Eaton Corporation Inc is an Irish-domiciled multinational power management company with 2018 sales of $21.6 billion, founded in the United States with corporate headquarters in Dublin, Ireland, and operational headquarters in Beachwood, Ohio. Eaton has approximately 99,000 employees and sells products to customers in more than 175 countries.
In 1911, Joseph O. Eaton, brother-in-law Henning O. Taube and Viggo V. Torbensen, incorporated the Torbensen Gear and Axle Co. in Bloomfield, New Jersey. With financial backing from Torbensen's mother, the company was set to manufacture Torbensen's patented internal-gear truck axle. In 1914, the company moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to be closer to its core business, the automotive industry.
The Torbensen Axle Company incorporated in Ohio in 1916, succeeding the New Jersey corporation. A year later, Republic Motor Truck Company, Torbensen's largest customer bought out the company. But Eaton and Torbensen were not content and bowed out of Republic to form the Eaton Axle Company in 1919. A year later, in 1920, Eaton Axle Company merged with Standard Parts. Standard Parts went in receivership later the same year and was later liquidated. In 1923, Eaton bought the Torbensen Axle Co. back from Republic and changed the name to the Eaton Axle and Spring Company.
Eaton officers believed the quickest way to grow the business was through acquisitions and began buying companies in the automotive industry. By 1932, the diversified company changed its name to Eaton Manufacturing Company. In 1937, Eaton became international by opening a manufacturing plant in Canada. In 1958 Eaton Corporation acquired . The company name changed once again in 1965 to Eaton Yale & Towne Inc. after the acquisition of Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co. in 1963. Stockholders approved the change to the company's current name in 1971. In 1978, Eaton Corporation acquired Samuel Moore & Company, Kenway Systems, and Cutler-Hammer.
Eaton has two business sectors: Electrical and Industrial
Electrical Americas & Electrical Rest of World Segments
The electrical sector's products include circuit breakers, switchgear, busway, UPS systems, power distribution units, panel boards, load centers, motor controls, meters, sensors, relays and inverters. The main markets for the Electrical Americas and Electrical Rest of World segments are industrial, institutional, government, utility, commercial, residential, information technology and original equipment manufacturer customers.
Eaton is a manufacturer of systems and components for use in mobile and industrial applications. Markets include agriculture, construction, mining, forestry, utility, material handling, machine tools, molding, power generation, primary metals, and oil and gas. The Hydraulics group also includes Eaton's Filtration, Golf Grip and Air flex industrial clutch and brake businesses. On 21 Jan. 2020 Eaton announced the sale of its Hydraulics group to Danfoss A/S of Denmark.
For the aerospace industry, Eaton manufactures and markets a line of systems and components for hydraulic, fuel, motion control, pneumatic systems and engines.
The Vehicle Group comprises the company's truck and automotive segments Including the Roadranger division providing:
- Eaton Clutches
- Eaton Automated and Mechanical Transmissions
- Eaton Hybrid Power Systems: Mounted between the UltraShift automated manual transmission and clutch is an electric motor/generator, connected to a power inverter using lithium ion batteries, controlled with an electronic control module. The system has a fail-safe that reverts to conventional engine-powered operation should some fault occur.
- Roadranger Synthetic Lubricants
- Eaton MD Mobile Diagnostics Solutions
The truck segment is involved in the design, manufacture and marketing of powertrain systems and other components for commercial vehicle markets. Key products include manual and automated transmissions, clutches, drive-line components, and hybrid power.
Eaton’s automotive segment produces products such as superchargers, engine valves, valve train components, cylinder heads, locking and limited-slip differentials, heavy-duty drive-line components, fuel, emissions, and safety controls, transmission and engine controls, spoilers, exterior moldings, plastic components, and fluid connectors.
