The Nissan GT-R (Japanese: 日産・GT-R, Nissan GT-R), is a high-performance sports car and grand tourer produced by Nissan, unveiled in 2007.[3][4][5] It is the successor to the Skyline GT-R, a high performance variant of the Nissan Skyline. Although this car was the sixth-generation model to bear the GT-R name, the model is no longer part of the Nissan Skyline model line up since that name is now reserved for Nissan's luxury-sport vehicles. The GT-R is built on the exclusively-developed Nissan PM platform, which is an enhanced evolution of the Nissan FM platform used in the separate Nissan Skyline luxury car and the Nissan Z sports car. The GT-R abbreviation stands for Gran Turismo–Racing, obtained from the Skyline GT-R.[6]

In 2006, then-Nissan CEO Carlos Ghosn determined that the GT-R would be a global icon for the Nissan brand, as unlike its predecessors which were only sold in Japan, the GT-R would be sold all around the world.[7]

The production version of the GT-R was introduced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show, along with the PM platform, featured the exclusively developed VR38DETT engine and lot more other newer technologies. Overall body was made out of steel, aluminium and premium materials such as carbon-fiber. The GT-R achieved success as a road car as well as in motorsports. After setting several benchmark standards for 15 years of its production period, the GT-R was discontinued worldwide, due to newer regulation changes. No official replacements were announced.

History

Nissan GT-R (middle) and some high-performance variants of the Nissan Skyline

Between 1969 and 1974, and again between 1989 and 2002, Nissan produced a high performance version of its Nissan Skyline coupe, called the Nissan Skyline GT-R. This car was proved to be iconic for Nissan, as achieved much fame and success on road, track and in motorsports.[8][9]

The GT-R is an entirely new model sharing little with the Skyline GT-R, also saved its signature four round tail lights. Like some later generations of the Skyline GT-R, the GT-R has the ATTESA E-TS all-wheel drive system with a twin-turbocharged 6-cylinder engine. But the HICAS four-wheel-steering system was removed and the former straight-6 RB26DETT engine was replaced with the new VR38DETT engine.[10] Despite GT-R's heritage, the chassis code for the all-new version has been called CBA-R35 and for later model years as DBA-R35 and 4BA-R35,[11] or R35 for short (where CBA, DBA and 4BA stands for the emissions standard prefix), carrying on the naming trend from previous Skyline GT-R generations.

The GT-R has also retained its predecessor's nickname, Godzilla,[12] originally given to it by the Australian motoring publication Wheels in 1989 for its R32 generation model.

Development

Nissan's then CEO Carlos Ghosn purchased the first ever production Nissan GT-R

In 1999, as a result of the Renault–Nissan Alliance, Carlos Ghosn was appointed as the new CEO of Nissan. After his appointment, he convinced the designers and engineers of Nissan to create a new GT-R, as he determined a new GT-R would be a conquest for Nissan. He wanted the GT-R to provide an overall high level of performance – no matter how much time and money it would cost. Also, claimed it should outperform or match the benchmark sports car at the time, the Porsche 911 (997) Turbo, specifically at the Nürburgring. In response, designers and engineers assumed they would require four or five years to develop such a high-performance sports car, despite it should be made on an innovational platform along with lot more other technologies. Nissan started development of the GT-R in a mindset of "A Supercar for Anyone, Anywhere, Anytime".[13] in 2001, Ghosn announced the development of the GT-R, as a concept was revealed at 2001 Tokyo Motor Show. In 2003 Tokyo Motor Show, he announced the production version will make its debut in the fall of 2007.

For the design perspective, Ghosn wanted four round taillights to be fitted to the new GT-R, just like in it's predecessors, he claimed it always been the signature of the GT-R. Overall development began in the year 2000, with Nissan designers from Japan, United States and Europe began to create new sketches for the GT-R. 50 of them made through to Nissan's design director Shiro Nakamura. He claimed the new GT-R's design should reflect not only the modern sports car look, but also the Japanese culture and its predecessor's heritage. Chief designer Hiroshi Hasegawa required more than four years to complete the new GT-R's interior and exterior design. He claimed it should look sporty, modern and also be aerodynamic to create downforce.[14]

Nissan handed over the mechanical and technical development of the GT-R to the chief engineer of the Skyline GT-R R34, Kazutoshi Mizuno (also known as Mr. GT-R). But he rejected it at first, despite Nissan claimed the GT-R should be made on the Nissan FM platform. In response he said, "I couldn't make a world class performance car from this platform as Ghosn requested". However In April 2003, Mizuno-san created a GT-R prototype which was made on an advanced version of the Nissan FM platform, named as Nissan Premium Midship (PM) platform. In November 2003, Ghosn handed over the full authority of the development to Mizuno-san. In January 2004, he began development of the GT-R with a special development team and a full scale GT-R model, and the project was under control of Ghosn.[15]

At the time, while aerodynamics development was ongoing at Nissan's wind tunnel, Mizuno-san bought some GT-R test mules to race tracks such as the Nürburgring and Sendai Hi-Land Raceway, which helped to aid development of the drivetrain, suspension and brakes. Those test mules were powdered by a brand new 3.8 L twin turbocharged V6 (VR38DETT) engine, which was developed by Nissan's chief powertrain engineer, Naoki Nakada. Mizuno-san claimed his goal was to build the GT-R as be able to talk with a passenger while driving it at 300 km/h (186.4 mph). Also, some of the technical parts of the GT-R, such as Brembo brakes and Bilstein suspension were originally designed by Mizuno-san himself. Technical development was finalized along with the aerodynamics development, and testings began in several countries with different road and weather conditions.[16]

design director of the GT-R, Shiro Nakamura

Aerodynamics development of the GT-R began in early 2004 with a group of company's best engineers, including the developer of the Nissan's successful Le Mans prototypes, Yoshi Suzuka. Development began with an internal design competition between Nissan's design studios at Atsugi and Tokyo in Japan, London in United Kingdom and La Jolla in United States. Nissan received more than 80 sketches from the respective design studios and 12 of them chosen by Nissan with the help of design director, Shiro Nakamura. Those 12 sketches whittled down to 3 models and headed into the wind tunnel by GT-R's exterior designers. Nissan wanted an aerodynamic level of the GT-R, which can aid great stability for the car, create enough amount of downforce while maintaining a lower amount of drag to improve fuel efficiency and acceleration. The target of the team was to make the GT-R at a drag coefficient of Cd=0.28 or lower, combined with front and rear downforce, which wasn't done by any manufacturer at the time. Engineers considered, it would be easier to achieve it by using active aerodynamics. Later, the idea was rejected, despite the car's price will be higher than the price Nissan planned to offer.

In August 2004, Yoshi Suzuka and Ken Nambo began wind tunnel testing at Nissan Technical Centre in Atsugi, Japan. In a 3-month time period, they've tested those three 1/4 scale sized models, approximately 300 times and got positive results for their further development. Then they decided to replace them by two 40% scale sized models, one for the development of the GT-R and another one for the Nissan Skyline V35/Infiniti G35 coupe test mule which was built for testings at the Nürburgring. After some wind tunnel runs with this scale model, the result was a drag coefficient of Cd=0.32. Later, car's exterior designers, Hirohisa Ono and Masato Taguchi joined to aid further development. Joint team tweaked some exterior parts of the GT-R, such as the front nose height, even though engineers couldn't improve the overall aerodynamics as much as they expected.

Following their failure, Yoshi Suzuka considered to improve internal airflow of the car, which required to change the design of car's chassis frame. He requested from the chassis department to lower the frame rails as low as the passenger compartment, which could eliminate transition and smooth airflow under the car. Team later used a CFD program for the wind tunnel testings, which helped to upgrade several parts of the car that could smooth the airflow while reducing drag. One and a half years of development and more than 2000 wind tunnel runs, engineers finally been able to get a stylish exterior with a drag coefficient of Cd=0.27 combined with front and rear downforce.[17]

Engineers and designers required more than five years to complete the overall development of the GT-R. Following its finalization around 2006, testing took another year to be finalized. Afterwards, Nissan announced the production version of the GT-R will be introduced at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. Ghosn determined sales of the GT-R will be profitable for Nissan, following the rumors that GT-R will be sold as an Infiniti model in the North American market, he confirmed the GT-R will be sold as a Nissan model worldwide.[18]

Concepts

2001 GT-R Concept at the 2001 Tokyo Motor Show
GT-R Concept

Nissan surprisingly unveiled the GT-R concept without an announcement at the 35th Tokyo Motor Show in 2001. Previewed as the 21st-century GT-R which will be sold worldwide unlike its predecessors which were sold only in least numbers of markets. This concept features an aggressive, muscular, wide and low exterior look. while in inside of the concept featured, deep seating, full-length center console, integrated structural cage and a driver's command center.[19]

GT-R Proto
GT-R prototype at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show

Nissan unveiled a redesigned version of the 2001 concept, named as the GT-R Proto, at the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show. This prototype featured redesigned exterior elements over the concept car to improve overall airflow and the identity of the GT-R. Including, a redesigned front air intake, front fenders with a new air vent behind it and the sides of the body were sculptured towards the rear fenders, no technical informations revealed for the both concept and the prototype. Officials said the production GT-R would be 80 to 90% based on this prototype.[20]

Testing

GT-R test mules being transported by a truck in Japan

Even though the overall development of the GT-R finalized around 2006, Nissan continued testing all over the world in different road surfaces and weather conditions. In late 2005, a GT-R test mule was spied being testing at the Nürburgring, based on a highly modified Nissan Skyline V35/Infiniti G35 coupe, which was used for the aerodynamics development of the GT-R. It had a slightly more acute roofline, hood air scoops, widened body with flared fenders, rolled out rear quarter panels and bigger dual exhaust pipes.[21] In late 2006 and early 2007, Nissan were spied testing GT-R test mules which were seemed to be like near production vehicles alongside a Porsche 911 Turbo (997) on the Autobahn, on roads in New Mexico, Arizona and California[22] and racetracks such as in the Nürburgring,[23] WeatherTech Raceway Laguna Seca,[24] Sendai Hi-Land Raceway and Sonoma Raceway. At the Laguna Seca, the GT-R posted an unofficial lap time of 1:39.62 minutes, a time marginally faster than the 911 Turbo, which was timed at 1:39.89 minutes. Also, some test mules spied testing on snow in Japan.[25][26]

In a test session at the Sendai Hi-Land Raceway, Ghosn joined the test team to directly test the GT-R against the 911 Turbo. Following the session, he complimented the test team for their effort to build the GT-R in the way he wanted it to be built. Also, in a test session at the Nürburgring, Nissan invited automotive magazine journalists from magazines such as Car and Driver, Evo and others, to test drive both the GT-R and the 911 Turbo around the Nürburgring, Autobahn and country roads. Journalists praised the GT-R for its grip, handling and acceleration. In a later testing session, Mizuno-san's team achieved a 7:38 minute lap time around the Nürburgring Nordchleife. Claimed it was done in wet conditions, car will be even quicker in a proper weather condition.[14]

Production

Production model

Nissan GT-R debut at 2007 Tokyo Motor Show

The production version of the GT-R was unveiled at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show as scheduled, right after an on-screen 7:38 minute lap time around the wet—Nürburgring Nordschleife was broadcast, beating the all-time sports classic Porsche 911 (997) Turbo as Nissan stated before introducing the car, and it was the 7th fastest lap time for a production vehicle around the track.[14] In November, 2007, Nissan revealed that the GT-R already has a considerable demand, as more than 3000 consumers have pre-odered the car in Japan before its official launch. They also expected to sell around 200 units per each month with deliveries to begin in December, 2007 in Japan.[27] The GT-R launched in the Japanese market on December 6, 2007. The U.S. official launch was seven months later on July 7, 2008, as a 2009 model year. The first production GT-R was owned by Nissan's CEO at the time, Carlos Ghosn.[14] Universal Nissan in Los Angeles provided a customer with the delivery of a new GT-R, fresh from the production line at 12:01 am, on July 7, 2008. The Canadian launch was also in July 2008. Europe became the third consumer market, where it was launched in March 2009. The large disparity in initial marketing between these regional releases was due to Nissan having to build GT-R performance centers where the car was serviced.

