 Belgium Jacky Ickx
1978  France Jean-Pierre Jaussaud Gp.6 3.0 Alpine Renault Renault Alpine A442B M 369 5044.53 3134.53 1978 WCED [66]
 France Didier Pironi
1979  Germany Klaus Ludwig Gp.5 SP Porsche Kremer Racing Porsche 935 K3 D 307 4173.93 2593.56 1979 WCED [67]
 United States Bill Whittington
 United States Don Whittington
1980  France Jean-Pierre Jaussaud S +2.0 Jean Rondeau Rondeau M379B-Ford G 338 4608.02 2863.29 1980 WCM [68]
 France Jean Rondeau 1980 WCED
1981  United Kingdom Derek Bell S +2.0 Porsche System Porsche 936/81 D 354 4825.348 2998.332 1981 WEC [69]
 Belgium Jacky Ickx
1982  United Kingdom Derek Bell C Rothmans Porsche System Porsche 956 D 359 4899.086 3044.151 1982 WEC [70][71]
 Belgium Jacky Ickx
1983  United States Hurley Haywood C Rothmans Porsche Porsche 956 D 371 5047.934 3136.641 1983 EEC [70][72]
 United States Al Holbert
 Australia Vern Schuppan 1983 WEC
1984  Germany Klaus Ludwig C1 Joest Racing Porsche 956B D 360 4900.276 3044.890 1984 WEC [73]
 France Henri Pescarolo
1985  Italy Paolo Barilla C1 Joest Racing Porsche 956B D 374 5088.507 3161.852 1985 WEC [74]
 Germany Klaus Ludwig
 Germany "John Winter"[d]
1986  United Kingdom Derek Bell C1 Rothmans Porsche Porsche 962C D 368 4972.731 3089.912 1986 WSPC [76]
 United States Al Holbert
 Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck
1987  United Kingdom Derek Bell C1 Rothmans Porsche Porsche 962C D 355 4791.777 2977.472 1987 WSPC [77]
 United States Al Holbert
 Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck
1988  United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries C1 Silk Cut Jaguar Jaguar XJR-9LM D 394 5332.97 3313.75 1988 WSPC [78]
 Netherlands Jan Lammers
 United Kingdom Andy Wallace
1989  Sweden Stanley Dickens C1 Team Sauber Mercedes Sauber C9/88-Mercedes-Benz M 389 5265.115 3271.591 N/A [79]
 Germany Jochen Mass
 Germany Manuel Reuter
1990  United Kingdom Martin Brundle C1 Silk Cut Jaguar Jaguar XJR-12 LM G 359 4882.40 3033.78 N/A [80]
 United States Price Cobb
 Denmark John Nielsen
1991  Belgium Bertrand Gachot C2 Mazdaspeed Co. Ltd. Mazda 787B D 362 4922.81 3058.89 1991 WSC [81]
 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
 Germany Volker Weidler
1992  United Kingdom Mark Blundell C1 Peugeot Talbot Sport Peugeot 905 Evo 1 Bis M 352 4787.2 2974.6 1992 WSC [82]
 France Yannick Dalmas
 United Kingdom Derek Warwick
1993  France Christophe Bouchut C1 Peugeot Talbot Sport Peugeot 905 Evo 1 Bis M 375 5100 3200 N/A [83]
 Australia Geoff Brabham
 France Éric Hélary
1994  Italy Mauro Baldi LMGT1 Le Mans Porsche Team[e] Dauer 962 Le Mans-Porsche G 344 4685.701 2911.560 N/A [85]
 France Yannick Dalmas
 United States Hurley Haywood
1995  France Yannick Dalmas LMGT1 Kokusai Kaihatsu Racing McLaren F1 GTR-BMW M 298 4055.8 2520.2 N/A [86]
 Finland JJ Lehto
 Japan Masanori Sekiya
1996  United States Davy Jones LMP1 Joest Racing TWR Porsche WSC-95[f] G 354 4814.4 2991.5 N/A [89]
 Germany Manuel Reuter
 Austria Alexander Wurz
1997  Italy Michele Alboreto LMP Joest Racing TWR Porsche WSC-95[f] G 361 4909.6 3050.7 N/A [90]
 Sweden Stefan Johansson
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
1998  France Laurent Aïello LMGT1 Porsche AG Porsche 911 GT1-98 M 365 4783.781 2972.504 N/A [91]
 United Kingdom Allan McNish
 Monaco Stéphane Ortelli[g]
1999  France Yannick Dalmas LMP Team BMW Motorsport BMW V12 LMR M 366 4982.974 3096.276 N/A [93]
 Italy Pierluigi Martini
 Germany Joachim Winkelhock
2000  Germany Frank Biela LMP900 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R8 M 368 5007.988 3111.819 N/A [94]
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
 Italy Emanuele Pirro
