The Pau Grand Prix (French: Grand Prix de Pau) is a motor race held in Pau, in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department of southwestern France. The French Grand Prix was held at Pau in 1930, leading to the annual Pau Grand Prix being inaugurated in 1933. It was not run during World War II.
The race takes place around the centre of the city, where public roads are closed to form a street circuit, and over the years the event has variously conformed to the rules of Grand Prix racing, Formula One, Formula Two, Formula 3000, Formula Three, Formula Libre, sports car racing, and touring car racing.
The race is run around a street circuit, the "Circuit de Pau-Ville" laid out round the French town, and is in many ways similar to the more famous Formula One Monaco Grand Prix. About 20 km to the west of the city, there is a 3 km long club track named Circuit Pau-Arnos.
For the event, cars are set up with greater suspension travel than is typically utilised at a purpose-built racing circuit to minimise the effect of running on the more undulating tarmac of the street circuit.
Circuit du Sud-Ouest (1900–1901)
In 1900, as part of the 'Semaine de Pau', the newly created Automobile-club du Béarn held a race on a 300 km road circuit, called the Circuit du sud-ouest (Pau–Tarbes–Bayonne–Pau). The race was given the same name as the circuit, and was won by René de Knyff.
In 1901, for the second event, the race had individual prizes for the four separate classes of entrants:
- The Grand Prix de Pau (cars 650 kg or over) was awarded to Maurice Farman (Panhard 24 hp).[n 1]
- The Grand Prix du Palais d'Hiver (400–650 kg 'Light car' class) was awarded to Henri Farman (Darracq).
- The second Grand Prix du Palais d'Hiver (under 400 kg Voiturettes) as awarded to Louis Renault (Renault).
- The Prix du Béarn was awarded to Osmont in a 'De Dion' tricycle.
French Grand Prix (1930)
Starts of the Grand Prix de Pau
There was no Grand Prix in 1934, and in 1935 the event returned with a modified route that bypassed Beaumont Park – the route that is still in use today – and the location of the pits was also moved. In 1937, the regulations were changed and Grand Prix cars were restricted to 4500 cc. In 1938, the Pau Grand Prix was the scene of a symbolic duel between French René Dreyfus (Delahaye) and the German Rudolf Caracciola (Mercedes-Benz). In 1939, another duel took place between two Mercedes teammates, Hermann Lang and Manfred von Brauchitsch; Lang won the race.
The event took place regularly with a race almost every year, except during World War II, but returned to the calendar in 1947. The 1947 and 1948 events were very successful keeping the public in suspense from start to finish. In 1948, the young Nello Pagani won, defeating many of the famous drivers of the time, such as Raymond Sommer, Philippe Etancelin and Jean-Pierre Wimille.
1950s and early 1960s
In 1949, Juan Manuel Fangio won by dominating the event. He started from pole position as in the previous year, but also achieved the fastest lap and gained victory.
The Frenchman Jean Behra won in 1954, before a record crowd, driving a Simca-Gordini. His win was a result of a duel with Ferrari driver Maurice Trintignant at a time when many French manufacturers were no longer present at the GP.
On 11 April 1955, the Italian Mario Alborghetti died in a racing accident, the Maserati driver apparently confused his pedals after being distracted and crashed against some hay bales. His death was announced to spectators after the race.
The 1956 race was cancelled following the tragic accident at Le Mans the previous year. Improvements to the circuit were made for the 1957 event, both in terms of safety and the comfort of competitors and spectators.
After being run to Formula Two regulations in 1958–1960, limiting the capacity to 1500 cm3 Formula One in 1961 allowed the Grand Prix de Pau back in the spotlight ahead of the Monaco Grand Prix. In the early 1960s, the event was won by such famous drivers as Jack Brabham, Maurice Trintignant, and Jim Clark (who achieved his first victory in a Formula One car in Pau Grand Prix in 1961, and went on to win the Pau Grand Prix three more times in 1963–1965).
Formula Two period (1964–1984)
In 1964, after switching the format of the Grand Prix again from Formula One to Formula Two, Jim Clark won the Grand Prix for the second consecutive year, repeating his success for the third time in a row the following year. In 1967, drivers such as Jean-Pierre Beltoise and Henri Pescarolo made their debut at Pau. Jochen Rindt won his first Grand Prix de Pau that year before winning twice more in 1969 and 1970. In 1968, Jackie Stewart won with Matra Sports.
During this period, several former and future world champions also raced at the event: Graham Hill, Jackie Stewart, Jack Brabham, Denny Hulme, and Emerson Fittipaldi. There also appeared more young French drivers like Johnny Servoz-Gavin, Jean-Pierre Jarier, Jean-Pierre Jabouille, Patrick Depailler and François Cevert, as well as other drivers such as Reine Wisell and Peter Gethin, who won the Grand Prix in 1971 and 1972 respectively.
In 1973, the event was threatened by problems with the homologation of the circuit, it was quickly brought up to standard by the personal intervention of the Mayor (who had been in office since 1971). François Cevert won that year.
