Hornsby is a suburb of Sydney in the Australian state of New South Wales 19 kilometres (12 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district. It is part of the Northern Sydney region and is the administrative centre of the local government area of Hornsby Shire.
The name Hornsby is derived from convict-turned-constable Samuel Henry Horne, who took part in the apprehension of bushrangers Dalton and MacNamara on 22 June 1830. In return he was granted land which he named Hornsby Place. The suburb of Hornsby was established on the traditional lands of the Darug and Kurringgai people. There are more than 200 known Aboriginal sites in the Hornsby Shire.
The first European settler in the area was Thomas Higgins, who received a grant of land in Old Mans Valley. The Higgins family eventually established the private Old Man's Valley Cemetery, where family members were buried from 1879 to 1931. The cemetery still exists and is heritage-listed.
A railway station named "Hornsby Junction" opened on 17 September 1886 to the north of the town of Hornsby, which had developed on the site of Horne's grant. It formed the junction of the Northern Line and the North Shore Line which were yet to be completed at that time. Hornsby station was one stop further south on the Northern Line. Due to confusion by commuters alighting at the incorrect station expecting to transfer to a connecting train, the old Hornsby station was renamed Normanhurst on 17 November 1898 after prominent local activist and engineer Norman Selfe, while the Hornsby Junction station assumed the current name of Hornsby.
The first Hornsby Post Office opened on 1 August 1864, and was renamed South Hornsby on 1 May 1900, the same day Hornsby Junction office near the railway station (open since 1887) was renamed Hornsby. The latter office remains open; the South Hornsby office was renamed Normanhurst in 1905.
Residential growth in the area was left to private developers, who acquired land both east and west of the railway station. Realizing that working class housing tended to be close to railway stations, the developers aimed at providing the middle classes with quality housing further from the station, in areas with views. One of the first purchasers of land in the area was Annie Roberts, wife of Oscar Garibaldi Roberts, who became one of the first councilors in the Hornsby Shire. Having acquired a property in Rosemead Road, the Roberts family built "Mount Errington," a spectacular mansion in the Arts and Crafts style, now heritage-listed. The Roberts family later acquired twelve blocks of land, which were then sub-divided into twenty-three blocks and offered for sale as the Roberts Mount Errington Sub-division. The area proceeded to grow as a prestige housing estate, featuring a number of houses in the Federation style. One of them was Birklands, a heritage-listed, Federation house built in 1902 in Dural Street. The house was originally built for Louis Spier Roberts and his wife Elizabeth, and stayed with the Roberts family until 1938.
The Hornsby Shire Council was established in 1906. In 1961, The Westfield Group built a shopping mall at Hornsby, making it one of the first suburbs in Sydney with a modern-style shopping centre. A competing shopping centre, Northgate, opened in 1979 but was eventually bought by Westfield. In late 1999, the two sites were amalgamated when the original Westfield was demolished and Northgate was renovated to create the new Westfield Hornsby which opened in November 2001.
- Hornsby Water Clock
- Odeon Cinema, Pacific Highway
- Hookhams Corner is the junction between the Pacific Highway, Carrington Road, Galston Road (which goes to Galston) and Old Berowra Road. It is also the name of an unbounded locality encompassing the area, as well as the site of two large water storage tanks that supply the surrounding area. It is at
- Hornsby RSL Club
- The Leonard House
Hornsby has a number of items listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register or the Local Government Heritage List:
- Mount Wilga House
- Old Man's Valley Cemetery
- Hornsby Quarry
- Hornsby Court House, Pacific Highway
- Hornsby Shire Council Chambers, Pacific Highway
- Hornsby War Memorial, Pacific Highway
- Brinawa, William Street
- Mount Errington, Rosemead Road, spectacular mansion in the Arts and Crafts style, associated with the Roberts family
- Birklands, Dural Street, Federation home associated with the Roberts family
- Kuranda, Rosemead Road
Hornsby is 25 kilometres (16 mi) by train and about 24 kilometres (15 mi) by road from the Sydney central business district. Hornsby railway station is the junction of the T1 North Shore and the T9 Northern Line of the Sydney Trains network and is a hub for some services and is connected via bridge to Westfield. There are frequent railway services to the central business district via Strathfield or via Gordon. Intercity and regional trains also stop at Hornsby on the way to the Central Coast, Newcastle and further north.
Transdev NSW operates one cross regional service from the Hornsby Interchange with;
- Route 575 to Macquarie University via Wahroonga, Turramurra, Pymble, Macquarie Park and Macquarie Centre; and
Hornsby Station is also served by the Metrobus - a high capacity and high frequency bus network.
- Route 600 operated by Hillsbus travels to Parramatta via Cherrybrook, Castle Hill & Baulkham Hills and Northmead at 5-15-minute frequencies.
Hornsby Interchange is served by two NightRide bus routes with:
- Route N80 - to Town Hall via Strathfield operated by State Transit; and
- Route N90 - to Town Hall via Chatswood operated by State Transit.
