Monte Carlo Rally
The Monte Carlo Rally or Rallye Monte Carlo (officially Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo) is a rallying event organised each year by the Automobile Club de Monaco which also organises the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix and the Rallye Monte-Carlo Historique. The rally now takes place along the French Riviera in the Principality of Monaco and southeast France. Previously, competitors would set off from all four corners of Europe and 'rally', in other words, meet, in Monaco to celebrate the end of a unique event. From its inception in 1911 by Prince Albert I it was an important means of demonstrating improvements and innovations to automobiles.
1911 beginnings and controversy
In 1909 the Automobile Club de Monaco (Sport Automobile Velocipédique Monégasque) started planning a car rally at the behest of Albert I, Prince of Monaco. The Monte Carlo Rally was to start at points all over Europe and converge on Monte Carlo. In January 1911 23 cars set out from 11 different locations and Henri Rougier was among the nine who left Paris to cover a 1,020 kilometres (634 mi) route. The event was won by Rougier in a Turcat-Méry 25 Hp. The rally comprised both driving and then somewhat arbitrary judging based on the elegance of the car, passenger comfort and the condition in which it arrived in the principality. The outcry of scandal when the results were published changed nothing, so Rougier was proclaimed the first winner.
The 1966 event was the most controversial in the history of the Rally. The first four finishers, driving three Mini-Coopers, Timo Mäkinen, Rauno Aaltonen and Paddy Hopkirk, and Roger Clark's 4th-placed Ford Cortina were all disqualified because they used non-dipping single filament quartz iodine bulbs in their headlamps, in place of the standard double filament dipping glass bulbs, which are fitted to the series production version of each models sold to the public. This elevated Pauli Toivonen (Citroën ID) into first place overall. Rosemary Smith (Hillman Imp) was also disqualified from sixth place, after winning the Coupe des Dames, the ladies' class. In all, ten cars were disqualified. Teams threatened to boycott the event. The headline in Motor Sport read "The Monte Carlo Fiasco."
From 1973 to 2008 the rally was held in January as the first event of the FIA World Rally Championship, but between 2009 to 2011 it has been the opening round of the Intercontinental Rally Challenge (IRC) programme, a championship for N/A 4WD cars, before returning to the WRC championship season again in 2012. As recently as 1991, competitors were able to choose their starting points from approximately five venues roughly equidistant from Monte Carlo (one of Monaco's administrative areas) itself.
With often varying conditions at each starting point (typically comprising dry tarmac, wet tarmac, snow, and ice, sometimes all in a single stage of the rally), this event places a big emphasis on tyre choices, as a driver has to balance the need for grip on ice and snow with the need for grip on dry tarmac. For the driver, this is often a difficult choice as the tyres that work well on snow and ice normally perform badly on dry tarmac.
The Automobile Club de Monaco confirmed on 19 July 2010 that the 79th Monte-Carlo Rally would form the opening round of the new Intercontinental Rally Challenge season. To mark the centenary event, the Automobile Club de Monaco has also confirmed that Glasgow, Barcelona, Warsaw and Marrakesh have been selected as start points for the rally.
Col de Turini
This rally features one of the most famous special stages in the world. The stage is run from La Bollène-Vésubie to Sospel, or the other way around, over a steep and tight mountain road with many hairpin turns. On this 31km route it passes over the Col de Turini, a mountain pass road which normally has ice and/or snow on sections of it at that time of the year. Spectators also throw snow on the road—in 2005, Marcus Grönholm and Petter Solberg both ripped a wheel off their cars when they skidded on snow probably placed there by spectators, and crashed into a wall. Grönholm went on to finish fifth, but Solberg was forced to retire as the damage to his car was extensive. In the same event, Sébastien Loeb set one of the fastest times in the modern era, with 21 minutes 40 seconds.
Sospel has an elevation of 479m, and the D70 has a maximum elevation of 1603m, for an average gradient of 6.7%. The Turini is also driven at night, with thousands of fans watching the "Night of Turini", also known as the "Night of the Long Knives" due to the strong high beam lights cutting through the night. In the 2007 edition of the rally, the Turini was not used, but it returned for the 2008 route. For both the 2009 and 2010 event the stage was run at night and shown live on Eurosport.