Drivers such as Jacques Laffite, Patrick Depailler and René Arnoux won in Pau, and many F1 drivers at the time continued to race in Formula Two. In 1980, the 40th Grand Prix de Pau was won by the French driver Richard Dallest.
Formula 3000 (1985–1998)
In 1985, Formula 3000 replaced Formula Two as the "second-division" formula below Formula One and the Grand Prix de Pau continued to be part of the Formula 3000 European championship. That same year, Alain Prost became co-organiser of the race.
In 1994, French driver Nicolas Leboissetier had a spectacular accident at the Virage de la gare ("train station corner"), reviving the climate of tension that followed the deaths of Ayrton Senna and Roland Ratzenberger at Imola during the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.
The Pau-born driver participated in the race in 1996. He was well-positioned on the grid, but was forced to retire because of a crash.
Colombian Juan-Pablo Montoya won the race twice, in 1997 and 1998.
The French Supertouring Championship was a support event from 1993 to 2000.
At the end of 1998, it was decided that all Formula 3000 races would be organised exclusively as the curtain-raiser of European-based Formula One Grand Prix, and thus the event in Pau could no longer be run as a Formula 3000 race.
Formula Three (1999–2006)
Following the disappearance of the Formula 3000 race in Pau, the FIA organised the new European Formula Three Cup in 1999. Formula Three, however, had already come to Pau before as part of the French championship and a support race of F3000. The Grand Prix format also changed completely: the race became shorter (40 minutes instead of 1.5 hours in F3000).
The switch to a more junior formula raised an outcry from the passionate spectators because at that time the European Cup Formula Three was not sufficiently popular in motorsport. The first edition of the European Cup is won by Benoît Tréluyer. This event also included the French Formula Three Championship race, which was a non-championship race.
In 2000, the European Cup is stopped and replaced by the new championship Formula 3 Euro Series, a fusion of the French and German championships. Over the years the Grand Prix became a very important race in the Formula Three calendar. In 2001 the race was won by Anthony Davidson from the pole position, driving a Carlin Dallara-Honda. Davidson went on to win the Euro F3 series that year.
The 2005 edition saw victory for a young Lewis Hamilton, who went on to become a Formula One World Champion three years later.
In 2006, Formula Three was back on the calendar but within the British Championship, and the two races were won by Romain Grosjean who was not a regular competitor in the championship.
The FFSA Silhouettes was a support event from 2001 to 2004, whereas the FFSA GT Championship raced in 1999, 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2005. The British GT Championship visited Pau in 2006 with a few FFSA GT guests.
From 2007 to 2009, the event changed to touring cars, hosting the World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) for the Race of France. The F3 Euro Series returned to support the WTCC during the 2008 event which saw the Brazilian driver Augusto Farfus (WTCC) involved in a crash in the Foch Chicane.
In 2009, after a number of incidents on the opening lap of the second race, the decision was made to deploy the safety car. However, the 'SC' boards informing the drivers of a safety car period had only just been displayed when the safety car driver drove onto the track without being given the order to do so. Franz Engstler, leading the race at the time, was in the process of slowing down when he came around the first corner and had a heavy collision with the safety car which was nearly stopped in the middle of the track. The FIA subsequently sanctioned the officials in charge of the safety car at the event.
Following a decision taken by the municipality for financial reasons, the Grand Prix was suspended in 2010, and the WTCC was no longer from this point.
Return of Formula Three (2011–2012)
The event was revived in 2011 by and with the return of Formula Three with the International Trophy as the main event. However, the race was shorter than in previous years and only had fifteen drivers on the entry list, so there were few spectators. In addition, the only French driver, Tom Dillmann, retired on the fourth lap of the race, which was won by the German Marco Wittmann.
One of the most important support races of the weekend was the first electric Grand Prix, run with cars with full electric drivetrains. The category included mostly French drivers such as Soheil Ayari, Franck Lagorce and Olivier Panis. Also, the Formula Renault 2.0 Alps made their first visit to Pau.
In 2012, the organisers announced that in addition to the International Trophy there would also be a round of the British Formula Three Championship. But on March 9, 2012, the World Motor Sport Council of the FIA announced that it would be part of a new FIA Formula 3 European Championship, revived from the previous series which ended in 1984. The Italian Raffaele Marciello won the Grand Prix after dominating qualifying and the race sprint. This victory made him one of the youngest winners of the Pau Grand Prix at only 18 years of age. There were no French drivers in the event
The Porsche Carrera Cup France was also added to the program for 2012 and one of the drivers was Sébastien Loeb and his team Sébastien Loeb Racing. The Alsatian dominated the weekend and impressed when he won both races with leads of over ten seconds.
At the second Grand Prix de Pau electric, the two races were won by the same winners as the previous year, but in reverse order; the first race was won by Adrien Tambay, the second by Mike Parisy. The participants included the Canadian driver (from Quebec) who, with his car in the colours of the Grand Prix de Trois-Rivières, was present to pay tribute to the Formula One driver Gilles Villeneuve and to bring the electric GP to Trois-Rivières.
The 2012 event received between 22,000 and 23,000 spectators, 10 to 15% more than in 2011.
