Mugello Circuit

Mugello Circuit (Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello) is a race track in Scarperia e San Piero, Tuscany, Italy. The circuit length is 5.245 km (3.259 mi). It has 15 turns and a 1.141 km (0.709 mi) long straight.[1] The circuit stadium stands have a capacity of 50,000.

Grand Prix motorcycle racing host an annual event at the circuit (for MotoGP and smaller classes). In 2007 and 2008 the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters held an annual event. The track is owned by Scuderia Ferrari, which uses it for Formula One testing. The first race of the A1GP 2008–09 season was originally planned to be held at the Mugello circuit on 21 September 2008. However, the race had to be cancelled due to the delay in building the new chassis for the new race cars.[2]

The circuit hosted its first ever Formula One race on 13 September 2020, named the Tuscan Grand Prix, as part of the season being restructured due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[3] This Grand Prix was the 1000th Grand Prix for Scuderia Ferrari.

History

Main straight.

Road race (1920–1970)

Road races were held on public streets around Mugello from the 1920s. Giuseppe Campari won there in 1920 and 1921, and Emilio Materassi took victories in 1925, 1926 and 1928. The Mugello GP was revived in 1955 and from the 1964 to 1969 as a Targa Florio-like road race consisting of eight laps of 66.2 km each, including the Passo della Futa. The anticlockwise track passed the towns of San Piero a Sieve, Scarperia, , Firenzuola, Selva, . It counted towards the 1965, 1966 and 1967 World Sportscar Championship season. The last WC race was won[4] by Udo Schütz and Gerhard Mitter in a Porsche 910. After two Porsche wins, 1968 saw the Alfa Romeo Tipo 33 of Luciano Bianchi, Nanni Galli and Nino Vaccarella prevail over the Porsche driven by Rico Steinemann and Jo Siffert. In 1969, Arturo Merzario won with an Abarth 2000, and he won again in 1970 with the same car, where Abarth finished 1–2–3 with Leo Kinnunen and Gijs Van Lennep finishing second and third respectively.

The 1970 event brought about the end of the 66 km Mugello public road circuit; a seven-month-old baby was killed when local racer Spartaco Dini crashed his Alfa Romeo GTA into a group of people at the village of Firenzuola during a private test there, when the roads were open to the public (the roads were only closed on race day and for qualifying). Four other people, including two young children, were seriously injured. Although there had only been one previous fatality at the original Mugello circuit (that of Günther Klass in 1967), the incident badly damaged the event's reputation, and the 1970 race turned out to be the last one held on the public road circuit, which was won once again by Merzario. After the incident, Dini spent two months in prison, and after his time served he left Italy and did not return for many years.

Permanent circuit (1974–present)

The present-day closed Mugello circuit was constructed in 1973 and opened in 1974, about 5 km east from the easternmost part of the original road circuit. The circuit was used for the in-season test during the 2012 Formula One season, by all teams except HRT. An unofficial track record of 1:21.035 was set by Romain Grosjean during the test.[5] The track was praised by Mark Webber, who stated that he "did 10 dry laps today around Mugello, which is the same as doing 1000 laps around Abu Dhabi track in terms of satisfaction".[6] Four-time Formula One world champion Sebastian Vettel said “unfortunately we don’t have this track on the calendar. It’s an incredible circuit with a lot of high-speed corners”.[7] Vitaly Petrov was however critical of the decision to test at Mugello, claiming the circuit was "unsafe".[8]

On 10 July 2020, it was announced that the 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix on the circuit would be the ninth race in the 2020 Formula One calendar, marking the 1000th Grand Prix for Ferrari.[9]

Winners of the Mugello Grand Prix

The winners of the Mugello Grand Prix for cars (1919–1967: Circuito del Mugello, 1968–present: Gran Premio del Mugello) are:[10][11][12][13][14][15]

Winners on the closed circuit (5.245 km/3.259 mi)

Year Driver Constructor Class Report
2000 Brazil Ricardo Sperafico Lola Formula 3000
1998–1999 Not held
1997 Brazil Ricardo Zonta Lola Formula 3000
1996 Brazil Ricardo Zonta Lola
1992–1995 Not held
1991 Italy Alessandro Zanardi Reynard Formula 3000
1987–1990 Not held
1986 Italy Pierluigi Martini Ralt Formula 3000
1985 Not held
1984 New Zealand Mike Thackwell Ralt Formula Two Report
1983 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Ralt
1982 Italy Corrado Fabi March
1981 Italy Corrado Fabi March
1980 United Kingdom Brian Henton Toleman
1979 United Kingdom Brian Henton March
1978 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly Chevron
1977 Italy Bruno Giacomelli March
1976 France Jean-Pierre Jabouille Elf
1975 Italy Maurizio Flammini March
1974 France Patrick Depailler March

