Robertson is one of the creators of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, along with John J. O'Connor. Robertson has written over 100 research articles, mainly on the theory of groups and semigroups. He is also the author or co-author of 17 textbooks.
Robertson obtained a Bachelor of Science degree at the University of St Andrews in 1965. He then went to the University of Warwick, where he received an Master of Science degree in 1966 and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1968.
In 2015, he received together with his colleague O'Connor, the Hirst Prize of the London Mathematical Society for his work on the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. His thesis on "Classes of Generalised Nilpotent Groups" was done with Stewart E. Stonehewer.
He is with his wife, Helena, and his two sons.
- Algebra Through Practice: A Collection of Problems in Algebra with Solutions: Books 4-6 - with T.S.Blyth, ISBN 978-0521253017
- Rings, Fields and Modules - with T.S.Blyth, 1985, ISBN 978-0521272919
- Sets and mappings - with T.S.Blyth, 1986, ISBN 978-0412278808
- Linear Algebra - with T.S.Blyth, 1986, ISBN 978-0412278501
- Essential Student Algebra: Groups - with T.S.Blyth, 1986, ISBN 978-0412278402
- Basic Linear Algebra - with T.S.Blyth, 1998, ISBN 978-3540761228
- Colin MacLaurin (1698-1746): Argyllshire's Mathematician, 2000, ISBN 978-1902847108
- Further Linear Algebra - with T.S.Blyth, 2002, ISBN 978-1852334253
- "www-groups.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/~edmund/CV.html". www-groups.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
- Current Fellows. Archived 27 June 2004 at the Wayback Machine Royal Society of Edinburgh. Accessed 8 November 2008.
- Colm Mulcahy: MacTutor History of Mathematics website creators honoured by LMS. The Aperiodical, 19. July 2015
- Edmund Frederick Robertson Math Genealogy Project
- "Edmund Robertson's Personal Home Page". turnbull.mcs.st-and.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 9 January 2002. Retrieved 24 July 2021.