The Opel Combo is a panel van and leisure activity vehicle from the German automaker Opel. The Combo first appeared in 1993, a second generation model was introduced in 2001, and the third was manufactured from December 2011 to December 2017, based on the Fiat Doblò. The name "Combo" was previously applied as a suffix to a three-door panel van body style of Opel Kadett E from 1986 until 1993.

Opel/Vauxhall joined Groupe PSA in March 2017: the fourth generation Combo, launched in March 2018, shares the platform and bodywork of the Peugeot Rifter and Partner, as well as the Citroën Berlingo.

The Combo B and Combo C share platforms, vital components and some body panels with contemporary subcompact Opel Corsas, which used to be a typical pedigree for such a vehicle. The generations are denoted B and C in typical Opel fashion, but Holden applied the codes SB and XC respectively, reflecting the relation with SB and XC Holden Barinas (Opel Corsa B and C, respectively).

Kadett Combo (Combo A; 1986)

The Opel Kadett Combo was introduced in January 1986, and finished production in August 1993. It was based on the Opel Kadett E small family car. It was built in the United Kingdom, at Ellesmere Port by Vauxhall until January 1989. This was when the model was facelifted, with a new grille separate from the bumper (as for the Kadett).

At the same time, production was transferred to Azambuja, Portugal and the vans were now built by Opel. In Germany, it was sold with a 1.3 litre petrol engine or a 1.6 (later 1.7) litre diesel unit.[1] The 1.3 petrol unit was then changed to a 1.4.

Opel Kadett Combo 1.7 D (1986–1989), rear

In the United Kingdom, the three door estate based van was known as both the Bedford and Vauxhall Astravan, and the high roof van as the Bedford Astramax, later sold as a Vauxhall, these were offered as a replacement for the Bedford HA vehicles. The changeover from Bedford to Vauxhall took place on 1 June 1990, as Bedfords were better known as a producer of heavier trucks.[2]

The Astramax was available in 365 or 560 models, or somewhat better equipped 365L/560L versions.

1990–1993 Vauxhall Astramax 365

Combo B (1993-2001)

The first generation of Combo, launched in October 1993, was based on the Opel Corsa B, launched six months earlier. The front part (up to the B-pillar) is practically identical with the Corsa (except for the roof spoiler), but the platform (and thus wheelbase and the body in general) is extended to accommodate a tall, boxy cargo compartment, capable of carrying a Europallet.

The Combo B had symmetrical twin rear doors that opened to the side (rather than a single tailgate). These are counted as a single "door" when referring to the body style as three door.

Following the increasing popularity of leisure activity vehicles, Opel launched a five passenger version of the Combo in 1995, called Opel Combo Tour. It differed from the panel van version by having the cargo section fitted with side windows, and a three passenger split folding bench seat.

Although Combo's primary market was Europe, it has also been sold on other continents, in markets where GM traditionally use Opel derived models. As the Azambuja Opel plant in Portugal is the sole production site of all Combos, all those models were replaced gradually with the Combo C in 2001.

The Combo was also produced in relatively small numbers by SAIC subsidiary SAIC-Yizheng as the "Shanghai Auto (Shangqi) Saibao SAC6420", equipped with the same 1.6 litre engine and five speed manual transmission as the Buick Sail. Built from 2002 until 2005, there was also a DeLuxe version available, with alloy wheels and other extras.[3]

Holden in Australia launched the SB series Combo in February 1996.[4] It offered the 1.4 litre C14NZ engine, upgraded to C14SE specification in 1997. Sales continued until 2002, although the last SB Combos were built in 2001, but complianced as models of 2002. Production of the Combo A ended in August 2001.

Gallery

Names and markets

  • Opel Combo – Europe (except for United Kingdom) and Chile before the rebranding in the end of the 1990s
  • Vauxhall Combo – United Kingdom
  • Holden Combo – Australia, New Zealand
  • Chevrolet Combo – Chile
  • Shanghai Auto Saibao SAC6420 - China

Engines

Combo C (2001-2012)

The second generation was launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show, in September 2001.[6] While most competitors severed their connections with their subcompact brethren, Opel decided to base the vehicle on the Corsa again. The use of subcompact Gamma platform constrained the overall width of the vehicle. While the general body shape was updated to fashionable "flush" look, the front part (up to the A-pillar) is shared with the Corsa.

Compared to previous generation, the Combo C gained sliding rear side doors (versions with either single passenger side door or double doors are available). Sales began in October 2001.

An Opel Combo Tour version was also introduced, followed by Opel Combo Tour Tramp (Combo Tour Arizona in some markets), in an effort to attract leisure activity vehicle buyers. Combo Tour Tramp/Arizona was thought as a more off road recreational vehicle.

It features enhanced suspension tuning, increased ground clearance, chassis protection covers and numerous styling details that differentiate it from standard Combo Tours, with the intention to conjure a sturdy, outdoor sports related image. The Combo Tour was not offered by Vauxhall in the United Kingdom. Commercial van versions retained the symmetrical twin rear doors, while the Tour versions have an option of a single tailgate (opening to the top). The tailgate is standard on Tour Tramp/Arizona.

