Anderstorp Raceway, previously known as Scandinavian Raceway, is a 4.025 km (2.501 mi) motorsport race track in Anderstorp (Gislaved Municipality), Sweden and the sole Nordic host of a Formula One World Championship Grand Prix, when the Swedish Grand Prix was held for six years between 1973 and 1978.

Track history

The track was built on marshlands in 1968 and became an extremely popular venue in the 1970s, just as Swede Ronnie Peterson was at the height of his career. It has a long straight (called Flight Straight, which is also used as an aircraft runway), as well as several banked corners, making car setup an engineering compromise. Unusually, the pit lane is located halfway round the lap.

The raceway hosted six Formula One Swedish Grand Prix events in the 1970s. When Peterson and Gunnar Nilsson died during the 1978 Formula One season, public support for the event dried up and the Swedish Grand Prix came to an end. The circuit is also noteworthy because it was the site of the first and only win of two unconventional F1 cars: the six-wheeled Tyrrell P34 car in 1976 and the infamous Brabham 'fan car' in 1978.

Anderstorp also hosted the Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix in 1971–1977 and 1981–1990, the European Touring Car Championship in 1985–1987, the Superbike World Championship in 1991 and 1993, and the FIA GT Championship in 2002 and 2003.

In 1993 circuit alongside FIM organized 24-hour motorcycle race. Just one week ahead of the race, "an appeal was lodged against the permit for the competition", due to noise concerns. Although the race got permition to start with just one day left to start the event, "media had trumpeted that the competition was canceled. At the ferry berths in Skåne, passport staff turned visitors from Denmark and the continent". During the race itself heavy storm began falling over the site of the circuit and although racing continued, no audience showed up, and the circuit after the event declared bankruptcy.[1]

The FIA World Touring Car Championship (WTCC) returned to Anderstorp in 2007, replacing the Istanbul Park in Turkey on the WTCC calendar. For the 2008 season however, it was replaced by the Imola Circuit.

International motorsport was due to return to Anderstorp in 2020 with a round of the DTM.[2] Then, it was cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic.

Events

Current
Former

Layout modifications

The circuit has been modified at least 4 times in its history. The chicane in Norra corner has been added sometime in 1975 before the 1975 Swedish Grand Prix.[3][4][5] The chicane has been re-aligned and tightened in time for the 1976 Swedish Grand Prix.[6] It had been modified again before the final Formula One Grand Prix run on the circuit (1978 Swedish Grand Prix), with modifications to the penultimate Norra corner[N 2] and slight re-orientation of the following straight,[7] which resulted in the length increase from 4.018 km[8][9] to 4.031 km.[10] It remained in that configuration through the 1980s[11] until sometime between 1997 and 1998 it was modified again and slightly shortened to its present-day length of 4.025 km.[7][12]

Track variations:

  • 4.025 km (2.501 mi) – 1968–1974[7]
  • 4.018 km (2.497 mi) – 1975–1977[7]
  • 4.031 km (2.505 mi) – 1978–1997[7]
  • 4.025 km (2.501 mi) – 1998–present[7]

