Halifax Transit

Halifax Transit is a Canadian public transport service operating buses and ferries in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Founded as Metro Transit in March 1982, Halifax Transit runs two ferry routes, 61 conventional bus routes (including corridor, local, and express services), three regional express routes (called MetroX), and three rural routes. Halifax Transit also operates Access-a-Bus, a door-to-door paratransit service for seniors and the disabled.

Total ridership in the 2018/19 reporting year was about 26.94 million, with the system carrying 94,475 on an average weekday.[2] According to the 2016 census, Halifax had the seventh-highest proportion of workers taking transit to work among Canadian cities.[3]

History

Two open (summer) horse cars of the Halifax Street Railway Co, 1894

Preceding services

Halifax was among the first cities in Canada to be served by an integrated public transportation system, pre-dated only by Toronto, Montreal and Quebec City.[4]

The municipality's first transit service came with establishment of the Dartmouth ferry service, first chartered in 1752. In 1816, the sail-powered ferry was replaced by a horse-powered boat, and in 1830 with a steam ferry. While private omnibus services are known to have begun in the city at least as early as 1854, the roots of Halifax Transit date back to June 11, 1866.

The Halifax City Railroad Company (HCR) began operations with five horse-drawn trams on rails that stretched from the corner of Barrington Street and Inglis Street in the south end to the city’s first railway station, near the corner of Duffus Street and Campbell Road (now Barrington Street), in the north end.[5]

Tram with plow attachment, 1930s

Notwithstanding a ten-year hiatus, horse-drawn street railway services continued in Halifax until April 1896 when the system, now operated by the Halifax Electric Tramway Company, completed the conversion to electric-powered operation. The street railway served Halifax until March 1949, when the war-worn trams were replaced by "trackless" electric trolley coaches.[6]

The bright yellow trolleys, operated by utility company Nova Scotia Light and Power, plied city streets exclusively until 1963, when they were supplemented by diesel buses for the first time. The system became all-diesel on January 1, 1970, the same day the City of Halifax took over the operation.[7] Some of Halifax's T-44 trolleybuses were sold to the Toronto Transit Commission for parts for their Western Flyer E-700A.

Unification

Metro Transit, a single transit agency serving all of the greater Halifax-Dartmouth metropolitan area, began operations in March 1981. The system was created by the Metropolitan Authority, a common-services agency representing the former cities of Halifax and Dartmouth as well as suburban Halifax County,[8] to consolidate the transit operations of the Halifax Transit Corporation and Dartmouth Transit.

Metro Transit expanded in 1994 with the absorption of the Dartmouth ferry services formerly operated by the city of Dartmouth. Ownership of the transit service was transferred to the newly created Halifax Regional Municipality when Halifax, Dartmouth, and Halifax County were amalgamated in 1996. Since then, the service has been operated directly by the municipal government, and since October 2010 the agency has reported though the Transportation Standing Committee of Halifax Regional Council. The municipality announced on July 15, 2014 that it was changing the service's name to Halifax Transit to reflect the city's new brand.[9][10]

System redesign

In January 2014, Halifax regional council approved a study to look at a major re-design of the city's transit system.[11] The "Moving Forward Together Plan" was adopted in principal by Halifax Regional Council in April 2016. Proposed amendments to the plan were defeated in November 2016, with the exception of a change to the route of the Porters Lake MetroX (soon to be Rural Express) and a short reprieve to attempt to increase ridership to save the #15 bus to York Redoubt.

Operations

Bridge Terminal, which opened in 2012
Viola Desmond ferry at launch in 2016

Conventional bus service

There are 322 conventional buses in the fleet[12], all of which are low floor and wheelchair accessible. [13]

Halifax Transit operates 57 conventional transit routes within the Urban Transit Service Area, broadly similar to the metropolitan region of Halifax Regional Municipality (Halifax, Dartmouth, Bedford and Sackville), including the areas of Eastern Passage, North Preston/Cherry Brook, Tantallon and Herring Cove. Routes are numbered according to the region or type of service provided.

Express service

Express routes, originally established as Metro Link express bus service operates Monday to Friday. The two express routes began service in August 2005. The system consists of two limited-stop fully accessible express routes, connecting downtown Halifax's Scotia Square bus terminal, with the Portland Hills terminal in Cole Harbour on the Dartmouth side, and the Sackville Terminal in Lower Sackville.

