Mugello Circuit (Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello) is a race track in Scarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy. The circuit length is 5.245 km (3.259 mi). It has 15 turns and a 1.141 km (0.709 mi) long straight. The circuit stadium stands have a capacity of 50,000.
Grand Prix motorcycle racing host an annual event at the circuit (for MotoGP and smaller classes). In 2007 and 2008 the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters held an annual event. The track is owned by Scuderia Ferrari, which uses it for Formula One testing. The first race of the A1GP 2008–09 season was originally planned to be held at the Mugello circuit on 21 September 2008. However, the race had to be cancelled due to the delay in building the new chassis for the new race cars.
The circuit hosted its first ever Formula One race on 13 September 2020, named the Tuscan Grand Prix, as part of the season being restructured due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This Grand Prix was the 1000th Grand Prix for Scuderia Ferrari.
Road race (1920–1970)
Road races were held on public streets around Mugello from the 1920s. Giuseppe Campari won there in 1920 and 1921, and Emilio Materassi took victories in 1925, 1926 and 1928. The Mugello GP was revived in 1955 and from the 1964 to 1969 as a Targa Florio-like road race consisting of eight laps of 66.2 km each, including the Passo della Futa. The anticlockwise track passed the towns of San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, , Firenzuola, Selva, . It counted towards the 1965, 1966 and 1967 World Sportscar Championship season. The last WC race was won by Udo Schütz and Gerhard Mitter in a Porsche 910. After two Porsche wins, 1968 saw the Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 of Luciano Bianchi, Nanni Galli and Nino Vaccarella prevail over the Porsche driven by Rico Steinemann and Jo Siffert. In 1969, Arturo Merzario won with an Abarth 2000, and he won again in 1970 with the same car, where Abarth finished 1–2–3 with Leo Kinnunen and Gijs Van Lennep finishing second and third respectively.
The 1970 event brought about the end of the 66 km Mugello public road circuit; a seven-month-old baby was killed when local racer Spartaco Dini crashed his Alfa Romeo GTA into a group of people at the village of Firenzuola during a private test there, when the roads were open to the public (the roads were only closed on race day and for qualifying). Four other people, including two young children, were seriously injured. Although there had only been one previous fatality at the original Mugello circuit (that of Günther Klass in 1967), the incident badly damaged the event's reputation, and the 1970 race turned out to be the last one held on the public road circuit, which was won once again by Merzario. After the incident, Dini spent two months in prison, and after his time served he left Italy and did not return for many years.
Permanent circuit (1974–present)
The present-day closed Mugello circuit was constructed in 1973 and opened in 1974, about 5 km east from the easternmost part of the original road circuit. The circuit was used for the in-season test during the 2012 Formula One season, by all teams except HRT. An unofficial track record of 1:21.035 was set by Romain Grosjean during the test. The track was praised by Mark Webber, who stated that he "did 10 dry laps today around Mugello, which is the same as doing 1000 laps around Abu Dhabi track in terms of satisfaction". Four-time Formula One world champion Sebastian Vettel said “unfortunately we don’t have this track on the calendar. It’s an incredible circuit with a lot of high-speed corners”. Vitaly Petrov was however critical of the decision to test at Mugello, claiming the circuit was "unsafe".
Winners of the Mugello Grand Prix
Winners on the closed circuit (5.245 km/3.259 mi)
|2000||Ricardo Sperafico||Lola||Formula 3000|
|1997||Ricardo Zonta||Lola||Formula 3000|
|1991||Alessandro Zanardi||Reynard||Formula 3000|
|1986||Pierluigi Martini||Ralt||Formula 3000|
|1984||Mike Thackwell||Ralt||Formula Two||Report|
Winners on the road circuit (66.2 km/41.3 mi)
|1970||Arturo Merzario||Abarth||Sports car|
|1968|| Lucien Bianchi
|1967|| Gerhard Mitter
|1955||Umberto Maglioli||Ferrari||Sports car|
|1929||Gastone Brilli-Peri||Talbot||Grand Prix|
|1928||Emilio Materassi||Talbot||Formula Libre|
|1926||Emilio Materassi||Itala||Formula Libre|
|1922||Alfieri Maserati||Isotta Fraschini|
|1921||Giuseppe Campari||Alfa Romeo|
|1920||Giuseppe Campari||Alfa Romeo|
|F1||1:15.144||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance||2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Qualifying|||
|FIA F2||1:30.133||Christian Lundgaard||Dallara F2 2018||2020 Mugello Feature Race Qualifying|||
|Group C||1:39.07||Riccardo Patrese||Lancia LC2||1985 1000 km of Mugello|
|DTM||1:43.079||Timo Scheider||Audi A4 DTM||2008 DTM Mugello Qualifying|||
|F2||1:43.92||Mike Thackwell||Ralt-Honda RH6||1984 Mugello Grand Prix|
|MotoGP||1:45.519||Marc Marquez||Honda RC213V||2019 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying|||
|GT1||1:48.436||Andrea Bertolini||Maserati MC12||2006 FIA GT Mugello 500km Qualifying|||
|Moto2||1:51.514||Sam Lowes||Speed Up||2015 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying|||
|Moto3||1:56.615||Danny Kent||Honda||2015 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying|||
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- Website (English/Italian)
- RacingCircuits.info – History of Mugello Circuit
- Trackpedia's guide to Mugello
- Free audio walkthrough of the track, for use with games
- Stadium Journey article