Lap records

The official fastest race lap records at the Anderstorp Raceway are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Event Circuit Map
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.025 km (1998–present)
Formula One 1:21.525[13] Netherlands Marijn van Kalmthout Benetton B197-Judd V10 2009 EuroBOSS Super Prix Scandinavian Raceway.svg
WSC 1:24.920[14] France Emmanuel Collard Ferrari 333 SP 1998 Anderstorp International Sports Racing Series round
International Formula Master 1:26.094[15] Denmark Kasper Andersen Tatuus N.T07 2007 Anderstorp Formula Master round
Formula Renault 3.5 1:26.489[16] Argentina José María López Tatuus FRV6 2003 Anderstorp Formula Renault V6 Eurocup round
Formula Three 1:31.044[17] Sweden Thed Björk Dallara F394 1999 Anderstorp Nordic F3 round
GT1 (GTS) 1:31.424[18] Austria Walter Lechner Saleen S7-R 2003 FIA GT Anderstorp 500km
Formula 4 1:31.449[19] Netherlands Richard Verschoor Tatuus F4-T014 2016 Anderstorp SMP F4 round
Formula Renault 2.0 1:31.679[20] Sweden Daniel Roos Tatuus FR2000 2009 Anderstorp Formula Renault 2.0 Sweden round
GT3 1:32.902[21] Sweden Fredrik Lestrup BMW Z4 GT3 2012 Anderstorp Swedish GT round
N-GT 1:34.081[18] Italy Andrea Bertolini Ferrari 360 Modena GT 2003 FIA GT Anderstorp 500km
STCC 1:34.274[22] Sweden Johan Kristoffersson Seat Leon STCC 2016 Anderstorp STCC round
Super Touring 1:37.061[23] Norway Tommy Rustad Nissan Primera GT 1999 1st Anderstorp STCC round
TCR Touring Car 1:38.247[24] Sweden Robert Dahlgren CUPRA Leon Competición TCR 2021 Anderstorp STCC round
GT4 1:38.459[25] Sweden Emil Skärås Toyota GR Supra GT4 2022 Anderstorp GT4 Scandinavia round
Super 2000 1:39.945[26] Italy Nicola Larini Alfa Romeo 156 GTA Super 2000 2003 Anderstorp ETCC round
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.031 km (1978–1997)
Formula One 1:24.836 Austria Niki Lauda Brabham BT46B 1978 Swedish Grand Prix Scandinavian Raceway 1978.svg
GT1 1:30.344[27] France Jean-Marc Gounon Ferrari F40 LM 1996 BPR 4 Hours of Anderstorp
500cc 1:31.107 United States Wayne Rainey Yamaha YZR500 1990 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
World SBK 1:33.480[28] United Kingdom Carl Fogarty Ducati 888 SBK 1993 Anderstorp World SBK round
250cc 1:34.833 United States John Kocinski Yamaha TZ 250 1990 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
Super Touring 1:40.113[29] Sweden Mattias Ekström Volvo 850 GLT 1997 Anderstorp STCC round
125cc 1:41.909 Germany Stefan Prein Honda RS125R 1990 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
Group A 1:44.564[11] United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw Rover Vitesse 1986 Anderstorp ETCC round
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.018 km (1975–1977)
Formula One 1:27.607 United States Mario Andretti Lotus 78 1977 Swedish Grand Prix Circuit Anderstorp.png
Formula Three 1:36.314[30] Sweden Conny Ljungfeldt March 743 1975 Anderstorp European F3 round
500cc 1:39.802 United Kingdom Barry Sheene Suzuki RG 500 1977 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
350cc 1:42.281 South Africa Kork Ballington Yamaha TZ 350 1977 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
250cc 1:46.285 United Kingdom Mick Grant Kawasaki KR250 1977 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc 1:49.263 Italy Pier Paolo Bianchi Morbidelli 125 1976 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
50cc 1:58.444 Spain Ángel Nieto Bultaco TSS 50 1976 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
Original Grand Prix Circuit: 4.025 km (1968–1974)
Formula One 1:26.146 New Zealand Denny Hulme McLaren M23 1973 Swedish Grand Prix Scandinavian Raceway 1968–1974.svg
Formula 5000 1:31.900[31] United Kingdom Peter Gethin McLaren M10B 1970 Anderstorp F5000 round
Group 6 1:35.500[32] Sweden Jo Bonnier Lola T210 1970 Anderstorp European 2-Litre Championship round
Formula Three 1:38.800[33] Sweden Håkan Dahlqvist Merlyn MK 21 1972 Anderstorp Swedish F3 round
500cc 1:44.300 Finland Teuvo Länsivuori Yamaha YZR500 1974 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
350cc 1:44.500 France Patrick Pons Yamaha TZ 350 1974 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
250cc 1:47.700 Japan Takazumi Katayama Yamaha TZ 250 1974 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc 1:52.000 Sweden Kent Andersson Yamaha TA 125 1974 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix
50cc 2:01.000 Netherlands Henk van Kessel Kreidler 50 GP 1974 Swedish motorcycle Grand Prix

Airfield

In order to get more financiers the long straight was adopted as a 1,000 m (3,300 ft) runway for small aircraft (ICAO: ESMP). It is as of 2022 open for aircraft operations.[34] There is also a helipad, planned for ambulance helicopters at racing accidents.