Winners on the road circuit (66.2 km/41.3 mi)

Note: The 1926 race was held on the Cascine circuit.[16][17]

Year Driver Constructor Class Report
1970 Italy Arturo Merzario Abarth Sports car
1969 Italy Arturo Merzario Abarth
1968 Belgium Lucien Bianchi
Italy Nino Vaccarella
Italy Nanni Galli
Alfa Romeo
1967 Germany Gerhard Mitter
Germany Udo Schütz
Porsche
1966 Germany
Germany Jochen Neerpasch
Porsche
1965 Italy
Italy
Ferrari
1964 Italy Gianni Bulgari Porsche
1956–1963 Not held
1955 Italy Umberto Maglioli Ferrari Sports car
1930–1954 Not held
1929 Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri Talbot Grand Prix
1928 Italy Emilio Materassi Talbot Formula Libre
1927 Not held
1926 Italy Emilio Materassi Itala Formula Libre
1925 Italy Emilio Materassi Itala
1924 Italy OM
1923 Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri Steyr
1922 Italy Alfieri Maserati Isotta Fraschini
1921 Italy Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo
1920 Italy Giuseppe Campari Alfa Romeo

Lap records

Category Time Driver Car/Bike Event Ref.
F1 1:15.144 Lewis Hamilton Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix Qualifying [18]
FIA F2 1:30.133 Christian Lundgaard Dallara F2 2018 2020 Mugello Feature Race Qualifying [19]
Group C 1:39.07 Riccardo Patrese Lancia LC2 1985 1000 km of Mugello
DTM 1:43.079 Timo Scheider Audi A4 DTM 2008 DTM Mugello Qualifying [20]
F2 1:43.92 Mike Thackwell Ralt-Honda RH6 1984 Mugello Grand Prix
MotoGP 1:45.519 Marc Marquez Honda RC213V 2019 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying [21]
GT1 1:48.436 Andrea Bertolini Maserati MC12 2006 FIA GT Mugello 500km Qualifying [22]
Moto2 1:51.514 Sam Lowes Speed Up 2015 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying [23]
Moto3 1:56.615 Danny Kent Honda 2015 Italian motorcycle Grand Prix Qualifying [24]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mugello Circuit". GPcircuits.
  2. ^ "A1GP : News". A1gp.com. 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  3. ^ "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Formula One World Championship Limited. 10 July 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  4. ^ "World Championship 1967". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  5. ^ "Mugello day three – Grosjean ends test on a high". formula1.com. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Mark Webber about Mugello circuit". Twitter. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Sebastian Vettel on Mugello". James Allen on F1. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Vitaly Petrov claims Mugello is not safe enough for Formula 1 testing". Autosport. 3 May 2012.
  9. ^ "Formula 1 adds Mugello and Sochi to revised 2020 F1 race calendar". Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  10. ^ "Grand Prix winners 1919–1933, The golden era of Grand Prix racing". Kolumbus.fi. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  11. ^ "Non Championship Races, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  12. ^ "World Sportscar Championship, The World of Sports Prototypes Racing". Wspr-racing.com. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  13. ^ http://www.formula2.net/index.html
  14. ^ "Gran Premio di Mugello, The Racing Line". Theracingline.net. Archived from the original on 7 June 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2010.
  15. ^ "Mugello Grand Prix 1968". Racing Sports Cars. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  16. ^ Etzrodt, Hans. "Materassi wins the Coppa del Marchese Ginori at the Cascine Circuit". The Golden Era of Grand Prix racing. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  17. ^ Higham, Peter (1995). The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing. p. 415. ISBN 0851126421.
  18. ^ Galloway, James (12 September 2020). "Tuscan GP Qualifying: Lewis Hamilton claims Mugello pole from Valtteri Bottas". Sky Sports. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Lundgaard seals first F2 pole in Mugello, ahead of Ticktum and Ilott". www.fiaformula2.com. 11 September 2020. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  20. ^ "Scheider in pole al Mugello". www.gazzetta.it (in Italian). 3 May 2008. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  21. ^ "Marquez shatters lap record for Gran Premio D'Italia Oakley pole". 1 June 2019. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  22. ^ Briggs, Gemma (16 September 2006). "Vitaphone Racing claim Mugello pole - GT - Autosport". Autosport.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  23. ^ Sports, Dorna (30 May 2015). "Lowes leaves rivals trailing in his wake". www.motogp.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.
  24. ^ Sports, Dorna (30 May 2015). "Kent blitzes record on way to Moto3™ pole at Mugello". www.motogp.com. Retrieved 12 September 2020.

External links