ISO 20400: Sustainable procurement -- Guidance "provides guidance to organizations, independent of their activity or size, on integrating sustainability within procurement". It is intended for stakeholders involved in, or impacted by, procurement decisions and processes, complementing ISO 26000, Guidance on social responsibility, by "focussing specifically on the purchasing function".
The standard was developed by ISO project committee ISO/PC 277 under the leadership of Jacques Schramm. Work started in 2013 and the first edition of ISO 20400 was published on 21 April 2017.
Main requirements of the standard
The ISO 20400:2017 adopts the structure in the following breakdown:
- Normative references
- Terms and definitions
- Understanding the fundamentals
- Integrating sustainability into the organization's procurement policy and strategy
- Organizing the procurement function toward sustainability
- Integrating sustainability into the procurement process
Researcher Anne Staal notes that within supply chain management, the guidance "necessitates a change in ... buyer-seller relationships", reinforcing the finding of Rentizelas et al. that coercive pressure can “quickly force an industrial sector” to attain a level of sustainable procurement ... but it is not sufficient to develop sustainable practices in suppliers if these organisations themselves do not show initiative".
- Quality management system
- List of ISO standards
- Conformity assessment
- International Organization for Standardization
- "ISO 20400:2017 - Sustainable procurement -- Guidance". www.iso.org. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
- ISO (2017), ISO 20400 - Sustainable Procurement (overview), accessed 27 August 2020
- ISO, You are what you buy – the first International Standard for sustainable procurement just published, 21 April 2017
- Staal, A., Measuring & Improving Sustainable Procurement with ISO 20400, published 2 May 2018, accessed 27 August 2020
- Rentizelas, A., Jabbour, A., Balushi, A. and Tuni, A., Social sustainability in the oil and gas industry: institutional pressure and the management of sustainable supply chains, Annals of Operation Research, 290, pages 279–300, published 27 March 2018
- Action Sustainability, ISO 20400 - So what's it all about?, accessed 27 August 2020