McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Formula One constructor, the second oldest active team, and the second most successful Formula One team after Ferrari, having won 183 races, 12 Drivers' Championships and 8 Constructors' Championships. McLaren also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing, as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The team is a subsidiary of the McLaren Group, which owns a majority of the team.

Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest initial success was in Can-Am, which they dominated from 1967 to 1971. Further American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 also marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship with the Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.

In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal, and shortly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team. This began the team's most successful era; with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them seven Drivers' Championships and the team took six Constructors' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant—together they won all but one race in 1988—but later their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams offered the most consistent challenge during this period, the two winning every constructors' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had moved to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships came in 1998 and 1999 with driver Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their latest title in 2008.

Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long-time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.[10] The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time since 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren is using Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until at least 2024.[11]

After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a backer of Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso and then in 2019 as an independent entry, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP.[12] Initially having no ownership interest in the team, McLaren would purchase 75% of the operation in 2021.[13]

McLaren will enter the electric off-road racing series Extreme E in 2022.[14]


The McLaren Racing team's founder Bruce McLaren

Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren.[15] Bruce was a works driver for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come second in the 1960 World Championship. Wanting to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, but when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman rules, Bruce decided to set up his own team to run him and his prospective Formula One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars.[16]

Bruce won the 1964 series, but Mayer was killed in practice for the final race at the Longford Circuit in Tasmania. When Bruce McLaren approached Teddy Mayer to help him with the purchase of the Zerex sports car from Roger Penske, Teddy Mayer and Bruce McLaren began discussing a business partnership resulting in Teddy Mayer buying in to Bruce McLaren Motor Racing Limited (BMMR) ultimately becoming its largest shareholder.[17][18] The team was based in Feltham in 1963–1964, and from 1965 until 1981 in Colnbrook, England.[19] The team also held a British licence.[20] Despite this, Bruce never used the traditional British racing green on his cars. Instead, he used colour schemes that were not based on national principles (e.g. his first car, the McLaren M2B, was painted white with a green stripe, to represent a fictional Yamura team in John Frankenheimer's film Grand Prix).[21]

During this period, Bruce drove for his team in sports car races in the United Kingdom and North America and also entered the 1965 Tasman Series with Phil Hill, but did not win it.[22] He continued to drive in Grands Prix for Cooper, but judging that team's form to be waning, decided to race his own cars in 1966.[23]

Racing history: Formula One

Early days (1966–1967)

The McLaren M2B the team's first Formula One car
The McLaren M7A of 1968 gave McLaren their first Formula One wins. It is driven here by Bruce McLaren at the Nürburgring in 1969

Bruce McLaren made the team's Grand Prix debut at the 1966 Monaco race (of the current Formula One teams only Ferrari is older[24][c]).[15] His race ended after nine laps due to a terminal oil leak.[26] The 1966 car was the M2B designed by Robin Herd, but the programme was hampered by a poor choice of engines: a 3.0-litre version of Ford's Indianapolis 500 engine and a Serenissima V8 were used, the latter scoring the team's first point in Britain, but both were underpowered and unreliable.[23][26] For 1967 Bruce decided to use a British Racing Motors (BRM) V12 engine, but due to delays with the engine, was forced initially to use a modified Formula Two car called the M4B powered by a 2.1-litre BRM V8, later building a similar but slightly larger car called the M5A for the V12.[26] Neither car brought great success, the best result being a fourth at Monaco.

McLaren's original logo was designed by Michael Turner and featured a kiwi bird, a New Zealand icon.[27][28]

Ford-Cosworth DFV engines (1968–1982)

For 1968, after driving McLaren's sole entry for the previous two years, Bruce was joined by 1967 champion and fellow New Zealander Denny Hulme, who was already racing for McLaren in Can-Am.[29][30] That year's new M7A car, Herd's final design for the team, was powered by Cosworth's new and soon to be ubiquitous DFV engine[31][32] (the DFV would go on to be used by McLaren until 1983) and with it a major upturn in form proceeded. Bruce won the Race of Champions at the Brands Hatch circuit and Hulme won the International Trophy at Silverstone, both non-championship races,[33] before Bruce took the team's first championship win at the Belgian Grand Prix.[34] Hulme also won the Italian and Canadian Grands Prix later in the year, helping the team to second in the Constructors' Championship. Using an updated 'C' version on the M7,[35] a further three podium finishes followed for Bruce in 1969, but the team's fifth win had to wait until the last race of the 1969 championship when Hulme won the Mexican Grand Prix. That year, McLaren experimented with four-wheel drive in the M9A, but the car had only a single outing driven by Derek Bell at the British Grand Prix; Bruce described driving it as like "trying to write your signature with somebody jogging your elbow".[36]

The year 1970 started with a second-place each for Hulme and Bruce in the first two Grands Prix, but in June, Bruce was killed in a crash at Goodwood while testing the new M8D Can-Am car.[35] After his death, Teddy Mayer took over effective control of the team;[18] Hulme continued with Dan Gurney and Peter Gethin partnering him. Gurney won the first two Can-Am events at Mosport and St. Jovite and placed ninth in the third, but left the team mid-season, and Gethin took over from there. While 1971 began promisingly when Hulme led the opening round in South Africa before retiring with broken suspension,[37] ultimately Hulme, Gethin (who left for BRM mid-season,[38]) and Jackie Oliver again failed to score a win. The 1972 season saw improvements though: Hulme won the team's first Grand Prix for two-and-a-half years in South Africa and he and Peter Revson scored ten other podiums, the team finishing third in the Constructors' Championship. McLaren gave Jody Scheckter his Formula One debut at the final race at Watkins Glen.[38] All McLaren drivers used the Ford-Cosworth engines, except for Andrea de Adamich and Nanni Galli who used engines from Alfa Romeo in 1970.

Emerson Fittipaldi won the 1974 Drivers' Championship with McLaren

The McLaren M23, designed by Gordon Coppuck, was the team's new car for the 1973 season.[38] Sharing parts of the design of both McLaren's Formula One M19 and Indianapolis M16 cars (itself inspired by Lotus's 72),[39] it was a mainstay for four years.[40] Hulme won with it in Sweden and Revson took the only Grand Prix wins of his career in Britain and Canada. In 1974, Emerson Fittipaldi, world champion with Lotus two years earlier, joined McLaren.[41] Hulme, in his final Formula One campaign,[42] won the Argentinian season-opener; Fittipaldi, with wins in Brazil, Belgium and Canada, took the Drivers' Championship. It was a close fight for Fittipaldi, who secured the title with a fourth at the season-ending United States Grand Prix, putting him three points ahead of Ferrari's Clay Regazzoni. With Hulme and multiple motorcycle world champion Mike Hailwood, he also sealed McLaren's first Constructors' Championship. The year 1975 was less successful for the team: Fittipaldi was second in the championship behind Niki Lauda. Hulme's replacement Jochen Mass took his sole GP win in Spain.

At the end of 1975, Fittipaldi left to join his brother's Fittipaldi/Copersucar team.[41] With the top drivers already signed to other teams, Mayer turned to James Hunt, a driver on whom biographer Gerald Donaldson reflected as having "a dubious reputation".[43] In 1976, Lauda was again strong in his Ferrari; at midseason, he led the championship with 56 points whilst Hunt had only 26 despite wins in Spain (a race from which he was initially disqualified[44]) and France. At the German Grand Prix, though, Lauda crashed heavily, was nearly killed, and missed the next two races.[45] Hunt capitalised by winning four more Grands Prix giving him a three-point deficit going into the finale in Japan. Here it rained torentially, Lauda retired because of safety concerns, and Hunt sealed the Drivers' Championship by finishing third.[44] McLaren, though, lost the Constructors' Championship to Ferrari.

In 1977, the M23 was gradually replaced with the M26, the M23's final works outing being Gilles Villeneuve's Formula One debut with the team in a one-off appearance at the British Grand Prix.[46][47] Hunt won on three occasions that year, but the Lauda and Ferrari combination proved too strong, Hunt and McLaren managing just fifth and third in the respective championships. From there, results continued to worsen. Lotus and Mario Andretti took the 1978 titles with their 78 and 79 ground-effect cars[48] and neither Hunt nor Mass's replacement Patrick Tambay were able to seriously challenge with the nonground-effect M26.[49] Hunt was dropped at the end of 1978 in favour of Lotus's Ronnie Peterson, but when Peterson was killed by a crash at the Italian Grand Prix, John Watson was signed, instead.[50] No improvement occurred in 1979; Coppuck's M28 design was described by Mayer as "ghastly, a disaster" and "quite diabolical" and the M29 did little to change the situation.[50] Tambay scored no points and Watson only 15 to place the team eighth at the end of the year.

