Nyck de Vries (born 6 February 1995) is a Dutch racing driver currently competing in the 2021–22 Formula E season with Mercedes-EQ Formula E Team. He is also a test and reserve driver for the Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team.[1][2][3][4] De Vries won the 2020–21 Formula E World Championship and the 2019 FIA Formula 2 Championship, as well as the 2010 and 2011 Karting World Championships. He was signed to the McLaren young driver programme from January 2010 until May 2019 and Audi Sport racing academy from October 2016 until August 2019.[2][5][6]

Career

Karting

In 2008 De Vries won the WSK World Series for the KF3 category, as well as the German Junior Championship. In 2009 he retained both his German Junior and WSK World Series titles, as well as winning the European KF3 Championship. In September he won the 2010 Karting World Championship. He also won the World Championship in 2011.

Formula Renault Eurocup

2012

In 2012 de Vries switched to single-seaters, being given a cockpit in the Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 at R-ace GP. De Vries achieved his first podium finish at his debut race in Alcañiz with a second place, and he managed to repeat this result at the Hungaroring. De Vries finished the season in fifth place, beating all of his teammates. In addition, de Vries took part in several races of the Formula Renault 2.0 NEC, in which he managed a victory at his home track in Assen. He was on the podium four times in eleven starts in the series and ended up tenth in the drivers' standings.

2013

The following year de Vries switched to Koiranen GP for his second season in the series. He won one race each at the Hungaroring and the Circuit de Catalunya and again ended the season in fifth place in the championship.

2014

In 2014 de Vries stayed with Koiranen and competed in his third season of the Eurocup. He won six races and finished on the podium in 11 of 14 races. With 254 points to 124, he convincingly beat the runner-up Dennis Olsen in the championship. In addition, he took part in the entire Alpine Formula Renault season. He won 10 out of 14 races and only failed to make the podium twice.

Formula Renault 3.5 Series

In 2015, De Vries made the switch to the Formula Renault 3.5 Series, racing for DAMS. He was on the podium five times before winning the final race of the season at the Circuito de Jerez, putting him third in the final standings with 160 points, only placing behind Oliver Rowland and Matthieu Vaxivière.

GP3 Series

De Vries took part in the GP3 Series in 2016 with ART Grand Prix. He scored his first podium at the Red Bull Ring with a third place, then obtained his first pole in Budapest. It wasn't until the second race at Monza that he took his first win, a result he replicated at the Yas Marina Circuit at the end of the season. He finished sixth in the championship, behind his team-mates Charles Leclerc and Alexander Albon, who became champion and vice-champion respectively.

FIA Formula 2 Championship

2017

In 2017 de Vries switched to the FIA Formula 2 Championship with Rapax. He achieved his first win in the Monte Carlo sprint race and scored a further three podium finishes before the summer break.[7] Before the round at Spa-Francorchamps de Vries switched to Racing Engineering, with whom he scored a second place at that very round. He ended his season seventh in the championship, placing second-highest of all rookies.

2018

For the 2018 season de Vries moved to partner Sean Gelael at Prema Racing. His season started slowly with just two podiums from the opening third of the season putting him a fair way behind his title rivals. De Vries' first victory of the campaign in the sprint race at Le Castellet was followed by a point-less round in Austria and two finishes outside the top five in Silverstone.[8] Following that however the Dutch driver's form improved, winning the feature races in Hungary and Belgium respectively.[9][10] But even with his sixth podium of the season in the Sochi feature race de Vries was unable to finish in the top three in the standings, being beaten by Alex Albon and Lando Norris by ten and 17 points respectively.