Formula Renault 2.0 Pau Trophy (2013)
The 2013 event took place on 18, 19 and 20 May. At the Whit Monday holiday, an historical tradition of Pau Grand Prix, the headliner should have been the British Formula Three Championship. But this series, with a lot of concurrence with the FIA Formula 3 European Championship, was forced to reduce its calendar to 4 events and so cancelled many rounds including Pau. The headliner would, therefore, take place as a non-championship "special" race for Formula Renault 2.0 open to several European championships teams and drivers: the Formula Renault 2.0 Pau Trophy.
Return of European Formula Three (2014–present)
From 2014 to 2018, the Pau Grand Prix was headlined by the FIA Formula 3 European Championship. The Formula Renault 2.0 Alps also returned to Pau in 2014. The GT4 European Series joined the event in 2016, being replaced by the FFSA GT Championship since 2017. For 2019, the Euroformula Open Championship became the new headlining formula race.
- FFSA GT Championship
- Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0
- French F4 Championship
- 308 Racing Cup
- Renault Clio Cup France
The official race lap records at the Pau Grand Prix street circuit are listed as:
|Grand Prix Circuit (1935-present): 2.760 km|
|F3 European||1:09.788||Maximilian Günther||Dallara F316||2017 Pau Grand Prix|
|F3000||1:09.820||Emanuele Naspetti||Reynard 92D||1992 Pau Grand Prix|
|F3 Euro Series||1:11.353||Lewis Hamilton||Dallara F305||2005 Pau Grand Prix|
|Euroformula Open||1:11.445||Yuki Tsunoda||Dallara F317||2019 Pau Euroformula Open Race 1|
|Formula Renault 2.0||1:14.342||Robert Shwartzman||Tatuus FR2.0/13||2017 Pau Formula Renault Eurocup round|
|Formula 4||1:20.363||Arthur Leclerc||Mygale M14-F4||2018 Pau French F4 round|
|WTCC||1:22.682||Augusto Farfus||BMW 320si||2008 FIA WTCC Race of France|
Historic Grand Prix
Since 2001, races for historical cars are held one week before or after the "modern" Grand Prix. Races include events for former Formula One cars of the 1960s amongst others.
Notable races during the Grand Prix Historique de Pau since 2001:
- Trophée Argentin (Formula Two for cars built between 1950 and 1960, the event named in honour of Juan Manuel Fangio).
- Trophée de Pau (F1 of 1950 and 1960).
- Trophée Junior (Formula Junior).
- Trophée des Pyrénées (Formula Three, Formula Ford and ).
- Trophée Légende (Grand Prix cars before World War II).
- Trophée Phil Hill (Grand Touring Endurance 1950 and 1960).
- Trophée Mini Classic (Touring, monotype reserved to Mini Cooper).
- Trophée Flat4 (Touring, monotype reserved to the old Porsche with Flat 4 engines).
- By the turn of the 20th century the term Grand Prix had become common parlance in France, having been used since the Grand Prix de Paris horse race in 1886 (e.g. the Grand Prix de Paris for Cyclists in 1895) (New York Times, July 18, 1895, Grand Prix de Paris for Cyclists). Thus in the Anglophone world the main winner's prize (Grand Prix de Pau) subsequently became synonymous with the event.(Leif Snellman (2002-05-27). "The first Grand Prix". 8W. FORIX. Retrieved 2011-01-28.)
- "The 10 best street circuits in the world". Autocar. Retrieved 2021-05-26.
- "Track Reveal #4:Pau". atari.com. n.d. Archived from the original on 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- Etzrodt, Hans (2013-06-09). "Grand Prix Winners 1895–1949: Part 1 (1895–1916)". Retrieved 2017-03-10.
- "Autosport, The Nostalgia Forum, Robert Dick quoting (translating) from La France Automobile (March 1901), and from L'Histoire de l'Automobile by Pierre Souvestre (published in Paris in 1907)". 2003-09-06. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
- Etzrodt, Hans (2018-01-01). "Grand Prix Winners 1895–1949: Part 2 (1919–1933)". Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- "La domination italienne en grand prix: 1947–1959" [Italian domination in the Grand Prix: 1947–1959]. grandprixhistorique.com. Archived from the original on 2009-03-04. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
- [F3000 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2013-02-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Generation: 1985–1998]-grandprixhistorique.com
- "Safety car shouldn't have been on track | WTCC News | May 2009". Crash.Net. 2009-05-19. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
- "F3 : 2011 Pau – Marco Wittmann wins FIA Formula 3 International Trophy race". F1SA.com. FOSA cc. Archived from the original on 29 November 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
- "2017 FIA Formula 3 European Championship Pau Session Facts". Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "1992 F3000 International Championship Pau Session Facts". Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "2005 F3 Euro Series Pau Session Facts". Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "2019 Pau Euroformula Open Race 1 Results" (PDF). Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "2017 Formula Renault 2.0 Pau Magny-Cours Session Facts". Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- "Championnat de France FFSA des Circuits - Pau 2018 Race 1" (PDF). Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- Official website
- Circuit du Sud-Ouest – Pau Grand Prix Circuits on Google Maps (Historic Grand Prix)