2010 update

For the 2010 model year, Nissan updated the GT-R by increasing the engine power output to 362 kW (492 PS; 485 hp) while no improvement in engine torque, launch control system was reprogrammed to reduce stress in the transaxle and reprogrammed it in already sold 2009 models. Other upgrades include; re-tuned suspension, updated wheel finish, standard front seat and side curtain air bags.[28]

2011 facelift

Facelifted 2013 model year GT-R

In 2010, for the 2011 model year, the GT-R was revised, and was codenamed as "DBA–R35", replacing the original "CBA–R35". The revised version featured the same engine with revised mapping, changed valve timing, larger inlets and a revised exhaust system which boosts rated power to 395 kW (537 PS; 530 hp)[29] and 607 N⋅m (448 lb⋅ft) of torque from 3,200 to 6,000 rpm. New upgrades also include; an even more rigid front strut bar made out of carbon composite, larger front brake rotors, lighter and stiffer wheels, and revised Dunlop tyres. Cosmetic changes include; a new front bumper with integrated LEDs, which improves radiator cooling and front brakes while reducing drag; A new rear diffuser, which improves downforce and additional rear cooling ducts were also added to the car. The interior was revised to improve quality. The new model was offered with a new HDD CarWings navigation system, with enhanced entertainment features and a USB port with iPod connectivity. The revised GT-R went on sale in Japan in mid-November 2010 and February 2011 in Europe, North America, and other regions.[30][31]

In late 2011, Nissan put GT-R mechanicals into the Nissan Juke-R. Up to 23 vehicles were planned. A total of five cars were built by RML – two were wrecked, one left hand drive vehicle was produced for a customer and two were held by Nissan, in which one was a left hand drive, while other one was a right hand drive. It was not put into production.[32][33]

2013 update

In 2012, for the 2013 model year, Nissan upgraded the GT-R with increased power output to 406 kW (552 PS; 544 hp) and 628 N⋅m (463 lb⋅ft) of torque from 3,200 to 6,000 rpm, new flywheel housing and retuned suspension.[34][35]

2015 update

2015 model year GT-R with improved headlights
Rear view with improved taillights

Along with the GT-R Nismo unveil at 2013 Tokyo Motor Show, Nissan introduced the 2015 model year GT-R, which had significant improvements over the previous model year. Engine power remained as same as the 2013 model year, but upgraded the suspension setup with revised settings, which led to reduce load fluctuation between four wheels, better stability and more consistent grip. The tyre contact was improved with optimized electronic controls of the shock-absorber valves. Additionally, re-tuned front stabiliser spring rates and bush links, re-tuned brake system for more stopping power, as well as the steering was also been fine-tuned for better and easier handling. Cosmetic changes include, new 20-inch alloy wheels and LED headlights and taillights with Adaptive Front-lighting System (AFS). Nissan claimed these improvements led the GT-R to gain more straight-line and cornering stability, better ride quality without sacrificing its acceleration and cornering performance.[36]

2017 facelift

Facelifted 2017 model year GT-R
Facelifted GT-R Nismo

In 2016, for the 2017 model year, the GT-R was facelifted and re-codenamed as "4BA–R35", which had the same twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine, but increased engine output to 421 kW (572 PS; 565 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 633 N⋅m (467 lbf⋅ft) at 3,200–5,800 rpm. The transmission system was also refined to shift gears smoothly and quieter than before. Other upgrades include; new front and rear bumpers, improving cooling and downforce; entire interior was offered with a new leather material, including a new steering wheel; new 8-inch display infotainment system with a redesigned carbon-fibre center console; 20-inch 15 spoke forged aluminium wheels; re-tuned suspension system; a titanium exhaust system and upgraded braking system.[37] Nissan claimed these updates led the GT-R to have a better ride quality, increased acceleration at mid to high rpm ranges (3200 rpm and above) and increased cornering performance. These updates were also applied to the Track Edition and Nismo variants.[38][39]

2020 update

New 20-inch alloy wheels and the Bayside Blue body colour of the 2020 model year GT-R

In 2019, for the 2020 model year, Nissan updated the GT-R again with minor upgrades. In which includes; re-tuned transmission to shift gears in just 0.15 seconds, new lightweight forged aluminium alloy wheels, new interior and exterior colour options including the Bayside Blue body colour which was used in the Skyline GT-R R34.[40][41]

Discontinuation

After the GT-R T-spec was unveiled, Nissan announced that the GT-R will not be sold as a 2022 model year in North America. However, in Japan and other markets the GT-R sold a 2022 model.[42] Nissan stopped offering the GT-R in Australia and New Zealand from October 31, 2021, due to the car no longer been eligible for the new Australian side impact regulations. Nissan have sold 1,021 units in Australia and 89 units in New Zealand, a total of 1,110 units sold for the Australian market in a time period of 12 years since its debut in April 2009.[43][44] following the Australian market sales termination, Nissan UK announced that deliveries for the European market and United Kingdom would also be stopped from March 2022, due to the car being unable to meet new noise regulations which took effect in June 2022.[45][46] In a 13-year sales period since March 2009, Nissan sold more than 11,000 units in Europe.[47]

On May, 2022, Nissan officially concluded orders for the GT-R in Japan, as they had reached the planned sales amount. Around 14,500 units were sold since December 2007 in Japan.[48][49] Following the Japanese sales discontinuation, it was revealed the GT-R is no longer in sale in North American and African markets, as United States, Canadian and South African official websites claimed the GT-R was sold out - meaning that the GT-R was no longer available anywhere.[50][51][52][53] Around 15,000 units were sold since 2008 in North America. German automotive magazine Auto Motor und Sport claimed the GT-R was no longer in production, as production for the 2022 model year was completed. Approximately 40,000 units were sold worldwide.[54][55]

Sales

Nissan GT-R at Nara Nissan Tomigaoka showroom

From 2007 to 2022 Nissan produced around 40,000 GT-R units and sold in various different markets worldwide, which was one of the highest sales for a standalone generation production sports car.[56]

Calendar
Year
US Canada Japan Europe
2007 807[57]
2008 1,730[58] 137[58] 4,871[57] 1[59]
2009 1,534[58] 166[60] 531[57] 1,987[59]
2010 1,426[60] 145[60] 482[61] 2,837[62]
2011 318[60] 34[60] 224[61] 769[62]
2012 1,266[60] 90[60] 664[61] 1,069[62]
2013 1,416[60] 93[60] 569[61] 1,078[62]
2014 1,587[60] 132[60] 611[61] 559[62]
2015 1,668[60] 137[60] 741[61] 778[62]
2016 824[60] 160[60] 833[61] 742[62]
2017 1,069[60] 249[60] 1,660[61] 1,866[62]
2018 363[60] 95[60] 445[61] 311[62]
2019 331[63] 53[63] 448[61] 435[62]
2020 303[63] 39[63] 944[61] 342[62]
2021 228[63] 58[63] 790[61] 200[62]
2022 56[63] n/a n/a 36[59]

Overview

Technical Specifications

Models GT-R CBA–R35 (2009–2010)[64] GT-R DBA–R35 (2011–2016)[65] GT-R 4BA–R35 (2017–2022)[66]
Configuration 3,799 cc (3.8 L) DOHC twin-turbocharged V6
Power at rpm 358–362 kW (480–485 hp; 487–492 PS) at 6,400 395–406 kW (530–544 hp; 537–552 PS) at 6,400 421 kW (565 hp; 572 PS) at 6,800
Torque at rpm 583–588 N⋅m (430–434 lb⋅ft) at 3,200–5,200 607–628 N⋅m (448–463 lb⋅ft) at 3,200–5,200 633 N⋅m (467 lb⋅ft) at 3,300–5,300
Redline 7,000 rpm 7,100 rpm
Transmission 6-speed DCT
Shift time 200 ms 150 ms
Chassis Nissan Premium Midship
Curb weight 1,740 kg (3,836 lb) 1,762 kg (3,885 lb) 1,785 kg (3,935 lb)
Weight distribution 54 : 46 (front : rear)
Suspension Double wishbone (front), multi-link (rear), electronically adjustable
Brakes Brembo, 6 (front), 4 (rear) piston calipers, full-floating, ventilated and drilled rotors
Coefficient of drag 0.27 Cd 0.26 Cd

Engine

The VR38DETT engine.

The Nissan GT-R was powered by the newly developed VR38DETT engine, a 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) 60° degree DOHC V6 engine with plasma transferred wire arc sprayed cylinder bores.[67][41] Two parallel Ishikawajima-Harima (IHI) turbochargers provide forced induction.[68] Models manufactured between 2007 and 2009 are rated at a manufacturer-claimed engine output of 358 kW (487 PS; 480 hp) at 6,400 rpm and 583 N⋅m (430 lb⋅ft) at 3,200–5,200 rpm.[67] The engine also meets California Air Resources Board Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) standards.[67] The VR38DETT features 24 valves controlled by dual overhead camshafts (2 per cylinder head) with intake only variable valve timing. The engine block made out of cast aluminium which is 0.15 mm (0.0059 in) plasma-sprayed cylinder liner bores. This coating provides a hard protective layer which reduces the friction for the piston rings to slide on when the piston moves up and down during the power cycle. The IHI turbocharger's turbine housing is integrated into the exhaust manifolds to decrease weight and improve vehicle balance. Also, this engine features a pressurized lubrication system controlled thermostatically. The VR38DETT has a feedback control system which changes air fuel ratio depending on the engine load which reduces fuel consumption. When fully equipped with the catalytic converters, turbochargers, all of the engine accessories, front differential assembly, and turbo outlet pipes, the engine weighs 276 kg (608 lb).[69] Other features of the VR38DETT includes,

  • Continuously variable valve timing control system (CVTCS) on intake valve.
  • Aluminium cylinder block with high-endurance/low-friction plasma-sprayed bores.
  • Iridium-tipped spark plugs.
  • Electronic drive-by-wire throttle.
  • Multi port fuel injection.
  • Pressurized lubrication system with thermostatically controlled cooling and magnesium oil sump.
  • Fully symmetrical dual intake and low back-pressure exhaust system.
  • Secondary air intake system to rapidly heat catalysts to peak cleaning efficiency.
  • 50 State LEV2/ULEV.

The engines are hand built by only five specially trained mechanics called "Takumi Craftsmens" in a dust proof, temperature controlled room at Nissan's Yokohama plant and their names are badged on every GT-R engine. The cars are built at their Tochigi plant on a shared production line. After the production, every single GT-R will be test driven by a professional driver around Nissan's test track.[70][71][72][73][74]

Model Year Output Torque Source
CBA–R35 2007–2009 358 kW (487 PS; 480 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
583 N⋅m (430 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,200 rpm
[67]
2010 362 kW (492 PS; 485 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
588 N⋅m (434 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,200 rpm
[75][76]
DBA–R35 2011–2012 395 kW (537 PS; 530 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
607 N⋅m (448 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,200 rpm
[77]
2013–2016 406 kW (553 PS; 545 hp)
at 6,400 rpm
628 N⋅m (463 lb⋅ft)
at 3,200–5,800 rpm
[78][79][80][81]
4BA–R35 2017–2022 421 kW (573 PS; 565 hp)
at 6,800 rpm
633 N⋅m (467 lb⋅ft)
at 3,300–5,800 rpm
[82][83][84][85][86]

Drivetrain

ATTESA E-TS all-wheel-drive system

The GT-R was the world's first rear mounted independent transaxle all-wheel-drive vehicle.[87] And has an exclusively developed, rear mounted, six-speed BorgWarner designed GR6Z30A type, dual-clutch automatic transmission.[88] Hand built by Takumi Craftsmans in a specialized room just like the engine assembly room at Nissan's Aichi Kikai plant in Nagoya. Which shifting gears in just 0.2 seconds is used in conjunction with the unique ATTESA E-TS system,[89] to provide power to all four wheels, along with Nissan's Vehicle Dynamics Control (VDC) to aid in stability.[90] But from later upgrades in 2020, gear shifting time decreased to 0.15 seconds. Making it one of the fastest gear shifting production vehicles.[91] Three shift modes can also be selected from the drive mode selector for various conditions, "R-mode" which allows to use the maximum performance from the six-speed dual-clutch transmission, "Normal-mode" which is recommended for normal daily drives and "Safe-mode" which makes the car more fuel efficient is and also recommended when driving on slippery surfaces such as snow or ice.[67]

The ATTESA ET-S all-wheel-drive system was an updated version of the ATTESA E-TS Pro, was used in older Skyline GT-R models. This is a rear biased all-wheel-drive system. Which helps the GT-R for its incredible handling and stability in high speeds. This system always powers the rear wheels. In normal conditions, this provides a 0:100 percent power front to rear through the main carbon-composite propeller shaft. In conditions such as heavy acceleration and cornering, the separated additional propeller shaft sends the torque to the front differential. The front differential splits the torque between the left and right front wheels. The rear differential is built inside the transaxle unit. Resulting a 50:50 percent front to rear power distribution. The GT-R has two mechanical limited slip differentials in both front and rear. An open type in front and 1.5 way multi-disc differential in rear. This slip differentials can split the torque for each wheels depending on the conditions. Whole drivetrain of the GT-R is lowered to lower the center of gravity, which helps to improve car's handling and overall stability.[92]

Chassis

Nissan GT-R Cutmodel 01.JPG
Cutaway model showing Nissan's Premium Midship platform

The GT-R has a curb weight of 1,740 kg (3,837 lb)[3][93][5] distributed 53 percent in front and 47 percent in rear. the chassis of the GT-R is made with Alcoa aluminium used for the hood, trunk and doors, while die-cast aluminium used for front shock towers and inner door structures. Outer body panels are stamped using a multiple-strike coining process for added rigidity and precision. Also, side curtain airbags is achieved from using this jig welded steel chassis. The chassis was stiffened with a carbon-composite front cross member/radiator support. The GT-R was the only model built on Nissan's Premium Midship (PM) platform,[94] an evolution of the Front Midship (FM) architecture introduced on the 2001 (V35) Skyline. It is a hybrid unibody assembled on ultra-low-tolerance jigs similar to those used in race car construction.