2019

In 2019 de Vries remained in Formula 2, returning to his former team ART Grand Prix alongside GP3 vice-champion Nikita Mazepin. His season started in strong fashion with a podium in Baku and a sprint race victory in Barcelona.[11] He followed that up with a win from pole position in Monaco and took the championship lead by winning the main race at Le Castellet.[12][13] A pair of third places at the Red Bull Ring and a podium each in Silverstone and Budapest extended de Vries' advantage,[14] and following another pair of thirds in Monza he had put one hand onto the trophy. After his fourth and final victory of the season, which came at the penultimate round in Sochi, de Vries was mathematically crowned Formula 2 champion.[15]

FIA World Endurance Championship

LMP2

De Vries driving in the 2018 6 Hours of Silverstone

On 15 March 2018 De Vries signed at Racing Team Nederland to compete in the LMP2 class. He won the 6 hours of Fuji on 6 October 2019 with this team, their first win in this class. Nyck de Vries drove the last stint and put the car over the finish line.

On 6 July 2020, De Vries was announced as the Toyota Gazoo Racing Europe GmbH test and reserve driver. His roles include testing the Toyota TS050 Hybrid and Toyota's hypercar.[16]

During the test week prior to the 2022 24 hours of Le Mans the ACO officials prohibited TDS Racing x Vaillante driver Philippe Cimadomo to start. Due to his reserve role for the Toyota Hypercar team, he was already on the circuit and was asked to step in.[17] Because of the bronze status of Philippe Cimadomo and the platinum status of Nyck de Vries, the car was moved from Pro/Am to Pro.

Formula E

2019–20 season

On 11 September 2019, De Vries was announced as a driver for the new Mercedes-Benz EQ Formula E Team for the 2019–20 Formula E season alongside Stoffel Vandoorne. The team finished the season with a 1-2, Vandoorne leading De Vries, who finished the season in 11th with 60 points.[18]

2020–21 season

For the 2020–21 season, De Vries continued at the renamed Mercedes-EQ Formula E Team.[19] He qualified on pole for the first race of the season-opening Diriyah ePrix double-header, proceeding to lead every lap en route to his first-ever victory in the series. Before the second race de Vries did not take part in qualifying as Mercedes and Venturi Racing, who were both using Mercedes powertrains, were suspended from the session following the crash of Edoardo Mortara during a practice start procedure. In the race the Dutchman finished ninth after penalties were issued to multiple cars. At the round in Rome de Vries failed to score points in both races, having collided with his teammate Vandoorne and Sam Bird respectively in the two races. De Vries achieved his second victory of the season in Valencia, where he was one of the only drivers to not run out of usable energy before the end of the race.[20] Following two rounds in which he only amassed a total of two points, de Vries fought for victory in both races of the London ePrix and finished in second place in both races, thus taking the lead of the championship before the final round.[21] In the first race in Berlin he did not score any points but managed to maintain his lead in the standings. Having qualified 13th for the final race of the season, de Vries was given an early advantage when title rivals Mitch Evans and Edoardo Mortara collided at the start and fellow contender Jake Dennis was involved in a crash shortly after the restart.[22][23] De Vries finished the race in eighth place, thus winning his first ever World Championship in Formula E.[24] The Dutchman ended the campaign with a total of two wins, four podiums and 99 points, seven ahead of vice-champion Mortara.

2021–22 season

De Vries won the first race of season 8 in Diriyah, and got pole the next day, but finished in 10th, and is currently in 8th with 106 points after 14 races.[18]

Formula One

De Vries was signed to the McLaren Young Driver Programme in 2010,[5] and the Audi Sport Racing Academy in 2016. He left McLaren before the 2019 season to focus on his duties at Audi, where he stayed until September 2019.

In December 2020, De Vries and Formula E teammate Stoffel Vandoorne performed their first Formula One test for the Mercedes team at the season-ending Young Driver Test.[25] The following year he became one of the reserve drivers for Mercedes team, partnering his Mercedes-EQ teammate Stoffel Vandoorne in the role.[26]

He made his Formula 1 practice debut in the 2022 Spanish Grand Prix during an FP1 outing, where he took Alex Albon's place at Williams for the hour-long session.[27] For the French Grand Prix, De Vries ran in another practice session at Mercedes, taking seven time World Champion Lewis Hamilton's place.[28]

IndyCar Series

De Vries took part in an IndyCar test with Meyer Shank Racing at Sebring International Raceway on December 6, 2021.[29] De Vries tested alongside his Formula E teammate Stoffel Vandoorne, who tested for Arrow McLaren SP, and Callum Ilott and Jack Aitken. Four time Indianapolis 500 winner Helio Castroneves helped familiarize De Vries with the Dallara DW12. De Vries set the fastest times in the test amongst the four drivers.