Regional Express Routes, formerly MetroX, is Halifax Transit's rural express bus service. There are three routes which started operating in August 2009 running between Halifax and Tantallon, the Airport, and Porters Lake, respectively. All routes terminate at Scotia Square in downtown Halifax, are handicap accessible and have facilities to carry bicycles.[14]

Rural routes provide some suburban and rural communities access to the regular and express bus system operated by Halifax Transit. There are three rural routes provide service between the Sackville Terminal and Beaverbank; Portland Hills to East Preston, Lake Echo, Grand Desert, and; South Centre Mall and Ketch Harbour via the Old Sambro Road and Highway 349.

Ferry service

Halifax Transit also provides two passenger ferry routes, one connecting downtown Halifax with Alderney Landing in Dartmouth, and the other connecting with Woodside. Each route is serviced by a pair of vessels. The ferry services are integrated with the bus services; the fares are identical, and transfers are accepted between the two systems. The harbour ferries board 1.4 million passengers each year[15] Each ferry carries up to 398 passengers. All routes are handicap accessible and have provision to carry bicycles.

Access-A-Bus

Halifax Transit also provides Access-A-Bus, a dial-a-ride paratransit service for elderly and handicapped residents. This was created in 1981, the same year Metro Transit was formed.[16]

Services

A Halifax Transit bus stop sign with new Departures Line info, high contrast route numbers, and Halifax Transit branding. Sign shows westbound routes from stop in front of Lord Nelson arcade on Spring Garden Road east of South Park Street.

Fares

Halifax Transit offers four main fare categories: Adult (16 years & up), Senior (65+ years), Child (5 – 15 years), and Student (for full-time students with valid student photo ID card). Anyone with a ticket, pass or transfer for the regular or Metrolink service can pay the difference in cash fare to use a more expensive Metrolink or MetroX service.

A Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB) Identification card can be used to obtain free travel on Halifax Transit's conventional buses, MetroX buses, MetroLink buses and harbour ferry service. A university student bus pass (called U-pass) is available to students of Saint Mary's, Mount Saint Vincent, King's College, Dalhousie, Nova Scotia Community College (Halifax campuses) and Nova Scotia College of Art and Design. The cost is included in tuition fees. Halifax Transit offers a low-income bus pass sold for 50 per cent of the regular price to eligible applicants.[17]

Transfers are issued upon request on all Halifax Transit buses and ferries. A transfer allows the user to transfer between multiple conventional route buses and ferries travelling in any direction without having to pay an additional fare. A transfer also allows users to transfer to MetroLink and MetroExpress buses at a reduced fare. Transfers are valid for 90 minutes after the last scheduled stop on the current run of the route where it was issued. Holders of a valid MetroPass or MetroLink Pass do not require transfers.[18]

Schedules and route information

Route information can be accessed through the Halifax Transit Departures number 902 480 8000. Individual route schedules are available online at halifax.ca/transit. Most terminals have TV screens that display anticipated arrival times of buses that service the terminal.

Departures

In early 2016, Halifax Transit released their next-generation AVL-based system called Departures. The system was first launched on May 15, 2016, with the introduction of the Departures Line, and as of July 2016 the rollout of the updated Departures Board that replaces the older GoTime departure displays found at terminals across the system. The Departures Board works similar to the previous GoTime-based departures display, with the exception that instead of showing the next two bus arrival times, will display the bay number and the next bus departure time, either showing the next hour and minute or the number of minutes before the bus departs, or "delayed" if the bus is behind by a certain number of minutes. It will also only show buses set to arrive in the next while, versus the older display which would show "(not scheduled)" for any route not running at that point in time.

The Departures Line works similarly to the previous GoTime IVR (Interactive Voice Response) system. Instead of dialling (902) 480- plus the 4-digit number found on bus stop signage, one dials (902)-480-8000 and following the voice responses, one would input the bus stop number to access route departure times. The system gives the estimated departure time if available, scheduled times if the bus is not reporting real-time data or is delayed by a number of minutes, adjusted time to depart when schedule adjustments are made, and will announce when a bus is arriving within the minute.

