The Circuito do Estoril or Autódromo do Estoril (Estoril Circuit), officially known as Autódromo Fernanda Pires da Silva, is a motorsport race track on the Portuguese Riviera, outside of Lisbon, owned by state-run holding management company Parpública. Its length is 4.182 km (2.599 mi). It was the home of the Formula One Portuguese Grand Prix from 1984 to 1996. The capacity of the motorsport stadium is 45,000.[1] The circuit has an FIA Grade 1 license.[2]

History

Estoril, a vacation-destination beach town located 32 km (20 mi) west of the Portuguese capital city of Lisbon has had a motor racing dating back to the 1930s, with a 2.8 km (1.7 mi) street circuit used in 1937 for a local race. The current Estoril circuit was built and completed in 1972 on a rocky plateau near the village of Alcabideche, 9 km (5.6 mi) from Estoril, the town lending its name to the circuit. The course has two hairpin turns, noticeable elevation changes, and a long 0.986 km (0.613 mi) start/finish straight.[3] Its original perimeter was 4.350 km (2.703 mi), and the maximum gradient is nearly 7%.[4] Monsanto Park, another street circuit in Lisbon hosted a variety of motor racing events in the 1950s, including the 1959 Portuguese Grand Prix, an event it shared briefly with the Boavista street circuit in Porto.

Its first years saw many national races, as well as an occasional Formula 2 race. However, the course soon fell into disrepair due to the owning company having been taken over by the state between 1975 and 1978, and a significant redevelopment effort was needed before international motorsport returned in 1984. In the 1980s, the Rally de Portugal also had a special stage at the circuit.[5][6]

Estoril became a popular event on the F1 calendar, the setting for many well-known moments including Niki Lauda winning the 1984 championship, his third and final, from McLaren teammate Alain Prost by just half a point by finishing second to Prost at the 1984 Portuguese Grand Prix; three-time world champion Ayrton Senna's first F1 win in 1985; Nigel Mansell's notorious black flag incident and subsequent collision with Senna in 1989; Riccardo Patrese being launched airborne in a near-backward flip after colliding with Gerhard Berger on the main straight in 1992; and Jacques Villeneuve overtaking Michael Schumacher around the outside of the final turn in 1996.

Throughout the years, Estoril has had numerous problems with safety, failing safety inspections on more than one occasion. After the death of Ayrton Senna at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, a chicane was added which increased the circuit length to 4.360 km (2.709 mi). Estoril sometimes has strong winds. Many teams were fond of using Estoril for winter testing.

Estoril was dropped from the F1 calendar for the 1997 season, though it continued to play host to top-level single-seater, sports car and touring car events, including the FIA GT Championship, the DTM and the World Series by Renault.[3] A new redesign of the parabolica turn which saw its length reduced to 4.182 km (2.599 mi) was implemented in 2000 in order to obtain FIM homologation.

Start of the second race of SuperLeague in Autódromo do Estoril

On 3 September 2000, the Autódromo do Estoril held its first Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix, an event held annually. On 23 October 2005, the circuit hosted the third round of the first ever A1 Grand Prix racing season, with both races in the event being won by the French team. The track hosted Superleague Formula series events in 2008 and 2009.

In 2020, due to rescheduling of major international sport series due to COVID-19 pandemic, Estoril hosted the final race of 2020 Superbike World Championship (after hosting the series in 1988 and 1993) and the final race of 2019–20 FIM Endurance World Championship (after hosting the series in 1987 and 2000).