2001  Germany Frank Biela LMP900 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R8 M 321 4367.2 2713.7 N/A [95]
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
 Italy Emanuele Pirro
2002  Germany Frank Biela LMP900 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R8 M 375 5118.75 3180.64 N/A [96]
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
 Italy Emanuele Pirro
2003  Italy Rinaldo Capello LMGTP Team Bentley Bentley Speed 8 M 377 5145.571 3,197.31 N/A [97]
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
 United Kingdom Guy Smith
2004  Japan Seiji Ara LMP1 Audi Sport Japan Team Goh Audi R8 M 379 5169.97 3212.47 N/A [98]
 Italy Rinaldo Capello
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
2005  Finland JJ Lehto LMP1 Champion Racing Audi R8 M 370 5050.5 3138.2 N/A [99]
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
 Germany Marco Werner
2006  Germany Frank Biela LMP1 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R10 TDI M 380 5187 3223 N/A [100]
 Italy Emanuele Pirro
 Germany Marco Werner
2007  Germany Frank Biela LMP1 Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI M 369 5029.101 3124.938 N/A [101]
 Italy Emanuele Pirro
 Germany Marco Werner
2008  Italy Rinaldo Capello LMP1 Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI M 381 5192.649 3226.562 N/A [102]
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
 United Kingdom Allan McNish
2009  Australia David Brabham LMP1 Peugeot Sport Total Peugeot 908 HDi FAP M 382 5206.278 3235.031 N/A [103]
 Spain Marc Gené
 Austria Alexander Wurz
2010  Germany Timo Bernhard LMP1 Audi Sport North America Audi R15 TDI Plus M 397 5410.713 3362.061 N/A [104]
 France Romain Dumas
 Germany Mike Rockenfeller
2011   Switzerland Marcel Fässler LMP1 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 TDI M 355 4838.295 3006.377 2011 ILMC [105]
 Germany André Lotterer
 France Benoît Tréluyer
2012   Switzerland Marcel Fässler LMP1 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 e-tron quattro M 378 5151.762 3201.156 2012 FIA WEC [106]
 Germany André Lotterer
 France Benoît Tréluyer
2013  France Loïc Duval LMP1 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 e-tron quattro M 348 4742.892 2947.096 2013 FIA WEC [107]
 Denmark Tom Kristensen
 United Kingdom Allan McNish
2014   Switzerland Marcel Fässler LMP1 Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 e-tron quattro M 379 5165.391 3209.625 2014 FIA WEC [108]
 Germany André Lotterer
 France Benoît Tréluyer
2015  New Zealand Earl Bamber LMP1 Porsche Team Porsche 919 Hybrid M 395 5382.82 3344.73 2015 FIA WEC [109]
 Germany Nico Hülkenberg
 United Kingdom Nick Tandy
2016  France Romain Dumas LMP1 Porsche Team Porsche 919 Hybrid M 384 5233.536 3251.969 2016 FIA WEC [110]
  Switzerland Neel Jani
 Germany Marc Lieb
2017  New Zealand Earl Bamber LMP1 Porsche LMP Team Porsche 919 Hybrid M 367 5001.23 3107.62 2017 FIA WEC [111]
 Germany Timo Bernhard
 New Zealand Brendon Hartley
2018  Spain Fernando Alonso LMP1 Toyota Gazoo Racing Toyota TS050 Hybrid M 387 5286.888 3285.120 2018–19 FIA WEC [112]
  Switzerland Sébastien Buemi
 Japan Kazuki Nakajima
2019  Spain Fernando Alonso LMP1 Toyota Gazoo Racing Toyota TS050 Hybrid M 385 5246.01 3259.72 2018–19 FIA WEC [113]
  Switzerland Sébastien Buemi
 Japan Kazuki Nakajima
2020   Switzerland Sébastien Buemi LMP1 Toyota Gazoo Racing Toyota TS050 Hybrid M 387 5272.46 3276.15 2019–20 FIA WEC [114]
 New Zealand Brendon Hartley
 Japan Kazuki Nakajima
2021  United Kingdom Mike Conway LMH Toyota Gazoo Racing Toyota GR010 Hybrid M 371 5054.5 3140.7 2021 FIA WEC [115]
 Japan Kamui Kobayashi
 Argentina José María López

