The Montjuïc circuit is a former street circuit located on the Montjuïc mountain in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. The circuit was also the venue for the Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix from 1950 to 1968, and then hosted the event on even-numbered years until 1976.[1] The last Formula One Grand Prix held there in 1975, is notable for both a fatal crash that led to Formula One abandoning the venue and the only occasion to date that a female driver has scored World Championship points.

History

By 1908 international motorsport was conducted at the Circuit Baix Penedès with the Copa Catalunya. In 1923 the first Great automobile Prize of Spain in the permanent Sitges Terramar circuit was run near Barcelona. In 1932 a race was held on a street circuit with the start in the Montjuïc Park, wooded parkland on a hill above the city's harbour. The course of the 1933 east circuit of that race became the Montjuïc Circuit proper, holding the Penya Rhin Grand Prix.

In 1968, Montjuïc was selected as the venue for the Spanish Grand Prix, which had been held at the Jarama circuit in Madrid, with the inaugural Grand Prix being held there on 4 May 1969. The variable character of the anticlockwise course (with one half slow and the other very fast) made setting the cars up correctly a challenge.

The 1975 Spanish Grand Prix was marked by tragedy. Many drivers felt that the circuit was unsafe, and two time world champion Emerson Fittipaldi withdrew in protest before the start of the race. On lap 26 the Embassy Hill-Lola car of Rolf Stommelen left the track, killing four people. The race was subsequently stopped before half distance and half points awarded, with Jochen Mass being recorded as the winner. Lella Lombardi became the first and only female driver to score world championship points, taking 0.5 points for 6th place. Formula One never returned to the circuit after the accident.

The circuit of Montjuïc was also the scene of the 24 hours of Montjuïc, a motorcycle endurance race from 1960 to 1982.

The area where the circuit was located is now part of Anella Olímpica, where many Venues of the 1992 Summer Olympics are now located.

In 2004, the city council of Barcelona decided to mark the layout of the old circuit.

On 13–14 October 2007 the circuit was used for the Martini Legends, to honour the 75th anniversary of the circuit. Signalling the return of Formula One cars to Montjuïc, Emerson Fittipaldi (re-)appeared in his Lotus 72, and Marc Gené drove a contemporary Ferrari.

Lap records

The official race lap records at the Montjuïc circuit are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Event
Temporary Street Circuit: 3.791 km (1933–1950, 1953–1986)[2][3]
Formula One 1:23.800 Ronnie Peterson Lotus 72E 1973 Spanish Grand Prix
Formula Two 1:25.580[4] Hans-Joachim Stuck March 742 1974 Montjuïc F2 round
Group 5 1:29.800[5] Gérard Larrousse Lola T292 1973 Montjuïc European Sportscar Championship round
Group 6 1:35.600[6] Jorge de Bagration Porsche 908/02 1969 12 Hours of Montjuïc
350cc 1:42.300 Franco Uncini Yamaha TZ 350 1976 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
250cc 1:43.000 Walter Villa Harley-Davidson RR250 1976 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc 1:48.800 Pier Paolo Bianchi Morbidelli 125 1976 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
500cc 1:49.850[7] Angelo Bergamonti MV Agusta 500 Three 1970 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
GP 1:56.000[8] Tazio Nuvolari Alfa Romeo 12C-36 1936 Penya Rhin Grand Prix
50cc 1:57.000 Ángel Nieto Bultaco TSS 50 1976 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
Temporary Street Circuit: 4.205 km (1952)[3]
500cc 2:33.570 Umberto Masetti Gilera 500 Saturno "Piuma" 1952 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc 2:39.980 Emilio Mendogni Moto Morini 125 GP 1952 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
Temporary Street Circuit: 6.033 km (1951)[3]
500cc 3:45.000 Enrico Lorenzetti Moto Guzzi 500 Four 1951 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
350cc 3:47.000 Tommy Wood Velocette 350 GP 1951 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc 4:04.980 Carlo Ubbiali Mondial 125SS 1951 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix

References

  1. ^ Noyes, Dennis; Scott, Michael (1999), Motocourse: 50 Years Of Moto Grand Prix, Hazleton Publishing Ltd, ISBN 1874557837
  2. ^ "Montjuich Park | Motor Sport Magazine database". Motor Sport Magazine. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Montjuïc Racingcircuits". Racingcircuits. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  4. ^ "1974 Montjuich Park F2". Retrieved 18 June 2022.
  5. ^ "Barcelona 400 Kilometres 1973". Retrieved 18 June 2022.
  6. ^ "Barcelona 12 Hours 1969". Retrieved 18 June 2022.
  7. ^ "El Mundo Deportivo Edición del Monday 28 September de 1970, Página 31". Retrieved 28 June 2022.
  8. ^ "1936 Penya Rhin Grand Prix". Retrieved 18 June 2022.

External links