Lap records

The official race lap records at the Circuito do Estoril are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Event Circuit Map
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.182 km (2000–present)[5]
Superleague Formula 1:26.711 Andy Soucek Panoz DP09 2008 Estoril Superleague Formula round Estoril track map.svg
Formula Renault 3.5 1:26.925[7] Ben Hanley Dallara T05 2007 Estoril Formula Renault 3.5 Series round
Euroformula Open 1:29.425[8] Filip Ugran Dallara 320 2022 Estoril Euroformula Open round
Auto GP 1:29.638[9] Antônio Pizzonia Lola B05/52 2014 Estoril Auto GP round
LMP1 1:30.702[10] Neel Jani Lola B10/60 2011 6 Hours of Estoril
A1 GP 1:31.106 Alexandre Prémat Lola A1GP 2005–06 A1 Grand Prix of Nations, Portugal
LMP900 1:31.341[11] Stefan Johansson Audi R8 2001 1000km of Estoril
LMP2 1:32.611[10] Tom Kimber-Smith Zytek Z11SN 2011 6 Hours of Estoril
International Formula Master 1:32.719[12] Fabio Leimer Tatuus N.T07 2008 Estoril Formula Master round
Formula 3 1:34.067[13] Éric Salignon Dallara F303 2004 Estoril F3 Euro Series round
GT3 1:35.393[14] Axcil Jefferies Ferrari 488 GT3 Evo 2022 Estoril International GT Open round
DTM 1:35.528[15] Gary Paffett AMG-Mercedes C-Klasse 2004 2004 Estoril DTM round
World SBK 1:36.204[16] Jonathan Rea Kawasaki ZX-10RR 2022 Estoril World SBK round
MotoGP 1:36.909 Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha YZR-M1 2012 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
LMPC 1:37.447[10] Nicolas Marroc Oreca FLM09 2011 6 Hours of Estoril
LMP3 1:37.519[17] Alex Brundle Ligier JS P320 2016 4 Hours of Estoril
LMP675 1:37.630[18] Mirko Savoldi Lucchini SR2001 2002 FIA Sportscar Championship Estoril
GT1 (GTS) 1:37.708[19] Fabrizio Gollin Ferrari 550-GTS Maranello 2003 FIA GT Estoril 500km
Formula Renault 2.0 1:37.749[20] Valtteri Bottas Tatuus FR2000 2008 Estoril Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 round
Formula Chrysler 1:38.680[21] Ricardo van der Ende Reynard 2KF 2001 Estoril Formula Chrysler Euroseries round
FIM EWC 1:39.155[22] Sylvain Guintoli Suzuki GSX-R1000 2021 12 Hours of Estoril
LM GTE 1:39.370[23] Michele Rugolo Ferrari 458 Italia GT2 2014 4 Hours of Estoril
FIM CEV Moto2 1:39.420[24] Lukas Tulovic Kalex Moto2 2022 Estoril FIM CEV Moto2 round
World SSP 1:40.053[25] Isaac Viñales Yamaha YZF-R6 2020 Estoril World SSP round
250cc 1:40.521 Álvaro Bautista Aprilia RSA 250 2007 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
500cc 1:40.683 Loris Capirossi Honda NSR500 2001 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
Moto2 1:40.921 Pol Espargaró Kalex Moto2 2012 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
Formula 4 1:41.168[26] Bent Viscaal Tatuus F4-T014 2017 Estoril F4 Spain round
N-GT 1:42.413[19] Andrea Bertolini Ferrari 360 Modena GT 2003 FIA GT Estoril 500km
GT4 1:42.758[27] Elias Niskanen Mercedes-AMG GT4 2022 Estoril SuperCars Endurance Series round
Eurocup Mégane Trophy 1:44.363[28] Marc Benz Renault Mégane Renault Sport 2005 Estoril Eurocup Mégane Trophy round
FIM CEV Moto3 1:44.471[29] David Muñoz KTM RC250GP 2021 Estoril FIM CEV Moto3 round
Super Touring 1:44.850[30] Yvan Muller Alfa Romeo 156 D2 2001 Estoril ESTC round
125cc 1:45.027 Gabor Talmacsi Aprilia RSA 125 2007 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
TCR Touring Car 1:45.150[31] Attila Tassi Honda Civic Type R TCR (FK8) 2021 WTCR Race of Portugal
Moto3 1:47.354 Sandro Cortese KTM RC250GP 2012 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
Super 2000 1:48.280[32] Nicola Larini Alfa Romeo 156 GTA 2003 Estoril ETCC round
Supersport 300 1:50.496[33] Koen Meuffels Kawasaki Ninja 400 2020 Estoril Supersport 300 round
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.360 km (1994–1999)[5]
Formula One 1:22.446 David Coulthard Williams FW16B 1994 Portuguese Grand Prix Circuit Estoril.png
F3000 1:31.193[34] Emmanuel Clérico Reynard 94D 1994 Estoril F3000 round
Class 1 Touring Cars 1:42.650[35] Nicola Larini Alfa Romeo 155 V6 TI 1995 Estoril DTM round
Superbike Circuit: 4.520 km (1993)[5]
World SBK 1:52.185[36] Carl Fogarty Ducati 888 SBK 1993 Estoril World SBK round
Grand Prix Circuit: 4.350 km (1972–1993)[5]
Formula One 1:14.859 Damon Hill Williams FW15C 1993 Portuguese Grand Prix Circuit Estoril 1984-1993.png
F3000 1:30.305[37] Mike Thackwell Ralt RB20 1985 Estoril F3000 round
Formula Two 1:34.160[38] Derek Daly Chevron B40 1977 Estoril European F2 round
Group 6 1:37.730[39] Vittorio Brambilla Alfa Romeo 33SC12 1977 Prémio International da Costa do Sol
Group A 1:40.120[40] Gianfranco Brancatelli Volvo 240 Turbo 1985 Estoril ETCC round
World SBK 1:48.330[41] Raymond Roche Ducati 851 1988 Estoril World SBK round
Group 2 1:51.300[42] Dieter Quester BMW 3.0 CSL 1977 Estoril ETCC round
Perimeter Circuit: 2.942 km (1972–1999)[5]
Group 5 0:59.350[43] John Lepp Chevron B21 1972 Estoril Campeonato de España Gran Turismo-Sport round
Group 4 1:05.640[44] Clemens Schickentanz Porsche Carrera RSR 1973 Estoril European GT Championship round

