Autodrome de Montlhéry (established 4 October 1924) is a motor racing circuit, officially called L’autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry, owned by Utac, located south-west of the small town of Montlhéry about 30 km (19 mi) south of Paris.

History

L’autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry year 1923

Industrialist Alexandre Lamblin hired René Jamin to design the 2.548 km (1.583 mi) oval shaped track for up to 1,000 kg (2,205 lb) vehicles at 220 km/h (140 mph). It was initially called Autodrome Parisien, and had especially high banking. A road circuit was added in 1925.

The first race there, the 1925 French Grand Prix, was held on 26 July 1925 and organised by The Automobile Club de France Grand Prix. It was a race in which Robert Benoist in a Delage won; Antonio Ascari died in an Alfa Romeo P2. The Grand Prix revisited the track in 1927 and each year between 1931 and 1937.

In 1939 the track was sold to the government, deprived of maintenance, and again sold to Union technique de l’automobile et du cycle (UTAC) in December 1946.

The last certification for racing was gained in 2001.

Motorcar races

The first race, the 1925 French Grand Prix, was held on 26 July 1925 and organised by the Automobile Club de France. Robert Benoist in a Delage won; but Antonio Ascari died in a crash of his Alfa Romeo P2.

In July 1926 Violette Cordery lead a team that averaged 113.8 km/h (70.7 mph) for 8,047 km (5,000 miles) driving an Invicta, and became the first woman to be awarded the Dewar Trophy by the Royal Automobile Club.[1]

The Grand Prix revisited the track in 1927.

In 1929, Hellé Nice drove an Oméga-Six to victory in the all-female Grand Prix of the third Journée Feminine at the Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry.[2]

The Grand Prix revisited the track each year between 1931 and 1937.

The "Coupe du Salon", "Grand Prix de l'Age d'Or" and the "1000 km" were arranged irregularly since then, as the track has had several high-speed problems.

Motorcycle races

The Grand Prix de France (UMF French Federation) was organized in Linas-Montlhéry in 1925, 1931, 1935 and 1937 with the best worldwide racers.

A competitor Grand Prix de France (MCF Club) was also organized from 1924 to 1937 with the best French and British racers.

The Bol d'or, the well-known French motorcycle endurance race of 24 hours, was held in Linas-Montlhéry before the Second War from 1937 to 1939, and after the Second War in 1949, in 1950, from 1952 to 1960, in 1969 and in 1970. British motorcycles were victorious usually from 1931 to 1959, (Velocette, Norton or Triumph); American Harley-Davidson, French Motobécane, German BMW, Italian Moto Guzzi, Austrian Puch and Czechoslovakian Jawa won only once. A legendary French racer, Gustave Lefèvre (Norton Manx) is always the record holder with 7 victories despite riding alone during 24 hours : his average speed was 107 kilometres per hour (66 mph) in 1953. The year after, two riders were allowed. In 1969, a Japanese bike, Honda Four, wins for the first time. In 1970, a British one, Triumph Trident, wins for the last time.[3]

Another race open the year in France, the Côte Lapize, climbing around the hill of Saint-Eutrope : the new engines confidentially prepared during the winter months were shown. In early 1950s, Pierre Monneret riding the famous Gilera Four, 500 cc, sent by the official Italian team, was one of them.

Some races were open to production motorcycles like the Coupe du Salon (morning for motorcycles, afternoon for motorcars) or the Coupes Eugène Mauve.

Fatal accidents at Autodrome de Montlhéry include Benoît Nicolas Musy (1956), and the one in which Peter Lindner, Franco Patria and three flag marshals died in 1964.

Other events

In 1933 the circuit hosted the UCI Road World Championships for cycling.

In 2010 the Speed Ring played host to Ken Block's Gymkhana Three video, an advertisement for his company, DC Shoes.[4]

Layout configurations

Lap records

The official race lap records at Autodrome de Linas-Montlhéry are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Event
Full Circuit: 12.500 km
GP 5:06.000[5] Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo P3 1934 French Grand Prix
Circuit 1 (Speed Ring): 3.405 km
Sports 2000 1:21.750[6] Bruno Sotty Osella PA8 1985 Coupe D'Automne
GT1 1:21.990[7] Bob Wollek Porsche 911 Bi-Turbo 1995 1000 km de Paris
Formula Three 1:22.230[8] Christian Vidal Dallara F389 1989 Montlhery French F3 round
Formula Two 1:23.600[9] Maurice Trintignant Cooper T45 1960 Montlhery F2 round
Group 4 1:23.600[10] Gijs van Lennep Porsche 906 1966 Paris Grand Prix
Group 6 1:27.900[11] Gérard Larrousse Porsche 908/02 1970 Coupe du Salon
Group 3 1:29.100[12] Franco Patria Abarth Simca 2000 1964 Coupe de Paris
Group 5 1:48.500[13] Jean Mazzanti[a]
Bernard Consten[a]
Fiat-Abarth 1000[a]
Alfa Romeo GTA[a]
1965 Coupe de Paris
Circuit 3: 6.283 km
Group 5 2:17.900[14] Johnny Servoz-Gavin Matra MS630 1968 Paris Grand Prix
Formula One 2:20.300[15] Raymond Sommer Talbot Lago T26C 1950 Paris Grand Prix
Formula Two 2:21.200 Piero Taruffi Ferrari Tipo 500 1952 Paris Grand Prix
Group 4 2:26.500[16] Jean-Michel Giorgi Lola T70 Mk.3 GT 1968 Coupe de Paris
Voiturette 2:37.600[17] Maurice Trintignant Simca-Gordini 11 1948 Montlhery Voiturette round
Circuit 4: 7.784 km
Group 5 2:30.500[18] Helmut Marko Porsche 917 Spyder 1971 1000 km of Paris
Group 6 2:40.100[19] Jean-Pierre Beltoise Matra MS650 1969 1000 km of Paris
Group 3 2:45.100[20] Jackie Stewart Ferrari 250 LM 1964 1000 km de Paris
Formula Two 2:50.700[21] Jack Brabham[b]
Jim Clark[b]
Brabham BT21[b]
Lotus 44[b]
1966 Grand Prix de L'île de France
Circuit Routier 2: 9.181 km
Group 6 2:35.300[22] Henri Pescarolo Matra MS660 1970 1000 km de Paris

Further reading

  • William Boddy, Montlhéry, the story of the Paris autodrome ISBN 1-84584-052-6

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Both drivers took the same lap time independently.
  2. ^ a b c d Both drivers took the same lap time independently.

References

External links