Statistics

By driver

Jacky Ickx looking to the right of the camera in formal clothing
Jacky Ickx has won the 24 Hours of Le Mans six times.
Derek Bell holding a biro pen in both of his hands is smiling at the camera
Frank Biela in a white shirt with the top button undone looking to the right
Emanuele Pirro wearing a white shirt with the first two buttons undone is looking down to his left with his eyes
British driver Derek Bell (left), German driver Frank Biela (center) and Italian driver Emanuele Pirro (right) have won the 24 Hours of Le Mans five times each.
Multiple wins by driver[12]
Name Wins Years
Tom Kristensen 9 1997, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008, 2013
Jacky Ickx 6 1969, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1981, 1982
Derek Bell 5 1975, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1987
Frank Biela 5 2000, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2007
Emanuele Pirro 5 2000, 2001, 2002, 2006, 2007
Yannick Dalmas 4 1992, 1994, 1995, 1999
Olivier Gendebien 4 1958, 1960, 1961, 1962
Henri Pescarolo 4 1972, 1973, 1974, 1984
Woolf Barnato 3 1928, 1929, 1930
Sébastien Buemi 3 2018, 2019, 2020
Rinaldo Capello 3 2003, 2004, 2008
Luigi Chinetti 3 1932, 1934, 1949
Marcel Fässler 3 2011, 2012, 2014
Hurley Haywood 3 1977, 1983, 1994
Phil Hill 3 1958, 1961, 1962
Al Holbert 3 1983, 1986, 1987
André Lotterer 3 2011, 2012, 2014
Klaus Ludwig 3 1979, 1984, 1985
Allan McNish 3 1998, 2008, 2013
Kazuki Nakajima 3 2018, 2019, 2020
Benoît Tréluyer 3 2011, 2012, 2014
Marco Werner 3 2005, 2006, 2007

By nationality

Victories by nationality[12]
Nationality Wins Drivers
 France 44 29
 United Kingdom 42 33
 Germany 31 19
 United States 18 12
 Italy 18 11
 Belgium 13 5
 Denmark 10 2
  Switzerland 7 3
 Japan 6 4
 New Zealand 6 4
 Australia 4 4
 Austria 4 3
 Netherlands 3 2
 Spain 3 2
 Argentina 2 2
 Sweden 2 2
 Finland 2 1
 Canada 1 1
 Mexico 1 1
 Monaco 1 1