Notes

^[N 2] Contrary to common depiction of the 1978 modification as having a chicane introduced to the Norra corner, there was no chicane ever used: the corner was made slower by decreasing its radius and making it a sharper bend instead of a sweeping curve it was before.[35][36][37][38]

  1. ^ Anderstorp Raceway's Grade 2 license expired 28 May 2021.

References

  1. ^ "1991–95 SRWanderstorp". www.srwanderstorp.se. Archived from the original on 2020-10-24. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Sweden joins expanded 2020 DTM schedule". Motorsport.com. 19 September 2019.
  3. ^ The chicane is absent in Lantmäteriet Historic Orthophoto 1975 (from lantmateriet.se), but is reported in the contemporary race report in the Motorsport magazine: "The Swedish Grand Prix". Motorsport: 717–720. July 1975. Retrieved 2022-02-05.
  4. ^ Video on YouTube
  5. ^ Video on YouTube
  6. ^ "The Swedish Grand Prix". Motorsport: 765–768. July 1976. Retrieved 2022-02-05.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Anderstorp". Retrieved 18 January 2022.
  8. ^ "The Swedish Grand Prix". Motorsport: 735–737. July 1973. Retrieved 2017-03-19.
  9. ^ "The Swedish Grand Prix". Motorsport: 795–796. July 1977. Retrieved 2022-02-05.
  10. ^ "The Swedish Grand Prix". Motorsport: 935–936. July 1978. Retrieved 2017-03-19.
  11. ^ a b "1986 Anderstorp 500". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  12. ^ "WTCC Heat 2 Race". Archived from the original on 2016-09-21. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  13. ^ "Anderstorp Motorsport Magazine". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  14. ^ "1998 International Sports Racing Series Round Anderstorp". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  15. ^ "2007 Anderstorp Formula Master - Round 9". Retrieved 29 June 2022.
  16. ^ "2003 Anderstorp Formula Renault V6 – Round 11". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  17. ^ "1999 Nordic F3 Anderstorp Race 2". Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  18. ^ a b "2003 FIA GT Championship Round Anderstorp". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  19. ^ "2016 SMP F4 NEZ Anderstorp Formula 4 Revision 1 - Final results Race 1" (PDF). Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  20. ^ "2009 Formula Renault 2.0 Round Anderstorp".
  21. ^ "2012 Swedish GT Round Anderstorp Race". Archived from the original on 21 September 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  22. ^ "STCC 2016 » Anderstorp Round 5 Results". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  23. ^ "Swedish Touring Car Championship 1999 » Anderstorp Round 7 Results". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  24. ^ "TCR Scandinavia Touring Car Championship 2021 » Anderstorp Round 10 Results". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  25. ^ "Anderstorp Scandinavian Raceway GT4 Race 1 Race (58:00 and 1 Laps) started at 12:12:18" (PDF). Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  26. ^ "ETCC 2003 » Anderstorp Round 14 Results". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  27. ^ "1996 BPR Global GT Series Round Anderstorp". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  28. ^ "1993 Superbike World Championship Anderstorp". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  29. ^ "Swedish Touring Car Championship 1997 » Anderstorp Round 5 Results". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  30. ^ "1975 Anderstorp European F3". Retrieved 2 May 2022.
  31. ^ "1970 Anderstorp F5000". Retrieved 19 May 2022.
  32. ^ "Europamästerskap För 2L Sportvagnar Anderstorp". Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  33. ^ "1972 Swedish Formula 3 Anderstorp". Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  34. ^ ANDERSTORP AIRFIELD ESMP
  35. ^ Video on YouTube – on-board camera view
  36. ^ Video on YouTube – 1978 Grand Prix highlights
  37. ^ Video on YouTube – full coverage of the 1978 Grand Prix
  38. ^ Ventura, Xavier (1978-06-15). "G.P. Suecia: ¿Andretti o Peterson?". El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). p. 21. Retrieved 2017-06-04. El difícil circuito de Anderstorp conoce este año una serie de cambios que pueden hacerlo más seguro pero también más difícil. La tradicional curva de la recta de salida ha sido modificada para convertirla en un ángulo recto de 90°... que puede tener importancia decisiva para la resolución de la carrera. Así mismo, nuevas barreras han mejorado las condiciones de seguridad del G.P. de Suecia de tal manera que ha recibido ya este circuito su homologación hasta 1981 por parte de la Federación Internacional.

External links