Five years after his first retirement, Lauda won his third title driving a McLaren MP4/2
Alain Prost, pictured here at the 1985 German Grand Prix, won three Drivers' Championships with McLaren
Equipped with Honda engines and the driving strength of Prost and Ayrton Senna for 1988, McLaren dominated the season, winning all but one race. Senna won his first world championship after a season-long battle with Prost

The 1980s started much as the 1970s had ended: Alain Prost took over from Tambay[51] but Watson and he rarely scored points. Under increasing pressure since the previous year from principal sponsor Philip Morris and their executive John Hogan, Mayer was coerced into merging McLaren with Ron Dennis's Project Four Formula Two team, also sponsored by Philip Morris.[52][53] Dennis had designer John Barnard who, inspired by the carbon-fibre rear wings of the BMW M1 race cars that Project Four was preparing, had ideas for an innovative Formula One chassis constructed from carbon-fibre instead of conventional aluminium alloy.[54] On their own, they lacked the money to build it, but with investment that came with the merger it became the McLaren MP4 (later called MP4/1) of 1981, driven by Watson and Andrea de Cesaris.[55][56] In the MP4, Watson won the British Grand Prix and had three other podium finishes. Soon after the merger, McLaren moved from Colnbrook to a new base in Woking and Dennis and Mayer initially shared the managing directorship of the company; by 1982, Mayer had departed and Tyler Alexander's and his shareholdings had been bought by the new owners.[57][58]

TAG-Porsche and Honda engines (1983–1992)

In the early 1980s, teams like Renault, Ferrari and Brabham were using 1.5-litre turbocharged engines in favour of the 3.0-litre naturally aspirated engines that had been standard since 1966.[32] Having seen in 1982 the need for a turbo engine of their own, Dennis had convinced Williams backer Techniques d'Avant Garde (TAG) to fund Porsche-built, TAG-branded turbo engines made to Barnard's specifications; TAG's founder Mansour Ojjeh would later become a McLaren shareholder. In the meantime, they continued with Cosworth engines as old rival Lauda came out of retirement in 1982 to drive alongside Watson in that year's 1B development of the MP4.[55][59][60] They each won two races, Watson notably from 17th place on the grid in Detroit,[55] and at one stage of the season McLaren were second in the constructors' championship. As part of a dispute with FISA, they boycotted the San Marino Grand Prix.[61] Although 1983 was not so fruitful, Watson did win again in the United States, this time from 22nd on the grid at Long Beach.[62]

Having been fired by Renault, Prost was once again at McLaren for 1984.[63] Now using the TAG engines, the team dominated, scoring 12 wins and two-and-a-half times as many constructors' points as nearest rival Ferrari. In the Drivers' Championship, Lauda prevailed over Prost by half a point, the narrowest margin ever.[64] The McLaren-TAGs were again strong in 1985; a third Constructors' Championship came their way while this time Prost won the Drivers' Championship. In 1986, the Williams team were resurgent with their Honda engine and drivers Nigel Mansell and Nelson Piquet, while at McLaren, Lauda's replacement, 1982 champion Keke Rosberg could not gel with the car. Williams took the Constructors' Championship, but for Prost, wins in San Marino, Monaco, and Austria combined with the fact that the Williams drivers were taking points from each other meant that he retained a chance going into the last race, the Australian Grand Prix. There, a puncture for Mansell and a precautionary pit stop for Piquet gave Prost the race win and his second title, making him the first driver to win back-to-back championships since Jack Brabham in 1959 and 1960.[65] In 1987 Barnard departed for Ferrari to be replaced by Steve Nichols (who himself joined Ferrari in 1989).[66][67][68] In the hands of Prost and Stefan Johansson, though, Nichols's MP4/3 and the TAG engine could not match the Williams-Honda.

For 1988, Honda switched their supply to McLaren and, encouraged by Prost, Dennis signed Ayrton Senna to drive.[69] Despite regulations reducing the boost pressure and fuel capacity (and therefore, power) of the turbo cars, Honda persisted with a turbocharged engine.[70] In the MP4/4, Senna and Prost engaged in a season-long battle, winning 15 of the 16 races (at the other race at Monza, Senna had been leading comfortably, but collided with back-marker Jean-Louis Schlesser[71]). At the Portuguese Grand Prix, their relationship soured when Senna squeezed Prost against the pit wall; Prost won, but afterwards said, "It was dangerous. If he wants the world championship that badly he can have it."[72] Prost scored more points that year, but because only the best 11 results counted, Senna took the title at the penultimate race in Japan.[73][74]

The next year, with turbos banned, Honda supplied a new 3.5-L naturally aspirated V10 engine[75] and McLaren again won both titles with the MP4/5. Their drivers' relationship continued to deteriorate, though, especially when, at the San Marino Grand Prix, Prost felt that Senna had reneged on an agreement not to pass each other at the first corner.[76] Believing that Honda and Dennis were favouring Senna, Prost announced mid-season that he would leave to drive at Ferrari the following year.[77] For the second year in succession, the Drivers' Championship was decided at the Japanese Grand Prix, this time in Prost's favour after Senna and he collided (Senna initially recovered and won the race, but was later disqualified).[78]

By 1993, Honda had withdrawn from F1 and the team used underpowered Ford V8 engines to power the MP4/8. Although Ayrton Senna (pictured at the German GP) won five races, McLaren was not a match for the dominant Williams team. After the 1993 Australian Grand Prix, the team failed to win a race until 1997
Mika Häkkinen won the 1998 and 1999 Drivers' Championships with McLaren. He is shown here at the 1999 Canadian Grand Prix, an event which he won

With former McLaren men Nichols and Prost (Barnard had moved to the Benetton team), Ferrari pushed the British team more closely in 1990. McLaren, in turn, brought in Ferrari's Gerhard Berger, but like the two seasons before, the Drivers' Championship was led by Prost and Senna and settled at the penultimate race in Japan. Here, Senna collided with Prost at the first corner, forcing both to retire, but this time Senna escaped punishment and took the title;[79] McLaren also won the Constructors' Championship. The 1991 year was another for McLaren and Senna, with the ascendant Renault-powered Williams team their closest challengers. By 1992, Williams, with their advanced FW14B car,[80] had overtaken McLaren, breaking their four-year run as champions, despite the latter winning five races that year.

Ford, Lamborghini and Peugeot engines (1993–1994)

As Honda withdrew from the sport at end of 1992 due to their entrance into CART PPG Indy Car World Series in 1993, McLaren sought a new engine supplier. A deal to secure Renault engines fell through, subsequently McLaren switched to customer Ford engines for the 1993 season.[81] Senna—who initially agreed only to a race-by-race contract before later signing for the whole year[82][83]—won five races, including a record-breaking sixth victory at Monaco and a win at the European Grand Prix, where he went from fifth to first on the opening lap.[84] His teammate, 1991 IndyCar champion Michael Andretti, fared much worse: he scored only seven points, and was replaced by test driver Mika Häkkinen for the final three rounds of the season.[85][86] Williams ultimately won both titles and Senna—who had flirted with moving there for 1993—signed with them for the 1994 season.[81][87] During the 1993 season McLaren took part in a seven part BBC Television documentary called A Season With McLaren.[88]

McLaren tested a Lamborghini V12 engine ahead of the 1994 season, as part of a potential deal with the then-Lamborghini owner Chrysler, before eventually deciding to use Peugeot engines. With Peugeot power, the MP4/9 was driven by Häkkinen and Martin Brundle, despite achieving eight podiums over the season no wins were achieved. Peugeot was dropped after a single year due to multiple engine failures/unreliability which cost McLaren potential race victories and they switched to a Mercedes-Benz-branded, Ilmor-designed engine.[89]

Mercedes partnership (1995–2014)

1995–2009: Works Mercedes partnership

1995's MP4/10 car was not a front-runner and Brundle's replacement, former champion Nigel Mansell, was unable to fit into the car at first and departed after just two races, with Mark Blundell taking his place.[90]

While Williams dominated in 1996, McLaren, now with David Coulthard alongside Häkkinen,[91] went a third successive season without a win. In 1997, however, Coulthard broke this run by winning the season-opening Australian Grand Prix; Häkkinen and he would each win another race before the end of the season, and highly rated designer Adrian Newey joined the team from Williams in August that year.[92] Despite the car's improved pace, unreliability proved costly throughout the season, with retirements at the British and Luxembourg Grands Prix occurring whilst Häkkinen was in the lead.

With Newey able to take advantage of new technical regulations for 1998,[93] and with Williams losing their works Renault engines, McLaren were once again able to challenge for the championship; F1 Racing magazine stated that the only way to increase their championship hopes was to hire Ferrari's double champion Michael Schumacher.[94] Häkkinen and Coulthard won five of the first six races despite the banning of the team's "brake steer" system, which allowed the rear brakes to be operated individually to reduce understeer, after a protest by Ferrari at the second race in Brazil.[95][96][97] Schumacher and Ferrari provided the greatest competition, the former levelled on points with Häkkinen with two races to go, but wins for Häkkinen at the Luxembourg and Japanese Grands Prix gave both him the Drivers' Championship and McLaren the Constructors' Championship. Häkkinen won his second Drivers' Championship the following season, but due to a combination of driver errors and mechanical failures, the team lost the constructors' title to Ferrari.

Mechanics push Kimi Räikkönen's MP4-19 into the garage during qualifying for the US Grand Prix at Indianapolis in 2004

In 2000 McLaren won seven races in a close fight with Ferrari, but ultimately Ferrari and Schumacher prevailed in both competitions. This marked the start of a decline in form as Ferrari cemented their dominance of Formula One. In 2001, Häkkinen was outscored by Coulthard for the first time since 1997 and retired (ending Formula One's longest ever driver partnership), his place taken by Kimi Räikkönen,[98] then in 2002, Coulthard took their solitary win at Monaco while Ferrari repeated McLaren's 1988 feat of 15 wins in a season.

The year 2003 started promisingly, with one win each for Coulthard and Räikkönen at the first two Grands Prix. However, they were hampered when the MP4-18 car designed for that year suffered crash test and reliability problems, forcing them to continue using a 'D' development of the year-old MP4-17 for longer than they had initially planned.[99] Despite this, Räikkönen scored points consistently and challenged for the championship up to the final race, eventually losing by two points. The team began 2004 with the MP4-19, which technical director Adrian Newey described as "a debugged version of [the MP4-18]".[99] It was not a success, though, and was replaced mid-season by the MP4-19B. With this, Räikkönen scored the team's and his only win of the year at the Belgian Grand Prix, as McLaren finished fifth in the Constructors' Championship, their worst ranking since 1983.

