Ferrari 412 T1

The Ferrari 412 T1 was the Formula One racing car with which Scuderia Ferrari competed in the 1994 Formula One World Championship. It was designed by John Barnard and then developed by Gustav Brunner.


The 1994 Ferrari 412 T1s during the British Grand Prix, driven by Gerhard Berger (left) and Jean Alesi.

The car was a simple and straightforward design that worked well, powered by a 3.5 litre V12 engine. In the name of the new car, the 4 stood for the number of valves per cylinder while the 12 was for the number of cylinders and the T referred to the transverse gearbox with its six normal gears and one reverse. The car featured heavily sculptured sidepods and a sleek rounded nosecone, aiding aerodynamics.

V12 engine and radiators of Ferrari 412 T1.

The car was continually upgraded with redesigned sidepods and wings throughout the season. So many changes were made that the later cars were called the 412 T1B. A new engine named Tipo 043 debuted at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix qualifying sessions, and was first raced in Hockenheim.[1] It was designed from scratch by Claudio Lombardi and with a wider vee-angle of 75 degrees (up from 65 degrees) and a shorter stroke, replacing the old Tipo 041. The 043 became famous for its great amount of power (over 830 bhp) and for its characteristic noise.[2]

Ferrari 412 T1 of Gerhard Berger at Adelaide Motorsport Festival 2015.

The 412 T1 put Ferrari on the right track after several seasons of poor competitiveness in the early 1990s. Gerhard Berger and Jean Alesi proved the car's competitiveness throughout the season, with a brace of podium finishes and some pole positions. Ferrari returned to Grand Prix success after a long break, with Berger winning the 1994 German Grand Prix.

For the following year a new car, the 412 T2 came out which received many changes that aided both aero and safety.

Gearbox, rear suspension rockers and rear wing of Ferrari 412 T1.

Complete Formula One results

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Team Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Points WCC
1994 Scuderia Ferrari 412 T1
412 T1B
Ferrari Tipo 041
Ferrari Tipo 043
France Jean Alesi 3 5 4 3 Ret 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 3 6
Italy Nicola Larini Ret 2
Austria Gerhard Berger Ret 2 Ret 3 Ret 4 3 Ret 1 12 Ret 2 Ret 5 Ret 2


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