Accessibility

On December 16, 2016 Halifax Transit began piloting an automated stop announcement system on several bus routes, providing both auditory and visual notice of approaching bus stops, as well as announcing the route of each bus on arrival at a bus stop.[19] By January 30, 2017, all conventional buses provided the automated stop announcement.[20]. As of June 8, 2017, all conventional buses in the Halifax Transit fleet were low floor and accessible to wheelchairs. [21]

Transit routes

Route number structure

As the Moving Forward Together Plan takes effect the following number structure will be in effect. Routes 1-19 are Corridor routes. Routes 20-99 are Local routes. Routes 100-199 are Express routes. Routes 300-399 are Regional Express routes. And routes 400-499 are Rural routes. Corridor routes provide high frequency during most of the day and travel long routes connecting different parts of the Halifax Regional Municipality to Downtown Halifax. Local routes provide less frequent service across various parts of the HRM connecting communities to corridor routes. Express routes are limited stop, peak service only routes that provide direct transport from downtown to local communities. Regional Express and Rural routes provide varied levels of service to areas outside of the HRM.

MetroLink routes 159 and 185 are not considered Express Routes, and will eventually be discontinued and replaced by new Express routes.

Current routes

Handicapped/disabled access Wheelchair – Uses Accessible Low Floor (ALF) buses only.
Clock simple.svg Rush Hour Service Only.
Bicycle facilities Designated Bike Route.
MetroLink-Halifax.svg MetroLink Service (see MetroLink section above)
MetroExpress-Halifax.svg MetroX Service (see MetroX section above)
Mortarboard.svg University routes that only operate during the university academic calendar year (September – April).

No. Name Type Features Inner Terminal Outer Terminal Notes/History
1 Spring Garden Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Mumford Terminal Travels Roslyn Road at Peak Times
2 Fairview Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Water Street Terminal Lacewood Terminal
3 Crosstown Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Lacewood Terminal Windmill & Wright
4 Universities Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Dalhousie University Lacewood Terminal Used to provide service to Mount Saint Vincent University.
5 Chebucto Local Handicapped/disabled accessClock simple.svg Water Street Terminal Downs & Milsom Weekday service only.
7 Robie Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Merv Sullivan Park Northridge Loop Route 7 has 2 branches in a clockwise and counterclockwise loop.
8 Sackville Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke Sackville Terminal