In December 2006, the Azambuja, Portugal factory closed down,[7] and the production of the Opel Combo transferred to Zaragoza, Spain in 2007.[8] Holden in Australia launched the XC series Combo in September 2002.[9] It offered the 1.6 litre Z16SE engine, upgraded to 1.4 litre Z14XEP specification in December 2004 for the MY05 update.

Although production ended in the end of 2011, Holden in Australia and New Zealand stockpiled sufficient Combo inventory to last until 2013, with the final 2011 build vehicles complianced in the beginning of 2012. In August 2013, CarAdvice announced that the Holden Combo had been quietly discontinued, and will not be replaced by the Combo D, available to European customers.[10]

Production of the Combo C ended in the end of 2011, in time for the December 2011 launch of the Combo D, which is based on the Fiat Doblò.[11]

Gallery

Names and markets

  • Opel Combo – Europe (except for United Kingdom) and Singapore
  • Vauxhall Combo – United Kingdom
  • Holden Combo – Australia, New Zealand
  • Chevrolet Combo – Chile

Engines

Combo D (2011-2018)

The third generation Combo was manufactured from December 2011 to December 2017, and was based on the Fiat Doblò. The third generation Combo was manufactured in Turkey by Tofaş.[13] Sales began in January 2012.

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Engines

1.4 1.4 Turbo 1.4 CNG Turbo ecoFLEX 1.3 CDTI 1.6 CDTI 1.6 CDTI 2.0 CDTI
Date 02/2012–08/2017 06/2014–08/2017 02/2012–08/2017 02/2012–03/2016 03/2016–08/2017 02/2012–03/2015 02/2012–03/2016 04/2015–06/2017 09/2016–08/2017 02/2012–08/2017 04/2015 02/2012–03/2016
Engine R4-Petrol R4-CNG R4-Diesel
Displacement 1368 cm³ 1248 cm³ 1598 cm³ 1956 cm³
max. Power
@ rpm
70 kW (95 hp)/
6000
88 kW (120 hp)/
5000
66 kW (90 hp)/
4000
70 kW (95 hp)/
4000
66 kW (90 hp)/
4000
70 kW (95 hp)/
4000
74 kW (100 hp)/
3650
77 kW (105 hp)/
4000
88 kW (120 hp)/
3500
99 kW (135 hp)/
3500
max. Torque
@ rpm
127 Nm/
4500
206 Nm/
3000
206 Nm/
3000
200 Nm/
1500
290 Nm/
1500
200 Nm/
1500
300 Nm/
1750
290 Nm/
1500
320 Nm/
1750
320 Nm/
1500
Speed 161 km/h 172 km/h 158 km/h 159 km/h
(161 km/h)
158 km/h
[158 km/h]
158 km/h 164 km/h 160 km/h
(164 km/h)
172 km/h
(176 km/h)
179 km/h
CO2-Emission
combined in g/km
169–177
(163–171)
169–179 134 136
(129)
136
(123)
145–156
[141–157]
(138–148)
([133–147])
137
(124)
145–156
(138–148)
134–158
(120–133)
136–149
(124–140)
156–163
(150–157)
emission Euro 5 / Euro 6 Euro 6 Euro 5 / Euro 6 Euro 5 Euro 6 Euro 5 Euro 6 Euro 5 / Euro 6 Euro 6 Euro 6 Euro 5

Combo E (2018)

The fourth generation Combo was unveiled at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show. It is a sister model to the Citroën Berlingo and Peugeot Rifter and Partner, as Groupe PSA bought Opel in March 2017.

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Notes

  1. ^

References

  1. ^ Lastauto Omnibus Katalog 1990, p. 153
  2. ^ Weatherley, Brian, ed. (31 May 1990). "Retirement for Bedford name". Commercial Motor. Sutton, Surrey: Reed Business Publishing Group. 172 (4371): 24. ISSN 0010-3063.
  3. ^ De Feyter, Tycho (8 December 2011). "Spotted in China: Shanghai Auto Saibao panel van". CarNewsChina.com.
  4. ^ "Holden's Unique New Combo Delivers Unbeatable Van Value, Car-Like Comfort And Safety". AutoWeb. 13 February 1996. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  5. ^ "Opel. Opel in Portugal". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
  6. ^ "World premiere at the Frankfurt Motor Show: Opel Combo Tour". The Auto Channel. 22 August 2001. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  7. ^ Patel, Pritesh; Scott, Candida (18 April 2007). "Opel Antwerp Loses Out on Next Astra Production Allocation, Strikes Begin". IHS Inc. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Zaragoza Plant. Facts and Figures". Opel. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  9. ^ Pettendy, Marton (18 July 2011). "First look: Opel outs next Combo". GoAuto. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  10. ^ Beissmann, Tim (8 August 2013). "Holden Combo discontinued, no plans for replacement". CarAdvice. Retrieved 9 August 2013.
  11. ^ "Fiat and Opel/Vauxhall Sign Contract for Combo Successor". Vauxhall. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  12. ^ Autonews production
  13. ^ "Fiat to Build Combo for Opel". autoevolution.com. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
  14. ^ https://www.welt.de/motor/modelle/article163045739/Welches-Opel-Modell-wird-als-Erstes-geopfert.html

External links