Karting record

Karting career summary

Season Series Team Position
2004 Open Belgian Championship — Mini 10th
2005 Championnat de France — Minimes 20th
2006 Belgian Championship — Cadet 2nd
Dutch Championship — ICA Junior 3rd
2007 Chrono Rotax Max Winter Cup — Junior 2nd
Dutch KNAF Championship — KF3 2nd
Chrono Dutch Rotax Max Challenge — Junior 2nd
Rotax Max Challenge Belgium — Junior 2nd
Belgian Championship — KF3 2nd
2008 South Garda Winter Cup — KF3 De Vries Competition 7th
Trofeo Andrea Margutti — KF3 6th
German Karting Championship — Junior 1st
WSK International Series — KF3 1st
Tom Trana Trophy — KF3 4th
Championnat de France — KF3 16th
CIK-FIA European ChampionshipKF3 Chiesa Corse NC
CIK-FIA Monaco Kart Cup — KF3 10th
Bridgestone Cup European Final — KF3 2nd
2009 South Garda Winter Cup — KF3 Chiesa Corse 28th
Trofeo Andrea Margutti — KF3 2nd
Belgian Championship — KF3 18th
German Karting Championship — Junior De Vries Competition 1st
CIK-FIA European ChampionshipKF3 Chiesa Corse 1st
CIK-FIA World CupKF3 5th
CIK-FIA Monaco Kart Cup — KF3 4th
WSK International Series — KF3 1st
2010 South Garda Winter Cup — SKF Chiesa Corse 14th
CIK-FIA World CupSKF 3rd
WSK Euro SeriesSKF 2nd
CIK-FIA World ChampionshipSKF 1st
WSK World Series — SKF 2nd
2011 South Garda Winter Cup — KZ2 15th
WSK Euro SeriesKF1 Chiesa Corse 1st
CIK-FIA World ChampionshipKF1 1st

Racing record

Racing career summary

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
2012 Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 R-ace GP 14 0 0 1 2 78 5th
Formula Renault 2.0 NEC 11 1 1 2 4 166 10th
2013 Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 Koiranen GP 14 2 1 2 5 113 5th
Formula Renault 2.0 Alps 6 0 0 0 2 68 8th
2014 Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 Koiranen GP 14 5 6 5 10 254 1st
Formula Renault 2.0 Alps 14 9 9 10 12 300 1st
2015 Formula Renault 3.5 Series DAMS 17 1 1 1 6 160 3rd
2016 GP3 Series ART Grand Prix 18 2 1 1 5 133 6th
2017 FIA Formula 2 Championship Rapax 13 1 0 0 4 114 7th
Racing Engineering 8 0 0 2 1
2018 FIA Formula 2 Championship Pertamina Prema Theodore Racing 24 3 2 4 6 202 4th
2018–19 FIA World Endurance Championship - LMP2 Racing Team Nederland 6 0 0 2 0 64 9th
2019 FIA Formula 2 Championship ART Grand Prix 22 4 5 3 12 266 1st
24 Hours of Le Mans - LMP2 Racing Team Nederland 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 15th
2019–20 Formula E Mercedes-Benz EQ Formula E Team 11 0 0 0 1 60 11th
FIA World Endurance Championship - LMP2 Racing Team Nederland 6 1 0 2 2 99 10th
2020 European Le Mans Series G-Drive Racing 3 1 0 1 2 43 5th
Formula One Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Test driver
2020–21 Formula E Mercedes-EQ Formula E Team 15 2 1 2 4 99 1st
2021 European Le Mans Series G-Drive Racing 5 1 2 0 2 67 5th
FIA World Endurance Championship - LMP2 1 0 0 0 0 0 NC†
Racing Team Nederland 1 0 0 0 1 15 19th
Formula One Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Reserve driver
McLaren F1 Team
2021–22 Formula E Mercedes-EQ Formula E Team 14 2 1 0 3 106* 8th*
2022 Formula One Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Reserve/Third driver
McLaren F1 Team Reserve driver
Williams Racing Third driver
24 Hours of Le Mans TDS Racing x Vaillante 1 0 0 0 0 –*

As De Vries was a guest driver, he was ineligible for championship points.
* Season still in progress.