Replaced route 80 Sackville

9A Greystone - Fotherby Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke Fotherby & Herring Cove
9B Herring Cove Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke St Paul's & School
10 Dalhousie Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Dalhousie University Invenary & Strath
11 Dockyard Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Bridge Terminal Halifax Dockyard Partially a re-reinstatement of a former route with the same number.
14 Leiblin Park Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke Leiblin & Juniper Thru-Route to route 61 Auburn
21 Timberlea Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Lacewood Terminal Charles Road Used to service downtown Halifax.
22 Armdale Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Mumford Terminal Ragged Lake Transit Centre
25 Governors Brook Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Mumford Terminal Titanium Crescent
28 Bayers Lake Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Mumford Terminal Lacewood Terminal
29 Barrington Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Point Pleasant Park Bayers Road Centre
30A Clayton Park West Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Lacewood Terminal Lacewood Terminal Travels in a clockwise loop.
30B Clayton Park West Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Lacewood Terminal Lacewood Terminal Travels in a counter-clockwise loop.
32 Cowie Hill Express Express Handicapped/disabled accessClock simple.svg Barrington & Duke South Centre Mall Weekday service only.
39 Flamingo Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Bridge Terminal Lacewood Terminal
41 Dartmouth – Dalhousie Local Handicapped/disabled access Dalhousie University Bridge Terminal Weekday service only.
51 Windmill Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Princess Margaret & Killkee Weekday rush service extends from Bridge Terminal to Princess Margaret & Killkee to Joseph Zatzman Dr.
53 Notting Park Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Highfield Terminal Bridge Terminal Weekday rush service extends from Bridge Terminal to Summer & Trollope.
54 Montebello Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Dartmouth Ferry Terminal Caledonia & Du Portage
55 Port Wallace Local Handicapped/disabled access Bridge Terminal Portobello Loop
56 Dartmouth Crossing Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Portland Hills Terminal Wright & Countryview Used to service Westphal
57 Russell Lake Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Woodside Ferry Terminal Portland Hills Terminal Used to service Mic Mac
58 Woodlawn Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Dorthea & Lucien
59 Colby Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Ashgrove & Cole Harbour Weekday rush service extends from Bridge Terminal to Summer & Trollope.
60 Eastern Passage / Heritage Hills Corridor Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Caldwell & Shore Travels to Heritage Hills at peak times only.
61 Auburn / North Preston Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke North Preston Recreation Centre Thru-route to route 14 Leblin Park.
62 Wildwood Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Cole Harbour Place Used to be the 62 Cherrybrook.
63 Woodside Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Irving & Franklyn Weekday service only until 5 PM.
64 Burnside Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Clock simple.svg Highfield Terminal Bancroft & Marketplace New route 64 Akerley, no service to Bridge Terminal, weekday only.
65 Caldwell Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Portland Hills Terminal Caldwell & Cole Harbour
66 Penhorn Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Highfield Terminal Gaston Loop Used to provide service to the Cobequid Terminal.
68 Cherrybrook Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Bridge Terminal Cherrybrook & Hwy 7 Weekday peak service extends from Bridge Terminal to Summer & Trollope. Used to provide service to Ross Road and Auburn.
72 Portland Hills Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Portland Hills Terminal Finlay & Shuble
78 Mount Edward Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Woodside Ferry Terminal Cole Harbour Place Weekday rush hour service only.
79 Cole Harbour Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Woodside Ferry Terminal Colby Village Weekday rush hour service only. Replaces former MetroLink route 165.
82 First Lake Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Sackville Terminal Cobequid Terminal
83 Springfield Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Sackville Terminal Springfield Estates
84 Glendale Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Sackville Terminal Partially replaces route 87 Glendale, peak extension to Summer St.
85 Millwood Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Sackville Terminal Sackville Terminal Partially replaces route 82 Millwood
86 Beaverbank Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Sackville Terminal Kinsac Community Centre
87 Sackville - Dartmouth Local Handicapped/disabled access Bridge Terminal Sackville Terminal Partially replaces route 87 Glendale
88 Bedford Commons Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Sackville Terminal Bedford Commons Used to service Atlantic Acres. New extended service to Sackville Terminal.
89 Bedford Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Lacewood Terminal Cobequid Terminal Weekday service only.
90 Larry Uteck Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Water Street Terminal West Bedford Park & Ride
91 Hemlock Ravine Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Mumford Terminal West Bedford Park & Ride Partially replaces route 81 Hemlock Ravine
93 Bedford Hwy Local Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Union Street Peak only.
123 Timberlea Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Charles Road Weekday service only.
135 Flamingo Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only.
136 Farnham Gate Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only.
137 Clayton Park Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only.
138 Parkland Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Lacewood Terminal Weekday service only.
159 Portland Hills Express Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Barrington & Duke Portland Hills Terminal Weekday service only.
182 First Lake Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Cobequid Terminal Summer/Bell Replaces route 82 First Lake at peak times.
183 Springfield Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Summer Street Springfield Avenue
185 Millwood Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Bicycle facilities Sackville Terminal Bell/Summer Replaces route 85 Millwood at peak times.
186 Beaverbank Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Scotia Square Kinsac Community Centre Peak only.
194 West Bedford Express Express Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Summer & Trollope Innovation Dr. & Gary Martin Dr. Weekday service only.
196 Basinview Express Express Handicapped/disabled accessClock simple.svg Summer & Trollope Hwy 1 & Rockmanor Weekday service only.
320 Airport/Fall River Regional express MetroExpress-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Albemarle & Duke Halifax Stanfield International Airport
330 Tantallon Regional express MetroExpress-Halifax.svgBicycle facilitiesHandicapped/disabled access Albemarle & Duke Tantallon Rink Park & Ride Weekday service only.
370 Porters Lake Regional express MetroExpress-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled accessClock simple.svgBicycle facilities Albemarle & Duke Porters Lake Rink Park & Ride Weekday service only.
400 Beaver Bank Rural Handicapped/disabled access Sackville Terminal Beaver Bank Villa, Highway 354
401 Porters Lake Rural Handicapped/disabled access Portland Hills Terminal Grand Desert, Highway 207 Weekday service only.
415 Purcells Cove Rural Handicapped/disabled access Desmond Ave Bayers Road Shopping Centre Weekday service only.
433 Tantallon Rural Handicapped/disabled access Lacewood Terminal Tantallon Weekday service only.

