Mallala is a locality in the Australian state of South Australia about 58 kilometres (36 mi) north of the state capital of Adelaide. The name is thought to be derived from the Kaurna word madlala[7] or madlola, meaning "place of the ground frog".[8][9] At the 2016 census, the locality had a population of 894 of which 733 lived in its town centre.[2][3]

Etymology

The word 'Mallala' is derived from the Aboriginal 'Madlola' - a place of the ground frog according to South Australian historian Geoffrey Manning.[10][11]

History

Mallala is located within the traditional lands of the Kaurna people.[12]

The first land taken up in the district was in 1851 by Phillip Butler, under occupational licence. The Butler property was called 'Mallala Station', and the town of Mallala developed in the vicinity. The large runs of the pastoralists were cut up into smaller holdings, which sold for £1 per acre to new settlers, and created a continuous series of small farms.[11]

Amongst the early pioneers were Messrs John Forby, Robert & George Marshman, Samuel Crouch, Peter Farrelly, H.B. Moody, W. Jarmyn, Samuel Chivell, J. McCabe, John Murphy, W. Jury, A. Vawser, M.H. East, N.J.W. Lindsay and John Forbes. The descendants of many of these men and their families still live in this district.[11]

The first private subdivision, on Section 60, was called Mallala South (also known as New Mallala) and was later followed by private subdivisions of Section 51 and 266. These were referred to as the Mallala subdivisions. Later, part section 276 and 277 were divided, and this subdivision was known as the Mallala Extension. Although Mallala had existed as a town for many years, it was not until 27 March 1925 that Mallala was approved as a subdivision name by the Nomenclature Committee.[11]

The present township lies midway between the hills and the sea, fifty-eight kilometres north of Adelaide. An impressive War Memorial stands at the hub of an eight-road intersection in the centre of the town.[11]

A now departed industry was the East Brothers Machinery works, who for over a century manufactured farm equipment which was sold widely across Australia. The town once had a very impressive flour mill where the townsfolk used to grind the locally-produced wheat, but the building fell into disuse as the industry centralised. Today the mill is used as a museum for the local historical committee.[11]

Built environs

World War I memorial

World War I Memorial At Mallala's Centre

At Mallala's centre is a World War I war memorial in the centre of the intersection of eight roads. Its insignia reads: 'In honour of ten men who died in defence of home and liberty' in memory of ten local men who were killed in Egypt, France and Palestine.[9] The memorial consists of a base made of ten granite stones in each step of the base topped with ten arched stones to form a hemisphere showing a map of Australia. The hemisphere supports a ten-sided column the names of the ten soldiers which is topped by ten marble pillars and a plinth displaying the Cross of Sacrifice. The history of the ten soldiers and the broader service history of the district forms a major collection at the Mallala Museum.

Hospitals

The first private hospital opened at 35 Owen Road in 1941 and closed in 1943.[13] Owen Road renamed Aerodrome Road after the Aerodrome opened. The Mallala District Hospital, later Mallala Community Hospital opened in 1953 at 30 Aerodrome Rd and closed May 2015.[14][15]

RAAF Base Mallala and Mallala Motor Sport Park

In 1939 the Royal Australian Air Force established a base called RAAF Base Mallala to the north of the Mallala township. The base was originally used for advanced training for RAAF pilots. The base was subsequently closed in May 1960 and the land was sold at auction in early 1961.[16] Later that year the then 3.38 km (2.1 mi) Mallala Race Circuit opened on 19 August 1961, and less than two months later was the chosen site for the 1961 Australian Grand Prix. The circuit, now totalling 2.601 km (1.616 mi), has also hosted rounds of the Australian Touring Car Championship, the V8 Supercar Development Series as well as the Australian Drivers' Championship. Mallala Motor Sport Park, as the circuit is now known, is also used by the South Australian Police for driver training and assessment, and hosts the Historic Mallala event, held in April each year.

Mallala Equestrian Centre

The international standard equestrian centre east of the township is the venue for national show jumping and related event competitions.[17]

Governance

Mallala is located in the federal division of Grey, the state electoral district of Narungga and the local government area of the Adelaide Plains Council.[1][5][18] Mallala is the seat of Adelaide Plains Council.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Search results for 'Mallala, LOCB' with the following datasets being selected – 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Counties', 'Local Government Areas','Postcodes', 'SA Government Regions' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mallala (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mallala (state suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  4. ^ Kentish, P. M. (5 June 1997). "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1991 Notice to Assign Boundaries to Places" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian Government. p. 2803. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  5. ^ a b Narungga (Map). Electoral District Boundaries Commission. 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Monthly climate statistics: Summary statistics ROSEWORTHY AWS (nearest weather station)". Commonwealth of Australia , Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  7. ^ Amery, Rob (2016). "Chapter 8. Kaurna in Society". Warraparna Kaurna!: Reclaiming an Australian language. University of Adelaide Press. p. 204. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  8. ^ Manning, Geoff. "Manning Index of SA - 'Mallala'". State Library of South Australia.
  9. ^ a b "Mallala: Tiny sleepy little wheatbelt township". The Age. Melbourne. 8 February 2004.
  10. ^ Manning, Geoff. "Place Names: Mallala". Manning Index of South Australian History. State Library of South Australia.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Mallala". mallala.nowandthen.net.au. Retrieved 30 July 2018. CC-BY-SA icon.svg This article contains quotations from this source, which is available under the Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Australia license.
  12. ^ Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Kaurna (SA)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University Press. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.
  13. ^ "Mallala Private Hospital".
  14. ^ "Mallala Community Hospital".
  15. ^ "Private Health Insurance Circular" (PDF).
  16. ^ "Mallala". RAAF Museum. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  17. ^ "MALLALA EQUESTRIAN CENTRE". MALLALA EQUESTRIAN CENTRE. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  18. ^ "Map of the Federal Electoral Division of Grey" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. July 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2019.

Further reading

  • Two Wells, Mallala and District History Book Committee, (1985), Life around the Light; a History of the Mallala District Council Area, The Community Development Board of the Council District of Mallala, Mallala, SA (ISBN 0 9588959 0 2)

External links