Wellington Circuit Map 1987. Used For The Wellington 500 From 1987 to 1992.

The Wellington 500 was a 500 km (310 mi) street race for touring cars which took place at Wellington City in Wellington, New Zealand in the 1980s and 1990s. The 1987 event was a round of the 1987 World Touring Car Championship.

The final running of the race was in 1996, a non-championship sprint event for teams from the Australian Touring Car Championship.[1]

History

Beginnings (1985-86)

The race was first proposed in 1984 and first took place a year later, albeit with a different layout from that to the original proposal. Initially dubbed the Nissan Cue 500, the first event in 1985's title was changed at the last minute to the Nissan Sport 500 due to 's demise in the week preceding the event. The following year Mobil became a naming sponsor and the Nissan Mobil 500 name was born.

The Nissan Mobil 500 was actually a two-event series with the first round being held at the Wellington Street Circuit and the second at Pukekohe Park Raceway south of Auckland, known as the Pukekohe 500. The event was run to the Group A touring car regulations of the time. Despite the event name, the distance was on occasion less than 500 kilometres due to the slow average speed of the circuit.[2]

For the first race in 1985, the FIA delegate who inspected the Wellington Street Circuit was 1960 Armstrong 500 winner John Roxburgh from Australia. He voiced serious concerns about the narrowness of the circuit as well as safety and the circuit did not pass inspection. For the race to be able to go ahead the promoters had to re-write the regulations turning the event from an international race to a national race, thus eliminating the need for FIA approval.[citation needed]

WTCC round (1987)

In 1987, the Nissan Mobil 500 Wellington Street Race was a round of the inaugural FIA World Touring Car Championship. The WTCC lasted only one year and was a victim of its own Group A rules. Both the factory backed BMW Motorsport (Schnitzer) and Ford (Eggenberger) teams were disqualified from some races for technical infringements. Also, Formula One boss Bernie Ecclestone had been given power over the WTCC at the last minute over the original organisers, the NZ based Strathmore Group. Ecclestone imposed a US$60,000 registration fee per car which saw only a small number of cars eligible for championship points. With some races decided by stewards hearings, the WTCC generally descended into a farce by the end of 1987 and the series was not run again in 1988.[3][4][5] An Eggenberger Ford Sierra RS500, which had been disqualified from the 1987 Bathurst 1000, won the 1987 Wellington 500.

Continued international exposure (1988-92)

Wellington Street Circuit layout used in 1993-94 and 1996 for the Australian Touring Car Championship.

Despite the WTCC's demise, the race maintained a point of interest for international teams and drivers in the years following the WTCC event with the popularity of the Group A regulations. The 1988 event was a part of the inaugural Asia-Pacific Touring Car Championship. Schnitzer Motorsport dominated the event in this period, winning four consecutive times for BMW. With three different co-drivers, each of these were won by Emanuele Pirro who became the most successful driver in the event's history.[6]

End of Group A and final sprint rounds (1993-96)

Following the end of Group A regulations, a combined Super Touring and production formula was used in 1993 and 1994. The 1993 event was the final 500 kilometre race held, with sprint races used in 1994 and 1996.[1] The 1994 event was again held as a round of the Asia-Pacific Touring Car Championship which was run for the second and final time. After no event was held in 1995 due to a lack of funding, the circuit was used for a final time in 1996, as a non-championship event for the teams of the Australian Touring Car Championship who had moved to Group 3A Touring Cars regulations in 1993. Twelve cars competed in the event, as part of a two-event series in New Zealand which also included races at Pukekohe. The format consisted of three short sprint races, and the overall winner was John Bowe for Dick Johnson Racing.[7]

Demise

Despite its popularity, the race never returned after 1996. The Wellington City Council cancelled the event in part because the construction of the Te Papa national museum and the Queen's Wharf Events Centre clashed with the layout of the race track route. In addition the main sponsors Mobil requested a higher level of rate payer subsidy from the City Council.[2]

Failed revival plans

In 2004, there were plans to revive the race as a V8 Supercars event, to feed on its high popularity in New Zealand, with many popular New Zealand drivers competing in that series in Australia. As the roads where the circuit used to be have now been demolished to make way for a museum and other buildings, it would have had to be run on a new course. There was a new proposal in 2006 with a new layout. Both of the 2006 proposals were revoked through the Resource Management Act 1991.