Complete Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0 results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Pos Points
2012 R-ace GP ALC
1

2
ALC
2

16
SPA
1

Ret
SPA
2

16
NÜR
1

4
NÜR
2

Ret
MSC
1

Ret
MSC
2

4
HUN
1

4
HUN
2

2
LEC
1

7
LEC
2

13
CAT
1

22
CAT
2

27
5th 78
2013 Koiranen GP ALC
1

9
ALC
2

7
SPA
1

Ret
SPA
2

8
MSC
1

10
MSC
2

16
RBR
1

15
RBR
2

12
HUN
1

3
HUN
2

1
LEC
1

3
LEC
2

12
CAT
1

1
CAT
2

2
5th 113
2014 Koiranen GP ALC
1

1
ALC
2

4
SPA
1

2
SPA
2

3
MSC
1

Ret
MSC
2

2
NÜR
1

1
NÜR
2

4
HUN
1

3
HUN
2

7
LEC
1

1
LEC
2

1
JER
1

1
JER
2

2
1st 254

Complete Formula Renault 3.5 Series results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Pos Points
2015 DAMS ALC
1

7
ALC
2

2
MON
1

11
SPA
1

9
SPA
2

2
HUN
1

11
HUN
2

9
RBR
1

3
RBR
2

5
SIL
1

4
SIL
2

Ret
NÜR
1

2
NÜR
2

3
BUG
1

7
BUG
2

10
JER
1

4
JER
2

1
3rd 160

Complete GP3 Series results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Pos Points
2016 ART Grand Prix CAT
FEA

9
CAT
SPR

5
RBR
FEA

3
RBR
SPR

4
SIL
FEA

5
SIL
SPR

8
HUN
FEA

20
HUN
SPR

13
HOC
FEA

2
HOC
SPR

8
SPA
FEA

3
SPA
SPR

8
MNZ
FEA

7
MNZ
SPR

1
SEP
FEA

13
SEP
SPR

6
YMC
FEA

1
YMC
SPR

11
6th 133

Complete FIA Formula 2 Championship results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate points for the fastest lap of top ten finishers)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 DC Points
2017 Rapax BHR
FEA