Coulthard left for Red Bull Racing in 2005 to be replaced by former CART champion Juan Pablo Montoya for what was McLaren's most successful season in several years as he and Räikkönen won ten races. However, both the team not being able to work out why the car could not heat its tyres properly in the early stages of the season and the overall unreliability of the MP4-20 cost several race victories when Räikkönen had been leading or in contention to win and also costing him grid positions in some qualifying sessions, which allowed Renault and their driver Fernando Alonso to capitalise and win both titles.

Kimi Räikkönen challenged for the Drivers' Championship in 2005.

In 2006, the superior reliability and speed of the Ferraris and Renaults prevented the team from gaining any victories for the first time in a decade. Montoya parted company acrimoniously with the team to race in NASCAR after the United States Grand Prix, where he crashed into Räikkönen at the start; test driver Pedro de la Rosa deputised for the remainder of the season.[100] The team also lost Räikkönen to Ferrari at the end of the year.[101]

Steve Matchett argued that the poor reliability of McLaren in 2006 and recent previous years was due to a lack of team continuity and stability.[102] His cited examples of instability are logistical challenges related to the move to the McLaren Technology Centre, Adrian Newey's aborted move to Jaguar and later move to Red Bull, the subsequent move of Newey's deputy to Red Bull, and personnel changes at Ilmor.[102]

Fernando Alonso had a difficult and controversial year with McLaren in 2007

The 2007 season saw Fernando Alonso race alongside Formula One debutant and long-time McLaren protege Lewis Hamilton.[103][104] The pair scored four wins each and led the Drivers' Championship for much of the year, but tensions arose within the team, BBC Sport claimed that Alonso was unable to cope with Hamilton's competitiveness.[105] At the Hungarian Grand Prix, Alonso was judged to have deliberately impeded his teammate during qualifying, so the team were not allowed to score Constructors' points at the event.[106] An internal agreement within the McLaren team stated that drivers would alternatively have an extra lap for qualifying, however, Lewis Hamilton refused to accept for the Hungarian Grand Prix. Subsequently, the McLaren team was investigated by the FIA for having proprietary technical blueprints of Ferrari's car – the so-called "Spygate" controversy. At the first hearing, McLaren management consistently denied all knowledge, blaming a single "rogue engineer". However, in the final hearing, McLaren was found guilty and the team was excluded from the Constructors' Championship and fined $100 million.[107] The drivers were allowed to continue without penalty, and whilst Hamilton led the Drivers' Championship heading into the final race in Brazil, Räikkönen in the Ferrari won the race and the Drivers' Championship, a single point ahead of both McLaren drivers. In November, Alonso and McLaren agreed to terminate their contract by mutual consent, Heikki Kovalainen filling the vacant seat alongside Hamilton.[108][109]

Lewis Hamilton won 2008's season-opening race in Australia and went on to win the title

In 2008, a close fight ensued between Hamilton and the Ferraris of Felipe Massa and Räikkönen; Hamilton won five times and despite also crossing the finish line first at the Belgian Grand Prix, he was deemed to have gained an illegal advantage by cutting a chicane during an overtake and was controversially demoted to third.[110] Going into the final race in Brazil, Hamilton had a seven-point lead over Massa. Massa won there, but Hamilton dramatically clinched his first Drivers' Championship by moving into the necessary fifth position at the final corner of the final lap of the race. Despite winning his first Grand Prix in Hungary, Kovalainen finished the season only seventh in the overall standings, allowing Ferrari to take the constructors' title.

Before the start of the 2009 season, Dennis retired as team principal, handing responsibility to Martin Whitmarsh,[111] but the year started badly: the MP4-24 car was off the pace and the team was given a three-race suspended ban for misleading stewards at the Australian and Malaysian Grands Prix.[112] Despite these early problems, a late revival had Hamilton win at the Hungarian and Singapore Grands Prix.

2010–2014: Customer Mercedes engines

For the 2010 season, McLaren lost its status as the Mercedes works team; Mercedes decided to buy the Brackley-based Brawn team that had won the 2009 titles with its customer engines, Whitmarsh having chosen to abandon their exclusive rights to the Mercedes engines to help Brawn run.[113] Mercedes still continued providing engines to McLaren, albeit under a supplier-customer relationship rather than the works partnership as before, while it sold its 40 percent shares of McLaren over two years.[113] McLaren signed 2009 champion, Jenson Button, to replace Kovalainen alongside Hamilton in 2010.[114] Button won twice (in Australia and China) and Hamilton three times (in Turkey, Canada, and Belgium), but they and McLaren failed to win their respective championships, that year's MP4-25 largely outpaced by Red Bull's RB6.

Hamilton and Button remained with the team into 2011, with Hamilton winning three races – China, Germany, and Abu Dhabi and Button also winning three races – Canada, Hungary, and Japan. Button finished the Drivers' Championship in second place with 270 points behind 2011 Drivers' Champion Sebastian Vettel of Red Bull Racing, ahead of Hamilton's 227 points. McLaren was second in the Constructors' Championship to Red Bull Racing. Throughout the season, Hamilton was involved in several incidents with other drivers including – most notably – multiple collisions with 2008 title rival Massa.[115]

Sergio Pérez driving for McLaren at the 2013 Malaysian Grand Prix

In 2012, McLaren won the first race of the year in Australia with a dominant victory by Button and a 3rd place from pole for Hamilton, while Hamilton went on to win in Canada, but by the mid-way mark of the season at the team's home race at Silverstone, the McLaren cars managed only eighth place (Hamilton) and 10th place (Button), while the drivers' and Constructors' Championships were being dominated by Red Bull Racing and Ferrari, whose cars occupied the first four places of the British Grand Prix, this was partially due to pit stop problems and Button's temporary dip in form after not adapting as well as Hamilton to the new Pirelli tyres. The car also suffered reliability problems which cost the team and its drivers numerous potential points, most notably in Singapore and Abu Dhabi, where Hamilton had been leading from the front in both races [116] and in Italy where the team lost a 1-2 finish when Button's car failed with fuel problems on lap 33.[117]

Sergio Pérez replaced Hamilton for 2013, after Hamilton decided to leave for Mercedes.[118][119] The team's car for the season, the MP4-28, was launched on 31 January 2013.[120] The car struggled to compete with the other top teams and the season had McLaren fail to produce a podium finish for the first time since 1980.[121]

Jenson Button driving the last Mercedes-powered McLaren at the 2014 Chinese Grand Prix

Kevin Magnussen replaced Pérez for 2014, and Ron Dennis, who had remained at arm's length since stepping down from the team principal role, returned as CEO of the operation.[121] McLaren was the first team to officially launch their 2014 car, the MP4-29, which was revealed on 24 January 2014.[121] They had a largely unsuccessful 2014; their best result was in Australia where – after Daniel Ricciardo's disqualification from second place – Magnussen finished second and Button third. Button subsequently finished fourth in Canada, Britain, and Russia. Their highest grid position was in Britain with Button's third place on the grid.[122]

Honda engines (2015–2017)

Alonso (no.14) and Button (no.22) line astern at the 2015 Malaysian Grand Prix

For 2015, McLaren ended their engine deal with Mercedes which included buying back the 40% stake that Mercedes held in the team and reforging their historical partnership with Honda. The team announced Fernando Alonso and Jenson Button as their race drivers, with Kevin Magnussen demoted to test driver. During pre-season testing at the Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in February, Alonso suffered a concussion and, as a result, Kevin Magnussen replaced him for the season-opening Australian Grand Prix in March. At that inaugural race of the season, Jenson Button finished 11th, but was lapped twice and finished last of the finishing cars.[123] Following considerable unreliability and initial suggestions that the Honda engine was underpowered relative to its competitors, steady performance gains eventually resulted in Button managing to score the team's first (four) points of the season at the sixth round in Monaco.[124] By contrast, Alonso scored his first point three races later at the British Grand Prix.[125] The Hungarian Grand Prix saw the team score their best result of the season with Alonso and Button finishing fifth and ninth, respectively.[126][127] However, McLaren did not score points in the next four races until Button finished ninth at the Russian Grand Prix. At the following United States Grand Prix, Button scored his best result of the season with sixth place. The team finished ninth in the constructors' standings with 27 points, McLaren's worst performance since 1980.

Fernando Alonso during qualifying for the 2016 Malaysian Grand Prix
Stoffel Vandoorne in the MCL32, showing the new orange and black livery

McLaren retained the Alonso - Button pairing for the 2016 season. The second year of the Honda partnership was better than the first, with the team being able to challenge for top 10 positions on a more regular basis. However, the season started with a massive crash at the Australian Grand Prix in which Fernando Alonso sustained rib fractures and a collapsed lung after colliding with Esteban Gutiérrez and somersaulting into the crash barriers. Alonso, as a result of his injuries, was forced to miss the second round of the Championship, the Bahrain Grand Prix, and was replaced by reserve driver Stoffel Vandoorne. Vandoorne produced an impressive performance in his first race to score the team's first point of the season with 10th place. The next points for McLaren came at the Russian Grand Prix with Alonso and Button finishing sixth and 10th respectively. The rain-affected Monaco Grand Prix was one of best races of the season for the team. Alonso finished fifth, having kept Nico Rosberg's Mercedes behind him for 46 laps, while Button scored two points with ninth. At the Austrian Grand Prix, Button recorded his best result of the season with a sixth-place after qualifying third in a wet/dry session. After a disappointing display at their home race, the British Grand Prix at Silverstone, the team scored points at the next three rounds with six points in Hungary, four in Germany, and six points again thanks to an impressive seventh-place finish from Alonso at the Belgian Grand Prix. At the United States Grand Prix, McLaren matched their Monaco result with 12 points after an attacking race from Alonso saw him claim fifth position while Button once again finished ninth. After a season of significant progress compared to 2015, Alonso and Button finished the championship in 10th and 15th places respectively with the team ending the season in sixth place in the Constructors' Championship with 76 points. On 3 September 2016, Jenson Button announced he would take a sabbatical from Formula One for the 2017 season. He then confirmed on 25 November that he would retire from F1 altogether with Vandoorne being Alonso's new Teammate for 2017.