By manufacturer

A white closed cockpit prototype racing car driven at the 1971 24 Hours of Le Mans
Porsche have won the race a record 19 times as a manufacturer, including with the Porsche 917K (pictured).
A red and silver Le Mans Prototype driven by a yellow, red and black helmeted pilot on the Circuit de la Sarthe
Audi have achieved victory at the event on 13 occasions.
Wins by manufacturer[12]
Entrant Wins Drivers
Porsche 19 36
Audi 13 15
Ferrari 9 15
Jaguar 7 14
Bentley 6 11
Alfa Romeo 4 6
Ford 4 8
Toyota 4 7
Matra-Simca 3 3
Peugeot 3 9
Lorraine-Dietrich 2 3
Bugatti 2 3
Aston Martin 1 2
BMW 1 3
Chenard & Walcker 1 2
Delahaye 1 2
Lagonda 1 2
Mazda 1 3
McLaren 1 3
Mercedes-Benz 1 2
Mirage 1 2
Renault-Alpine 1 2
Rondeau 1 2
Sauber-Mercedes 1 3
Talbot-Lago 1 2


By team

Vitctories by team[12]
Team Wins Drivers
Joest Racing 13 21
Porsche 12 21
Scuderia Ferrari 7 11
Jaguar 5 12
Bentley 5 9
Toyota Gazoo Racing 4 7
Peugeot Sport 3 9
Matra Sports 3 3
Shelby American Inc. 2 4
J. W. Automotive Engineering 2 4
Ecurie Ecosse 2 3
Raymond Sommer 2 3
Société Lorraine De Dietrich et Cie 2 3
Audi Sport Japan Team Goh 1 3
Champion Racing 1 3
Kokusai Kaihatsu Racing 1 3
North American Racing Team 1 3
Team BMW Motorsport 1 3
Team Sauber Mercedes 1 3
Porsche Kremer Racing 1 2
Alpine Renault 1 2
Chenard & Walcker SA 1 2
Daimler-Benz A.G. 1 2
David Brown Racing Dept. 1 2
Duff & Aldington 1 2
Earl Howe 1 2
Eugène Chaboud et Jean Trémoulet 1 2
Fox & Nichol 1 2
Gulf Research Racing Co. 1 2
Jean Rondeau 1 2
Jean-Pierre Wimille 1 2
Lord Selsdon 1 2
Louis Rosier 1 2
Luigi Chinetti/Philippe Étancelin 1 2
Mazdaspeed Co. Ltd 1 2
Porsche KG Salzburg 1 2
Raymond Sommer 1 2
Roger Labric 1 2

Notes

  1. ^ While Canada had been independent since 1867, Canadians were deemed subjects of the United Kingdom until 1947.[15]
  2. ^ Chinetti became an American citizen in 1946.[33]
  3. ^ a b The ACO declared Amon and McLaren the 1966 winners by 8 metres (26 ft) over their teammates Denny Hulme and Ken Miles and by virtue of the former pairing beginning farther away from the latter duo.[51]
  4. ^ John Winter was the pseudonym of gentleman driver Louis Krages.[75]
  5. ^ The 1994 victory is listed with Porsche; Dauer Sportwagen was the official constructor of the road car, a Porsche 962 heavily modified for street use and race homologation.[84]
  6. ^ a b The 1996 and 1997 victories are listed with Porsche, although the car was built by TWR on a modified Jaguar XJR-14 chassis, fitted with a Porsche 962 engine.[87][88]
  7. ^ Ortelli is a French-born driver who is a citizen of Monaco.[92]