(list by driver / co-driver and vehicle type)
|1911||Henri Rougier (Turcat-Mery)||Aspaigu (Gobron)||/ Von Esmarch (Martini)|
|1912||(Berliet)||Von Eismark (Dunkop)||Paul Meuiner (Delaunay-Belleville)|
|1924||(Bignan)||de Marquet (Métallurgique)||Barbillon (Bignan)|
|1925||(Renault)||Mertens (Lancia Lambda)||Lamarche (FN)|
|1926||/ W J Brunell (Autocarrier)||Pierre Bussienne (Sizaire Frères)||Marika (Citroën)|
|1927||(Amilcar CGSS)||Pierre Clausse (Celtic-Bignani)||Pierre Bussienne (Sizaire-Frères)|
|1928||Jacques Bignan (Fiat)||P. Malaret (Fiat)||Charlotte Versigny (Talbot)|
|1929||Sprenger van Eijk (Graham-Paige)||Viktor Szmick/Emánuel Csajkovszky (Weiss-Manfred)||Visser (Lancia)|
|1930||Hector Petit (Licorne)||Alexandru C. Berlesco (DeSoto)||Abel Blin D'Orimont (Studebaker)|
|1931||Donald Healey / (Invicta)||J-P Wimille (Lorraine)||Lucy Schell (Bugatti)|
|1932||Maurice Vaselle / Duhamel (Hotchkiss) (Peugeot)||Donald Healey (Invicta)||Boris Ivanovsky / Mary Ham (Ford)|
|1933||Maurice Vasselle (Hotchkiss)||Robert Guyot (Renault)||Germaine Rouault / Julio Quinlin (Salmson)|
|1934||/ Jean Trévoux (Hotchkiss)||Marc Chauvierre / Lanciano (Chenard-Walcker)||Donald Healey (Triumph Gloria)|
|1935||/ (Renault)||Jack C. Ridley (Triumph Gloria)||Lucie Schell (Delahaye)|
|1936||Petre G. Cristea / (Ford)||Lucie Schell (Delahaye)||/ (Renault)|
|1937||René Le Bègue / (Delahaye)||P de Massa / Mahe (Talbot)||Ionel Zamfirescu / Trévoux (Hotchkiss)|
|1938||Gerard Bakker-Schut / Karel Ton (Ford)||Jean Trévoux / Marcel Lesurque (Hotchkiss)||/ (Renault)|
|1939||Jean Trévoux / (Hotchkiss)
Jean Paul / M. Contet (Delahaye)
|No second place, joint first place||Ernest Mutsaerts / André Kouwenberg (Ford)|
|1949||Jean Trévoux / (Hotchkiss)||Maurice Worms / E Mouche (Hotchkiss)||František Dobry / Z Treybal (Bristol)|
|1950||/ (Hotchkiss)||Maurice Gatsonides / K S Barendregt
(Humber Super Snipe)
|Julio Quinlin /Jean Behra (Simca 8)|
|1951||Jean Trévoux / (Delahaye 175)||Comte de Monte Real / M J Palma (Ford)||C Vard / A Young (Jaguar Mk V)|
|1952||Sydney Allard / (Allard P1)||Stirling Moss / D Scannell /
|Dr Angelvin / Miss Angelvin (Simca Sport)|
|1953||Maurice Gatsonides / (Ford Zephyr)||Ian Appleyard / Pat Appleyard (Jaguar Mark VII)||Roger Marion / Jean Charmasson (Citroën Six)|
|1954||Louis Chiron / (Lancia Aurelia GT)||Pierre David / Paul Barbier (Peugeot 203)||André Blanchard / Marcel Lecoq (Panhard 750)|
|1955||/ (Sunbeam-Talbot 90)||Georges Gillard / Roger Duget (Panhard 850)||Hanns Gerdum / Joachim Kühling (Mercedes-Benz 220)|
|1956||Ronnie Adams / / (Jaguar Mark VII)||/ K Raebe (Mercedes-Benz 220)||M Grosgogeat / P Biaginin (DKW)|
|1958||Guy Monraisse / (Renault Dauphine)||Alexandre Gacon / Leo Borsa (Alfa Romeo Giulietta)||Leif Vold-Johansen / Finn Koperud (DKW)|
|1959||/ Pierre Alexandre / (Citroën ID 19)||André Thomas / Jean Delliere (Simca Aronde)||Pierre Surles / Jacques Piniers (Panhard 850)|
|1960||/ (Mercedes-Benz 220SE)||/ (Mercedes-Benz 220SE)||Eberhard Mahle / Roland Ott (Mercedes-Benz 220SE)|
|1961||/ (Panhard PL 17)||/ (Panhard PL 17)||/ (Panhard PL 17)|
|1962||Erik Carlsson / (Saab 96 #303)||/ P Lang (Mercedes-Benz 220SE)||Paddy Hopkirk / Jack Scott (Sunbeam Rapier)|
|1963||Erik Carlsson / Gunnar Palm (Saab 96 #283)||Pauli Toivonen / (Citroën ID19)||Rauno Aaltonen / Tony Ambrose (Mini Cooper)|