In February 2017, McLaren signed Lando Norris to their Young Driver Programme.[128]

Alonso did not take part in the 2017 Monaco Grand Prix as he was participating in the Indianapolis 500. Instead Jenson Button returned for the one race as his replacement.[129] McLaren finished 2017 9th with 30 points in total.

Renault engines (2018–2020)

Fernando Alonso driving for McLaren at the 2018 Chinese Grand Prix

McLaren announced during the 2017 Singapore Grand Prix weekend that they would split from engine supplier Honda at the end of the 2017 season and had agreed on a three-year deal to be supplied by Renault.[130] Team boss Éric Boullier described their performance between 2015 and 2017 as a "proper disaster" for the team's credibility.[131] 2018 was the first season in McLaren's history when their cars were powered by Renault engines. McLaren also announced that Fernando Alonso and Stoffel Vandoorne would remain with the team for the 2018 season.[132][133] On 6 November 2017, the team announced that Lando Norris would be the team's test and reserve driver.[134]

At the season-opening Australian Grand Prix, Fernando Alonso scored the team's best finish since the 2016 Monaco Grand Prix with fifth, Alonso said that the team's target would be Red Bull Racing.[135] McLaren had a relatively good start to the season with points finishes in the next four races, but in the next 16 races after Spain, McLaren only scored 22 points, 8 points less than in the same period in 2017. On 14 August 2018, Fernando Alonso announced he would not compete in Formula One in 2019, ending his four-year spell at the team.[136] Carlos Sainz Jr. was signed as his replacement on a multi-year deal.[137] On 3 September 2018, it was announced that Stoffel Vandoorne would be leaving the team at the end of the season, with Lando Norris being promoted from reserve driver to replace him in 2019.[138] McLaren struggled with performance throughout the season, with the McLaren drivers being knocked out 21 times in the first qualifying session, and McLaren having the second-worst average qualifying ranking of any team, only ahead of Williams.[139] The team finished the disappointing season – after being helped by the exclusion of Force India's points from the first 12 races – in 6th place with 62 points, 357 points behind their target, Red Bull Racing, with the same engine.

The 2019 season was much more positive for McLaren, with the team securely establishing themselves as the best constructor behind Mercedes, Ferrari, and Red Bull. At the Brazilian Grand Prix, Sainz recorded the team's first podium since the 2014 Australian Grand Prix, finishing fourth on the road but later promoted to third after Lewis Hamilton received a post-race penalty, meaning that the team missed out on the official podium ceremony.[140] McLaren ended the season in 4th place with 145 points, their best result since 2014 and 54 points ahead of their nearest competitor, Renault.

McLaren secured two podiums in 2020: a third place for Norris in Austria and a second-placed finish for Sainz at Monza.[141] The team finished the shortened 2020 season third in the constructor's championship with 202 points.[142] Sainz finished the driver's championship sixth with 105 points and Norris ninth with 97 points.[142]

Return to Mercedes engines (2021–)

McLaren again used Mercedes engines in 2021 after their deal with Renault ended.[143] McLaren had previously collaborated with Mercedes from 1995 through 2014.[144] Daniel Ricciardo moved from Renault to partner Lando Norris for the 2021 Formula One World Championship on a multi-year deal.[145] Ricciardo replaced Carlos Sainz, who moved to Ferrari.[146] In the season's first nine races, the team scored three podiums with Mercedes power, in Italy, Monaco and Austria, all courtesy of Norris.

At the 2021 Italian Grand Prix, Ricciardo scored his first win since the 2018 Monaco Grand Prix, and McLaren's first win since the 2012 Brazilian Grand Prix.[147] A second-place finish for Norris also meant that McLaren achieved their first one-two finish since the 2010 Canadian Grand Prix. Norris secured the team's first pole position in the hybrid era at the 2021 Russian Grand Prix.

Racing history: other series


The McLaren M1A sports car of 1964 was the team's first self-designed car. The 'B' version raced in Can-Am in the 1966 season

McLaren's first sports-racing car was the Group 7 M1 – with a small-block Chevrolet engine in a modified Elva chassis. The car was raced in North America and Europe in 1963 and 1964 in various G7 and United States Road Racing Championship events. For the Can-Am Series, which started in 1966, McLaren created the M3 which Bruce and Chris Amon drove – customer cars also appeared in several races in the 1966 season. With the M3, they led two races but scored no wins, and the inaugural title was taken by John Surtees in a Lola T70. The following year, Robin Herd purpose-designed the Chevrolet V8-powered M6A, delays with the Formula One programme allowing the team to spend extra resources on developing the Can-Am car which was the first to be painted in McLaren orange. With Denny Hulme now partnering Bruce, they won five of six races and Bruce won the championship, setting the pattern for the next four years. In the 1968 season, they used a new car, the M8, to win four races; non-works McLarens took the other two, but this time Hulme was victorious overall. In the 1969 season, McLaren domination became total as they won all 11 races with the M8B; Hulme won five, and Bruce won six and the Drivers' Championship.[30] From 1969 onwards, McLaren M12 – the customer "variant" of the M8 – was driven by several entrants, including a version modified by Jim Hall of Chaparral fame. McLaren's success in Can-Am brought with it financial rewards, both prize money and money from selling cars to other teams, that helped to support the team and fund the nascent and relatively poor-paying Formula One programme.[30][148]

Bruce McLaren was killed testing a McLaren M8D at Goodwood in 1970

When Bruce was killed testing the 1970 season's M8D, he was at first replaced by Dan Gurney, then later by Peter Gethin. They won two and one races, respectively, while Hulme won six on the way to the championship. Private teams competing in the 1970 Can-Am series included older M3Bs as well as the M12 – the customer version of the team's M8B. In the 1971 season, the team held off the challenge of 1969 world champion Jackie Stewart in the Lola T260, winning eight races, with Peter Revson taking the title. Hulme also won three Can-Am races in the 1972 season, but the McLaren M20 was defeated by the Porsche 917/10s of Mark Donohue and George Follmer. Faced by the greater resources of Porsche, McLaren decided to abandon Can-Am at the end of 1972 and focus solely on open-wheel racing.[30] When the original Can-Am series ceased at the end of the 1974 season, McLaren was by far the most successful constructor with 43 wins.[149]

Indianapolis 500

The McLaren M16C was driven by Peter Revson in the 1972 Indianapolis 500

McLaren first contested the United States Auto Club's (USAC) Indianapolis 500 race in 1970, encouraged by their tyre supplier Goodyear, which wanted to break competitor Firestone's stranglehold on the event. With the M15 car, Bruce, Chris Amon, and Denny Hulme entered, but after Amon withdrew and Hulme was severely burned on the hands in an incident in practice, Peter Revson and Carl Williams took their places in the race to retire and finish seventh, respectively. The team also contested some of the more prestigious races in the USAC championship that year, as they would do in subsequent years.[150] For 1971 they had a new car, the M16, which driver Mark Donohue said: "...obsoleted every other car on track..." At that year's Indianapolis 500, Revson qualified on pole and finished second, whilst in 1972, Donohue won in privateer Team Penske's M16B.[151] The 1973 event had Johnny Rutherford join the team; he qualified on pole, but finished ninth, Revson crashed out.[152] McLaren won their first Indianapolis 500 in 1974 with Rutherford. The McLaren and Rutherford combination was second in 1975 and won again in 1976.[153] Developments of the M16 had been used throughout this period until the new M24 car was introduced in 1977. The team did not reproduce their recent success at Indianapolis in 1977, 1978, or 1979, and although they continued to win other USAC races, by the end of 1979, they decided to end their involvement.[154]

The car backed by McLaren at the 2017 Indianapolis 500, which was driven by Fernando Alonso

On 12 April 2017, McLaren revealed they would participate in the 2017 Indianapolis 500 with their current Formula 1 driver Fernando Alonso at the wheel of a Honda-powered McLaren-branded Andretti Autosport IndyCar.[155] In qualifying, Alonso secured a second-row start from fifth.[156] During the race Alonso led 27 laps in his first Indy 500 start. With 21 laps remaining Alonso was running seventh when his Honda engine failed.[157] He was classified 24th. After his retirement he received a standing ovation from the grandstands.[158] Alonso was praised for his strong debut.[159][160]

On 10 November 2018, McLaren announced that they would participate in the 2019 Indianapolis 500 with Fernando Alonso and using Chevrolet engines.[161][162] However, after mechanical difficulties and a severe crash in practice, the team failed to qualify for the race (as did two other Carlin-associated entries, one with another former F1 driver (Max Chilton) driving).[163]


In August 2019, it was announced McLaren would contest the championship full-time in 2020, collaborating with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports[164] to form Arrow McLaren SP.