References

  1. ^ Mannheimer, John (23 July 2018). "The Complete History Of 24 Hours Of Le Mans". HiConsumption. Archived from the original on 31 March 2020. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  2. ^ a b Lennox, Graeme (26 June 2016). "It's a Le Mans world". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 18 July 2016. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b Thompson, Eric (19 June 2013). "Ultimate test of man and machine". The New Zealand Herald. p. E17. Archived from the original on 11 September 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020 – via ProQuest.
  4. ^ "Commemoration of the 90th anniversary of the Le Mans 24 Hours". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. 1 February 2013. Archived from the original on 2 June 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Le Mans — How It Began". Road & Track. 16 May 2007. Archived from the original on 11 September 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Bringing the Museum to you – The Le Mans 24 Hours Grand Trophy". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. 10 April 2020. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  7. ^ Bréhaut, Frederique (20 August 2021). "24 Heures du Mans. Il n'y a plus trace des empreintes des pilotes" [24 Hours of Le Mans. There is no longer any trace of the footprints of the pilots]. Le Maine libre (in French). Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Le Mans legend Allan McNish earns final handprint tribute". BBC News. 10 June 2014. Archived from the original on 19 June 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  9. ^ "24 Heures : depuis 28 ans, les pilotes laissent leur empreintes" [24 Hours: for 28 years, pilots have left their mark]. Ouest-France (in French). 10 June 2019. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  10. ^ Turner, Kevin (12 August 2021). "Who is the most successful Le Mans driver? Kristensen, Ickx and more". Autosport. Archived from the original on 17 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  11. ^ "2018 24 Hours of Le Mans – Press Information" (PDF). Automobile Club de l'Ouest. June 2018. pp. 7, 10, 83. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 June 2019. Retrieved 23 June 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h "History". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 19 February 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  13. ^ Turner, Kevin (28 August 2021). "Who's the most successful manufacturer at Le Mans? Porsche, Toyota & more". Autosport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  14. ^ "Frenchmen win first Le Mans 24". Sunday Times. 26 May 2019. Retrieved 11 October 2021 – via PressReader.
  15. ^ a b c Spurring 2015, pp. 2, 120
    "Today's Photo History – John Duff, The First Canadian to win the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1924". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. 31 December 2016. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  16. ^ "1923". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "Le Mans 24 Hours 1923 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1923 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  17. ^ Spurring 2015, pp. 2, 168
  18. ^ Spurring 2015, pp. 2, 210
    "IV Grand Prix d'Endurance de 24 Heures Coupe Rudge-Whitworth". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  19. ^ Spurring 2015, pp. 2, 210
    "Le Mans 24 Hours 1927 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  20. ^ Spurring 2015, pp. 2, 284
    "Le Mans 24 Hours 1928 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  21. ^ Spurring 2015, pp. 2, 320
    "Le Mans 24 Hours 1929 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  22. ^ Spurring 2017, pp. 2, 48
    "Le Mans 24 Hours 1930 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  23. ^ Spurring 2017, pp. 2, 84
    "Le Mans 24 Hours 1931 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 21 July 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  24. ^ Spurring 2017, pp. 2, 84
    "Le Mans 24 Hours 1932 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 15 August 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  25. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1933 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 24 July 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1933". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1933 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  26. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1934 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1934". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1934 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  27. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1935 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1935". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1935 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  28. ^ "24 Hours of Le Mans: Curious facts". DHL in Motion. 16 June 2017. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  29. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1937 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1937". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1937 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  30. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1938 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1938". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1938 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  31. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1939 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1939". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1939 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  32. ^ Pruett, Marshall (7 June 2010). "LM24: Opening Notebook". Speed. Archived from the original on 11 June 2010. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  33. ^ Siano, Joseph (20 August 1994). "Luigi Chinetti Sr., 93, Automobile Importer and Champion Racer". The New York Times. p. 29. Archived from the original on 19 July 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  34. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1949 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1949". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1949 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  35. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1950 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 8 December 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1950". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1950 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  36. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1951 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1951". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1951 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  37. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1952 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 8 February 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1952". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1952 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  38. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1953 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1953". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1953 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  39. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1954 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1954". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1954 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  40. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1955 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 February 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1955". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1955 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  41. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1956 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 16 January 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1956". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1956 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  42. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1957 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1957". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1957 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  43. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1958 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1958". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1958 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  44. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1959 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1959". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1959 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 18 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  45. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1960 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1960". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1960 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  46. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1961 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1961". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1961 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  47. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1962 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1962". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1962 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  48. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1963 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 July 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1963". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1963 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  49. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1964 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 11 August 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1964". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1964 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  50. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1965 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 17 November 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1965". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1965 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  51. ^ MacLeman, Greg (9 February 2016). "Ford GT40s at Le Mans". Classic & Sports Car. Archived from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2021.
  52. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1966 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 1 March 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1966". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1966 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  53. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1967 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1967". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1967 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  54. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1968 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 20 April 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1968". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1968 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  55. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1969 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 5 February 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1969". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1969 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  56. ^ a b Landenberger, Dieter. "Legends of the RaceTrack". Porsche. Archived from the original on 23 September 2021. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  57. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1970 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1970". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1970 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 27 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  58. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1971 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1971". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1971 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  59. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1972 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 11 July 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    Hurel 2004, pp. 128, 187
    "1972 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  60. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1973 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 June 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    Hurel 2004, pp. 149, 187, 189
    "1973 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  61. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1974 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    Hurel 2004, pp. 171, 187, 189
    "1974 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  62. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1975 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1975". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1975 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  63. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1976 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    Smale 2021, p. 101