The GT-R features an active suspension system which contains Bilstein monotube shock absorbers and split forks which allows the drive axle to the attachment point on the lower control arm (LCA). Without the use of the torque tubes, the suspension can operate independently while optimizing weight distribution and maximizing tyre grip at each corner and distributing equal amount of grip for each wheels. Onboard computers adjusts the suspension units in every one hundredth of a second. The GT-R is the world's first production vehicle to contain this suspension system.[95] The Damp Tronic system allows the driver to select three different suspension modes from the instrument cluster, "R-mode" for maximum performance required in track and dragstrip, "Normal-mode" for daily driver use and "Comfort-mode" which softens the dampers and provides a comfortable ride, recommend for conditions such as long-distance driving. The Vehicle Dynamic Control (VDC) also can be changed for three different modes. "R-mode" for faster driving conditions such as on racetracks and dragstrips from lowering the traction control but doesn't turns off the electronic stability control, "Normal-mode" for daily driver use and "Off-mode" which turning off the electronic stability control (ESC). Also, the GT-R has 20-inch 15-spoke forged lightweight alloy wheels manufactured by RAYS which were wrapped with specially developed Bridgestone Potenza RE070R run-flat tyres and Dunlop SP Sport Maxx GT 600 DSST CTT run-flat tyres in later models. Each wheels feature a knurling around the inside of the rim to keep the tyres from slipping on the rim under heavy acceleration and braking.[96]

The GT-R's all four wheels has Brembo monoblock ventilated brake calipers, 15.35-inch, six-piston in front and 15.0-inch, four-piston in rear. Which were full floating, cross drilled two piece rotors, low steel and high stiffness brake pads. In some later special editions, carbon-ceramic brake calipers have been offered, which were the largest brakes ever fitted to a Japanese production vehicle.[97][98]

Exterior

A rear view of the GT-R, showing the signature taillights first offered in 1972 on the Skyline C110

Nissan chief creative officer and chief design director, Shiro Nakamura, has likened the new GT-R to the giant robots of the Gundam series.[99] Nakamura stated: "The GT-R is unique because it is not simply a copy of a European-designed Sports car; it had to really reflect Japanese culture". Nissan's American designers sculpted the rear three-quarters of the vehicle, while their European designers sculpted the roofline.[99]

Nissan developed a 6-stage paint process with a double clear coat and chip-resistant paint for use in critical areas of the GT-R chassis. An optional liquid-effect finish employs a hand-polished 8-stage process with product-specific Super Silver metallic paint and three layers of clearcoat.

The GT-R features an overall muscular, sharp and boxy design, which results in a high-downforce and drag-reduced body by making the air flow smoothly though the overall body. In front, NACA ducts on the hood which scoops in clean air to cool the engine compartment, side front fender air vents also improves the car's aero performance by improving airflow around the tyres and also cools the engine, the front bumper's edges were sharpened and also features air ducts and vents to improve downforce while cooling the engine and brakes. Overall front end of the GT-R features an aggressive look. While the rear end continues the GT-R's heritage, specially from carrying over the four round taillights from its predecessors. Also, features air ducts and vents for brake cooling and gets a smooth air flow, a body-coloured rear spoiler whereas some special editions has a dry carbon-fibre rear spoiler to improve rear downforce. Also the GT-R has a 315-litre boot space. The GT-R also has an under body made out of carbon-fiber panels, which smoothens the air flow under the car. The overall body of the GT-R made out of steel, aluminium and carbon-fiber.[100]

Additionally, both the production and special edition models are fitted with (LED) headlights, automatic on/off headlights, LED daytime running lights, LED taillights and brake lights, dual-heated body-colour power wing mirrors, power-folding side mirrors, flush-mounted aluminium door handles, four 5-inch titanium exhaust outlets with polished tips and UV-reducing solar glass.[101] All GT-R variants has a drag coefficient of Cd=0.26. lowest drag coefficient for a sports car at the time, which helps it to be one of the fastest accelerating production vehicles.[67][102]

Interior

Interior (2017 facelift)

The GT-R has a hand stitched leather interior, embedded in the dashboard, steering wheel, door panels, center console, and front and back seats. Motor Trend claimed the GT-R has one of the most finely crafter interiors.[103] Also, carbon-fiber used in the center console and in the gauge cluster, features an analog speedometer, tachometer which has a redline at 7,000 rpm, fuel meter, digital gear display and another digital display features car's speed, fuel economy, and distance calculations. GT-R badged steering wheel contains volume controls and cruise control buttons. Magnesium paddle shifters also can be found on the wheel column in earlier models and on the steering wheel in 2017 facelifted models and on newer models.

GT-R gauge cluster

The instrument cluster is angled towards to the driver. Which contains air conditioning controls, audio and set-up controls and drive mode selectors of transmission, suspension and VDC. While the center console contains the engine start/off button, shift liver wrapped from leather, parking brake and an openable armrest with a small storage area inside of it and also with a USB port. The GT-R also has an 11-speaker Bose sound system.

The customizable multifunction display integrated into the dash of the GT-R that had its roots in the R34 Skyline

Polyphony Digital, creators of the Gran Turismo series of motor racing video games, were themselves involved in the development of the GT-R, having been contracted to design the GT-R's multifunction display.[104] This multifunction display features a detailed log of the driving behavior, speed, g-force, fuel economy and more. Also, details of the car's mechanical information such as turbo boost, water and engine oil pressure, transmission oil, front and rear drive distribution and others, steering angles, braking and acceleration pressure and optimal gearshift mapping for the best fuel economy, satellite navigation and audio controls.[105]

Variants

SpecV

GT-R SpecV

Nissan introduced the GT-R SpecV on January 7, 2009, at the 2009 Tokyo Auto Salon. This version used carbon fibre trim inside and out, and had no rear seats.[106] In addition, a new colour was introduced limited to the SpecV, LAC Black Opal, The car came with Bridgestone Potenza RE070R street tyres.[107] The GT-R SpecV was powered by the standard twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) V6. A new high gear boost controller that allows a temporary increase in boost pressure from the IHI twin turbochargers, now larger than those on the standard GT-R, delivering 20 N⋅m (15 lb⋅ft) more torque than the standard GT-R in mid to high-range revs.[107] Other mechanical changes include a titanium exhaust, Recaro bucket seats,[107] reworked suspension, carbon ceramic brakes, and 20-inch (510 mm) Nismo wheels. Compared to the standard GT-R, overall weight was decreased by 60 kg (132 lb) to be 1,680 kilograms (3,704 lb) – making it the lightest GT-R ever built.[108][109]

Sales began in Japan on February 2, 2009, at seven preselected dealers staffed with specially trained mechanics knowledgeable about racing circuit driving. The SpecV was also sold in Europe and the Middle East. A total of 110 SpecV were built, 77 for Japan, 24 for Europe, 1 for United Kingdom, 7 for Middle East and 1 additional car. Auto Express tested the SpecV and posted a 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) time of 3.20 seconds, 14 mile (400 m) time of 11.5 seconds, pulled 1.12 g on the skidpad and 120.2 km/h in the slalom. An earlier tested Chevrolet Corvette C6 ZR1 resulted in an identical slalom speed but a lower 1.06 g on the skidpad.[110] Japanese motor publication Best Motoring, tested the SpecV around the Nürburgring Nordchleife, achieved a lap time of 7:34.46 minutes in a semi–wet condition track surface.[111]

In November 2011, Nismo introduced a performance package, named Track Pack Special Edition, which provides the upgraded accessories of the Spec V version. Including Bilstein adjustable suspension, brake radiator air guide, RAYS forged aluminium alloy wheels, carbon fibre front spoiler with air guide and etc. The rear seat was removed in the car to reduce weight, and it was also equipped with high friction special anti-skid bucket seat. It went on sale on November 24, 2011, and was exported to other regions in January 2012. It was limited to 150 units worldwide.

Egoist

GT-R Egoist front view
Rear view
Interior

Nissan introduced the GT-R Egoist (known as VVIP Edition in the Middle East) as a luxury version of the GT-R for the 2012 model year, which was only produced in the Japanese, European and Middle East markets only with 43 units (2 VVIP Editions). The new updates to Egoist include; increased engine power output to 537 PS; 530 hp (395 kW) at 6,800 rpm and torque to 607 N⋅m (448 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm, which helped to improve straight-line performance, as this model can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph in 2.9 seconds, and completes the quarter-mile in 11.2 seconds at 122.7 mph. Interior upgrades include; a Wajima Lacquer steering emblem, exclusive leather and Alcantara suede for instrument panel, console, door trim, rear side, pillar trim and roof trim, new leather interior colour, fabric carpet, leather cleaner, leather car verification case, and leather seats. For the exterior a new dry carbon-fibre rear spoiler was fitted with LED-type high-mount brake light, a titanium muffler, and exhaust system, dedicated emblem, and Rays lightweight forged aluminium wheels with carbon-ceramic brakes.

The VVIP Edition was introduced by Nissan Middle East and it was only sold in the Middle East. VVIP version upgrades include, interior colours among 12 choices (four upper area interior colours and seven lower area interior colours), new racing seats, Wajima Lacquer (Maki-e) emblem on the center of the steering wheel, new Bose precision sound system and dry carbon-fibre rear spoiler. The wheels, front shells, and some other small components were painted with unique gold paint. Nissan sold 35 Egoist units in Japan, 3 in the United Kingdom, 3 in Europe, and 2 VVIP Editions in the Middle East.[112]

Black Edition

2013 model year GT-R Black Edition

In 2012, for the 2013 model year, Nissan introduced the GT-R Black Edition which was offered with exclusive 20-inch RAYS wheels and a carbon-fibre rear spoiler. Recaro racing seats were commissioned specifically by Nissan for the Black Edition. The interior was finished in red and black leather, but a beige colour known as 'Pale Ivory' is also available. No mechanical changes are made from the standard GT-R.[113] In a test conducted by Motor Trend, the GT-R Black Edition accelerated from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 2.8 seconds and completed a quarter-mile in 11.1 seconds at 124.8 mph (200.8 km/h).[114]

The GT-R Black Edition returned with the updated 2017 model year GT-R, but Recaro seats were the only upgrade was offered over the standard GT-R. The Black Edition didn't offered in the North American market, and offered in countries such as in the United Kingdom as the Recaro Edition.