Zak Brown stated in an interview with Leigh Diffey that McLaren joining the IndyCar Series full time was spurred by two different objectives. The first was to market the McLaren brand and some of the McLaren Formula One team's prominent American based sponsors in a primarily North America centric racing series, as Formula One only had three races in North America in 2021 and only one of those races was in the United States. The second was to branch McLaren's engineering expertise into a racing series that the other Formula One teams were not involved in, as Brown thought McLaren would stand out more amongst its competitors in IndyCar than it would in other racing series. Brown also stated that McLaren chose to partner with Schmidt Peterson Motorsports because their previous efforts fielding their team with assistance from Andretti Autosport and Carlin exclusively for the Indianapolis 500 had not been successful and that the purchase of the IndyCar Series by Penske Entertainment gave McLaren more confidence in the long term viability and stability of the series compared to the previous ownership under Tony George.[165]

In August 2021, it was announced that McLaren Racing will acquire a majority stake in the IndyCar Team. The transaction will close by the end of the year and will see McLaren Racing take a 75% share of the team. Financial terms of the deal are not being disclosed.[166]

Other series

Logo of the McLaren Extreme E team, entering the championship from 2022.

In December 2020, Zak Brown announced his interest in entering the McLaren name into the Formula E championship once the company's contract as battery supplier expired.[167] In January the following year, McLaren signed an option to enter the championship for 2022.[168]

In June 2021, McLaren Racing announced that it will enter a team into the Extreme E series in 2022. The team will be operated by McLaren Racing using existing personnel from outside the Formula One program.[169] Tanner Foust and have been confirmed as the drivers for the team.[170]

McLaren is also reviewing the LMDh regulations for a possible entry into the FIA World Endurance Championship from 2024.[171][172]

Customer cars

Besides the cars raced by the works team, a variety of McLaren racing cars have also been used by customer teams. In their formative years, McLaren built Formula Two,[173] hillclimbing,[174] Formula 5000[175] and sports racing cars[176] that were sold to customers. Lacking the capacity to build the desired numbers, Trojan was subcontracted to construct some of them.[173][175][176] In Can-Am, Trojan built customer versions of the M6 and M8 cars and ex-works cars were sold to privateers when new models arrived; half of the field was McLarens at some races. Author Mark Hughes says, "over 220" McLarens were built by Trojan.[30] In USAC competition and Formula One, too, many teams used McLarens during the late 1960s and 1970s.[177] A 1972 M8F was rebuilt as the C8 for use in Group C racing in 1982, but had little success.[178]

In the mid-1990s, McLaren Racing's sister company, McLaren Cars (now McLaren Automotive) built a racing version of their F1 road car, the F1 GTR which won the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans and the 1995 and 1996 BPR Global GT Series.[179] More recently, a GT3 version of their new MP4-12C road car was announced, and will be entered by CRS Racing in the FIA GT3 European Championship.[180] The MP4-12C was succeeded by the McLaren 650S and then the McLaren 720S for GT3 racing.


Ron Dennis, here pictured at the 2000 Monaco Grand Prix, was team principal from 1980 to 2009 and was chairman of the McLaren Group until 2017

McLaren Racing is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group, which currently includes only two other subsidiaries - McLaren Automotive and McLaren Applied - having centralised many branches of the company since 2010. As of 2021, the group has over 4000 employees,[181] having had only around 1300 in 2009.[182]

Ownership and management

After Bruce McLaren died in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over the team. In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and shortly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren shareholders to take full control of the team. Dennis offered Mansour Ojjeh the chance to purchase 50% of the team in 1983, with McLaren becoming a joint venture with Ojjeh's TAG Group. In 2000, after supplying engines to the team through its Mercedes subsidiary for 5 years, Daimler AG exercised an option to buy 40% of the TAG McLaren Group.[183] Dennis and Ojjeh each retained a 30% share,[184] and each sold half of their stake to the Mumtalakat Holding Company (the sovereign wealth fund of the Kingdom of Bahrain) in 2007.[185] Although Daimler were reportedly considering acquiring the remaining 60% from Dennis and Ojjeh, they instead bought Brawn GP (renaming it Mercedes GP) in November 2009;[186] their McLaren shares were sold back to Mumtalakat, Dennis, and Ojjeh in 2010.[187]

Dennis stepped down as both CEO and team principal of McLaren in 2009, handing both roles over to Martin Whitmarsh.[188][189] However, following the uncompetitive 2013 season, Dennis retook the role in January 2014;[190] Whitmarsh formally left the team later that year.[191] Dennis sought to take a controlling interest in the company, but his relationship with Ojjeh had deteriorated, perhaps as early as 2013.[192][193] In 2016, Dennis was forced out of his role as CEO by Ojjeh;.[194] he sold his remaining shares in the company the next year.[195] As of December 2020, Mumtalakat owns 56.3% of McLaren Group, TAG Automotive Ltd. owned 14.3%, Michael Latifi's Nidala (BVI) Ltd. owned 10 %, and minor shareholders held the rest.[196]

After Dennis' 2014 return, he had abolished the position of team principal at McLaren, saying it was an 'outdated' position.[197] Éric Boullier was instead named racing director in January 2014, becoming responsible for the F1 team.[198] After Dennis' exit, Zak Brown was chosen for the post of executive director, with the post of CEO being left vacant.[199] The increasing awareness of the mediocrity of the car prompted a reshuffle in 2018: Brown was promoted to CEO in April, and when Boullier resigned in July, his position was divided between Gil de Ferran as sporting director and Andrea Stella as performance director.[200] In May 2019 Andreas Seidl was appointed as a new team principal.[201]

Since 2004 the team has been based at the McLaren Technology Centre in Woking, England.[202] Facilities there include a wind tunnel and a driving simulator which is said to be the most sophisticated in the sport.[203] The team has also created the McLaren Young Driver Programme, which currently has one driver signed to it.[204][205]


McLaren has had an uneasy relationship with Formula One's governing body, the FIA, and its predecessor FISA, as well as with the commercial rights holders of the sport. McLaren was involved, along with the other teams of the Formula One Constructors Association (FOCA), in a dispute with FISA and Alfa Romeo, Renault, and Ferrari over control of the sport in the early 1980s. During this dispute, known as the FISA-FOCA war, a breakaway series was threatened, FISA refused to sanction one race, and FOCA boycotted another. It was eventually resolved by a revenue-sharing deal called the Concorde Agreement.[206][207][208]

Subsequent Concorde Agreements were signed in 1987 and 1992, but in 1996, McLaren was again one of the teams which disputed the terms of a new agreement, this time with former FOCA president Bernie Ecclestone's Formula One Promotions and Administration organisation; a new 10-year agreement was eventually signed in 1998.[209] Similar arguments restarted in the mid-2000s, with McLaren and their part-owner Mercedes again threatening to start a rival series, before another Concorde Agreement was signed in 2009.[210] In 2007, McLaren were involved in an espionage controversy after their chief designer Mike Coughlan obtained confidential technical information from Ferrari. McLaren was excluded from the Constructors' Championship for one year, and the team was fined US$100 million.[107][211] Although the terms of the most recent agreements, in 2013 and 2021, have been extensively negotiated on, McLaren have not taken as openly hostile a stance as in the past.

Sponsorship, naming, and livery

McLaren's Formula One team was sponsored for 23 years by Philip Morris's Marlboro cigarette brand

McLaren's Formula One team was originally called Bruce McLaren Motor Racing, and for their first season ran white-and-green coloured cars, which came about as a result of a deal with the makers of the film Grand Prix.[212] Between 1968 and 1971, the team used an orange design, which was also applied to cars competing in the Indianapolis 500 and Can-Am series, and was used as an interim testing livery in later years.[212][213][214]

In 1968, the Royal Automobile Club and the FIA relaxed the rules regarding commercial sponsorship of Formula One cars, and in 1972, the Yardley of London cosmetics company became McLaren's first title sponsor.[215][216] As a result, the livery was changed to a predominantly white one to reflect the sponsor's colours.[217] This changed in 1974, when Philip Morris joined as title sponsor through their Marlboro cigarette brand, whilst one car continued to run—ostensibly by a separate team—with Yardley livery for the year.[216] Marlboro's red-and-white branding lasted until 1996, during which time the team went by various names incorporating the word "Marlboro", making it the then longest-running Formula One sponsorship (and still the longest title sponsorship, which has since been surpassed by Hugo Boss' sponsorship of the team, which ran from 1981 to 2014).[218][219][220][221]

In 1997, Philip Morris moved its Marlboro sponsorship to Ferrari and was replaced by Reemtsma's West cigarette branding, with the team entering under the name West McLaren Mercedes.[222] As a result, McLaren adopted a silver and black livery. By mid-2005, a European Union directive banned tobacco advertising in sport, which forced McLaren to end its association with West.[223] In 2006, the team competed without a title sponsor, entering under the name Team McLaren Mercedes. McLaren altered their livery to introduce red into the design, and changed the silver to chrome.

