The Circuito del Jarama (Circuit of Jarama), formerly known as Circuito Permanente del Jarama (Permanent circuit of Jarama) is a motorsport racetrack located in San Sebastián de los Reyes, north of Madrid. It was home to the Spanish Grand Prix nine times between 1968 and 1981, and the Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix 15 times between 1969 and 1988.

Designed by John Hugenholtz (who also created Suzuka), the 3.850 km (2.392 mi) circuit was built by Alessandro Rocci in 1967 on arid scrub land.[citation needed]

History

It has a short main straight and most of the course consisted of tight, twisty corners so overtaking was extremely difficult. An example of this came when Gilles Villeneuve successfully defended his lead throughout the 1981 Spanish Grand Prix, despite a tail of four potentially faster cars. Villeneuve's turbocharged Ferrari 126CK, while powerful and fast on the straight, did not have as efficient ground effect aerodynamics as his pursuers - Jacques Laffite (V12 Ligier-Matra), John Watson (McLaren-Ford), Carlos Reutemann (Williams-Ford), and Elio de Angelis (Lotus-Ford) and was slower through the turns.[citation needed] This victory was to be the last one of Villeneuve's career.

Jarama hosted its last Formula One race in 1981 when it was deemed too narrow for modern racing. It still holds sports car, touring car and motorcycle races. The circuit was lengthened in 1991, and then upgraded in 2015.

In 1987, Jarama hosted Round 2 of the inaugural World Touring Car Championship for Group A cars, the 1987 Jarama 4 Hours. The race was won by Roberto Ravaglia and Emanuele Pirro driving a Schnitzer Motorsport BMW M3. Pole position for the race had been taken by triple Le Mans 24 Hour winner Klaus Ludwig in a Ford Sierra RS Cosworth turbo with a time of 1:31.434, while the fastest lap was by England's Andy Rouse (also in a Sierra Cosworth) with a time of 1:33.710.

Layout history

Lap records

The official race lap records at the Circuito del Jarama are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Event
Grand Prix Circuit: 3.850 km (1991–present)
Superleague Formula 1:20.011 Yelmer Buurman Panoz DP09 2009 Jarama Superleague Formula round
LMP900 1:23.034[1] Emanuele Pirro Audi R8 2001 ELMS at Jarama
LMP675 1:27.792[1] Didier de Radiguès Reynard 01Q 2001 ELMS at Jarama
SR1 1:29.472[2] Jérôme Policand Courage C41 1997 International Sports Racing Series Jarama
Formula 4 1:32.303[3] Kas Haverkort Tatuus F4-T014 2020 Jarama F4 Spain round
GT1 1:32.399[4] Christophe Bouchut Chrysler Viper GTS-R 2001 FIA GT Jarama 500km
500cc 1:33.617 Carlos Checa Honda NSR500 1998 Madrid motorcycle Grand Prix
GT 1:34.268[1] Dirk Müller BMW M3 GTR 2001 ELMS at Jarama
250cc 1:34.941 Loris Capirossi Honda NSR250 1993 FIM motorcycle Grand Prix
N-GT 1:36.091[4] Porsche 911 (996) GT3-RS 2001 FIA GT Jarama 500km
World SBK 1:36.955[5] Doug Polen Ducati 888 1992 Jarama WSBK round
125cc 1:39.330 Kazuto Sakata Aprilia RS125R 1998 Madrid motorcycle Grand Prix
Grand Prix Circuit: 3.314 km (1980-1990)
F1 1:15.467 Alan Jones Williams FW07B 1980 Spanish Grand Prix
Group C 1:17.871[6] Hans-Joachim Stuck Porsche 962C 1987 360 km of Jarama
WTCC 1:33.710 Andy Rouse Ford Sierra RS Cosworth 1987 Jarama 4 Hours
Grand Prix Circuit: 3.404 km (1967-1979)
F1 1:16.440 Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari 312T4 1979 Spanish Grand Prix

References

External links

Coordinates: 40°37′1.6″N 3°35′8.1″W / 40.617111°N 3.585583°W / 40.617111; -3.585583