The Holden Nova is a compact car that was produced by the Holden-Toyota alliance, known as United Australian Automobile Industries (UAAI) in Australia between August 1989 and 1996. The alliance, and therefore the car, was a result of the Button car plan which attempted to rationalise the Australian car manufacturing industry. The Nova was sold and marketed under the Holden nameplate, although it was a badge engineered version of the Toyota Corolla, with barely any input from General Motors, although they referred to it as the GM S platform. However it received minor stylistic changes. The Nova was sold as a four-door sedan and five-door hatchback.

In all years, the Nova was outsold by the Toyota Corolla in Australia, and the car was replaced by the Holden Astra in 1996.[3]

First generation (LE, LF; 1989–1994)

The LE and LF series, based on the Corolla E90 were sold between August 1989 and September 1994.[4] The LE was offered with Toyota's 1.4-litre 60-kilowatt (80 hp) engine (hatchback only) and 1.6-litre 67-kilowatt (90 hp) engine, in Holden's traditional SL (hatchback only), SLX and SLE trims.[3] The LF Nova, available from October 1991, added fuel injection to the 1.6-litre unit, now rated at 75 kilowatts (101 hp).[3] The SLE hatchback was replaced by a GS model, although SLE continued as a trim on the sedan, then in October 1992, a fuel-injected 1.8-litre 85-kilowatt (114 hp) engine was offered for the GS hatchback. The 1.4-litre option and the SLEs were unavailable from 1993.

Second generation (LG; 1994–1996)

The LG Nova was sold between 1994 and 1996, although a smaller range was offered. The SLX trim level was equipped with a 1.6-litre 78-kilowatt (105 hp) engine, while the GS trim level denoted the fitment of the 1.8-litre engine. Four-door sedan and five-door hatchback options were offered for both levels, and all engines featured fuel injection.

References

  1. ^ "Overview of Overseas Production Affiliates: Oceania". Toyota Motor Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  2. ^ Fujimoto, Takahiro (October 1998). "Toyota Motor Manufacturing Australia in 1995: An Emergent Global Strategy" (PDF). University of Tokyo. p. 23. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 March 2011.
  3. ^ a b c "Holden LE–LF Nova overview". GoAuto. John Mellor. Retrieved 28 March 2007.
  4. ^ "Holden Nova - Used Car Research". GoAuto. Retrieved 11 July 2014.