Withdrawn

No. Name Started Ended Notes
2 Wedgewood 2018 Merged with 4 into new route 2.
3 Gottingen 1927 1989 Merged with route 7.
3 Mumford 1993 2012
4 Rosedale 2018 Merged with 2 into new route 2.
8 Windsor 1963 1999 Discontinued due to overlapping service from other routes.
8 Waterfront 2010 2013 Discontinued due to inadequate ridership.
6 Quinpool 1980 2017 Discontinued due to overlapping service from other routes.
9 Barrington 1928 2017 Discontinued due to Moving Forward Together Plan modifications. Partially replaced by route 29.
11 Macdonald Bridge 1955 1988 Merged with route 1, later partially reinstated.
12 Flamingo 1970 2003
16 Stanley Park 1995 1998
16 Parkland 2018 Discontinued due to Moving Forward Together Plan modifications. Partially replaced by route 39.
17 Saint Mary's 2018 Merged with 18 and 42 into new route 4.
18 Universities 2018 Merged with 17 and 42 into new route 4.
19 Fotherby 1990 2000
19 Greystone 2008 2017 Replaced by route 9A.
20 Herring Cove 1970 2017 Replaced by route 9B.
22 Exhibition Park 1993 2004 Reinstated with service to Exhibition Park with the opening of the Ragged Lake Transit Centre in 2010. Service to Exhibition Park was discontinued again in 2017.
23 Timberlea Express 2018 Replaced by new Express route 123.
26 Shuttle 1993 2008
30 Glenforest 1975 1999
31 Main Express 2018 Replaced by new Express routes 135, 136, 137 and 138.
33 Tantallon Express 2018 Replaced by new Express routes 135, 136, 137 and 138 and Rural route 433.
34 Glenforest Express 2018 Replaced by new Express routes 135, 136, 137 and 138.
35 Parkland Express 2018 Replaced by new Express routes 135, 136, 137 and 138.
34 Rockingham Express 1982 1990
35 Rosedale 1995 2000
40 Mumford–Dalhousie 2006 2006 Mortarboard.svg
42 Lacewood-Dalhousie 2018 Merged with 17 and 18 into new route 4.
48 Highfield 1990 1999
50 Portland Estates 1980 1996
50 BIO 2001 2004
52 Crosstown 2018 Discontinued due to Moving Forward Together Plan modifications. Partially replaced by route 3.
56 Westphal 1980 1989
57 Mic Mac 1980 1989
61 Bisett 1980 1996
66 Forest Hills–Woodside Ferry 1987 1989
68 Auburn 1980 1995
68 Ross Road 1995 2000
71 Forest Hills Express 1982 1989
80 Sackville 2019 Replaced by corridor route 8, which follows the same routing.
81 Bedford 1980 1985
85 Bedford Express 1980 1991
86 Bedford–Dartmouth 1987 1988
86 Basinview express 2019 Replaced by route 196
87 Connolly 1990 1997
88 Atlantic Acres 1993 1994
165 Woodside Link 2005 2014 MetroLink-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Replaced by new conventional route 79
185 Sackville Link 2019 MetroLink-Halifax.svg Handicapped/disabled access Clock simple.svg Bicycle facilities Replaced by new Express routes 183 Springfield, 185 Millwood, and 186 Beaver Bank, which each follow the same routing as the previous route 185, but continue beyond Sackville terminal to serve various residential areas.
402 Sambro 2009 2017 Discontinued due to inadequate ridership.

Moving Forward Together Plan

The Moving Forward Together Plan is Halifax Transit's 5 year improvement plan that outlines planned changes to the transit network from late 2016 to 2020[22].