Eaton Electrical purchased the Westinghouse Distribution and Controls Business Unit in 1994 which was one of Eaton's largest acquisitions. The acquisition included all of the Westinghouse electrical distribution and control product business and also included stipulations that the Westinghouse name cannot be used by anyone else on these types of products for years. Today, Eaton Electrical manufactures electrical distribution and control products branded "Eaton" or "Cutler-Hammer" which can replace Westinghouse products in commercial and industrial applications.
In 2003, Eaton's Electrical Distribution and Control business (formerly known as Cutler-Hammer) acquired the electrical division of Delta plc. This acquisition brought Delta's brands Holec, MEM, Tabula, Bill and Elek under the Eaton nameplate with the previous Westinghouse divisions and gave the company manufacturing facilities to meet IEC standards, one of the steps to become a global company and developing a worldwide standard.
Soon after this acquisition, Eaton entered a joint venture with Caterpillar Inc. and purchased 51% of I & S operations (now known as Intelligent Switchgear Organization, LLC). This was followed in 2004 by the acquisition of Powerware. The Powerware brand is known for the design and production of medium to large Uninterruptible Power System (UPS) devices. After several years of co-branding UPS products "Eaton|Powerware" the company is switching to the single brand Eaton for all UPS products including; BladeUPS, 9355, 9390, 9395, and 9E.
In 2006, Eaton entered the data center power distribution market. Initial products were internally developed PDU's and RPP's under the Powerware brand and included the PowerXpert metering system. A Powerware brand Static Transfer Switch was added to the portfolio through a brand-label relationship with Cyberex. To complete the power distribution portfolio Eaton released a line of rack power distribution products under its Powerware brand called ePDU. It acquired Aphel Technologies Ltd., a manufacturer of power distribution product for data centers based in Coventry, UK. Shortly after, it added Inc., Santa Ana, CA-based manufacturer of mission critical power distribution. In late 2007, it acquired the MGE Office Protection Systems division of Schneider Electric, as a result of Schneider's acquisition of APC. A Taiwanese manufacturer, Phoenixtec, was also acquired giving the company the highest share in the Chinese single-phase UPS market.
On May 21, 2012 Eaton announced that they had agreed to purchase Ireland-based Cooper Industries in a cash-and-stock deal valued at about $11.46 billion. The new company is called Eaton Corporation plc and is incorporated in Ireland. Then-Eaton Chairman and CEO Alexander Cutler headed the new corporation. Cooper shareholders received $39.15 in cash and 0.77479 of a share in the newly created company for each Cooper share held. This is worth $72 per share based on Eaton’s closing share price of $42.40 on May 18, 2012, and is 29% above Cooper’s closing stock price. Eaton Corporation plc completed its acquisition of Cooper Industries on Nov 30, 2012. The $13 billion acquisition of Cooper (USD$5.4B Sales revenue -2011), became the largest in Eaton's (USD$16B Sales Revenue-2011) 101-year history.
|Aphel Technologies||Aeroquip||Airflex||Arrow Hart||Babco||Cooper Wiring Devices|
|Arrow Hose & Tubing||Argo-Tech||Begerow||Centurion||Bill||Golf Pride|
|Eaton Detroit Differentials||Pigozzi||Durant||Everflex||Cooper||Internormen|
|FHF Funke + Huster Fernsig||Pringle||Fuller||EverTough||Elek||Roadranger|
|Hansen and Gromelle||Pulizzi||Hydrowa||Phoenixtec||Halo||Walterscheid|
|Marina Power & Lighting||Senyuan||Martek||Powerware||Holec||Weatherhead|
|MGE Office Protection Systems||Synflex||Santak||Tractech||MEM||Wright Line|
From 1920s-1964 Eaton was based on East 140th Street in Cleveland, Ohio. In 1964, the company moved its headquarters into the new Erieview Tower where it remained until 1983. In that year, Eaton Corporation moved into a 28-story Cleveland office tower which was renamed for it. Eaton relocated to its new 580,000 square foot facility, named Eaton Center, in Beachwood, Ohio in early 2013. The reincorporation in Ireland as part of the Cooper merger involved establishing a registered head office in Dublin, Ireland but operational headquarters remain in Ohio.
