The Circuito del Jarama (Circuit of Jarama), formerly known as Circuito Permanente del Jarama (Permanent circuit of Jarama) is a motorsport racetrack located in San Sebastián de los Reyes, 20 miles (32 km) north of Madrid. It was home to the Spanish Grand Prix nine times between 1968 and 1981, and the Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix 15 times between 1969 and 1988.

Designed by John Hugenholtz (who also created Suzuka), the 3.850 km (2.392 mi) circuit was built by Alessandro Rocci in 1967 on arid scrub land.[citation needed]

History

It has a short main straight and most of the course consisted of tight, twisty corners so overtaking was extremely difficult. An example of this came when Gilles Villeneuve successfully defended his lead throughout the 1981 Spanish Grand Prix, despite a tail of four potentially faster cars. Villeneuve's turbocharged Ferrari 126CK, while powerful and fast on the straight, did not have as efficient ground effect aerodynamics as his pursuers - Jacques Laffite (V12 Ligier-Matra), John Watson (McLaren-Ford), Carlos Reutemann (Williams-Ford), and Elio de Angelis (Lotus-Ford) and was slower through the turns.[citation needed] This victory was to be the last one of Villeneuve's career.

Jarama hosted its last Formula One race in 1981 when it was deemed too narrow for modern racing. It still holds sports car, touring car and motorcycle races. The circuit was lengthened in 1991, and then upgraded in 2015.

In 1987, Jarama hosted Round 2 of the inaugural World Touring Car Championship for Group A cars, the 1987 Jarama 4 Hours. The race was won by Roberto Ravaglia and Emanuele Pirro driving a Schnitzer Motorsport BMW M3. Pole position for the race had been taken by triple Le Mans 24 Hour winner Klaus Ludwig in a Ford Sierra RS Cosworth turbo with a time of 1:31.434, while the fastest lap was by England's Andy Rouse (also in a Sierra Cosworth) with a time of 1:33.710.

Layout history

Events

Current
Former

Lap records

The official race lap records at the Circuito del Jarama are listed as:

Category Time Driver Vehicle Event
Grand Prix Circuit: 3.850 km (1991–present)
Superleague Formula 1:20.011 Yelmer Buurman Panoz DP09 2009 Jarama Superleague Formula round
LMP900 1:23.034[1] Emanuele Pirro Audi R8 2001 ELMS at Jarama
Formula Nissan 1:23.530[2] Ricardo Zonta Dallara SN01 2002 Jarama Formula Nissan round
Group C 1:24.200[3] Oscar Larrauri Porsche 962C 1992 Campeonato de Espana Turismos
LMP1 1:24.570[4] Jean-Marc Gounon Courage C60 2006 1000 km of Jarama
CART 1:24.770[5] Frederico Careca HSB-Penske PC-18 Buick Turbo Can-Am 1993 Campeonato de Espana de Turismos
Formula One 1:25.657[6] Karl-Heinz Becker Minardi M190 1995 Interserie Coupe 95 - Curcuito del Jarama
LMP2 1:26.138[4] Miguel Angel Castro Lola B05/40 2006 1000 km of Jarama
Group C2 1:27.490[5] Ranieri Randaccio Spice SE90C 1993 Campeonato de Espana de Turismos
LMP675 1:27.792[1] Didier de Radiguès Reynard 01Q 2001 ELMS at Jarama
LMP3 1:29.200[7] Nelson Panciatici Norma M30 2017 Jarama 4 Hours
Formula 3 1:29.375[8] José Manuel Pérez-Aicart Dallara F305 2005 Jarama Spanish F3 round
WSC 1:29.472[9] Jérôme Policand Courage C41 1997 International Sports Racing Series Jarama
GT1 (GTS) 1:29.783[4] Stéphane Ortelli Saleen S7R 2006 1000 km of Jarama
Formula 4 1:32.303[10] Kas Haverkort Tatuus F4-T014 2020 Jarama F4 Spain round
GT1 (Prototype) 1:32.627[11] Geoff Lees McLaren F1 GTR 1998 GTR Euroseries Jarama 4 Hours
GT3 1:32.754[12] Cesar Campanico Audi R8 LMS 2012 Campeonato de Portugal de Circuitos Jarama
GT2 1:33.248[13] Vimal Metha Ferrari F430 GT2 2010 Jarama Spanish GT round
GT1 1:33.345[14] Jean-Marc Gounon Ferrari F40 GTE 1996 BPR 4 Hours of Jarama
500cc 1:33.617 Carlos Checa Honda NSR500 1998 Madrid motorcycle Grand Prix
GT 1:34.268[1] Dirk Müller BMW M3 GTR 2001 ELMS at Jarama
250cc 1:34.941 Loris Capirossi Honda NSR250 1993 FIM motorcycle Grand Prix
N-GT 1:36.091[15] Luca Riccitelli Porsche 911 (996) GT3-RS 2001 FIA GT Jarama 500km
Super Touring 1:36.733[16] Fabrizio Giovanardi Alfa Romeo 156 D2 2001 Jarama ESTC round
World SBK 1:36.955[17] Doug Polen Ducati 888 SBK 1992 Jarama World SBK round
TCR Touring Car 1:38.265[18] Isidro Callejas CUPRA Leon Competición TCR 2022 Jarama TCR Spain round
125cc 1:39.330 Kazuto Sakata Aprilia RS125R 1998 Madrid motorcycle Grand Prix
ETCR 1:40.706[19] Maxime Martin Alfa Romeo Giulia ETCR 2022 Jarama FIA ETCR round
Super 2000 1:43.094[20] Fabrizio Giovanardi Alfa Romeo 156 GTA 2002 Jarama ETCC round
Truck racing 1:57.392[21] Jochen Hahn MAN TGS 2018 Jarama ETRC round
Grand Prix Circuit: 3.314 km (1980–1990)
F1 1:15.467 Alan Jones Williams FW07B 1980 Spanish Grand Prix
Group C 1:17.871[22] Hans-Joachim Stuck Porsche 962C 1987 360 km of Jarama
F3000 1:19.510[23] Michel Ferte March 86B 1986 Jarama F3000 round
Formula Two 1:20.020[24] Mike Thackwell Ralt RH6/83 1983 Gran Premio de Madrid
Formula Three 1:23.440[25] Johnny Dumfries Ralt RT3 1984 Jarama F3 round
Group C2 1:23.669[26] Fermín Vélez Spice SE89C 1989 480 km of Jarama
500cc 1:27.990 Wayne Gardner Honda NSR500 1987 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
250cc 1:30.120 Sito Pons Honda NSR250 1988 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc 1:33.250 August Auinger Morbidelli 125 1987 Portuguese motorcycle Grand Prix
Group A 1:33.710 Andy Rouse Ford Sierra RS Cosworth 1987 Jarama 4 Hours
50cc 1:47.070 Eugenio Lazzarini Garelli 50 GP 1983 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
Grand Prix Circuit: 3.404 km (1967–1979)
F1 1:16.440 Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari 312T4 1979 Spanish Grand Prix
Sports 2000 1:24.450[27] Jean-Pierre Jabouille Alpine A441 1974 Jarama 2-Litre Championship round
Formula Three 1:27.290[28] Alain Prost Martini MK21 1978 Jarama European F3 round
Formula Two 1:28.200[29] Jean-Pierre Beltoise Matra MS7 1968 Jarama F2 round
Group 6 1:30.700[30] Jorge de Bagration Porsche 908/02 1970 Jarama Spanish SCC round
Formula 5000 1:30.900 Peter Gethin McLaren M10A 1969 Madrid Grand Prix
Group 5 sports car 1:30.900[31] Alex Soler-Roig Porsche 917 1970 Jarama Trofeo Primavera
500cc 1:33.900 Kenny Roberts Yamaha YZR500 1979 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
Group 2 1:34.740[32] Toine Hezemans Ford Capri RS3100 1974 Jarama ETCC round
Group 4 1:35.420[33] Reinhold Jöst Porsche Carrera RSR 1975 Jarama ETCC round
250cc 1:36.200 Kork Ballington Kawasaki KR250 1979 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
350cc 1:39.900 Michel Rougerie Yamaha TZ 350 1977 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
125cc 1:42.000 Ángel Nieto Minarelli 125 GP 1979 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
Group 5 touring car 1:46.100[34] Dieter Quester BMW 2002 Ti 1969 Jarama ETCC round
50cc 1:50.300 Eugenio Lazzarini Kreidler 50 GP 1977 Spanish motorcycle Grand Prix
Group 3 2:09.100[30] Juan Merelo Alpine A110 1970 Jarama Spanish SCC round