10
BHR
SPR

6
CAT
FEA

10
CAT
SPR

Ret
MON
FEA

7
MON
SPR

1
BAK
FEA

2
BAK
SPR

Ret
RBR
FEA

13
RBR
SPR

16†
SIL
FEA

DNS
SIL
SPR

7
HUN
FEA

3
HUN
SPR

3
7th 114
Racing Engineering SPA
FEA

5
SPA
SPR

2
MNZ
FEA

18
MNZ
SPR

12
JER
FEA

13
JER
SPR

6
YMC
FEA

4
YMC
SPR

9
2018 Pertamina Prema
Theodore Racing
BHR
FEA

6
BHR
SPR

5
BAK
FEA

Ret
BAK
SPR

2
CAT
FEA

2
CAT
SPR

Ret
MON
FEA

Ret
MON
SPR

9
LEC
FEA

5
LEC
SPR

1
RBR
FEA

Ret
RBR
SPR

14
SIL
FEA

7
SIL
SPR

6
HUN
FEA

1
HUN
SPR

7
SPA
FEA

1
SPA
SPR

4
MNZ
FEA

9
MNZ
SPR

17
SOC
FEA

3
SOC
SPR

4
YMC
FEA

4
YMC
SPR

5
4th 202
2019 ART Grand Prix BHR
FEA

6
BHR
SPR

7
BAK
FEA

2
BAK
SPR

4
CAT
FEA

5
CAT
SPR

1
MON
FEA

1
MON
SPR

7
LEC
FEA

1
LEC
SPR

10
RBR
FEA

3
RBR
SPR

3
SIL
FEA

6
SIL
SPR

3
HUN
FEA

2
HUN
SPR

6
SPA
FEA

C
SPA
SPR

C
MNZ
FEA

3
MNZ
SPR

3
SOC
FEA

1
SOC
SPR

2
YMC
FEA

13
YMC
SPR

13
1st 266

Driver did not finish the race, but was classified as he completed over 90% of the race distance.

Complete Formula One participations

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 WDC Points
2022 Williams Racing Williams FW44 Mercedes-AMG F1 M13 E Performance
1.6 V6 t
BHR SAU AUS EMI MIA ESP
TD
MON AZE CAN GBR AUT –* –*
Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes-AMG F1 W13 E Performance FRA
TD
HUN BEL NED ITA SIN JPN USA MXC SAP ABU

* Season still in progress.

Complete FIA World Endurance Championship results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Class Car Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rank Points
2018–19 Racing Team Nederland LMP2 Dallara P217 Gibson GK428 4.2 L V8 SPA LMS SIL
5
FUJ
7
SHA
5
SEB
5
SPA
5
LMS
5
9th 64
2019–20 Racing Team Nederland LMP2 Oreca 07 Gibson GK428 4.2 L V8 SIL FUJ
1
SHA
5
BHR
5
COA
5
SPA LMS
6
BHR
3
10th 99
2021 G-Drive Racing LMP2 Aurus 01 Gibson GK428 4.2 L V8 SPA
Ret
ALG NC† 0†
Racing Team Nederland Oreca 07 MNZ
3
LMS BHR BHR 19th 15
2022 TDS Racing x Vaillante LMP2 Oreca 07 Gibson GK428 4.2 L V8 SEB SPA LMS
4
MNZ FUJ BHR –* –*

As De Vries was a guest driver, he was ineligible for championship points.
* Season still in progress.

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results

Year Team Co-Drivers Car Class Laps Pos. Class
Pos.
2019 Netherlands Racing Team Nederland Netherlands Giedo van der Garde
Netherlands Frits van Eerd
Dallara P217-Gibson LMP2 340 26th 15th
2020 Netherlands Racing Team Nederland Netherlands Giedo van der Garde
Netherlands Frits van Eerd
Oreca 07-Gibson LMP2 349 19th 15th
2021 G-Drive Racing Roman Rusinov
Argentina Franco Colapinto
Aurus 01-Gibson LMP2 358 12th 7th
2022 France TDS Racing x Vaillante Switzerland Mathias Beche
Netherlands Tijmen van der Helm
Oreca 07-Gibson LMP2 368 8th 4th

Complete Formula E results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Chassis Powertrain 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Pos Points
2019–20 Mercedes-Benz EQ Formula E Team Spark SRT05e Mercedes-Benz EQ Silver Arrow 01 DIR
6
DIR
16
SCL
5
MEX
Ret
MRK
11
BER
4
BER
Ret
BER
18
BER
4
BER
14
BER
2
11th 60
2020–21 Mercedes-EQ Formula E Team Spark SRT05e Mercedes-EQ Silver Arrow 02 DIR
1
DIR
9
RME
Ret
RME
Ret
VLC
1
VLC
16
MCO
Ret
PUE
9
PUE
Ret
NYC
13
NYC
18
LDN
2
LDN
2
BER
22
BER
8
1st 99
2021–22 Mercedes-EQ Formula E Team Spark SRT05e Mercedes-EQ Silver Arrow 02 DRH
1
DRH
10
MEX
6
RME
Ret
RME
14
MCO
10
BER
10
BER
1
JAK
Ret
MRK
6
NYC
8
NYC
7
LDN
6
LDN
3
SEO
SEO
8th* 106*

* Season still in progress.

