Abarth & C. S.p.A. (pronounced [ˈabart]) is an Italian racing and road car maker and performance division founded by Italo-Austrian Carlo Abarth in 1949. Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully-owned subsidiary of Stellantis. Its logo is a shield with a stylized scorpion on a yellow and red background.
1949: Abarth & C.
Carlo Abarth was sporting director of the Cisitalia factory racing team starting in 1947. 1948 saw the financial downfall of Cisitalia, spurred by the investments needed to put the 202 coupé into production. The following year the manufacturer folded, and founder Piero Dusio flew to Argentina. Carlo Abarth, funded by Armando Scagliarini,[a] took over Cisitalia's assets and on 31 March 1949 Abarth & C. was founded in Bologna. Carlo's astrological sign, Scorpio, was chosen as the company logo. From the Cisitalia liquidation Abarth obtained five 204 sports cars (two complete Spiders and three unfinished), a D46 single seater and various spares. The 204s were immediately rechristened Abarth 204 A. Abarth built and raced sports cars developed from the last Cisitalia cars. In addition to Guido Scagliarini, the "Squadra Abarth" racing team lined up celebrated drivers including Tazio Nuvolari, Franco Cortese and Piero Taruffi. Notably Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing at the wheel of an Abarth 204 A, winning its class in the Palermo–Monte Pellegrino hillclimb on 10 April 1950. Alongside racing, the company's main activity was producing and selling accessories and performance parts for Fiat, Lancia, Cisitalia and Simca cars, like inlet manifolds and silencers.
In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in hillclimbing and sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850 cc to 2000 cc, competing with Porsche 904 and Ferrari Dino. Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the 500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with Teddy Pilette.
Abarth promised that he could race a factory car free if he won all the races he entered.[when?] Abt almost succeeded: of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once.[when?] Abt later founded Abt Sportsline.
Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s Lambretta models "D" and "LD". Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors' items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125 cc motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.
1971: Fiat takeover
Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971. The acquisition was not made public until 15 October. As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by Enzo Osella. Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the Osella racing team. Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.
Under Fiat ownership, Abarth became the Fiat Group's racing department, managed by engine designer Aurelio Lampredi. Abarth prepared Fiat's rally cars, including the Fiat 124 Abarth Rally and 131 Abarth. In December 1977, in advance of the 1978 racing season, the beforehand competing Abarth and Squadra Corse Lancia factory racing operations were merged by Fiat into a single entity named EASA (Ente per l'Attività Sportiva Automobilistica, Organization for Car Sports Racing Activities). Cesare Fiorio (previously in charge of the Lancia rally team) was appointed director, while Daniele Audetto was sporting director; the EASA headquarters were set up in Abarth's Corso Marche (Turin) offices. The combined racing department developed the Lancia Beta Montecarlo Turbo Group 5 racing car which won the 1980 World Championship for Makes and the 1981 World Endurance Championship of Makes. It also created the Lancia Rally 037 Group B rally car which won for Lancia the 1983 World Manufacturers' Championship).
On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A.
Some commercial models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries Lancia and Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a lightweight and inexpensive "boy racer". A112 Abarth was introduced with a 58HP engine, soon followed by a 70HP one, and a specific "A112 Abarth trophy" was run from 1977 to 1984.
In the 1980s, Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the Fiat Ritmo Abarth 125/130 TC.
In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the Fiat Stilo Abarth.
2007: Rebirth of Abarth & C. S.p.a.
On 1 February 2007 Abarth was re-established as an independent unit with the launch of the current company, Abarth & C. S.p.a., controlled 100% by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A., the subsidiary of Fiat S.p.A. dealing with the production and selling of passenger cars and light commercial vehicles.
The first models launched were the Abarth Grande Punto and the Abarth Grande Punto S2000. The brand is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant. The CEO as of 2011 is Harald Wester.