Criticism

Halifax Transit has been criticized as inefficient and unreliable.[23][24] Some transit advocates have called Halifax Transit's "Moving Forward Together Plan" inadequate, identifying four major concerns:

  1. The lack of a connective network which will result in dramatically less travel choice for transit users
  2. Inefficient and redundant route design that will cause ridership to remain low
  3. Missing data and analysis making it difficult to have good, evidence-based discussion
  4. A five-year implementation, which will cause unpredictability for riders as routes continuously change

In addition, the "Moving Forward Together Plan" is characterised as a plan that disregards the key principles that Halifax Transit identified through years of public engagement and consultation.[25] Business groups have also noted both the current lack of service, and lack of proposed future service, along key corridors of the region.[26]

Environmental controversy

In 2014, a massive fuel leak spilling close to 200,000 litres of fuel at Halifax Transit's Burnside bus depot went undetected for almost four months.[27] In addition to the cost of lost fuel, cleanup from local environmental damage and groundwater contamination as far as 1 km away cost Halifax Regional Municipality approximately $2.5 million.[28] Before the discovery of the leak, Halifax Transit initially claimed that the excess fuel consumption was caused by higher usage during winter.[29]

In popular culture

  • The characters of Phillip and Phillmore the ferry twins from the children's TV show Theodore Tugboat are modelled after the Halifax-Dartmouth ferries.

See also

References

  1. ^ Regional Plan 2014 Urban Transit Service Boundary Map (PDF) (Map). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 10, 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "2018/19 – Year End Performance Measures Report" (PDF). Halifax Transit. 2019.
  3. ^ "Commuters using sustainable transportation in census metropolitan areas". Statistics Canada. November 29, 2017.
  4. ^ Wyatt, D.A. (2015). All-time list of Canadian transit systems: http://home.cc.umanitoba.ca/~wyatt/alltime/
  5. ^ Canadian Railroad Historical Association Bulletin 17 (1954) http://www.exporail.org/can_rail/Canadian%20Rail_CRHA_Bulletin_no17_April_1954.pdf
  6. ^ Cunningham, D. and Artz, D. (2009). The Halifax Street Railway: 1866–1949. Halifax: Nimbus
  7. ^ Leger, P.A. and Lawrence, L.M. (1994), Halifax – City of Trolleycoaches. Windsor ON: Bus History Association
  8. ^ An Act Respecting the Metropolitan Authority of Halifax, Dartmouth and the Municipality of the County of Halifax. Statutes of Nova Scotia. 1978. c. 9.
  9. ^ Halifax Transit brand unveiled The Chronicle Herald
  10. ^ "Halifax Transit's Multi-Year Transformation Underway". Halifax Regional Municipality. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved July 10, 2016. As part of the evolution of our transit system, and in keeping with the brand strategy, the name Metro Transit was changed to Halifax Transit
  11. ^ Gillis, Sean (January 6, 2014). "Transit First – Big changes for Metro Transit". Spacing Atlantic. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  12. ^ [1], Halifax Transit Annual Service Plan, 2017/18.
  13. ^ [2], Metro News, June 8 2017.
  14. ^ Halifax Transit, Metro Express page (with planning documents) Archived June 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ Metro Transit, Dartmouth-Halifax Harbour Ferries Archived June 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Halifax Transit, Access-a-bus Archived March 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Low income transit pass program". Halifax Transit. Retrieved December 18, 2019.
  18. ^ Halifax Transit, 2008 News Archive Archived June 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ Halifax Transit [3] Archived December 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Stop Announcements
  20. ^ The Signal [4] January 30 2017.
  21. ^ [5], Metro News, June 8 2017.
  22. ^ "Moving Forward Together". Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  23. ^ Burke, David (August 1, 2016). "Halifax Transit's poor reliability costs people work, says Cole Harbour man". CBC.
  24. ^ Ryan, Haley (December 1, 2016). "The long, long bus ride: Dartmouth man takes councillor on his hour-and-a-half commute". Metro Halifax.
  25. ^ "Open Letter to Council – Halt Moving Forward, Bring in an Expert (updated)". It's More than Buses. November 18, 2016. Archived from the original on December 24, 2016.
  26. ^ Berman, Pam (November 22, 2016). "Bus routes needed to link Dartmouth communities: business groups". CBC.
  27. ^ "Metro Transit diesel leak hits Burnside groundwater". CBC News. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  28. ^ "Transit garage fuel leak cleanup costs spike to $2.5 million". CBC News. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  29. ^ "AG slams city over fuel spill issue". The Chronicle Herald. May 20, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2017.

External links

Coordinates: 44°41′34″N 63°35′4.4″W / 44.69278°N 63.584556°W / 44.69278; -63.584556