The Pacific Highway, which passes through Hornsby, was formerly the main road link between Sydney and north-eastern Australia. The completion of the Pacific Motorway (M1), which has its southern end at the neighbouring suburb of Wahroonga, means that the heavy traffic now bypasses the already busy Hornsby town area.
The opening of the NorthConnex was a key missing link to the Sydney Motorway network and its opening provides direct connectivity from the M1 to the Sydney orbital motorway network through a direct underground connection to the M2 and M7 motorways and beyond. The tunnel also provides an alternate route to the Sydney CBD, Ryde area and Eastern and Inner West suburbs via the Lane Cove Tunnel, bypassing the congested Pennant Hills Road and Pacific Highway.
Hornsby remains a busy commercial centre, just as it was a century ago. Over the years, the town centre has developed distinct characteristics on either side of the railway line.
The western side consists of a traditional high street shopping village along the Old Pacific Highway. A short section of the highway north of the shops still has several antique lamp posts preserved. On the eastern side of the highway from south to north are the police station, the court house and the historic Hornsby Shire Council chamber (built in two stages in 1915 and 1930). On the western side is Hornsby Park with the new Hornsby Aquatic Centre complex and also Hornsby TAFE. A large war memorial and the adjacent RSL Club is located at the southern end of the shops.
The eastern side is dominated by Westfield Hornsby, a shopping centre, which features a David Jones department store, an Event Cinemas multiplex, 335 stores, a food court and several restaurants. The intersection of Florence Street and Hunter Street became a pedestrian mall in the early 1990s. At the centre of the pedestrian mall is a large water clock sculpture, designed by Victor Cusack. The public library, Hornsby Shire Library, is also located in this area.
The north-western side of the suburb is occupied by various industries and the northern end of Hornsby features a major railway workshop.
Residential areas, consisting of low-to-medium density housing, are located on both sides of the railway line. Many of residential areas on the western side of the train line enjoy bushy surrounds and close proximity to Regional and National Parks, as well as the beautiful Lisgar Gardens.
In recent years, high-rise apartments have been constructed adjacent to the train line as part of the NSW state planning policies to allow medium to high density development along transport corridors.
Hornsby is home to a number of schools, including primary schools Hornsby North Public School, Hornsby South Public School, Hornsby Heights Public School and Clarke Road Special School and the secondary schools Barker College and Hornsby Girls' High School, which is a selective school. There is also a TAFE College at the north-western side of Hornsby.
The local newspaper that serves the area is the Hornsby and Upper North Shore Advocate, owned by the Cumberland Newspaper Group.
Hornsby Aquatic Centre
Hornsby Aquatic Centre, which was built in 1962, had reached the end of its safe working life, and was closed on Friday 24 December 2010. It had featured a fifty-metre pool with 8 lanes and a small twelve-metre pool, also with 8 lanes. A new pool was built and opened on 11 August 2014.
Parks and gardens
- Edgeworth David Garden
The scientist and explorer Edgeworth David lived in Hornsby towards the end of his life. His house, known as Coringah, was located on a property at the corner of Burdett Street and Sherbrook Road, and included a large garden. This property had originally been obtained in 1901 by Edward Swain, who built the cottage that still stands. The property was purchased by Edward Lear in 1916 and then by Edgeworth David in 1920. David's wife continued to live there after his death in 1934.
After David's death, subsequent owners preserved the garden, until Hornsby Council acquired the property in 1999. It is now known as Edgeworth David Garden and is open to the public. It is heritage-listed.
- Lisgar Gardens
Lisgar Gardens are located in Lisgar Road, west of the Pacific Highway. The gardens were created by Max Cotton, who lived in Lisgar Road. In 1920, Cotton purchased land from his brother Leo and began developing the gardens for his own interest and satisfaction. With these gardens, Cotton could indulge his interest in horticulture and genetics. Aided by friends and family, he created extensive gardens and fishponds on the natural bushland that sloped down from Lisgar Road.
Cotton became friends with Professor Eben Gowrie Waterhouse—owner of Eryldene in the suburb of Gordon—and the two spent much time together, sharing an interest in camellias. By the mid-1960s, Cotton's health was failing after forty-five years of working on the gardens, and they were acquired by Hornsby Council. They were officially opened to the public on 21 September 1968. They are heritage-listed.
- Florence Cotton Park
This park consists of a stretch of natural bushland between Frederick Street and Lisgar Gardens. Jimmy Bancks Creek runs through the park. Birdlife is varied and includes currawongs and brushturkeys. Hornsby Council has constructed a walking track that goes from Frederick Street to Lisgar Gardens. The park is named after Florence Cotton, wife of Leo Cotton, and was part of their estate. Florence Street in Hornsby was also named after her.
- Ginger Meggs Park
This park is located in Valley Road and is named after Ginger Meggs, a comic-strip character created by the Australian cartoonist Jimmy Bancks. Bancks spent much time in the area around this park during his childhood, so Hornsby Council named it after his famous character Ginger Meggs. A nearby creek was named Jimmy Bancks Creek. The park was officially named Ginger Meggs Park during a formal naming ceremony by the Mayor of Hornsby, John Muirhead, on 26 July 1997.