Eaton was selected in 2008 as a recipient of the CALSTART Blue Sky Award with recognition for its environmentally "green" transportation investments, products and actions. The award was directed towards the company's efforts to pioneer heavy duty hybrid-drive technology for trucks. The annual awards recognize outstanding marketplace contributions to clean air, energy efficiency and to the clean transportation industry overall by companies, organizations and individuals.
Operations of Eaton involve the use and disposal of certain substances regulated under environmental protection laws. Eaton continues to modify certain processes on an ongoing, regular basis to reduce the impact on the environment, including the reduction or elimination of certain chemicals used in, and wastes generated from, operations. Eaton has set standards for itself in the category of environmental protection vowing to reduce its own greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent by 2012.
In 2006, Eaton joined the Green Suppliers Network, a public-private partnership with the EPA and U.S. Department of Commerce, through which small and medium-sized suppliers are helped to develop "lean and clean" manufacturing processes.
In 2013, Eaton has been ranked a global leader by Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and was named to the Climate Disclosure Leadership Index. Eaton’s position in the index ranked it first among its global competitors in the industrials sector.
Corporate recognition and rankings
Recognitions include the following:
- Ranked #4 in "100 Best Corporate Citizens" of Corporate Responsibility Magazine in 2013, also ranking in Top 50 for Six Consecutive Years.
- Named to Thomson Reuters Top 100 Innovators List, 2011 - 2012 - 2013.
- Cooper Industries
- Eagle Electric
- Corporation tax in the Republic of Ireland#Corporate tax inversions
- "Eaton Corp. to complete move to new Beachwood campus by Feb. 18". Crain's Cleveland Business. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
- http://www.manufacturingnews.com/subscribers/users_orig.cgi?mfgnews_username=mbg&flag=read_article&id_title=1&id_article=581&id_issue=34&id_sub=459&id_sl=[permanent dead link]
- "Roadranger". Eaton. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- "Hybrid Electric Vehicle Systems Overview". Eaton. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- "Clutches for linehaul and vocational trucks". Eaton. Retrieved 5 December 2019.
- "History Timeline". Eaton Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 January 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- Dale Funk (1 January 2003). "Eaton buys Delta plc's electrical division based in United Kingdom". Electrical Wholesaling. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Cutler-Hammer in joint venture between Eaton, Caterpillar". The Business Journal (Milwaukee). bizjournals.com. 5 August 2003. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Eaton Completes Purchase of Powerware" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 9 June 2004. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Eaton Announces Acquisition Of Aphel Technologies Limited" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 April 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Eaton Expands Power Quality Offerings With Acquisition Of Pulizzi Engineering" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 19 June 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Eaton To Acquire MGE's Small Systems Business From Schneider Electric" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 21 June 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- Detroit Free Press, Tuesday, May 22. 2012, page 3C
- Business Week
- "Eaton Center". Emporis. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- Grant Gravagna (2 February 2013). "Eaton Corporation Relocated World Headquarters to Beachwood; Puts City on Map for Economic Development". bcomber.org. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
- "CALSTART Blue Sky Award Winners Announced" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 5 May 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Climate Change Commitment". Eaton Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 September 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Eaton joins EPA's Green Suppliers Network" (PDF) (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 10 July 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Cleaner Vehicles". FedEx. 23 September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
- "Eaton Achieves CDP Leadership Position" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 16 September 2013.
- "Eaton Places Fourth Among" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 16 April 2013.
- "Eaton Recognized for Leadership" (Press release). Eaton Corporation. 9 October 2013.
- The History of Eaton Corporation 1911–1985
- Securities and Exchange Commission
- Official website
- Business data for Eaton Corporation:
- Information about Fluid Power is also available on the National Fluid Power Association web-site nfpa.com