The chief minister of the Australian Capital Territory is the head of government of the Australian Capital Territory. The leader of the party with the largest number of seats in the unicameral Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly usually takes on the role. Unlike other states and territories, the chief minister is not appointed by a governor or administrator, but elected directly by the Assembly.[2]

The chief minister is the rough equivalent of the state premiers, and has been a member of the National Cabinet since its creation in 2020.[3] The chief minister previously also represented the ACT on the Council of Australian Governments (COAG).[4] Since there are no local governments in the territory, the chief minister's role is also similar to that of the mayor of a local government area. The chief minister sits on the Council of Capital City Lord Mayors.[5]

The current chief minister is Andrew Barr of the Australian Labor Party (ALP), who was first elected by the Assembly on 11 December 2014 following the resignation of Katy Gallagher.[6]

List of chief ministers

No. Portrait Name Election Term of office Ministry
Term of office Left office Time in office
1 No image.png Rosemary Follett 1989 11 May 1989 5 December 19891 208 days Follett I
Labor minority
2 Trevor Kaine and John Langmore (cropped).jpg Trevor Kaine 5 December 1989 6 June 19912 1 year,

183 days

LiberalResidents RallyIndependents Group majority coalition
(1) No image.png Rosemary Follett 6 June 1991 2 March 1995 3 years,

269 days

Follett II
Labor minority
1992 Follett III
Labor minority
3 Carnell thumb.jpg Kate Carnell 1995 2 March 1995 18 October 20003 5 years,

230 days

Carnell I
Liberal minority
1998 Carnell II
Liberal minority supported by Independents
4 Gary John Joseph Humphries.jpg Gary Humphries 18 October 2000 5 November 2001 1 year,

18 days

Liberal minority supported by Independents
5 JonStanhope2006.jpg Jon Stanhope 2001 5 November 2001 12 May 20114 9 years,

188 days

Stanhope I
Labor minority supported by Greens and Democrats
2004 Stanhope II
Labor majority
2008 Stanhope III
Labor minority supported by Greens
6 Katy Gallagher Portrait 2011.jpg Katy Gallagher 16 May 2011 11 December 20145 3 years,

209 days

Gallagher I
Labor minority supported by Greens
2012 Gallagher II
LaborGreens majority coalition
7 AndrewBarrportrait (cropped).jpg Andrew Barr 11 December 2014 Incumbent 7 years, 359 days Barr I
LaborGreens majority coalition
2016 Barr II
LaborGreens majority coalition
2020 Barr III
LaborGreens majority coalition

1 Lost a no confidence vote in the Assembly originating from allegations made on a television program that the Follett led Labor Government had sought to secure by persuasion the vote of David Prowse, the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, for the Business Franchise ("X" Videos) Bill.[7]
2 Lost a no confidence vote in the Assembly following unpopular decisions to close schools, close the Royal Canberra Hospital and amend planning laws that led to the collapse of the Kaine led Liberal Alliance Government with Residents Rally.[8]
3 Resigned when faced with a no confidence vote due to the high costs of the Bruce Stadium renovations; and was replaced by Gary Humphries without the motion being put to the Assembly.[9]
4 Resigned on 12 May 2011 for personal reasons; was replaced by his deputy Katy Gallagher on 16 May 2011 by vote of the Assembly.[10]
5 Resigned on 11 December 2014 to contest the ACT Senate position vacated by Kate Lundy; was replaced by her deputy Andrew Barr.

Graphical timeline

Andrew BarrKaty GallagherJon StanhopeGary HumphriesKate CarnellRosemary FollettTrevor KaineRosemary Follett

See also


  1. ^ Tyeson, Cam (1 June 2021). "Here's How Much Every State Premier Gets Paid If You Wanna Get Boomer-Tier Mad About Yr Taxes". Pedestrian. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  2. ^ "Assembly Debate" (PDF). ACT Hansard. ACT Legislative Assembly. 11 May 1989. p. 4. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  3. ^ "Advice on coronavirus". Prime Minister of Australia (Press release). 13 March 2020. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  4. ^ "COAG Members". Council of Australian Governments. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  5. ^ "Canberra". Council of Capital City Lord Mayors. Retrieved 6 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Andrew Barr elected ACT Chief Minister, seventh in history". ABC News. Australia. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Assembly Debate" (PDF). ACT Hansard. ACT Legislative Assembly. 5 December 1989. pp. 2987–2993. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
  8. ^ "Assembly Debate" (PDF). ACT Hansard. ACT Legislative Assembly. 6 June 1991. pp. 2167–236. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  9. ^ "Assembly Debate" (PDF). ACT Hansard. ACT Legislative Assembly. 10 October 2000. p. 3141. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
  10. ^ "Resignation of Chief Minister" (PDF). Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory. 16 May 2011. pp. 2027–2028.