References

  1. ^ a b c "European Le Mans Series Jarama 2001". Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  2. ^ "2002 Jarama Formula Nissan V6 - Round 3". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Interserie Jarama 1992". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "2006 European Le Mans Series 1000kms Jarama". Retrieved 26 July 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Interserie Jarama 1993". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Interserie Jarama 1995". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  7. ^ "Jarama 4 Hours 2017". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  8. ^ "2005 Spanish Formula 3 Jarama (Race 1)". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  9. ^ "International Sports Racing Series Jarama 1997". Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  10. ^ "Circuito del Jarama F4 Spanish Championship Race - 3 Provisional Results" (PDF). Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  11. ^ "Jarama 4 Hours 1998". Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  12. ^ "Portuguese GT Championship Jarama 2012". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  13. ^ "Spanish GT Championship Jarama 2010". Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  14. ^ "Jarama 4 Hours 1996". Retrieved 18 July 2022.
  15. ^ "FIA GT Championship Jarama 2001". Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  16. ^ "European Super Touring Championship 2001 » Jarama Round 17 Results". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  17. ^ "1992 Superbike World Championship Jarama Session Facts". Retrieved 20 March 2021.
  18. ^ "TCR ES 2022 » Jarama Round 2 Results". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  19. ^ "FIA ETCR Race of Jarama 17-19 June 2022 Pool Furious - Semi Final 1 - 300 kW Final Ranking". Retrieved 19 June 2022.
  20. ^ "ETCC 2002 » Jarama Round 8 Results". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  21. ^ "32 GP CAMIÓN DE ESPANA Circuito del Jarama, length 3850 m 06. - 07. October 2018 FIA European Truck Racing Championship Final Result Race 3" (PDF). Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  22. ^ "Jarama 360 Kilometres 1987". Retrieved 4 April 2021.
  23. ^ "1986 Jarama F3000". Retrieved 24 April 2022.
  24. ^ "1983 Jarama F2". Retrieved 9 May 2022.
  25. ^ "1984 Jarama European F3". Retrieved 9 May 2022.
  26. ^ "World Sportscar Championship Jarama 1989". Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  27. ^ "Jarama 2 Hours 1974". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  28. ^ "1978 Jarama European F3". Retrieved 9 May 2022.
  29. ^ "1968 Jarama F2". Retrieved 9 May 2022.
  30. ^ a b "Spanish SCC Copa Alfil Jarama 1970". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  31. ^ "Trofeo Primavera Jarama 1970". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  32. ^ "1974 Jarama ETCC". Retrieved 9 May 2022.
  33. ^ "200 km Jarama 1975". Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  34. ^ "1969 Jarama ETCC". Retrieved 9 May 2022.

External links