- Hornsby Quarry
The quarry, located at the end of Quarry Road Hornsby, was partially filled, to make it safe, using excavated material from the NorthConnex tunnel which was built by the NSW Government and completed in 2020, to link the M1 and M2 motorways. For geological reasons the quarry has been nominated as State Heritage. The Quarry project was completed in the first quarter of 2019. A$50 million state budget will be allocated to turn the quarry into a future recreational park.
In the 2016 Census, there were 22,168 people in Hornsby. Of these, 49.0% were male and 51.0% were female. The median age of people in Hornsby was 36 years. The most common ancestries in Hornsby were Chinese 17.1%, English 16.8%, Australian 14.0%, Indian 5.9% and Irish 5.6%. 44.4% of people were born in Australia. The most common countries of birth were China 11.9%, India 5.7%, South Korea 3.7%, England 3.0% and Nepal 2.7%. 46.5% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 13.2%, Cantonese 5.1%, Korean 4.5%, Nepali 2.9% and Persian 2.4%. The most common responses for religion in the Census were No Religion 33.1%, Catholic 17.7% and Anglican 10.0%.
- Edgeworth David, leader of the first expedition to reach the South Magnetic Pole, namesake of Edgeworth David Avenue and Edgeworth David Gardens
- Dan Parks, rugby union player
- Bill Alley, cricketer
- Jim Lees, former NSW police commissioner
- Fred Stolle, tennis player
- George Collingridge, writer and illustrator, also well known for research into the theory that the Portuguese discovered Australia in the 1600s. A small reserve in Hornsby is named after him, and his former home is currently the chapel of Hornsby Hospital.
- Liz Burch, actress
- J J Hilder, watercolourist
- Peter Fowler, golfer
- Patrick Power, former Senior Counsel in New South Wales, Australia
- Danny Williams, rugby league player
- Scott Gourley, rugby league player.
- Robert Madgwick, teacher, soldier, academic and public servant, was the first vice-chancellor of the University of New England from 1954 until 1966, and chairman of the Australian Broadcasting Commission from 1967 until 1973.
- Julian O'Neill, former rugby league fullback
- Rich Thompson, professional American baseball pitcher for the Los Angeles Angels
- Ted White, cricketer
- John Davies, archivist, writer
- Ted Ball, professional golfer
- Ian Keith Harris, composer
- Simon Whitlock, Professional darts player competing on the PDC circuit
- Ashton Irwin, drummer in pop-rock band 5 Seconds of Summer
- Jimmy Bancks, creator of Ginger Meggs
- William Henry "Billy" Cook, jockey
- Bede Morris (1927–1988), immunologist
- Matthew Miles, CEO of MS Research Australia
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hornsby (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
- Metzke, Mari (2004). Hornsby shire pictorial history. Alexandria: Kingsclear Books. p. 2. ISBN 0908272804.
- "Old Man's Valley Cemetery". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01764. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
- "Hornsby Shire Council History". Archived from the original on 26 April 2007.
- "Rail Page". Archived from the original on 19 September 2000.
- Phoenix Auctions History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 25 January 2021.
- State Heritage Register
- Hornsby Council Heritage List Archived 9 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- "Mount Wilga House". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00535. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
- "Diatreme, Hornsby Quarry and surrounding vegetation". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Hornsby Court House". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Hornsby Shire Council Chambers". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Hornsby War Memorial". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- "Brinawa". New South Wales Heritage Database. Office of Environment and Heritage. Retrieved 27 July 2018.
- Hornsby Council Heritage List Archived 16 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- F3 Freeway Archived 21 September 2005 at the Wayback Machine
- court house
- Gregory's Street Directory, 59th Edition 1995, Map 191 F16
- Ginger Meggs Archived 3 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- Hornsby Aquatic and Leisure Centre Hornsby Shire Council Retrieved 13 January 2021
- State Heritage Register
- State Heritage Register
- Hornsby Council
- Hornsby Quarry Google Maps
- April 2019, Hornsby Quarry Development Application and EIS (Environmental Impact Statement)
- New plan for park at Hornsby Quarry and Old Man’s valley open to suggestions from residents Daily Telegraph 22 February 2017
- "Morris, Beade". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 2012.
- Ollif, Lorna (1975). There Must Be a River (A History of Hornsby Shire). Ollif Publishing Co. ISBN 0-9599183-1-0.
- Hornsby Council heritage and conservation areas
- Rowland, Joan (2008). "Hornsby". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 27 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
- Clugston, Niall (Hornsby Shire Library) (2008). "Mount Errington". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 28 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
- Clugston, Niall (Hornsby Shire Library) (2008). "Old Mans Valley". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 28 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]
- Clugston, Niall (Hornsby Shire Library) (2008). "Pearces Corner". Dictionary of Sydney. Retrieved 28 September 2015. [CC-By-SA]