In 2007, McLaren signed a seven-year contract with telecommunications company Vodafone, and became known as Vodafone McLaren Mercedes.[224] The arrangement was due to last until 2014, although the team announced at the 2013 Australian Grand Prix that their partnership would conclude at the end of the 2013 season.[225] Despite explaining the decision to conclude the sponsorship as being a result of Vodafone's desire to reconsider its commercial opportunities, it was later reported that the decision to run the 2012 Bahrain Grand Prix despite an ongoing civil uprising and protests against the race, and Vodafone's inability to remove their logos from the McLaren cars during the race as being a key factor in the decision to terminate the sponsorship.[226] Diageo-owned whisky brand Johnnie Walker, an associate sponsor since 2005, offered to take over as title sponsor at the end of 2013, but their offer of £43m was turned down by McLaren chairman Ron Dennis, who believed it to be "too small."[227]

At the end of 2015, it was announced that McLaren was due to lose sponsor TAG Heuer to Red Bull Racing. McLaren chief Ron Dennis later admitted to falling out with TAG Heuer CEO Jean-Claude Biver. In 2015 McLaren was without a title sponsor, and set to lose a further £20m in sponsorship in 2016.[227] Between 2015 and 2017 the team competed as McLaren Honda due to their partnership with that engine manufacturer.[228] The team has competed as McLaren since 2018.[229]

In 2019, British American Tobacco agreed a "global partnership" with McLaren under its A Better Tomorrow campaign, relating to electronic cigarettes and related alternative smoking products;[230] due to the tobacco association, the agreement has enticed a similar controversy to the Mission Winnow branding used by Scuderia Ferrari.[231] In July 2020, McLaren announced a multi-year strategic partnership with Gulf Oil International.[232]

McLaren's cars were originally named with the letter M followed by a number, sometimes also followed by a letter denoting the model.[233] After the 1981 merger with Project Four, the cars were called "MP4/x", or since 2001 "MP4-x",[234] where x is the generation of the chassis (e.g. MP4/1, MP4-22). "MP4" stood initially for "Marlboro Project 4",[235] so that the full title of the cars (McLaren MP4/x) reflected not only the historical name of the team, but also the names of the team's major sponsor and its new component part. Since the change of title sponsor in 1997, "MP4" was said to stand for "McLaren Project 4".[236] From 2017, following Ron Dennis' departure from the team, the naming scheme of the cars changed to "MCL" followed by a number.[237] Since 2017, McLaren have increasingly adopted orange colours, designed to recall Bruce McLaren's liveries.

Racing results

Formula One results

  • Constructors' Championships winning percentage: 14.5%
  • Drivers' Championships winning percentage: 21.8%
  • Winning percentage: 20.2%

Drivers' champions

Seven drivers have won a total of twelve Drivers' Championships with McLaren:[239]

American open-wheel racing results


Year Chassis Engine Tyres Drivers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
New Zealand Chris Amon DNQ
United States Peter Revson 22 8
New Zealand Denny Hulme DNQ
United States Carl Williams 9
New Zealand Bruce McLaren DNQ
1971 McLaren M16A Offenhauser 159 I4 t G RAF PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC MIL2 ONT TRE2 PHX2
New Zealand Denny Hulme 17
United States Gordon Johncock 27
United States Peter Revson 2 21 7
1972 McLaren M16A Offenhauser 159 I4 t G PHX TRE INDY MIL MIC POC MIL ONT TRE PHX
United States Gordon Johncock 3
McLaren M16B 20 9 22 13 20
United States Peter Revson 31 31 23
1973 McLaren M16C Offenhauser 159 I4 t G TXS TRE INDY MIL POC MIC MIL ONT MIC TRE TXS PHX
United States Peter Revson 31 21 23
United States Johnny Rutherford 4 15 9 5 5 2 18 1 31 3 1 4 2 DNQ
1974 McLaren M16C/D Offenhauser 159 I4 t G ONT PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC1 MIL2 MIC2 TRE2 TRE3 PHX2
United Kingdom David Hobbs 5
United States Johnny Rutherford 1 27 7 6 1 1 1 4 5 9 4 7 7
1975 McLaren M16E Offenhauser 159 I4 t G ONT PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC1 MIL2 MIC2 TRE2 PHX2
United States Johnny Rutherford 2 17 1 2 2 3 6 6 13 2 3 11
1976 McLaren M16E Offenhauser 159 I4 t G PHX1 TRE1 INDY MIL1 POC MIC1 TXS1 TRE2 MIL2 ONT MIC2 TXS2 PHX2
United States Johnny Rutherford 18 1 1 9 4 2 3 7 3 2 11 1 16
United States Johnny Rutherford 25 1 4 8 33 1 5 9 3 1 1 24 2 22
United States Johnny Rutherford 16 13 19 10 13 8 2 2 1 2 2 8 11 13 11 5 3 1
United States Johnny Rutherford 3 1 1 18 15 3 3 11 15 5 4 4 11 6
Spain Fernando Alonso1 24
McLaren Racing
Spain Fernando Alonso DNQ
Arrow McLaren SP
2020 Dallara DW12 Chevrolet V6 t F TEX IMS ROA IOW INDY GTW MDO IMS STP
Mexico Patricio O'Ward 12 8 8 2L* 4L 12L 6 3L* 2L 11 9 22 5 2
United States Oliver Askew 9 26 15 21 3 6L 30L 14 17 19 15 16
Brazil Hélio Castroneves 20 21
Spain Fernando Alonso 21
Mexico Patricio O'Ward 4L 19 3 1L 15 4L 3
Sweden Felix Rosenqvist 21 12 13 16 17 27L Ret 23 8 13 16 6
United States Oliver Askew 25
Denmark Kevin Magnussen 24
Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya 21 9
  1. ^ In conjunction with Andretti Autosport.
  2. ^ In conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports.

American open-wheel racing wins

# Season Date Sanction Track / Race No. Winning Driver Chassis Engine Tire Grid Laps Led
1 1973 26 August USAC Ontario 500 Qualification Heat 2 (O) 7 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear Pole 21
2 16 September USAC Michigan Speedway Twin 125s #2 (O) 7 United States Johnny Rutherford (2) McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 49
3 1974 3 March USAC Ontario 500 Qualification Heat 2 (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford (3) McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear Pole 4
4 26 May USAC Indianapolis 500 (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford (4) McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 25 122
5 9 June USAC Milwaukee Mile (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford (5) McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 58
6 30 June USAC Pocono 500 (O) 3 United States Johnny Rutherford (6) McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 25 122
7 1975 16 March USAC Phoenix International Raceway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (7) McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 97
NC 27 April USAC Trenton International Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 69
8 1976 2 May USAC Trenton International Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (8) McLaren M16C Offenhauser Goodyear 2 60
9 30 May USAC Indianapolis 500 (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (9) McLaren M16E Offenhauser Goodyear Pole 48
10 31 October USAC Texas World Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (10) McLaren M16E Offenhauser Goodyear 6 9
11 1977 27 March USAC Phoenix International Raceway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (11) McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8 t Goodyear Pole 51
12 12 June USAC Milwaukee Mile (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (12) McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 2 103
13 31 July USAC Texas World Speedway (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (13) McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 2 81
14 21 August USAC Milwaukee Mile (O) 2 United States Johnny Rutherford (14) McLaren M24 Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 3 29
15 1978 16 July USAC Michigan International Speedway (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford (15) McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 2 53
16 28 October USAC Phoenix International Raceway (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford (16) McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear 3 67
17 1979 22 April CART Atlanta Motor Speedway Race 1 (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford (17) McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear Pole 30
18 22 April CART Atlanta Motor Speedway Race 2 (O) 4 United States Johnny Rutherford (18) McLaren M24B Cosworth DFX V8t Goodyear Pole 61
19 2021 2 May IndyCar Texas Motor Speedway (O) 5 Mexico Patricio O'Ward Dallara DW12 Chevrolet IndyCar V6 t Firestone 4 25
20 13 June IndyCar Belle Isle Street Circuit Race 2 5 Mexico Patricio O'Ward (2) Dallara DW12 Chevrolet IndyCar V6t Firestone 16 3



  1. ^ Includes John Surtees's fastest lap in the 1970 South African Grand Prix in a non-works McLaren.
  2. ^ Career statistics combine all McLaren Indy car entires since 1970, including the current Arrow McLaren SP collaboration that began in 2020.
  3. ^ Current team Mercedes first competed in 19541955, but did not race again until 2010.[25]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Individual driver numbers were not allocated at the time, as numbers differed by event.