Complete European Le Mans Series results

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Class Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 Rank Points
2020 G-Drive Racing LMP2 Aurus 01 Gibson GK428 4.2 L V8 LEC
2
SPA LEC MNZ
Ret
ALG
1
5th 43
2021 G-Drive Racing LMP2 Aurus 01 Gibson GK428 4.2 L V8 CAT
4
RBR
2
LEC
1
MNZ SPA
Ret
ALG
5
5th 67

References

  1. ^ "Nyck De Vries: Racedriver biography — career and success". Speedsport Magazine. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b "McLaren Formula 1 - Profile: Nyck de Vries". McLaren Mercedes. 8 April 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Mercedes stick with De Vries and Vandoorne for 2021". gpblog.com. GP Blog. 29 October 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  4. ^ Smith, Sam (29 October 2020). "MERCEDES LAUNCHES ITS 2021 FORMULA E PACKAGE". the-race.com. The Race. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  5. ^ a b "McLaren sign young karter Nyck de Vries". Formula 1. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  6. ^ Wood, Elliot (6 May 2019). "Nyck de Vries' split with McLaren confirmed". Formula Scout. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  7. ^ "De Vries scorches to Monaco win". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  8. ^ "De Vries charges to victory in Le Castellet Sprint". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  9. ^ "De Vries charges to victory in Budapest thriller". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  10. ^ "De Vries storms to commanding Spa Feature Race win". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Dutch dynamo De Vries sprints to Barcelona win". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  12. ^ "De Vries seals back-to-back wins in Monaco". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  13. ^ "De Vries wins in Le Castellet to take Championship lead". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  14. ^ ""Championship approach won't change," says De Vries". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  15. ^ "De Vries storms to Championship title with Sochi Feature Race victory". FIA_F2® - The Official F2® Website. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  16. ^ "TOYOTA GAZOO RACING WELCOMES NYCK DE VRIES". racing.tgr-europe.com. TOYOTA GAZOO Racing Europe. 6 July 2020. Retrieved 6 February 2021.
  17. ^ alicedionneholloway (10 June 2022). "De Vries to Replace Cimadomo in TDS Racing x Vaillante". The Checkered Flag. Retrieved 11 June 2022.
  18. ^ a b "Driver Standings". FIA Formula E. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  19. ^ Smith, Sam (29 October 2020). "MERCEDES LAUNCHES ITS 2021 FORMULA E PACKAGE". The Race. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  20. ^ "De Vries wins amid farcical Valencia Formula E finish". The Race. 24 April 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  21. ^ "London Formula E 2021 driver ratings". The Race. 26 July 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  22. ^ "Formula E decider stopped after Evans/Mortara start crash". The Race. 15 August 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  23. ^ "'Colossally unfortunate' - The shock end to Dennis's title bid". The Race. 15 August 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  24. ^ "De Vries and Mercedes claim Formula E world titles". The Race. 15 August 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  25. ^ "Fernando Alonso tops 'young driver test' for Renault on F1 2020's last days". Sky Sports. 15 December 2020.
  26. ^ "De Vries joins Vandoorne in Mercedes F1 reserve driver role". Autosport. 2 March 2021. Retrieved 20 June 2021.
  27. ^ "Williams to run Mercedes reserve De Vries in FP1 in Spain". formula1.com. 16 May 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  28. ^ "Mercedes to run reserve driver De Vries in place of Hamilton in FP1 at Paul Ricard". formula1.com. 20 July 2022. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  29. ^ Pruett, Marshall (17 November 2021). "Mercedes Formula E drivers set for IndyCar test at Sebring". Racer.com.

External links

Sporting positions
Preceded by Formula Renault 2.0 Alps
Champion

2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by Eurocup Formula Renault 2.0
Champion

2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by FIA Formula 2 Championship
Champion

2019
Succeeded by
Preceded by Formula E World Champion
2020–21
Succeeded by
Incumbent