Events

Current
Future
Former

Major event winners

Motorcycling - Portuguese Grand Prix

Year Track Moto3 Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2012 Estoril Germany Sandro Cortese KTM Spain Marc Márquez Suter Australia Casey Stoner Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc Moto2 MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2011 Estoril Spain Nicolás Terol Aprilia Germany Stefan Bradl Kalex Spain Dani Pedrosa Honda Report
2010 Estoril Spain Marc Márquez Derbi Germany Stefan Bradl Suter Spain Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
Year Track 125 cc 250 cc MotoGP Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2009 Estoril Spain Pol Espargaró Derbi Italy Marco Simoncelli Gilera Spain Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
2008 Estoril Italy Simone Corsi Aprilia Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia Spain Jorge Lorenzo Yamaha Report
2007 Estoril Spain Héctor Faubel Aprilia Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2006 Estoril Spain Álvaro Bautista Aprilia Italy Andrea Dovizioso Honda Spain Toni Elías Honda Report
2005 Estoril Finland Mika Kallio KTM Australia Casey Stoner Aprilia Brazil Alex Barros Honda Report
2004 Estoril Spain Héctor Barberá Aprilia Spain Toni Elías Honda Italy Valentino Rossi Yamaha Report
2003 Estoril Spain Pablo Nieto Aprilia Spain Toni Elías Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Honda Report
2002 Estoril France Arnaud Vincent Aprilia Spain Fonsi Nieto Aprilia Italy Valentino Rossi Honda Report
Year Track 125 cc 250 cc 500 cc Report
Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer Rider Manufacturer
2001 Estoril San Marino Manuel Poggiali Gilera Japan Daijiro Kato Honda Italy Valentino Rossi Honda Report
2000 Estoril Spain Emilio Alzamora Honda Japan Daijiro Kato Honda Australia Garry McCoy Yamaha Report

Notes

  1. ^ Autódromo Fernanda Pires da Silva's Grade 1 license expired 22 August 2022.

References

  1. ^ "StadiumZone". StadiumZone.
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  6. ^ Seara.com. "History - Circuito Estoril - Portugal". www.circuito-estoril.pt.
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  8. ^ "2022 Estoril Euroformula Open Race 3 Statistics". Retrieved 1 May 2022.
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  26. ^ "F4 Spain ESTORIL RACING FESTIVAL - 10 a 12 Novembro 2017 Race 1 (25' +1 lap) Final Classification" (PDF). Retrieved 11 April 2021.
  27. ^ "CPV - SuperCars Endurance Caterham Racing Festival 18, 19 e 20 Novembro 2022 Corrida 2 (45 Minutes) Official Classification" (PDF). Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  28. ^ "Round 6: Estoril Eurocup Megane Trophy Results Booklet" (PDF). Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  29. ^ "2021 Moto3 FIM CEV Repsol Circuito do Estoril Race Classification". Retrieved 24 October 2022.
  30. ^ "2001 Estoril ETCC". Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  31. ^ "WTCR 2021 » Estoril Round 4 Results". Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  32. ^ "ETCC 2003 » Estoril Round 18 Results". Retrieved 28 April 2022.
  33. ^ "Supersport 300 Pirelli Estoril Round, 16-18 October 2020 Results Race 1" (PDF). Retrieved 29 May 2021.
  34. ^ "1994 Estoril F3000". Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  35. ^ "ITC 1995 » Estoril Round 8 Results". Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  36. ^ "1993 Estoril World SBK Race 2 Statistics". Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  37. ^ "1985 Estoril F3000". Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  38. ^ "1977 Estoril F2". Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  39. ^ "1977 Estoril 400Kms". Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  40. ^ "1985 Estoril ETCC". Retrieved 30 April 2022.
  41. ^ "1988 Estoril World SBK Race 2 Statistics". Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  42. ^ "Estoril 4 Hours 1977". Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  43. ^ "Estoril [Sports] 1972". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  44. ^ "European GT Championship Estoril 1973". Retrieved 21 July 2022.

External links