Track Edition

2014 model year GT-R Track Edition

In 2013, for the 2014 model year, Nissan introduced the GT-R Track Edition (also known as GT-R Track Edition Engineered by Nismo), which was limited for 150 units and offered with no rear seats (saving 10 kg (22 lb) over the Black Edition) and added stiffer suspension, carbon fibre air inlets, titanium exhaust, improved brake cooling, a unique front spoiler, and new black and gray leather Recaro front seats.[115][116] Motor Trend tested the 2014 model year Track Edition GT-R, achieving 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.7 seconds and 14 mile (400 m) in 10.8 seconds at 201.3 km/h (125.1 mph).[117] The German car magazine Sport Auto achieved a top speed of 333 km/h (207 mph).[118]

2020 update

At the 2019 New York Auto Show, Nissan introduced the 2020 model year GT-R Track Edition. The car gets its drivetrain from the Nismo GT-R, where's the VR38DETT engine producing 608 PS; 600 hp (447.5 kW) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm. Resulting a 20% of increase in acceleration reaction time compared to the previous model year GT-R Track Editions. Other updates includes a Nismo tuned independent suspension system, new carbon fibre roof reducing weight, Nismo front fenders which is more wider than the standard GT-R, new RAYS 20-inch Nismo forged aluminium alloy wheels with Dunlop 255/40RF-20 run-flat SP Sport Maxx GT 600 DSST Nismo-spec tyres, Nismo carbon ceramic brakes and dry carbon-fibre rear spoiler. The Track Edition includes new re-designed red and black colour treatment for interior with high-grip Recaro bucket seats.[119][120]

Gentleman Edition

Nissan introduced the GT-R Gentleman Edition in 2012, which was offered only in France and Belgium. Nissan planned to build 10 units of this model and was based on the 2014 model year GT-R Black Edition, the Gentleman Edition was offered with an exclusive in Grey Squale body colour and featured "Gentleman Edition" badges next to the front fender vents. Other upgrades include; amber red leather upholstery, individually numbered titanium plaque, hand-stitched leather accents and a bespoke sunglass case.[121]

Midnight Opal Special Edition

In July 2013, Nissan introduced the Midnight Opal Special Edition, which was expected to produce 100 units but 115 units were built.[122] The new model's upgrades include; new Midnight Opal paint colour (similar to the colour offered in Nissan Skyline GT-R special editions), carbon rear spoiler (with LED high-mount brake light), increased antifreeze concentration, new RAYS forged aluminium lightweight wheels with a unique hyper titanium colour, Gold aluminium model number plate in engine bay and a new SRS curtain airbag system. Nissan sold 48 units in Japan, 50 in the United States, 3 in Europe, 9 in the Middle East, 1 in Korea and 1 in Taiwan.[123]

Nismo

GT-R Nismo debut at 2013 Tokyo Motor Show

Nissan introduced the track focused, GT-R Nismo at 2013 Tokyo Motor Show,[124] which was the fastest production vehicle around the Nürburgring Nordschleife at the time, with a lap time of 7:08.679 minutes, driven by Nissan test driver Michael Krumm.[125][126]

For the GT-R Nismo, power output was increased to 447.5 kW (608 PS; 600 hp) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3,200-5,800 rpm. The 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) time changed to 2.5 seconds.[127] The gear-ratios did not change in the dual-clutch transmission. The fuel tank capacity was remained as 74 L (19.5 US gal; 16.3 imp gal). Additionally, front and rear brake cooling ducts were added, a full Nismo tuned suspension and brakes were installed, including a hollow 17.3 mm (0.68 in) rear stabilizer bar from the Nismo performance division. Nismo-exclusive Rays 20-inch forged alloys wheels with Nismo-spec Dunlop SP Sport Maxx GT 600 DSST CTT run-flat tyres, standard aluminium trunk lid was replaced with a full carbon fibre panel, additional spot welds to strengthen the chassis, a larger front splitter with carbon fibre air ducts and a larger carbon-fibre rear wing were added to the special Nismo aerodynamic package. The Nismo edition was also offered with interior changes, including the Recaro bucket seats with black and red colour synthetic suede treatment, instrument binnacle and steering wheel were also covered in with the Alcantara synthetic suede, deletion of the active noise control in the Bose stereo system and red colour accents in the guage meter. The car was offered with the Nismo-specific low-gloss matte gray paint colour and full titanium exhaust with additional heatsinks. These changes, in aggregate, reduced weight to 1,720 kg (3,792 lb), which was 17 kg (38 lb) lighter than the standard GT-R.

2020 update
Upgraded 2020 model year GT-R Nismo

At the 2019 New York Auto Show, Nissan unveiled the 2020 model year GT-R Nismo along with the 50th anniversary GT-R, celebrating GT-R's 50th anniversary. GT-R Nismo was offered with upgrades such as, a new "R mode" gear shifting setting which shifts gears quicker than before, new turbochargers from the GT3 race car to improve acceleration, lighter RAYS 20-inch forged alloy wheels with specifically developed Dunlop tyres, GT3-inspired fender vents, lightweight carbon-ceramic brakes which was the largest brake rotors ever fitted to a Japanese production car at the time, new re-tuned suspension, and the roof, hood and fenders were offered with carbon fibre to reduce weight. Nissan claimed the new GT-R Nismo was faster and more track-focused than previous models, these upgrades led the car to reduce its weight to 1,703 kg (3,754 lb), which was 20 kg (44 lb) lighter compared to the 2017 model year GT-R Nismo.[128][129]

Motor Trend interviewed Nissan's chief product specialist (CPS) Hiroshi Tamura, he stated the acceleration from 0 to 80 km/h (0 to 50 mph) was quicker by 2.4 m (8 ft), due to improvements in acceleration and the Nurburgring Nordschleife lap time was quicker by 5 seconds, compared to the previous model year GT-R Nismo, due to 5% improvement in cornering force and braking performance.[130] Nissan claimed the car still can accelerate 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.5 seconds, and achieve a top speed of 330 km/h (205 mph).[131] However, in a test conducted by Top Speed magazine, the 2020 model year GT-R Nismo accelerated from 0–97 km/h (0–60 mph) in 2.48 seconds.[132] Also, according to Nissan, the upgraded GT-R Nismo was 2.5 seconds quicker than the previous model year around their test track.[133]

GT-R Nismo N-Attack Package
2017 model year GT-R Nismo equiped with the optional N Attack Package

A special post-production package for the GT-R Nismo was offered by Nismo, which includes the exact upgrades of the GT-R Nismo, was used to set its lap time around the Nürburgring. The upgrades include, re-programmed ECU, retuned suspension springs and shock absorbers, new anti-roll bars, new front brake pads, a new carbon-fibre front fender with aerodynamic flic, a new carbon-fibre front splitter, and a larger carbon-fibre rear wing with two height and 12 angle adjustment options, new carbon-fibre intercooler pipes, new front and rear limited-slip differentials, new Recaro full-carbon bucket seats and a carbon-fibre bulkhead in place of the back seats. According to Nissan, this package removes 64 kg (143 lb) of weight from the standard GT-R Nismo, and was also offered for the 2017 model year GT-R Nismo. This particular package was offered as the A kit and B kit, in which the A kit had all the upgrades while the B kit only had, the suspension system, brake system, stabilizer bars, all carbon-fibre rear wing, front fenders and front splitter, both ESM and TCM and a driver only bucket seat.[134] In Japan, installation was handled by Nismo Omori factory. In North America and United Kingdom, the conversion was handled by STILLEN and JRM Motorsports respectively.[135]

45th Anniversary Gold Edition

Nissan introduced the limited production 45th Anniversary Gold Edition GT-R, which was based on the premium edition. Ride quality was improved compared to other models, and went on sale in the beginning of February 2015.[136] The car had the same twin-turbocharged 3,799 cc (231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine with 406 kW (545 hp; 553 PS) at 6,800 rpm and 652 N⋅m (481 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3,200-5,800 rpm. The car was painted in a unique gold-coloured paint called Silica Brass, which was used in the Nissan Skyline GT-R R34 M-Spec. Other updates includes, a gold-tone VIN plate in the engine compartment, a commemorative plaque on the interior center console, new LED headlights, taillights, and brake lights, fully black coloured interior, new 20-spoke RAYS wheels finished in black colour and the limited production vehicle number plate under the hood. Nissan built 80 units of this edition, sold 25 in Japan, 27 in United States, 5 in United Kingdom, 2 in Mainland Europe, 16 in Middle East, 4 in Australia and one additional car for testing and press use.[137]

GT-R50

GT-R50 concept on display

To celebrate GT-R's 50th anniversary, Nissan announced in 2019, that they will introduce a limited-production GT-R called the GT-R50. Only 50 cars were expected to be produced. The GT-R50 shares its powertrain with the GT-R Nismo but is rated at 530 kW (721 PS; 711 hp) and 780 N⋅m (575 lb⋅ft) of torque.[138][139] Upgrades to the engine include, large diameter turbochargers shared with the GT3 specification GT-R, a heavy-duty crankshaft, pistons and connecting rods, a modified intake system, a new exhaust system, a recalibrated gearbox, and a reinforced differential. The rear suspension system used Bilstein continuously variable dampers and carbon-ceramic brakes. The GT-R50 was offered with 21-inch carbon-fibre wheels and Michelin Pilot Super Sport tyres. The design of the bodywork was a result of a collaboration between Italdesign and Nissan, with the former celebrating its 50th anniversary in 2018. Construction of the bodywork is mainly made out of aluminium and carbon-fibre. It was originally shown as a concept car not intended for production. Nissan claimed, production of those 50 units was delayed until 2020, due to modifications required to make it road legal.

The design was developed by a team of Nissan's European and American designers and has been described as a "car within a car". The front and back sections were designed so they appear to be emerging from the bodywork. Key design elements include a redesigned rear section, stretched LED headlamps at the front, a power bulge on the hood, a lowered roofline, and "Samurai blade" cooling ducts behind the front wheels.[140]

Nissan GT-R 50 by Italdesign, Nissan Global HQ, 2022, right-front.jpg
Production version of the GT-R50

The first production version of the GT-R50 was revealed in May 2020 in Italy. It retains all the design elements of the prototype such as the new headlamps, the bumper designs, splitters, rocker panels, active rear wing, hollow taillamps, and dual tailpipes.[141] In July 2022, Nissan stopped accepting orders for the GT-R50, as all of those 50 units were sold out.[142]

Naomi Osaka Edition

Nissan introduced the GT-R Naomi Osaka Edition in September 2018, as a 2019 model year. Nissan described that they offered this car to celebrate the partnership in between Nissan brand ambassador Naomi Osaka. Nissan planned to build 50 units of this particular model with the specifications of the GT-R premium edition.[143] The car was offered with three body colours, including; Midnight Opal, Brilliant White Pearl and Meteor Flake Black Pearl. Both exterior and interior colour optional were chosed by Osaka. Interior colours include; Ivory, Amber Red and Tan with Urban Black coloured seats. Additionally, a Carbon rear spoiler (with LED high-mount brake light), Gold aluminium model number plate in the engine compartment, SRS curtain airbag system, privacy glass, increased antifreeze concentration and dark grey front fender outlet ducts were also offered.[144]

50th Anniversary Edition

Nissan introduced the 50th Anniversary Edition at the 2019 New York Auto Show. The car has the same 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) V6 VR38DETT engine with 421 kW (572 PS; 565 hp) at 6,800 rpm and 633 N⋅m (467 lb⋅ft) at 3,200-5,800 rpm.[145] Nissan introduced two-tone exterior colours – bayside (wangan) blue, with white racing stripes, blue accents on the wheel spokes, and pearl white with red stripes and super silver with white stripes also available for the 50th Anniversary Edition GT-R. Also, the car includes; a unique steering wheel and shift knob trim, special embossed seats, Alcantara headliner with unique stitching and Alcantara-wrapped sun visors.[146]

Nismo Special Edition

Nissan GT-R Nismo (R35), 2022, front.jpg
GT-R Nismo Special Edition

On April 15, 2021, for the 2022 model year (as a 2021 model year in United States), Nissan unveiled a new, built-to-order, special edition of the GT-R Nismo (known as GT-R Nismo SV in Japan and Australian market) along with the standard GT-R Nismo, both models were limited to 300 units. The Special Edition went on sale in Japan in October 2021.[147] It was offered with the new, Nismo-exclusive, Nismo Stealth Gray body colour, which was inspired by track tarmacs that the GT-R has set records on and competed on. The special edition features a Nismo-exclusive clear-coated carbon-fibre hood, which reduces 100 grams of weight compared to the standard GT-R Nismo. The edition-exclusive 20-inch RAYS aluminium forged wheels have a red accent that matches existing accents around the body. The new Nissan logo was unveiled on the Nissan Ariya adorns the rear trunk lid and wheel center caps.

