Reid Antony Railton was the son of a Manchester stockbroker: Charles Withingon Railton and his wife Charlotte Elizabeth (née Sharman), Reid was born in Chorley, Alderley Edge, Cheshire and was christened on 13 August 1895 at the local parish church. He was educated at Rugby School and Manchester University. He joined Leyland Motors in 1917 where he worked with J.G. Parry-Thomas on the Leyland Eight luxury car. He left in 1922 to set up the Arab Motor Company where he was chief designer. Only about twelve cars were built, of which two low-chassis cars survive. One is in the Isle of Man and the other one (chassis number 6, engine number 10, registration UW 2) is now in Austria having been rebuilt and rebodied by David Barker in the early 1990s.
In 1927, on the death of his friend Parry-Thomas, Railton closed the Arab factory and moved to Brooklands working for Thomson & Taylor becoming their Technical Director with responsibility for John Cobb's 1933 Napier Railton car which took the Outer Circuit record in 1933 and Sir Malcolm Campbell's Blue Bird Land Speed Record cars of 1931 to 1935. His greatest achievements were probably in designing the Railton Special car with which John Cobb set the Land Speed Record at 394.7 mph (635.2 km/h) in 1947 and designing the E.R.A. racing cars built in 1933–34 at Thompson & Taylors at Brooklands. He also tuned the Hudson chassis used on the Railton car, named after him.
As well as cars he designed high-speed boats, including the jet-powered Crusader in which John Cobb was killed in 1952 while travelling in excess of 200 mph (322 km/h) attempting to break the Water Speed Record.
Vehicles designed by Reid Railton
- Campbell-Napier-Railton Blue Bird
- Campbell-Railton Blue Bird
- Crusader (speedboat)
- Leyland Eight
- Railton Mobil Special
- Railton Special
- Birmingham Stories: "Britain makes the speed record its own" Archived 13 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- King, Peter (1989). The Motor Men. London: Quiller Press. ISBN 1-870948-23-8.
- Stobart-Hook, Barry (2008). The Last Crusader. April Cottage Publications. Temple Press. ISBN 978-0-9559147-0-6.
- Ludvigsen, Karl (2018). Reid Railton: Man of Speed. Evro Publishing. ISBN 1910505250.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)