Wellington Street Race 2006 Proposal Number 1 For The New Zealand Round Of The V8 Supercars.
Wellington Street Race 2006 Proposal Number 2 For The New Zealand Round Of The V8 Supercars.

The proposed race was eventually dropped in favour of the Hamilton 400 at the street circuit of Hamilton, which hosted V8 Supercars from 2008 to 2012 before the series returned again to Pukekohe.

Layout

During 1985-1996 the track changed layout many times. The circuit initially ran along Cable Street to the Taranaki Street Gates, and this was extended to the Herd Street Loop for the 1987 WTCC event. The extensions for 1987 also included Horseshoe Hairpin being lengthened. By 1991 the back straight (Jervois Quay) was modified to make a safer turn onto Cable Street. For 1993 the layout was forced to change due to the construction of the Queens Wharf Events Centre and Te Papa (Museum of New Zealand), which meant the loss of the "traditional" layout.

Winners

Year Driver/s Car Team Report
1985 Belgium
New Zealand Robbie Francevic
Volvo 240T Mark Petch Motorsport
1986 Australia Peter Brock
Canada Allan Moffat
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A Holden Dealer Team
19871 Australia Peter Brock
Canada Allan Moffat
Holden VK Commodore SS Group A Holden Dealer Team
West Germany Klaus Ludwig
West Germany Klaus Niedzwiedz
Ford Sierra RS500 Eggenberger Motorsport Report
1988 Italy Emanuele Pirro
Italy Roberto Ravaglia
BMW M3 Schnitzer Motorsport
1989 Italy Emanuele Pirro
Italy Roberto Ravaglia
BMW M3 Schnitzer Motorsport
1990 Italy Emanuele Pirro
Venezuela Johnny Cecotto
BMW M3 Schnitzer Motorsport
1991 Italy Emanuele Pirro
Germany Joachim Winkelhock
BMW M3 Evolution Schnitzer Motorsport
1992 Australia Tony Longhurst
Australia Paul Morris
BMW M3 Evolution LoGaMo Racing
1993 New Zealand
Switzerland
Porsche 911 RS Cup
1994 United Kingdom Tim Harvey BMW 318i
1995 Not held
1996 Australia John Bowe Ford EF Falcon Dick Johnson Racing
Notes

Multiple winners

By driver

Wins Driver Years
4 Italy Emanuele Pirro 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991
2 Australia Peter Brock 1986, 1987
Canada Allan Moffat 1986, 1987
Italy Roberto Ravaglia 1988, 1989

By team

Wins Team
4 Schnitzer Motorsport
2 Holden Dealer Team

By manufacturer

Wins Manufacturer
6 BMW
2 Holden
Ford

See also

References

  1. ^ a b McGee, Richard (2020). The Wellington street races : The definitive history of New Zealand's iconic motorsport event. Auckland, New Zealand: Batemans Books. ISBN 9781988538334.
  2. ^ a b O'Neil, Andrea (4 April 2015). "150 years of news: Wellington's waterfront racing history chequered". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  3. ^ Vandersyde, Rhys (4 June 2017). "FEATURE: WHEN AUSSIES RULED THE WORLD [SORT OF]". Auto Action. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  4. ^ Kanal, Samarth (2 February 2018). "'80s month: controversy at Bathurst". Motor Sport. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  5. ^ Dolphin, Gwyn (November 1996). "Touring Carnage". Motor Sport. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  6. ^ Bartholomaeus, Stefan (9 December 2020). "WHO WAS THE KING OF WELLINGTON? | V8 Sleuth". V8 Sleuth. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  7. ^ Bartholomaeus, Stefan (1 November 2018). "Flashback: Supercars' first NZ adventure". Supercars. Retrieved 24 July 2021.

External links

Coordinates: 41°17′21″S 174°46′43″E / 41.2893°S 174.7787°E / -41.2893; 174.7787