The built-to-order special edition used new, high-precision weight-balanced parts including the piston rings, connecting rods, flywheel, crank pulley and valve springs dialed in with tighter tolerances, delivering snappier revs and quicker turbo spooling. Despite each engines were handcrafted by its own takumi technician, the takumi certification plate on the engine was offered in an exclusive red colour.[148][149] On August 6, 2021, Nissan announced, all 300 units were sold out and stopped accepting orders for the GT-R Nismo and Special Edition from customers. According to Nissan, 99% of customers chose to buy the GT-R Nismo Special Edition.[150]

T-spec

Nissan GT-R T-spec (R35), 2021, left-front.jpg
GT-R T-spec in Millennium Jade body colour

On September 14, 2021, Nissan introduced the T-spec model of the GT-R via its official YouTube channel. T-spec was inspired by words "Trend Maker" and "Traction Master", which were used to represent the first GT-R concept back in 2001. This particular model was limited for 100 units, in which only 50 units were offered in United States, 28 in Australian market and the rest in other markets. The T-spec had some exclusive upgrades and changes over the standard GT-R premium. Including; Millennium Jade and Midnight Purple exterior colours which were used in Skyline GT-R R34's special editions, exclusive gold and black engine cover, even wider front fenders, carbon-fibre rear spoiler, RAYS forged wheels finished in bronze colour, Nismo carbon ceramic brakes, GT-R Nismo air ducts, suspension weight reduction below the springs, T-spec badging in both interior and exterior, new interior with plenty of leather, suede and Alcantara finished in a new colour named Mori Green, increased wheel-rim width for better tyre rigidity and smooth, sensitive handling, exclusive carbon-fibre roof and trunk lid for Track Edition T-spec. The T-spec trim was offered in both premium and Track Edition GT-R trims. Nissan began taking orders from September 15–29, 2021. Sales began in the second half of October along with the GT-R Nismo Special Edition as a 2022 model year (as a 2021 model year in United States).[151][152][153]

One-offs

Bolt Edition

GT-R Bolt Edition displayed at 2013 North American International Auto Show

In 2012, aan "Usain Bolt" special edition GT-R was built by Nissan and auctioned off to raise funds for charity along with a display model held in Tokyo, Japan.[154] In 2013, another one was built and delivered to Usain Bolt.[155] Bolt's personal car had gray wheels, a "Spec Bolt" badge and a "Egoist" edition white colour style interior. Licence plate was "7300GJ", corresponding to Jamaica. The displayed car had grey chrome wheels but no Bolt Spec badges and a black interior with red accents along the edge of the seat. It had a license plate with the words "MR BOLT" on them. After being displayed, it was moved to the Nissan Heritage Museum, Zama where it was exhibited. Rod Maher of Australia won the auctioned vehicle at the charity eBay auction. This car was delivered as an Australian specification GT-R and had gold wheels, a black interior but no red accents or Bolt Spec badges.[156]

Fastest drift vehicle

GT-R Nismo Fastest Drift vehicle at Goodwood Festival of Speed

Nissan built the fastest drift vehicle with support of Nismo by using a 2016 model year GT-R, which was specifically tuned for the Guinness World Record for the Fastest Drift. The modifications includes, increased power output, now at 1,029 kW (1,399 PS; 1,380 hp), a racecar spec interior, Greddy Trust's tuning setup, new aerodynamic parts, specially tuned TOYO tyres, new Recaro seats and new RAYS lightweight wheels. Tests began at Fuji Speedway in Japan with a professional drifting driver Masato Kawabata. End of the tests, the GT-R broke the record at Fujairah International Airport, UAE. Three attempts were undertaken by the Nissan Middle East's organization. There were three attempts with driver Masato Kawabata for the record, on his third attempt, the car broke the record with a trap speed of 304.96 km/h at a 30-degree angle drift.[157]

Predzilla

The Predzilla GT-R was specially built and based on a 2017 model year GT-R premium edition and donated to the Nashville Predators Foundation. This particular GT-R was the main attraction in the Predators Foundation fundraising auction, as the car was custom-painted in Preds' official colours and graphics and featured a carbon fibre rear spoiler, especially the blue colour painted RAYS wheels and a black coloured interior.[158]

GT-R/C

Nissan built this car to celebrate the release of Gran Turismo Sport video game and to mark 20 years of Nissan involvement in the Gran Turismo gaming series. The car was extensively modified to be driven entirely by a DualShock 4 controller. The GT-R/C was controlled by Nismo athlete and GT Academy winner Jann Mardenborough around in a cockpit of a helicopter at the Silverstone National Circuit. On Mardenborough's fastest lap which took 1:17.47 minutes, the car averaged 122 km/h and reached a top speed of 211 km/h. The GT-R/C was fitted with four robots that operate the steering, transmission, brakes, and throttle. Six computers mounted in the rear of the car to update the controls up to 100 times per second.

The unmodified Dual-Shock 4 connects to a micro-computer that interprets the joystick and button signals and transmits them to the cars' onboard systems. The wireless operation had a primary control range of one kilometre. To help Mardenborough judge the vehicle's speed through the corners, a Racelogic VBOX Motorsport sensor was installed to relay speed data to an LCD display in the helicopter cockpit. The GT-R/C was also fitted with two independent safety systems operating on different radio frequencies in order to allow two additional operators to apply full ABS braking and cut the engine in the event of the main operator losing control of the vehicle. In 2018, the Nissan GT-R/C was used in a tour of primary and secondary schools in the UK to promote future careers in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) subjects.[159]

McDonald's Tomica Happy Set

On April 15, 2021, Nissan unveiled a one-Off special version of the GT-R Nismo. This one-off was based on the 2022 model year GT-R Nismo Special Edition and wrapped in a gold body colour. In collaboration with McDonald's in Japan, a miniature toy car GT-R Nismo was offered in the “Tomica Happy Set" (a popular McDonald's meal set for children). To promote this, Nissan and McDonald's held a joint event at Nissan's headquarters in Yokohama. The Happy Set was on sale for a limited time in Japan, beginning on April 30, 2021.[160]

Police use

Nissan GT-R Tochigi Prefecture Police Department patrol car

The Nissan GT-R was used as police vehicles by several police departments over the years. Including; the Tochigi Police Department Japan, Abu Dhabi Police, Dubai Police Force in United Arab Emirates and an one-off police vehicle named Copzilla which was shown at the 2017 New York Auto Show. The Copzilla wasn't an in service police vehicle.[161][162][163]

Performance

Nissan claimed the 2009 model year GT-R can attain a top speed of 315 km/h (196 mph)[164] however Motor Trend recorded a top speed of 313.8 km/h (195.0 mph).[165] In tests the original production model was shown to be capable of achieving 0-97 km/h (60 mph) times as low as 3.2 seconds using "launch control".[165] Owners expressed concern that duplicating the times achieved in these tests would void their factory warranty. Nissan's chief engineer Kazutoshi Mizuno has indicated that he has never used the term "launch control", which refers to the act of turning off vehicle dynamic control (VDC) and launching the car at around 4,500 rpm.[166] However, Nissan's director of product planning officer, John Wiener stated in an interview with Jay Leno that "we (Nissan) actually offer a 'launch mode'".[167] The GT-R user's manual states that turning off the VDC is only meant for escaping low-traction situations such as mud or snow. However Nissan used to turn off the VDC during hot laps and time attacks. Nissan has re-programmed the 2010 model year GT-R to reduce the engine speed at launch to around 3,500–4,000 rpm with VDC enabled, which is meant to improve acceleration times. The new programming was also installed on old 2009 vehicles still in Nissan's inventory, and is available for existing 2009 vehicles.[168]

The updated GT-R now has a launch mode called "R-Mode Start". Pushing the three buttons up, including the Transmission, Suspension and VDC, the car gets to "R-Mode Start". The system allows a maximum of 4 consecutive hard launches before locking itself out, after which it can be unlocked by driving normally for 2.4 km (1.5 mi). The updated GT-R now combined with the "R-Mode Start" has lowered the 0-97 km/h (60 mph) time to 3.2 seconds, set a Guinness World Record for the fastest accelerating four-seater production vehicle.[169] From Nissan's upgrades done to later model years, acceleration figures, top speed and Nürburgring lap times have been improved.[170]

Model/Type GT-R
CBA–R35
(2009–2010)
GT-R
DBA–R35
(2011–2012)
GT-R
DBA–R35
(2013–2016)
GT-R
4BA–R35
(2017–2022)
GT-R
Nismo
(2015–2019
GT-R
Nismo
(2020–2022)
0-97 km/h (60 mph) 3.2 sec 2.8 sec 2.7 sec 2.5 sec
0-160 km/h (100 mph) 7.6 sec 7.1 sec 6.7 sec 6.2 sec
0-200 km/h (124 mph) 11.3 sec 10.9 sec 10.5 sec 10.1 sec
400 m (14 mi) 11.3 sec at 200 km/h (120.30 mph) 11.0 sec at 200 km/h (124.45 mph) 10.7 sec at 204 km/h (126.76 mph) 10.5 sec at 209 km/h (129.89 mph)
Lateral acceleration 1.04g 1.06g 1.10g
Braking (113–0 km/h (70–0 mph)) 44 m (145 ft) 40 m (130 ft)
Nürburgring lap time 7:26.70 minutes 7:24.22 minutes[a] 7:18.60 minutes 7:08.67 minutes 7:03 minutes[b]
Top speed 318 km/h (197 mph) 320 km/h (199 mph) 324 km/h (201 mph) 328 km/h (204 mph) 330 km/h

(205 mph)

Sources:[171][172][173][174][175][176][177][178][179][180][181][182][183]
Notes
  1. ^ The lap time was done in wet conditions.
  2. ^ Nissan claimed lap time, unclear whether it is an estimation or not.

In 2013, in a joint project of Nissan Russia and LAV Productions, a 2012 model year GT-R set the ice speed record for a production car at the Lake Baikal, southern Siberia, Russia. The record was set by Russian racing driver Roman Rusinov, with a trap speed of 294.8 km/h (183 mph). This lake is considered as the deepest lake around the world. According to Nissan, the record car was in standard specifications with standard Bridgestone tyres.[184][185]

Official Nürburgring lap times

In 2009 Nissan claimed a lap time of 7:26.7 minutes with a 2009 model year GT-R on the base model's run-flat Dunlop SP Sport Maxx GT 600 DSST CTT tyres, making it the fastest four-seater production vehicle and 7th fastest production vehicle around the track.[186] having previously set a time of 7:29 minutes on standard Bridgestone Potenza RE070R street tyres.[187][188] Porsche has claimed Nissan overstated the GT-R's performance in September 2008.[189][190] Porsche claimed to have conducted a test of a factory stock, European market GT-R and achieved a slower time (of 7:54 minutes), apparently implying that the car isn't as fast around this public road as Nissan claims and/or that their driver isn't as talented as Nissan's. Nissan disputed the former and implied the latter claim in October 2008.[191][192]

In September 2010, Nissan's set a Nürburgring lap time using the 2011 model year GT-R with a new facelift. Driven by GT-R's development driver Toshio Suzuki on semi-wet (damp) conditions. and the car set a lap time of 7:24.22 minutes, however the achieved lap time made enough to be the 5th fastest production vehicle around the track.[193][194]

According to Nissan, the GT-R improved its Nürburgring lap time in October 2012 to 7:19.1 minutes by due to the 2013 model year improvements. This allowed the GT-R to regain the 5th fastest ever production vehicle title around the Nürburgring, equalling with the Porsche 911 (997.2) GT2 RS. Nissan claimed that it lost half a second in traffic, making a potential lap time of 7:18.6 minutes possible.[195][196]

GT-R Nismo camouflaged prototype

In February 2013, Nissan opened the new Nismo headquarters in Yokohama. Nissan's CEO Carlos Ghosn considered to introduce a track-oriented version of the GT-R, named as GT-R Nismo. He wanted the GT-R Nismo to set a production vehicle lap record at the Nürburgring Nordschleife and to be sold as the leading Nismo brand within a year. On May 18 development began, with Nissan's chief vehicle engineer Noboru Kaneko, who appointed after the retirement of Kazutoshi Mizuno. Led the joint Nismo and Dunlop Tyres effort to set the production vehicle lap record at the Nürburgring.