  1. ^ "Australian Formula 1 star Daniel Ricciardo to join McLaren after spell with Renault". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 14 May 2020. Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  2. ^ Richards, Giles (10 July 2019). "Lando Norris signs new McLaren contract after superb start to F1 career". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 18 September 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Test, Simulator & Development Drivers". McLaren Racing. McLaren Racing Ltd. Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  4. ^ a b "McLaren set to share Mercedes F1 reserve drivers again". Adam Cooper. Retrieved 12 March 2021.
  5. ^ Cooper, Adam (16 April 2021). "Di Resta on standby as McLaren F1 reserve". Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  6. ^ Rencken, Dieter; Collantine, Keith (3 November 2020). ""No nasty surprises" designing Mercedes installation for McLaren MCL35M – Key". Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  7. ^ Takle, Abhishek (28 September 2019). "McLaren to return to Mercedes engines from 2021". Reuters. Archived from the original on 28 September 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Taylor Kiel appointed President of Arrow McLaren SP". Arrow McLaren SP. 19 January 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  9. ^ a b Malsher-Lopez, David (29 October 2020). "Rosenqvist confirmed at Arrow McLaren SP for 2021". Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  10. ^ Benson, Andrew (4 March 2013). "McLaren poised to switch to Honda engines for 2015 season". BBC. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  11. ^ "McLAREN F1 TO BE POWERED BY MERCEDES-BENZ FROM 2021". McLaren Racing. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  12. ^ Ayello, Jim. "Arrow SPM splits with Honda, partners with McLaren, Chevrolet". The Indianapolis Star.
  13. ^ "McLaren Racing buys majority share of Arrow McLaren SP". Retrieved 27 August 2021.
  14. ^ "McLaren Racing - McLaren Racing to enter Extreme E in 2022". Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  15. ^ a b "McLAREN IN FORMULA 1". Archived from the original on 28 May 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
  16. ^ Nye 1988, p. 65
  17. ^ Henry 1999, p. 15
  18. ^ a b Henry, Alan (6 February 2009). "Obituary: Teddy Mayer". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  19. ^ "Case History". Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  20. ^ "1970 Austrian Grand Prix Entry list". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  21. ^ "McLaren Formula 1 - McLaren & Papaya". Retrieved 4 October 2018.
  22. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 72–85
  23. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 18
  24. ^ "Formula One Teams". Formula One. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
  25. ^ "Mercedes Grand Prix team profile". BBC Sport. 5 March 2010. Retrieved 12 April 2010.
  26. ^ a b c "Formula One – hard and unforgiving". Bruce McLaren Trust. Retrieved 29 March 2010.
  27. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 14
  28. ^ "The World Factbook – New Zealand". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
  29. ^ Henry 1999, p. 22
  30. ^ a b c d e Hughes, Mark. "Clockwork Orange – McLaren Domination". Bruce McLaren Trust. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
  31. ^ Nye 1988, p. 54
  32. ^ a b Tremayne & Hughes 1998, pp. 223–228
  33. ^ "M7A: McLaren's lucky number". Motor Sport. Stratfield. 84 (8). August 2008.
  34. ^ "McLaren Team Profile". Formula One. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  35. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 24
  36. ^ Henry 1999, p. 23–24
  37. ^ Henry 1999, p. 25
  38. ^ a b c Henry 1999, p. 26
  39. ^ Nye 1988, p. 174
  40. ^ Henry 1999, Appendix 1
  41. ^ a b Donaldson, Gerald. "Emerson Fittipaldi". Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  42. ^ Donaldson, Gerald. "Denny Hulme". Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  43. ^ Donaldson, Gerald (1995). James Hunt: The Biography. CollinsWillow. p. 158. ISBN 0-00-218493-1.
  44. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 32
  45. ^ Donaldson, Gerald. "Niki Lauda". Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  46. ^ Donaldson, Gerald (2003). Villeneuve: The Life of the Legendary Racing Driver (1st paperback ed.). Virgin Books. p. 80. ISBN 0-7535-0747-1.
  47. ^ Henry 1999, p. 34
  48. ^ Jones, Bruce, ed. (1997). The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Formula One. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 43. ISBN 0-340-70783-6.
  49. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 211–213
  50. ^ a b Henry 1999, p. 33
  51. ^ Donaldson, Gerald. "Alain Prost". Formula One. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
  52. ^ Henry, Alan (25 February 2003). "Motor Racing: Jaguar land Crocodile's brother". The Guardian. UK. p. 31. Retrieved 9 April 2007.
  53. ^ Henry 1999, p. 37
  54. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 37–40
  55. ^ a b c Widdows, Rob (May 2007). "Carbon natural". Motor Sport. Stratfield. 83 (5).
  56. ^ Henry 1999, p. 41
  57. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 42–43
  58. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 48–49
  59. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 42–44
  60. ^ Blundsden, John (7 July 1988). "Dennis confronts the difficulties of his own success". The Times. UK.
  61. ^ Nye 1988, p. 235
  62. ^ Henry 1999, p. 45
  63. ^ Henry 1999, p. 46
  64. ^ Henry 1999, p. 53
  65. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 57–63
  66. ^ Henry 1999, p. 63
  67. ^ Henry 1999, p. 78
  68. ^ Tremayne & Hughes 1998, pp. 198–199
  69. ^ Roebuck, Nigel (October 2008). "The best of enemies". Motor Sport. Stratfield. 84 (10).
  70. ^ Henry 1999, p. 65
  71. ^ Rubython 2006, p. 170
  72. ^ Rubython 2006, p. 171
  73. ^ "1988 FIA Formula One World Championship". Formula One. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  74. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 70–71
  75. ^ Henry 1999, p. 71
  76. ^ Henry 1999, p. 73
  77. ^ "Ayrton Senna by Alain Prost". Retrieved 4 April 2010.
  78. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 76–77
  79. ^ Henry 1999, p. 80
  80. ^ "The changing face of F1". BBC Sport. 28 February 2005. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
  81. ^ a b Henry 1999, pp. 87–88
  82. ^ Rubython 2006, p. 282
  83. ^ Rubython 2006, pp. 288–289
  84. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 89–91
  85. ^ Rubython 2006, p. 290
  86. ^ "Andretti in Indy 500 return". BBC Sport. 27 March 2001. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
  87. ^ Henry 1999, p. 95
  88. ^ "The TEAM – A SEASON WITH MCLAREN". British Film Institute Film & TV Database. Archived from the original on 31 January 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  89. ^ Henry 1999, pp. 95–101
  90. ^ Allsop, Derick (24 May 1995). "Mansell faces retirement after McLaren exit". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  91. ^ Henry 1999, p. 104
  92. ^ "Newey's magic touch". BBC Sport. 2 June 2001. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  93. ^ Wright, Peter (8 March 1998). "The 1998 Formula 1 cars". Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  94. ^ "F1". F1 Racing. December 1997.
  95. ^ Bishop, Matt. "Pedal to Metal". The Best of F1 Racing 1996–2006. p. 66.
  96. ^ Tremayne, David (29 March 1998). "Motor Racing: No brake in McLaren routine". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  97. ^ Tremayne & Hughes 1998, p. 232
  98. ^ "Hakkinen announces retirement". BBC Sport. 26 July 2002. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  99. ^ a b Benson, Andrew (23 December 2003). "Bold new dawn for McLaren". BBC Sport. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  100. ^ "McLaren agree to release Montoya". BBC Sport. 11 July 2006. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  101. ^ "Ferrari reveal Raikkonen signing". BBC Sport. 10 September 2006. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  102. ^ a b Matchett, Steve (June 2007). "No-catch 22". F1 Racing. Haymarket Publishing. pp. 58–63.
  103. ^ "Hamilton gets 2007 McLaren drive". BBC. 24 November 2006. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
  104. ^ Moffitt, Alastair (20 December 2005). "Alonso to make shock switch from Renault to McLaren". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
  105. ^ "How Hamilton drove Alonso to the edge". BBC Sport. 16 September 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
  106. ^ "Hungarian Grand Prix 2007". BBC. 5 August 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2010.
  107. ^ a b "McLaren hit with constructors' ban". BBC Sport. 13 September 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  108. ^ Benson, Andrew (2 November 2007). "Alonso secures exit from McLaren". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2 November 2007.
  109. ^ "Kovalainen to partner Hamilton at McLaren for 2008". Formula One. 14 December 2007. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2007.
  110. ^ Smith, Ben (8 September 2008). "World media bemused by Lewis Hamilton decision". The Times. UK. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
  111. ^ Eason, Kevin (16 January 2009). "Ron Dennis leaves McLaren in safe hands". The Times. UK. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  112. ^ "McLaren given suspended race ban". BBC Sport. 29 April 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  113. ^ a b "The incredible tale of McLaren and Mercedes' F1 split". The Race. 18 September 2021. Retrieved 5 November 2021.
  114. ^ Benson, Andrew (18 November 2009). "Button joins Hamilton at McLaren". BBC Sport. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
  115. ^ "Lewis Hamilton and Felipe Massa: A season of flashpoints". 30 October 2011.
  116. ^ "Abu Dhabi GP: Lewis Hamilton says McLaren not good enough". BBC Sport. 4 November 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2012.
  117. ^ "Lewis Hamilton wins Italian Grand Prix as Button and Vettel retire". 9 September 2012.
  118. ^ Benson, Andrew (28 September 2012). "Lewis Hamilton to leave McLaren after signing Mercedes contract". BBC Sport. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  119. ^ "Lewis Hamilton: Sergio Perez joins McLaren from Sauber". BBC Sport. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  120. ^ "McLaren set to launch MP4-28 on January 31". ESPN F1. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
  121. ^ a b c Benson, Andrew. "BBC Sport – McLaren unveil MP4-29 car for 2014 Formula 1 season". Retrieved 27 January 2014.
  122. ^ "Data Search Results". Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  123. ^ "2015 Results - Sunday Tab". Archived from the original on 16 March 2015.
  124. ^ "Jenson Button proud of first McLaren 2015 F1 points in Monaco GP". Autosport. 25 May 2015.
  125. ^ "Race Notes – Sunday - British GP – F1 2015".
  126. ^ "Hungarian Grand Prix 2015 - live". 26 July 2015. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  127. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (31 July 2015). "Race Recap: 2015 Hungarian Grand Prix is Magyar for 'What a race!'". AutoBlog. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  128. ^ Benson, Andrew (22 February 2017). "Lando Norris: McLaren sign British teenager to young driver programme". BBC Sport. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
  129. ^ "Monaco Grand Prix: Jenson Button feeling no pressure on Formula 1 return". BBC Sport. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  130. ^ "McLaren-Honda split after three years of troubled partnership". BBC Sport. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  131. ^ Galloway, James (21 September 2017). "McLaren-Honda reunion a 'disaster' for credibility, says Eric Boullier". Sky Sports. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
  132. ^ "Alonso to race on with McLaren in 2018". Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  133. ^ Elizalde, Pablo. "Stoffel Vandoorne confirmed at McLaren for 2018 Formula 1 season". Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  134. ^ "Lando Norris: McLaren promote young Briton to test and reserve driver for 2018". BBC Sport. 6 November 2017. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