    "1976 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  64. ^ "Porsche 936/77 Spyder (1977)". Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche AG Press Database. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  65. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1977 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1977". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1977 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  66. ^ Hurel 2002, pp. 140, 159
    "1978 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  67. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1979 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1979". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1979 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  68. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1980 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 13 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1980". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1980 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  69. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1981 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1981". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1981 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  70. ^ a b Long 2008, pp. 94, 102
  71. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1982 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 16 April 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1982". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1982 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  72. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1983 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1983". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1983 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  73. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1984 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1984". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1984 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  74. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1985 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1985". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1985 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  75. ^ "Le Mans Phenomenon". Motor Sport. 83 (7): 12. July 2007. Archived from the original on 23 September 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  76. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1986 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    Smale 2021, p. 156
    "1986 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  77. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1987 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    Smale 2021, p. 161
    "1987 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  78. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1988 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 4 June 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1988". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1988 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  79. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1989 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 2 June 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1989". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1989 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  80. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1990 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 3 June 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1990". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1990 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  81. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1991 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 21 October 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1991". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1991 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  82. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1992 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 3 June 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1992". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1992 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  83. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1993 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "Photo Gallery – Le Mans 24 Hours 1993". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 15 May 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  84. ^ Dauer 962 Le Mans Booklet (PDF). Dauer Sportwagen. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 February 2005. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  85. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1994 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1994". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1994 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  86. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1995 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1995". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 28 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
    "1995 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  87. ^ Dale, Will (23 January 2016). "The convoluted history of the Porsche LMP1-98, which has also been a Jaguar and a Mazda". Fox Sports Australia. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  88. ^ Watkins, Gary (June 2000). "What do this title winning Jaguar and this Le Mans winning Porsche have in common?". Motor Sport. LXXVI (6): 38–43. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  89. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1996 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1996". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1996 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  90. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1997 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1997". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1997 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  91. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1998 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1998". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1998 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  92. ^ "24 Hours of Le Mans 1970–2015 – 45 Porsche Stories (19)". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. 22 May 2015. Archived from the original on 4 October 2021. Retrieved 4 October 2021.
  93. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 1999 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 4 November 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1999". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "1999 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  94. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2000 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    Wagstaff 2011, pp. 17, 26–28, 45, 116–123
    "2000 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  95. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2001 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 11 March 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    Wagstaff 2011, pp. 17, 37–39, 45, 116–123
    "2001 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  96. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2002 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    Wagstaff 2011, pp. 17, 45–47, 116–123
    "2002 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  97. ^ Foubert, Claude (5 April 2019). "77ème Member's Meeting : Tom Kristensen et Guy Smith retrouvent la Bentley Speed 8" [77th Member's Meeting: Tom Kristensen and Guy Smith reutrn to the Bentley Speed 8] (in French). Endurance-Info. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2003". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2003 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  98. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2004 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 30 June 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    Wagstaff 2011, pp. 15, 20, 45, 75, 116–123
    "2004 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  99. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2005 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 9 July 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    Wagstaff 2011, pp. 45, 47, 90, 103, 116–123
    "2005 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  100. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2006 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 19 January 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2006". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2006 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  101. ^ Moser, Stefan (21 June 2007). "Facts about Audi's seventh Le Mans victory" (Press release). Audi MediaCenter. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2007". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2007 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 1 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  102. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2008 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 16 March 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2008". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2008 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  103. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2009 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Archived from the original on 4 March 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2009". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2009 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 17 May 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  104. ^ Pass, Martyn (2010). "Audi Race Facts". DailySportsCar. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2010". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2010 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 June 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  105. ^ Moser, Stefan (17 June 2011). "Facts about Audi's tenth Le Mans victory" (Press release). Audi MediaCenter. Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2011". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2011 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 2 March 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  106. ^ Moser, Stefan (21 June 2011). "Facts about Audi's eleventh Le Mans victory" (Press release). Audi MediaCenter. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2012". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2012 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 26 February 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  107. ^ Cole, Mark (8 July 2013). "Mark Cole's Le Mans 2013". DailySportsCar. Archived from the original on 18 September 2020. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2013". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2013 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  108. ^ "Le Mans 2014 – Facts on the 13th Le Mans Victory of Audi". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2014". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2014 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 24 May 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  109. ^ "Le Mans 2015: facts and figures" (Press release). Newsroom Porsche. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2015". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2015 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  110. ^ Leffingwell 2017, p. 237
    "2016". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2016 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  111. ^ Dale, Will (19 June 2017). "Le Mans 24: Full outright and class results from the 2017 event". Fox Sports Australia. Archived from the original on 22 June 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2017". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2017 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 28 July 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  112. ^ "Le Mans 2018: The statistics". WEC Magazin. 18 June 2018. Archived from the original on 27 January 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2018". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2018 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 September 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  113. ^ Goodwin, Graham (19 June 2019). "24 Facts From The 2019 Le Mans 24 Hours". DailySportsCar. Archived from the original on 25 August 2019. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2019". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2019 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  114. ^ "Le Mans 24 Hours 2020 – Race Results". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2020". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2020 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  115. ^ "FIA WEC – 89º Edition des 24 Heures du Mans – Race – Distance and Speed Average" (PDF). Automobile Club de l'Ouest. p. 1. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2021 Le Mans 24 Hours". Motor Sport. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
    "2021". Automobile Club de l'Ouest. Archived from the original on 30 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.