On June 26, the team started testing with standard GT-R test mules at Sendai Hi-Land Raceway. On July 16, the team visited the Nürburgring to collected data and aid development, with it the team built the GT-R Nismo and its aerodynamic development was finalized after testing it at the Sendai Raceway on July 24.

On September 2, the team returned to the Nürburgring with three GT-R Nismo prototypes and four drivers. drivers included Infiniti Red Bull Racing third driver Sébastien Buemi, Nismo global brand ambassador and racing driver Michael Krumm, German touring car driver Armin Hahne, and a Japanese racing driver, Tetsuya Tanaka. team finalized testing of the GT-R Nismo and on September 30, the team was aiming for a lap under 7:10 minutes with the optional N-Attack Package equipped. All four drivers were offered 2 laps each, Hahne and Tanaka couldn't get close enough to the target lap time. But Buemi completed a lap time of 7:12 minutes on his first attempt, on his second, he stopped to take some fuel out to reduce weight, and while on the way to complete a lap time under 7:10 minutes, the car ran out of fuel. Krumm achieved a lap time of 7:10 minutes in his first attempt.[197]

At 4:48 p.m, just twelve minutes before the Nordschleife was scheduled to close, and five minutes before the rain,[198] Krumm completed his second lap time of 7:08.679 minutes and achieved a peak speed of 310 km/h (193 mph) on the Dottinger Hohe uphill climb,[199] making it the fastest production vehicle around the track.[200]

After setting the lap record, the Nismo team invited the Car and Driver journalist Tony Quiroga to set the fastest lap time with a passenger around the Nordschleife. Krumm drove the GT-R Nismo with the journalist on passenger seat, and set the lap record for the fastest production vehicle lap time, recorded with a passenger around the track with a lap time of 7:19.46 minutes and a peak speed of 303 km/h (188 mph) on the Dottinger Hohe uphill straight.[201][202]

Independent Nürburgring lap times

In a test conducted by Drivers Republic of a GT-R and Porsche 911 (997) GT2 resulted in times of 7:56 minutes for the GT-R and 7:49 minutes for the GT2 respectively in partially damp conditions. While the tester had no doubt that the GT2 could achieve the factory time of 7:32 minutes, he couldn't imagine the customer GT-R going faster than 7:41 minutes in spite of the 7:29 minutes of factory claim.[203]

The German magazine Sport Auto achieved a time of 7:50 minutes on the Nürburgring with a car supplied to them by Nissan during an initial short test in 2007 in partially damp condition.[204] In 2009, in a full "supertest" sport auto achieved a time of 7:38 minutes on the Nürburgring with a standard GT-R driven by Horst von Saurma,[205] identical to a later "supertest" Corvette ZR1 time.[206] In a first test with the 2011 facelifted GT-R model, Sport Auto recorded a lap time of 7:34 minutes on the Nürburgring with a standard GT-R driven by Horst von Saurma.[207]

Note: these tests were done with customer specification vehicles with standard fuel, journalist driver, traffic and electronic stability control (ESC) switched on.

Lap records

Chassis/Model Racetrack Lap time (minutes) Driver
CBA–R35 Driving Center Groß Dölln 1:27.30
Castle Combe Circuit 1:14.60 Steve Sutcliffe
Mobility Resort Motegi 2:07.60 Naoki Hattori
Zwartkops Raceway 1:11.55
DBA–R35 Sportsland Sugo 1:33.80 Keiichi Tsuchiya
Contidrom 3.8 km Course 1:30.73
Llandow Circuit 0:45.70 Steve Sutcliffe
Suzuka International Racing Course 2:18.36
4BA–R35 Athens Circuit–Megara 1:06.68 Alex Galanopoulos
Nismo Nürburgring Norschleife 7:08.67 Michael Krumm
Goodwood Circuit 0:49.27 Jann Mardenborough
Fuji Speedway 1:50.93 Tsugio Matsuda
Tsukuba Circuit 0:59.36
Nürburgring GP 5.15 km Course 2:13.80 Christian Gebhardt
Willow Springs–Street of Willow 1:19.07 Randy Pobst
Willow Springs International Motorsports Prak 1:25.70
INTA Circuit 1:05.83 Marc Gené
Maze Sea Circuit 1:03.44 Keiichi Tsuchiya

Note: despite better citation shortages, some of these lap times were only considered as lap records for being the fastest lap time recorded around the respective racetrack at the time.

CBA Models

GT-R CBA–R35 model
Driving Center Groß Dölln

In November 2009, the GT-R set a lap time, at the Driving Center Groß Dölln circuit in 1:27.30 minutes, which was the fastest for a production vehicle at the time. And it was done by the German car magazine Auto Bild in a comparison test, beating a Porsche 911 (997) Turbo.[208]

Castle Combe Circuit

In December 2009, in an Autocar magazine comparison test between a GT-R, Porsche 911 (997) Turbo and Audi R8, the GT-R managed to set the production car lap record at Castle Combe Circuit in semi–wet (damp) conditions, with a lap time of 1:14.60 minutes, driven by Steve Sutcliffe.[209][210]

Mobility Resort Motegi

In May 2008, in a Best Motoring conducted test, the GT-R completed a 2:07.60 minute lap time around the Mobility Resort Motegi Circuit driven by Naoki Hattori, making it the fastest production car around the track at the time.[211][212]

Zwartkops Raceway

In September 2009, Car magazine conducted a test for the GT-R at the Zwartkops Raceway. The car set a lap time of 1:11.55 minutes, fastest time recorded in a production vehicle at the time.[213]

DBA Models

GT-R DBA–R35 model
Sportsland Sugo

In January 2011, in a Best Motoring conducted time attack challenge, the GT-R achieved a lap time of 1:33.808 minutes around the Sportsland Sugo driven by Keiichi Tsuchiya, making it the fastest production car around the track at the time.[214][215]

Willow Springs - Street of Willow

In February 2012, Motor Trend conducted a comparison test between the GT-R, Corvette C6 Z06 and Mustang GT500. According to the results from the test, Randy Pobst drove the GT-R around the Willow Springs-Street of Willow and set a lap time of 1:20.25 minutes.[216] This made it the fastest production car around the track at the time. Later in May 2013, the same magazine tested a GT-R Track Edition and broke the lap record with a lap time of 1:19.55 minutes.[217]

Contidrom 3.8 km Course

In August 2015, Auto Bild tested the GT-R on the 3.8 km course of the Contidrom race track. They achieved a lap time of 1:30.73 minutes, making it the fastest production car around the track at the time.[218]

Llandow Circuit

In August 2015, Auto Express conducted a comparison test between the GT-R and the Skyline GT-R R34 at the Llandow Circuit. The GT-R set a lap time of 45.70 around the track, driven by Steve Sutcliffe, fastest lap time recorded in a production vehicle around the track at the time.[219][220]

Suzuka International Racing Course

In an unofficial testing session, the GT-R set the lap record for a production car around the Suzuka International Racing Course with lap time of 2:18.36 minutes. In 2015 the record was broken by a Koenigsegg One:1, which was just eight tenth of a second quicker than the GT-R. However the Koenigsegg One:1 wasn't been able to qualify as a production car, due to only 6 units were built out from the required 25 units.[221][222]

4BA Models

GT-R 4BA–R35 model
Athens Circuit - Megara

On November 10, 2016, in a test conducted by Drive Magazine at the Athens Circuit - Megara, the GT-R completed a lap time of 1:06.68 minutes. Driven by Alex Galanopoulos with a passenger in the vehicle, making it the fastest production vehicle around the track at the time.[223][224]

Nismo

Goodwood Circuit
GT-R Nismo camouflaged prototype at the Goodwood Festival of Speed

In June 2014, the GT-R Nismo prototype equipped with the N-Attack Package was revealed at the Goodwood Festival of Speed. The car driven on the Goodwood Circuit by Jann Mardenborough, set a time of 49.27 seconds, making it the fastest production vehicle around the track.[225]

Fuji Speedway

In a pre-testing session of the GT-R Nismo at the Fuji Speedway, With the N-Attack Package equipped, the car set a new production car lap record around the track. Driven by Tsugio Matsuda, set a lap time of 1:50.930 minutes.[226]

Nürburgring GP 5.15 km Course

On August 13, 2014, German car magazine Sport Auto tested the 2015 model year GT-R Nismo at the Nurburgring GP 5.15 km circuit with traffic, driven by Christian Gebhardt, set the fastest production vehicle lap time around the track with a lap time of 2:13.80 minutes.[227]

Willow Springs - Street of Willow

In September 2014, Motor Trend conducted a test using the 2015 model year GT-R Nismo at Willow Springs - Street of Willow circuit. The test driver Randy Pobst set a lap time of 1:19.07 minutes and making it the fastest road-legal production vehicle around track. The 2014 model year GT-R Track Edition holds the second place with a lap time of 1:19.55 minutes and 2012 model year standard GT-R holds the third place with a lap time of 1:20.25 minutes from the production vehicle lap times around track.[228][229]

Willow Springs International Motorsports Park

In February 2015, Motor Trend tested a comparison with the GT-R Nismo and the Corvette C7 Z06, On the track test, test driver Randy Pobst drove the GT-R Nismo at Willow Springs International Motorsports Prak and set a new production vehicle lap record around the track at the time with a lap time of 1:25.70 minutes.[230]

Tsukuba Circuit
2018 model year GT-R Nismo Tsukuba Circuit time attack vehicle

On December 8, 2017, in a test conducted by Nissan for 50th anniversary of the GT-R, a 2018 model year GT-R Nismo, driven by Kazuo Shimizu, set a lap time of 1.00.293 minutes on the Tsukuba Circuit – making it the fastest production vehicle around the track at the time.[231][232] On December 9, 2019, Nissan again broke the own record of the fastest production vehicle around the track using a 2020 model year GT-R Nismo, driven by Tsugio Matsuda, set a lap time of 59.361 seconds. And the car became the first production car to lap the circuit under one minute.[233][234]

INTA Circuit

In 2018, Nissan conducted a test on the INTA Circuit in Spain, driven by Marc Gené with a 2017 model year GT-R Nismo, GT-R Track Edition, and a standard GT-R. The GT-R Nismo set a new production vehicle lap record around the track with a lap time of 1:05.83 minutes. The GT-R Track Edition lapped in 1:06.39 minutes and took second place, standard GT-R lapped in 1:06.93 minutes and took the third place from the fastest production vehicle lap times around the track.[235]

Maze Sea Circuit

In a track battle conducted by Best Motoring at Maze Sea Circuit (also known as Nihonkai Maze Circuit), a 2017 model year GT-R Nismo set a new production car lap record around the track with a lap time of 1:03.448 minutes, driven by Keiichi Tsuchiya.[236]

Reception

2012 model year Nissan GT-R

The Nissan GT-R has been praised by various magazines, television programs, and automotive publications for its ultimate performance capabilities and practicality, continuing its predecessor's nicknames (such as "Godzilla" and "Supercar Killer") since its debut in 2007.[237][238] The GT-R is known to boast a performance equalling or even exceeding its competitors at around half the price, and possesses extensive aftermarket modifications, tunability and reliability. It also brought highly notable Nürburgring lap times and new technologies to the automotive industry, such as being the first rear-mounted, independent transaxle vehicle at the time, and being one of the earliest vehicles to use a dual-clutch transmission and launch control. These led the GT-R to obtain its current recognition in the automotive industry.