  135. ^ "Proud Alonso targets Red Bull after fifth-place finish". Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  136. ^ "McLaren confirms Fernando Alonso decision". McLaren. 14 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  137. ^ "Carlos Sainz to race for McLaren from 2019". McLaren. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  138. ^ "Lando Norris to drive for McLaren in 2019". McLaren. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  139. ^ "2018 F1 qualifying data". Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  140. ^ "Hamilton loses podium after penalty for Albon clash". Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  141. ^ "Italian GP: Pierre Gasly wins for AlphaTauri after Lewis Hamilton penalty". Sky Sports. 6 September 2020. Retrieved 6 September 2020.
  142. ^ a b "Standings". Formula 1® - The Official F1® Website. Retrieved 21 January 2021.
  143. ^ "McLaren F1 To Be Powered By Mercedes-Benz From 2021". McLaren Technology Group. 27 September 2019. Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  144. ^ "Why McLaren and Mercedes have joined forces again for 2021". F1. Formula One World Championship. 29 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
  145. ^ "McLaren swoop for Daniel Ricciardo as Carlos Sainz's replacement for 2021". F1. Formula One World Championship. 15 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  146. ^ "Sainz confirmed as Leclerc's Ferrari team mate for 2021". F1. Formula One World Championship. 14 May 2020. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  147. ^ "2021 Italian Grand Prix race report and highlights: Ricciardo leads stunning McLaren 1-2 at Monza after Verstappen and Hamilton collide again". Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  148. ^ Nye 1988, p. 36
  149. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 301
  150. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 125–128
  151. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 136–137
  152. ^ Nye 1988, p. 143
  153. ^ Nye 1988, p. 144
  154. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 146–148
  155. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Straw, Edd (12 April 2017). "Fernando Alonso to race in 2017 Indianapolis 500". Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  156. ^ "Dixon claims third 500 pole, Alonso fifth". Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  157. ^ "Alonso says he will "definitely" return to the Indy 500". Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  158. ^ Doyel, Gregg (28 May 2017). "Doyel: Fernando Alonso won everything but the race". The Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  159. ^ Speedway, Andrew Lawrence at the Indianapolis Motor (29 May 2017). "Fernando Alonso's Indy 500 debut was superb but his engine let him down again". Retrieved 1 June 2017 – via The Guardian.
  160. ^ "Indy 500: Fernando Alonso retires after brilliant debut race as Takuma Sato wins". 28 May 2017. Retrieved 1 June 2017 – via
  161. ^ "McLaren returns to the Indy 500 with Fernando Alonso in 2019". Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  162. ^ "Alonso, McLaren to use Chevrolet power at 2019 Indy 500". Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  163. ^ Beer, Matt. "Fernando Alonso and McLaren fail to qualify for Indianapolis 500".
  164. ^ Malsher, David (9 August 2019). "McLaren returns to IndyCar full-time partnering with Arrow SPM". Motorsport Network. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  165. ^ Diffey, Leigh. "Long Beach 'where it all started' for Zak Brown". Youtube. NBC Sports Network. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  166. ^
  167. ^ Baldwin, Alan (12 December 2020). "McLaren interested in Formula E once Gen3 car comes in". Reuters. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  168. ^ Kew, Matt (11 January 2021). "McLaren signs option to join Formula E agreement from 2022". Autosport. Motorsport Network. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  169. ^ "McLaren Racing - McLaren Racing to enter Extreme E in 2022". Retrieved 20 August 2021.
  170. ^ "McLaren Racing signs Emma Gilmour for maiden Extreme E tilt". Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  171. ^ Lloyd, Daniel. "McLaren Clarifies Position on LMDh Evaluations – Sportscar365". Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  172. ^ "McLaren chasing engine partner for WEC effort". Speedcafe. 6 August 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  173. ^ a b Nye 1988, p. 92
  174. ^ Nye 1988, p. 86
  175. ^ a b Nye 1988, Appendix 2
  176. ^ a b Nye 1988, p. 76
  177. ^ Nye 1988, pp. 128–213
  178. ^ "McLaren C8". Tutto McLaren. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  179. ^ "McLAREN F1 GTR RACE CAR – INTRODUCTION". Archived from the original on 11 July 2008. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
  180. ^ "New McLaren MP4-12C GT3 breaks cover". McLaren GT. McLaren Group. 11 March 2011. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
  181. ^ "McLaren Holdings Limited Unaudited Consolidated Financial statements" (PDF). McLaren Group. 28 April 2021. Retrieved 4 August 2021.
  182. ^ "Exclusive Ron Dennis interview – the F1 love affair continues". Formula One. 29 January 2009. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  183. ^ "DaimlerChrysler buys into F1 team". The Guardian. 4 February 2000. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
  184. ^ "Daimler takes large stake in McLaren". The Independent. 11 July 1999. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  185. ^ Noble, Jonathan (9 January 2007). "Bahrain company buys into McLaren". Autosport. Haymarket Media. Retrieved 11 January 2007.
  186. ^ Benson, Andrew (16 November 2009). "Mercedes takes over Brawn F1 team". BBC Sport. Retrieved 23 November 2009.
  187. ^ "McLaren reclaim shares from Daimler". The Guardian. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  188. ^ Bryant, Tom (16 April 2009). "Ron Dennis steps down from F1 team McLaren". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  189. ^ Holt, Sarah (16 January 2009). "Dennis to quit as McLaren F1 boss". BBC Sport. Retrieved 6 April 2009.
  190. ^ "Ron Dennis replaces Martin Whitmarsh as CEO in coup". BBC Sport. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  191. ^ "Ex-team principal Martin Whitmarsh formally parts ways with McLaren". 26 August 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2014.
  192. ^ Benson, Andrew (12 December 2014). "Dennis seeks control of McLaren". Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  193. ^ Benson, Andrew (30 June 2017). "How Ron Dennis lost control of McLaren". BBC Sport. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  194. ^ "Ron Dennis: McLaren chairman fails with High Court bid". 11 November 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  195. ^ "Ron Dennis sells his shares in McLaren companies". 30 June 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
  196. ^ "McLaren Group Annual Report 2020" (PDF). Retrieved 23 June 2021.
  197. ^ Benson, Andrew (6 March 2014). "McLaren: Ron Dennis on his restructuring of the team". BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  198. ^ Benson, Andrew (29 January 2014). "Eric Boullier appointed racing director at McLaren after Lotus exit". BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  199. ^ "McLaren confirms Zak Brown as new executive director". Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  200. ^ "Eric Boullier quits McLaren, Gil de Ferran appointed Sporting Director". Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  201. ^ "McLaren Formula 1 - Getting to know: Andreas Seidl". Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  202. ^ "Highlights". Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  203. ^ Allen, James (30 December 2009). "F1 in the Future – Simulation and Gaming". James Allen on F1. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  204. ^ "McLaren Formula 1 - YDP". Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  205. ^ Khorounzhiy, Valentin. "Sette Camara named Red Bull reserve after McLaren split". Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  206. ^ Tremayne & Hughes 1998, p. 114
  207. ^ Collings 2004, pp. 116–117
  208. ^ Collings 2004, pp. 145–148
  209. ^ Collings 2004, pp. 217–224
  210. ^ "New deal ends F1 breakaway fears". BBC Sport. 1 August 2009. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  211. ^ "World Motor Sport Council: Decision" (PDF). Marcas de coches. 13 September 2007. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  212. ^ a b "The Colours of McLaren". The Bruce McLaren Movie Official Website. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  213. ^ von Wegner, Alexander (1999). "Grand Prix Motor Racing". Speed and Power. Parragon. p. 77. ISBN 0-7525-3144-1.
  214. ^ "Orange livery for interim McLaren". Formula One. 9 January 2006. Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  215. ^ Tremayne & Hughes 1998, pp. 238–248
  216. ^ a b Tremayne & Hughes 1998, p. 246
  217. ^ Taylor 2009, pp. 98–101
  218. ^ "Hugo Boss". Archived from the original on 18 December 2010. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  219. ^ Tremayne & Hughes 1998, p. 250
  220. ^ "Hugo Boss switches from McLaren to Mercedes". JHED Media BV. 1 October 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  221. ^ "McLaren Seasons". Grand Prix Archive. Crash Media Group. Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  222. ^ "Hill linked again with McLaren". The Independent. 28 August 1996. Retrieved 25 March 2010.
  223. ^ Tremayne, David (1 August 2005). "Minority stall as tobacco ban starts". The Independent. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
  224. ^ "McLaren seal deal with Vodafone". BBC Sport. 14 December 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
  225. ^ Collantine, Keith (14 March 2013). "McLaren to lose Vodafone title sponsorship". F1 Fanatic. Keith Collantine. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  226. ^ Fildes, Nic (14 March 2013). "Bahrain violence convinces Vodafone to end its F1 deal". The Times. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  227. ^ a b "McLaren set to lose £20m in sponsorship next year". 4 September 2015.
  228. ^ "Richard Mille". MCLAREN-HONDA Formula 1 team. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  229. ^ "McLaren". Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  230. ^ Mitchell, Scott. "Former BAR team owner BAT back into Formula 1 with McLaren deal". Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  231. ^ "McLaren removes British American Tobacco slogan in Melbourne". 14 March 2019. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  232. ^ Noble, Jonathan. "McLaren set for F1 reunion with Gulf Oil in new sponsorship deal". Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  233. ^ Nye 1988, Appendix 1
  234. ^ "History of McLaren – Timeline – The 2000s". Archived from the original on 3 January 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
  235. ^ Schlegelmilch, Rainer W.; Lehbrink, Hartmut (1999). McLaren Formula 1. Könemann. p. 98. ISBN 3-8290-0945-3.
  236. ^ "Formula One Teams Profile: McLaren". ESPN. Archived from the original on 29 April 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2007.
  237. ^ "McLaren announce new car name". Formula One World Championship Ltd. 3 February 2017. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  238. ^ "McLaren – Seasons". StatsF1. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  239. ^ "Hall of Fame - the World Champions". Formula One World Championship Limited. Retrieved 26 July 2015.


External links

Media related to McLaren (racing team) at Wikimedia Commons

Sporting positions
Preceded by Formula One Constructors' Champion
Succeeded by
Preceded by Formula One Constructors' Champion
Succeeded by
Preceded by Formula One Constructors' Champion
Succeeded by
Preceded by Formula One Constructors' Champion
Succeeded by