|1964||Paddy Hopkirk / (Morris Mini Cooper S) ||Bo Ljungfeldt / Fergus Sager (Ford Falcon)||Erik Carlsson / Gunnar Palm (Saab 96)|
|1965||Timo Mäkinen / (Mini Cooper S)||/ Rolf Wütherich (Porsche 904)||Pat Moss / Ann Wisdom (Saab 96)|
|1966||Pauli Toivonen / (Citroën ID)||René Trautmann / Jean-Pierre Hanrioud (Lancia Flavia)||Ove Andersson / Rolf Dahlgren (Lancia Flavia)|
|1967||Rauno Aaltonen / (Mini Cooper S)||Ove Andersson / John Davenport (Lancia Fulvia)||Vic Elford / David Stone (Porsche 911S)|
|1968||Vic Elford / David Stone (Porsche 911T)||Pauli Toivonen / Martti Tiukkanen (Porsche 911S)||Rauno Aaltonen / (Mini Cooper S)|
|1969||Björn Waldegård / (Porsche 911S)||Gérard Larrousse / Jean-Claude Perramond (Porsche 911S)||Jean Vinatier / Jean-François Jacob (Alpine-Renault A110)|
|1970||Björn Waldegård / (Porsche 911S)||Gérard Larrousse / (Porsche 911S)||Jean-Pierre Nicolas / (Alpine-Renault A110)|
|1971||Ove Andersson / David Stone (Alpine-Renault A110)||Jean-Luc Thérier / (Alpine-Renault A110)||Björn Waldegård / (Porsche 914/6)|
|1972||Sandro Munari / (Lancia Fulvia 1.6HF)||Gérard Larrousse / (Porsche 911S)||Rauno Aaltonen / Jean Todt (Datsun 240Z)|
|Rally name||Stages||Podium finishers|
|88ème Rallye Automobile Monte-Carlo
23 to 26 January 2020
Round 1 of the 2020 World Rally Championship
|1|| Thierry Neuville
| Hyundai Shell Mobis WRT
Hyundai i20 Coupe WRC
|3h 10m 57.6s|
|2|| Sébastien Ogier
| Toyota Gazoo Racing WRT
Toyota Yaris WRC
|3h 11m 10.2s|
|3|| Elfyn Evans
| Toyota Gazoo Racing WRT
Toyota Yaris WRC
|3h 11m 11.9s|
- † – Event was shortened after stages were cancelled.
- "Latest Formula 1 Breaking News - Grandprix.com". www.grandprix.com.
- "Rallye de Monaco 1911, première édition du Monte-Carlo". pcallais.free.fr.
- Motor Sport, March 1966, pages 202, 204.
- Competition Press & Autoweek, February 12, 1966, Pages 1, 6.
- "1966: Future of Monte Carlo rally in doubt". BBC News. 21 January 1966.
- MotorSport Archive, March, 1966, Pages 44.|url= http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/march-1966/44/monte-carlo-fiasco
- "Monte Carlo Rally to open 2011 IRC season". ircseries.com. Intercontinental Rally Challenge. 2010-07-19. Archived from the original on 2010-10-10. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- "Team LOOS INTERNATIONAL" at the 9th Rallye Monte-Carlo Historique Archived 2008-04-15 at the Wayback Machine. Loos International. Accessed May 12, 2010.
- Duijvestijn, Guus. Alpine Passes Archived 2008-04-16 at the Wayback Machine. Archived at AJ's Touring Home Page. Accessed May 12, 2010.
- Monte Carlo: Rally route Archived 2011-06-06 at the Wayback Machine. Motorsport.com, January 18, 2008. Accessed May 12, 2010.
- "Honours". Automobile Club de Monaco.
- Readers' guide to who won at Monte Carlo, British Motor Corporation advertisement, Life Magazine, 14 February 1964, page 81 Retrieved from books.google.com.au on 22 December 2011
- "2009 Final Ranking". www.acm.mc. 2009-01-24. Archived from the original on 2011-05-23. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- "2010 Final Ranking". www.acm.mc. 2010-01-23. Archived from the original on 2010-03-16. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- "2011 Final Ranking". www.acm.mc. 2011-01-23. Archived from the original on 2011-05-23. Retrieved 2011-01-24.