Magazines

Motor Trend called the GT-R "Godzilla" in their reviews, tests and drag races. At the first acceleration test in 2009, they praised the GT-R's launch control by stating "BAM! The GT-R leaves the line like an arrow from a cross-bow. From the outside, the rear tyres spin for a little over a foot, the fronts never visibly slip. The acceleration screen on the centre dash confirms the test equipment's assertion that longitudinal acceleration of at least 1.0 g persists for almost two seconds. No wonder the forged-aluminium rims have little knurled ridges to keep the tyre beads from slipping."[239] They also stated the GT-R "appears to dodge the laws of physics". While criticized for not being offered with a manual transmission and interior quality, they nevertheless named it the 2009 Motor Trend Automobile of the Year.[240]

At Car and Driver's first test, they gave the verdict for the GT-R as "Prejudged on its specs, the GT-R is winning on appeal", because of its acceleration, handling, and practicality performance.[241] Edmunds also praised the GT-R by stating "the Nissan GT-R delivers true supercar performance in a user-friendly package for less coin than a base Porsche 911", also claiming "the GT-R can get you to 60 mph faster than any Ferrari or Lamborghini currently in production".[242]

Top Gear magazine praised the GT-R by stating "This car is the greatest performance bargain of this or any other century, and is one of the most incredible cars of any kind ever built. For the price of a BMW M3, you have a four-wheel-drive, super-high-tech, all-weather, 195mph supercar with tremendous ability on all roads and an almost impossibly cool image. And a boot".[243]

At the first test of Road & Track, they gave a positive verdict about the GT-R, stating "The power from the GT-R's engine is phenomenal. Not because it has so much of it, but because it's delivered in such a smooth, naturally aspirated fashion. The smaller turbos of the GT-R spool up more quickly than the Porsche's, giving the effect of no lag. Its engine note, however, doesn't stir my sensibilities the way the Z06's and the 911 Turbo's do", and also "The GT-R responds best when thrown into corners with gusto. Under braking with a bit of turn to the steering wheel, the GT-R's back end will come into play to help you tighten the corner line a bit, but never so much as to make the car unstable. Steering effort is light, and the all-wheel-drive system takes much of the drama out of exiting corners". About the practicality of the car, the magazine states, "There's plenty of room for a big guy and a back seat that can be used by shorter folks on the occasional run to lunch. The ride is on the harsh side, even with the suspension setting switched to full comfort. The various screens of the monitor are neat, though some of the materials here could be better. But could I spend all day in the car? You bet." At the end, the magazine gave the GT-R a positive verdict by stating "fact it wears a Nissan badge — the GT-R might well be considered the most exotic car on the planet".[244]

In Autocar magazine, Chris Harris criticized the GT-R for giving a harsh/uncomfortable ride, stating "with the three-way dampers set to hard, it is undriveable", but praised its performance and drivetrain by stating "There is only one performance car with a better powertrain than the GT-R, and it is made by Bugatti at considerable cost. With the double-clutch gearbox set to automatic you only feel a slight judder from first to second and thereafter it is, for want of a less sickly phrase, seamless" and "there is real sophistication to the way it handles. And, unlike its predecessor, the R35 doesn't just spit you in to oversteer. It simply catapults you away from slow turns". At the end, a motor journalist stated "I want one now! If you can't wait for a UK car some time next year then you'll need to personally import one. But believe me: if you're after the ultimate performance weapon of the moment, there is every reason to. This is the best value performance car on the planet".[245]

TV Series

In Series 11 of the British motoring show Top Gear, Jeremy Clarkson praised the GT-R's acceleration by stating, "I think they've put a million horsepower engine, because the acceleration is blistering, it's just savage!". Clarkson also complimented its cornering performance by stating "they haven't built a new car here, they built a new yardstick" and "it corners faster than electricity". He was forced to end the test prematurely after the GT-R's cornering speed caused him to pull a muscle in his neck at Fuji Speedway.[246]

In another episode of Top Gear, James May tested the GT-R's launch control. After his first run using launch control, he stated "that's tremendous, I've never gone off the line that well in a car". Clarkson also stated "there's no car that accelerates when you look from 30 yards like this one does". In addition, both presenters stated, "I want it".[247]

In an episode of Fifth Gear, Jason Plato praised the GT-R's acceleration and cornering performance, stating "it's a great car, it's fantastic fun, it's great value for money, we like it, we like it a lot".[248]

Jay Leno, in his television show, praised the GT-R's performance and overall practicality for a sports car by stating "I'm starting to feel that I could get emotionally involved with this car... Let me drop it down a gear and see... Check the pull!... OK, I think I'm emotionally involved. Time to call my wife. Honey, I met something, another car. Not to take your place, just something different."[249]

Accolades

2011 Bullrun Rally Navigator award winning GT-R
Year Award and Title
2007 Top Gear Awards – Sports Car of The Year[250]
2008 Autocar – Drivers Car of the Year[251]
Evo Magazine – Car of the Year[252]
Auto Express Sports Car of The Year[253]
Auto Express – Performance Car of The Year[253]
Japan's Most Advanced Technology Award[254]
Vehicle Dynamics International – Car of The Year[253]
Japanese Performance – Car of The Year[253]
Performance Car – Car of The Year[253]
CAR Magazine – Best Car of The Year[253]
Popular Mechanics – Automotive Excellence Awards 2008 (Design)[255]
2009 Automobile Magazine – Automobile of the Year[256]
What Car? – Performance Car of The Year[253]
MotorWeek – Driver's Choice Awards & Best Performance Car
Motor Magazine – Performance Car of The Year[257]
Edmunds.com – Edmunds' Inside Line Editors' Most Wanted Awards: Instant Classic[258]
Motor Trend – Motor Trend Car of the Year[259]
Popular Science – Auto Tech Grand Award Winner[260]
International Car of the Year[261]
World Performance Car[262]
Guinness World Records – Fastest 0–60 mph acceleration by a four-seater production car[263]
2010 Yahoo – Listed as having one of the best resale values of any sports car.[264]
Top Speed – Sports Car of the Year[265]
2011 Motor Magazine – Performance Car of The Year[257]
Motor Trend – Best Driver's Car 2nd place[266]
Bullrun Rally – Navigator Award Winner[267]
2012 Motor Authority – Best Car to Buy Nominee[268]
Motor Trend – Best Driver's Car 3rd place (Black Edition)[269]
Bullrun Rally – Navigator Award Winner[267]
2013 Women's Car of The Year – Best Dream Drive[270]
Russian Automotive Federation – Ice speed record for a production car[184]
2014 Robb Report – Best of The Best Honoree[271]
Motor Trend – Best Driver's Car 4th Place (Nismo Edition)[272]
2015 Top Gear – one of the Top Five Sports Cars[273]
Car Connection – one of the Best Performance Cars[274]
Auto Express – one of the Best Sports Cars[275]
2016 Guinness World Records – Fastest Drift[276]
Top Performance Dubai – Car of the Decade[277]
2017 Autobytel – Buyer's Choice Award[278]
ALG Residual Value – Top Premium Sports Car of The Year[279]
Dubai International Motor Show – Best Car Ever[280]
2018 Motor Magazine – Performance Car of The Year 4th place (Nismo Edition)[281]
2019 The Car Connection – one of the Best Performing Cars[282]
Car Dealer Magazine – Used Sports Car of The Year[283]
2020 Bangkok International Motor Show – Best Riding Quality Sports Car of The Year (50th Anniversary Edition)[284]
2021 Auto Express – one of the Best Sports Cars[285]
Autocar one of the Best Super Sports Cars[286]
Zutobi – The Most Talked About Car on the Internet[287]
2022 Auto Express – one of the Best Sports Cars[288]
Autocar one of the Best Sports Cars[289]
Autocar one of the Best Super Sports Cars (Nismo Edition)[290]
Autocar one of the Best Hardcore Sports Cars (Nismo Edition)[291]
Road & Track one of the Best Daily Drivers[292]
Evo Magazine one of the Best Coupes[293]

Note – some accolades may have not been added to the list.

Motorsport

The Nissan GT-R had various motorsport success in motor racing, drag racing, time attack, hill climbing and drifting. In motor racing the GT-R have won championships and been successful in Super GT Series, RAC Tourist Trophy, FIA GT1 World Championship, Pirelli World Challenge, Intercontinental GT Challenge, Dubai 24 hour, 24 hours of Nürburgring, Bathurst 12 Hour, 24 hours of Spa, Blancpain Endurance Series and Super Taikyu Series.

Super GT

The GT-R GT500 won 7 out of 9 races in its debut season

Nismo, the motorsport arm of Nissan, entered the GT-R GT500 into the Super GT series in 2008, replacing the 350Z.[295] In 2008, the GT500 version of the car had a completely different drivetrain compared to the production car. The race car was upgraded to the VK45DE 4.5-litre naturally aspirated V8 engine, instead of the VR38DETT engine.[296] It used a 6-speed sequential manual gearbox and a rear-wheel-drive layout from its predecessor, the 350Z GT.[297] A prototype was spotted testing around the Suzuka Circuit as well as at Fuji Speedway in Japan.[298][299] The car went onto win the opening race of the 2008 season in Suzuka, scoring a one-two finish for Nissan.[300] In the next race, the GT-R GT500 repeated its 1–2 result, won the drivers' championship by the end of the season, through the Xanavi Nismo GT-R GT500, driven by Satoshi Motoyama and Benoît Tréluyer, although they've only came third in the teams' championship. It also won 7 out of 9 races by 4 different teams using GT-R GT500 race cars.

The GT500 version scored 4 victories in the 2009 Super GT Series. In 2010, the VK45DE 4.5-litre engine was replaced by a newly developed VRH34A 3.4-litre engine.[301] In 2011 and 2012, Team Mola GT-R GT500 with drivers Ronnie Quintarelli and Masataka Yanagida got back to back championships in both teams' and drivers' classifications.[302] In 2014, the Super GT regulations were aligned with those of the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters, and so the V8 engine was replaced with NR20A 2.0-litre, 4-cylinder turbocharged engine, the GT-R GT500 repeatedly won both 2014 and 2015 championships back to back.[303] Nissan announced that the GT-R GT500 will be retired by the end of 2021 season, due to the regulation changes that made the car uncompetitive since the 2016 season. However, along with its 5 drivers' and 4 teams' championships, the GT-R GT500 has the most wins for a GT500 car in the Super GT history, with 41 race wins and scored 55 podiums from 113 race starts, making it one of the most successful GT500 race cars of all time.[304] The GT-R GT500 was replaced with the new Nissan Z GT500 for the 2022 season after the model's 15-year absence.[305]

FIA GT1 World Championship

Nissan GT-R safety car at 2011 FIA GT1 World Championship Silverstone round

On February 27, 2009, Nismo announced a partnership with British racing team Gigawave Motorsports to enter a GT-R in four races in the 2009 FIA GT Championship season. The entry did not compete for championship points but was used by Nismo to refine the performance of the GT-R for future customer teams to use the car in the planned FIA GT1 World Championship in 2010. Nismo driver Michael Krumm and Gigawave driver Darren Turner would co-drive the GT1 GT-R.[307] The Sumo Power GT-R won the 2010 RAC Tourist Trophy at Silverstone Circuit as part of the FIA GT1 World Championship on May 2, 2010.

The 2011 season saw Swiss Racing Team switch to Lamborghini which left Sumo Power running four GT-Rs, two under the Sumo Power GT name and two under JR Motorsports. JR Motorsports with drivers Michael Krumm and Lucas Luhr won the Drivers Championship in the 2011 season, achieving 3 wins and 1 pole position in 10 races. The team got second place in the teams' championship, as in the last race the No.23 car retired due to a crash and the No.22 car served a penalty while leading the race and finished in 8th position. End of the race the team was just behind by 3 points than the team's champions.

FIA GT3

Blancpain Endurance Series

The GT-R Nismo GT3 notably competed in the largest GT championship at the time, the Blancpain Endurance Series. Despite making its debut in the fourth round of the 2011 season, the car had an average debut season. The GT-R Nismo GT3 won the Pro-Am championship in 2013.[309] Following another successful year in 2014, team Nissan GT Academy won the Pro championship of 2015 Blancpain Endurance Series, achieving a pole position, a win and two podium finishes out of the five races in calendar.[310][311] Until the retirement in 2019 season, no major achievements followed.