Yamaha XSR900 Abarth
In 2017, Abarth collaborated with Yamaha to produce a limited-edition motorcycle, the "Sport Heritage café racer special", named the XSR900 Abarth. It is based on the Yamaha XSR900 847 cc inline-triple neo-retro standard.
|Abarth 500||Abarth 500C||Abarth 124 Spider|
Cars produced by Abarth
- Fiat-Abarth 750 
- Fiat-Abarth 1000 TC (Fiat 600 based)
- Fiat-Abarth 850 TC
- Abarth 1500 Biposto
- Abarth Simca 2000 – coupé
- Abarth 205A Berlinetta
- Abarth 210A Spyder Boano
- Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth
- Fiat-Abarth OT1000
- Fiat-Abarth 1000 OTR Berlinetta Bertone
- Fiat-Abarth OT 2000 Competition Coupé 
- Fiat-Abarth 750 Zagato
- Fiat-Abarth 2200
- Fiat-Abarth 750 Spider Allemano
- Fiat-Abarth 2400
- Fiat Abarth 1000 TCR Berlina
- Abarth 215A Coupé Bertone
- Abarth 216A Spyder Bertone
- Autobianchi A112 Abarth
- Fiat-Abarth 695 SS
- Abarth Monomille
- Abarth Grand Prix/Scorpione
- Fiat Ritmo 125/130 TC Abarth
- Fiat Abarth 124 Rally
- Fiat 131 Abarth Rally
- Lancia Rally 037
Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badges
- Fiat Bravo GT/HGT (Abarth)
- Fiat Stilo 2.4 Abarth
- Fiat Punto HGT (Abarth)
- Fiat Cinquecento Sporting (Abarth)
- Fiat Seicento Sporting (Abarth)
Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–)
Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from Abarth
- Lancia Delta S4 for Group B – Helped to engineer the engine which utilised a supercharger and turbocharger.
Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named Abarth
- Fiat Punto Abarth (rally version only)
- Fiat Cinquecento 900 Trofeo kitcar (teams had to build up their own rallycar from Fiat N Technology derived Abarth racingparts)
- Fiat Cinquecento Sporting 1.1 Rally car
- Fiat Seicento Sporting 1.1 Rally car
FIA R-GT Cup
- 2017 FIA R-GT Cup (Runner-up)
- 2018 FIA R-GT Cup (Champion)
- 2019 FIA R-GT Cup (Champion)
- 2020 FIA R-GT Cup (Champion)
- Father of Cisitalia racing driver Guido Scagliarini
- 2014 Annual Report (PDF), Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, retrieved 13 March 2015
- "Alfredo Altavilla - FCA Group". www.fcagroup.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018.
- "Abarth wants 100 dealers in Europe". autonews.com. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
- "Abarth Logo: Design and History". Famouslogos.net. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- Boscarelli, Lorenzo. Abarth: le corse. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 3–25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015.
- Avidano, Renzo. Carlo Abarth - Il compendio di una vita per le auto e le corse. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 29–32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015.
- "Karl Abarth, the man and his history". bernimotori.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Quando venne a Torino per la sua ultima gara". Stampa Sera. 13 August 1953. p. 5. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "Le attrattive del Salone". Stampa Sera. 12 April 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2015.
- "1952 Abarth 1500 Biposto Coupé". rickcarey.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011.
- "The history of Abarth". abarthcarsuk.com. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "125 Model D Racer". racinglambrettas.com. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Lambretta World Land Speed Record Scooter". lambrettista.net. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth". porschearchive.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- Greggio, Luciano. (2002). Abarth : the man, the machines. G. Nada. ISBN 88-7911-263-5. OCLC 62269051.
- "L'Abarth entra nel gruppo Fiat". La Stampa. 16 October 1971. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- Avidano, Renzo. I rapporti con la Fiat. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 33–35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015.
- Fenu, Michele (6 December 1977). "Rally, Fiat e Lancia si uniscono in un nuovo "super-squadrone"". La Stampa. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015.
- "Autobianchi A112 Abarth 58 HP". FCA Heritage. FCA. 14 January 2020.
- Borgomeo, Vincenzo (23 January 2007). "Svolta Fiat: torna l'Abarth e diventa marchio indipendente". La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 September 2014.
- Abarth's new premises in Turin Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine from duemotori.it (18 Feb 2008)
- "Nominato il nuovo CEO di Abarth" (in Italian).
- "XSR900 Abarth". Yamaha. Retrieved 5 December 2016.
- "The Abarth Monomille". scuderialafortuna.blogspot.com. Retrieved 22 January 2008.
- Authentic USA-Spec Abarth: 1958 Fiat 750 Retrieved on 2 April 2011
- Abarth 209A Boano Coupe, www.ultimatecarpage.com Retrieved on 15 July 2014
- The Observer's Book of Automobiles, Thirteenth Edition, 1967, page 27
- "1956 Abarth 750 (Bertone)". carstyling.ru. Retrieved 29 November 2020.