Bibliography

  • Hurel, François (2002). Alpine at Le Mans: 1963–1995. Translated by Waldron, David. Nîmes, France: Editions du Palmier. ISBN 978-2-914920-00-1 – via Internet Archive.
  • Hurel, François (2004). Matra au Mans [Matra at Le Mans] (in French). Nîmes, France: Editions du Palmier. ISBN 978-2-914920-31-5 – via Internet Archive.
  • Long, Brian (2008). Porsche Racing Cars – 1976 to 2005. Poundbury, Dorchester, Dorset: Veloce Publishing. ISBN 978-1-904788-45-4.
  • Wagstaff, Ian (2011). Audi R8. Poundbury, Dorchester, Dorset: Veloce Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84584-327-4 – via Internet Archive.
  • Spurring, Quentin (2015). Le Mans 1923–29: The Official History Of The World's Greatest Motor Race. Yevoil, United Kingdom: Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978-1-91050-508-3.
  • Leffingwell, Randy (2017). Porsche 70 Years: There Is No Substitute. Minneapolis, United States: Motorbooks. ISBN 978-0-7603-4725-6.
  • Spurring, Quentin (2017). Le Mans 1930–39: The Official History Of The World's Greatest Motor Race. Sherbourne, United Kingdom: Evro Publishing. ISBN 978-1-91050-513-7.
  • Smale, Glen (2021). Porsche at Le Mans: 70 Years. Minneapolis, United States: Motorbooks. ISBN 978-0-7603-6905-0.

External links