2018 update
An upgraded GT-R Nismo GT3

For the 2018 model year, GT-R Nismo GT3 had new upgrades. Including; 150 mm (5.9 in) lowered engine thanks to a thin oil pan, implementing a dry sump oil system; entire powertrain was lowered; the engine have slightly moved backwards; re-tuned suspension, now with double-wishbone setup for rear; optimized air flow inside the engine compartment; modified radiators, air inlets, air outlets and intercooler; lowered seating position; optional air conditioning system to keep driver in perfect condition; re-designed steering wheel and a new center console switch panel. These upgrades led the GT-R Nismo GT3; to reduce its weight by 15 kg (33 lb), which is now at 1,275 kg (2,811 lb); to low its center of gravity to improve driving stability and handling and also to improve downforce while reducing drag.[312][313]

Other major achievements

In 2016, the GT-R Nismo GT3 won all six rounds of the Super Taikyu Series, easily winning the series championship. Other major championship wins includes; 2014, 2015, 2018 and 2019 Super Taikyu Series championships; 2015 and 2020 Super GT Series GT300 championships. In 2022 Super GT Series, Kondo Racing's GT-R Nismo GT3 is currently leading the GT300 championship with only one race to go. The GT-R Nismo GT3 also have performed well in notable international endurance races, including; winning the 2015 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour; driven by Katsumasa Chiyo, Wolfgang Reip, and Florian Strauss. The Nissan GT Academy team returned to the Mount Panorama Circuit for the 2016 Liqui Moly Bathurst 12 Hour where after qualifying a disappointing 13th, Chiyo, Strauss and Nissan Australia's Rick Kelly finished in second place, only 1.2 seconds behind the race-winning McLaren 650S GT3 from Tekno Autosports. However the team led the most laps in the race, having led for 107 out of the 297 laps run.[314] In 2015 Dubai 24 hour race, Nissan GT Academy achieved an in class 2nd place finish, 5th in overall standings. Also, in 24 Hours of Spa and 24 Hours of Nürburgring in between 2014 and 2017, the car was consecutively been able to finish those races in notable grid positions.[315] In 2017, Nissan (Nismo) officially stopped competing on international GT3 racing in interest of entering Formula E, but private racing teams continued in racing with customer spec GT-R Nismo GT3 race cars.[316]

Other categories

A production-based GT-R made its world motorsport debut in Australia's Targa Tasmania tarmac rally in April 2008,[317] however it sustained damage early in the event and did not complete the rally.[318] Later in 2008 a GT-R won the Competition Modern class in the Targa West[319] before returning to Targa Tasmania in 2009 to take the outright win in the Modern class.[320] In 2009 Nissan's GT-R won the One Lap of America competition.[321] In 2010 the GT-R finished 2nd over all in the One Lap of America competition. During the 2010 SCCA World Challenge season, a pair of GT class GT-Rs were campaigned by Brass Monkey Racing and driven by Steve Ott and Tony Rivera.[322]

Nissan GT-R Club Track Edition front view
rear view

On June 4, 2010, Nismo announced a Club Track Edition[323] GT-R available via its Nissan supported Omori aftermarket factory. This domestic market trim is a non-street legal, race-ready variant equipped with a 6-point roll cage and upgraded with the Nismo race package developed through its Tokachi endurance racer program. On June 25 and 26, 2011, the No. 71 Schulze Motorsport Nissan GT-R took part in the 24 Hours of Nürburgring 2011 driven by Michael Schulze, Tobias Schulze, Kazunori Yamauchi and Yasuyoshi Yamamoto. The car finished the race in 36th place overall, achieving a victory in the SP 8T class after overcoming several technical problems. It was the first time a Nissan GT-R took part in the 24 Hours of Nürburgring. In 2013, Nissan participated the SP8T class with 2 Club Track Edition GT-Rs as a works team, which driven by Team Nissan and Team GT Academy, both cars completed a 1–2 finish in its class and 30th and 99th in overall driven by Lucas Ordonez, Kazunori Yamauchi, Yasukichi Yamamoto and Tobias Schulze and Michael Krumm, Toshio Suzuki, Kazuki Hoshino, Tetsuya Tanaka respectively.[324]

Aftermarket Tuning

Tuning

Despite early concerns about the difficulty of modifying the Nissan GT-R, many aftermarket tuning parts have become available. The previously reported "untunable" ECU has since been hacked by several tuning houses. COBB Tuning was the first company to access the GT-R's encrypted ECU.[325] Mine's also has limited control of the ECU, and others (MCR,[326] HKS, and Top Secret) have bypassed the unit. They have been seen testing modified GT-Rs with the former two having conducted tests at the Tsukuba Circuit.[327][328]

Ecutek tuning, on the other hand, was the first company to manipulate and change shift points on the GT-R in the TCM (Transmission Control Module) in automatic mode. This can be done at will by the driver. Ecutek also allows the driver to adjust launch control on the fly available with a wrap-around boost gauge that can read over 20 PSI.[329] Like COBB Tuning, Ecutek offered engine tuning on the ECU and TCM with different launch control software from LC1 up to LC5.[330] On January 16, 2013, Ecutek also became the first company to construct and offer Flex Fuel hardware and software capability for all GT-R models. This fuel kit requires the Ecutek specific TCM. The kit provides changes in the cold start cranking compensation, changes to the maximum target boost, changes in the ignition timing, changes to target airflow, changes in cam timing, and changes in the fuel economy gauge reading all based solely on ethanol content in the gas tank.[331]

Japan based tuner Mine's has created the VR38DETT super response engine which uses lightened engine internals like titanium rods, lightened pistons and many other components that allow the engine to rev more quickly, it makes 588 kW; 789 hp; 800 PS.[332][333] AMS Performance, Alpha Logic Performance, and Extreme Turbo Systems were the major turner companies for building drag cars and aftermarket tuner parts for the GT-R.

In a review by Motor Trend editor Scott Kanemura, it was revealed that the GPS system fitted to the GT-R would remove the 180 km/h (112 mph) speed limiter when the car arrives at a race track, but only on tracks approved by Nissan. Aftermarket ECUs have been developed to bypass the speed limiter, in addition to stand-alone speed-limiter defeaters. The GPS check will not be implemented in American models.[334] In August 2008, Nissan's official motorsport and tuning arm Nismo announced the "Club Sport" tuning package for the GT-R . The package, which is also fitted to the SpecV,[335] includes Bilstein Damptronic compatible dampers, 20" forged aluminium wheels from RAYS Engineering, Bridgestone run-flat tyres, Recaro carbon fibre-shelled bucket seats, a titanium exhaust, and a revised rear diffuser with an added cooling duct.[336] The package is supported by a warranty and saves over 20 kg (44 lb).

Drag Racing

A GT-R equipped with AMS Performance Alpha 6 kit

AMS Performance, based in West Chicago, Illinois, has set record power levels and performance numbers for the GT-R. Their Alpha Omega GT-R as well as the first GT-R to reach the 9's, 8's, 7's and 6's. In June 2013, Omega broke into the 7s when it ran a 7.98 at 299.56 km/h (186.14 mph). During the evening of the 7-second pass, Omega broke a couple of other records. Omega bested its previous 97–209 km/h (60–130 mph) time with 2.67 seconds. Omega also broke the 161–241 km/h (100–150 mph) record which was previously held by an Underground Racing TT Gallardo (2.58 seconds) with 2.45 seconds. But in June 2015, the Alpha Omega GT-R was generating over 2050 horsepower and boasts 0–60 mph time of 1.49 seconds. Omega set multiple world records at the WannaGoFast 1/2 Mile Shootout at Built Field Airport in Monee, Illinois which included: 361.8 km/h (224.91 mph) in a standing 1/2 mile; 97–209 km/h (60–130 mph) time in 2.28 seconds; 0–161 km/h (0–100 mph) in 2.78 seconds; 0–300 km/h (0–186 mph) in 7.07 seconds; 0–322 km/h (0–200 mph) in 10.49 seconds. the Alpha Omega GT-R did its best quarter-mile time in 7.49 seconds at 310 km/h (193 mph). making it the quickest and fastest GT-R and road-legal vehicle in the world. and the car won the King Of The Streets competition two times in a row. The AMS Performance Alpha Omega package functions more as a shop/research and development vehicle which is the reason why it is not available to the general public. However, anybody can purchase the Alpha 6, Alpha 9, Alpha 10, Alpha 12, Alpha 14, Alpha 16, and Alpha X packages; each respectively with approximately 447 kW; 600 hp; 608 PS, 669 kW; 898 hp; 910 PS, 746 kW; 1,000 hp; 1,014 PS, 895 kW; 1,200 hp; 1,217 PS, 1,044 kW; 1,400 hp; 1,419 PS, 1,193 kW; 1,600 hp; 1,622 PS, 1,641 kW; 2,200 hp; 2,231 PS when installed and tuned.[337][338]

In 2017, AMS Performance built Alpha-G GT-R became the first GT-R to run a quarter-mile in 6 seconds. The car completed the run in 6.937 seconds driven by Gidi Chamdi with a trap speed of 315.36 km/h (196 mph) and held the fastest all-wheel-drive record.[339] Later, ETS (Extreme Turbo Systems) GT-R broke the record with a 6.88 seconds of a quarter-mile run at 358.80 km/h (223 mph), also set the record for fastest standing half-mile with a trap speed of 410.29 km/h (255 mph).[340] In December 2018, the Alpha Logic Performance from Dubai set the quarter-mile record for fastest GT-R and fastest all-wheel-drive using their "Panda" GT-R in 6.582 seconds at 373.82 km/h (232.28 mph).[341][342] In 2019 Import vs Domestic finals, the 2,610 kW; 3,500 hp; 3,549 PS and 100 PSI of boost ETS-G GT-R broke the quickest and fastest GT-R, all-wheel-drive and stock unibody world record, as it completed a 1/4 mile run in 6.56 seconds at trap speed of 362.02 km/h (225 mph), winning the competition by beating the AMS Performance's Alpha Queen GT-R, which is completed a 6.87 second quarter mile run.[343]

Fastest road-legal 1 mile record holder, Nissan GT-R AMS Alpha 12+

At the Dragtimes Competition in Russia, the AMS Alpha 12 GT-R broke the fastest road-legal standing 1 mile record, driven by Jury with a trap speed of 382 km/h (237 mph), later the record was broken by a 1,864 kW; 2,500 hp; 2,535 PS Ford GT.[344] Later in the same competition, Switzer Goliath GT-R broke the quickest road-legal standing 1 mile record in 22.602 seconds at a trap speed of 402 km/h (250 mph).[345][346]

Time Attack

Modified GT-Rs have competed in several time attack challenges, especially in WTAC (World Time Attack Challenge). Time attack GT-Rs have been fielded by HKS, Precision Automotive Racing and LYFE. In 2015, the HKS GT-R became the fastest time attack GT-R, which had the same VR38DETT engine with generating over 895 kW; 1,200 hp; 1,217 PS. It was became the fastest vehicle at Fontana, California, Fuji Speedway (achieving a peak speed of over 322 km/h (200 mph) in the main start/finish straight) and in Sydney Motorsport Park. The car competed at 2015 WTAC and won the GT-R R35 class with the fastest lap time of 1:30.838 minutes.[347] But in 2017, LYFE's 847 kW; 1,136 hp; 1,152 PS GT-R broke all HKS's records and won the title for the fastest time attack GT-R in the WTAC.[348] In 2017 WTAC, Precision Automotive Racing's GT-R, driven by Aaron McGranahan, set a peak speed of 269 km/h (167 mph) and won the Flying 500 class title.[349]

Hill Climb

The GT-R have competed in both stock and modified forms in many hill climbing competitions, notably in the Jaguar Simola Hill Climb in South Africa. In 2019 Jaguar Simola Hill Climb, the GT-R was named the most successful supercar, as it won the final Top 10 Shootout event, with Kyle Mitchell driving, setting a time of 40.862 seconds and becoming the fastest road-legal vehicle.[350][351]

Drifting

In February 2016, using a modified 2016 model year GT-R, Masato Kawabata set a new world record for the fastest 30-degree drift at approximately 304 km/h at the Fujairah International Airport.[352]

Others

On August 13, 2014, Mike Newman set a Guinness world record for the "Fastest speed for a car driven blindfolded" in a GT-R modified by Litchfield Motors (UK).[353]

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  353. ^ Glenday, Craig (September 2015). Guinness World Records 2016. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-910561-01-0.

Further reading

  • Gorodji, Alex (2008). Nissan GT-R: Legendary performance, Engineering Marvel. Minneapolis: Motorbooks. pp. 192 pages. ISBN -978-0-7603-3036-4.

External links