Legends car racing is a style of auto racing designed primarily to promote exciting racing and to keep costs down. The race car bodyshells are 5/8-scale replicas of American automobiles from the 1930s and 1940s, powered by Yamaha XJ1250, FJ1200 (both air-cooled) or, starting in 2018, FZ09 (water-cooled) engines. The worldwide sanctioning body for legends car racing is INEX.
Legends cars are a "spec" series, meaning all cars are mechanically identical, with the exception of three styles of car (standard coupe, '34 coupe, and sedan) available with 10 types of body styles. New cars are currently offered with seven body styles, however many used cars exist with the "older" styles.
In 1992, Charlotte Motor Speedway officials noticed a need for lower cost racing cars with little maintenance time and cost. They found such a car existed, in the guise of the motorcycle-engined dwarf car, a 5/8-scale, steel-bodied and fenderless 1935 Ford coupé, which was being manufactured by the Dwarf Car Company in Phoenix, Arizona. As the coupé concept was not exactly in line in what they were looking for, and deeming steel replacement bodywork too costly, they adapted the dwarf car concept to fit their needs, creating cars resembling those of the 1930s and 1940s which competed in the early NASCAR modified tour races. To this day, the primary difference between the two cars is the legends have fenders over the tires, whereas the dwarfs have no fenders. The first legends car was unveiled in April 1992 by track president and general manager Humpy Wheeler and road racer Elliott Forbes-Robinson. Legends cars are produced by US Legend Cars International (formerly 600 Racing, Inc.) in Harrisburg, North Carolina. They are the largest mass-producer of race cars in the world.
Legends car racing around the world
Although the cars originated from the US, other countries including Canada and many European countries also host championships. Each November, the world finals are held in the US, with the exception of 2017, when the finals were held in Finland, at the Botniaring Racing Circuit.
Drivers can be classified into four different divisions. The Pro Division is for the experienced drivers. The Masters Division features drivers 40 years and older. The Semi-pro Division is for drivers with less than two years of experience in a legends, featuring the drivers that are new to the INEX legends car or have been inactive in other forms of racing for a while. There is also the Young Lions Division, which is designated for drivers between the ages of 12 and 16. There are separate nationals for dirt and asphalt cars.
Running since the late 1990s, Legends Racing UK visits tracks all over the country, and ran a 15-round championship, all brought to the UK by music promoter Phil Cooper.
Three races are held – two heats and a final – at a round of the championship, with the heats lasting between 7 and 12 laps depending on the circuit, with the final a few laps longer. The grid for race one is drawn by lots, with the reverse for heat two, and in the final the grid is formed by the reverse of the drivers points in the previous two races – meaning the most successful driver starts near the back. In each race however, all rookies start at the back of the grid.
In 2018, Team 247, a race team set up by engineering firm 24hr Solutions, with rookie driver Phil Turner (Hertfordshire), entered the competition in support of Help for Heroes. With racing and event dates across the country, the Team 247 brand was built on the legends racing platform.
Historically, legends racers from the UK have performed well at the world finals, winning Semi-pro (Glenn Burtenshaw), Pro (John Jon Higgins) and Masters divisions (Peter Morton).
Brought to Scotland by Aly Hunter, and with only six cars taking to the grid in April 2000 at Knockhill, it is now the norm to find around 20 cars taking part, with 25 competing in the support races at the 2007 BTCC meeting. All the races in 2007 took place at Knockhill, but the series has organised "away" rounds at Croft, Oulton Park, Donington Park, Cadwell Park and Anglesey in recent years. The series observes the same race format rules as the UK legends, however the races are 8 and 10 laps long for the heats and finals respectively.
Legends have been racing in Finland since 1999 and the Legends Trophy series have existed since 2000. The first cars came to Finland from defunct Swedish series. Since then, over 60 cars have been imported to Finland. Legends is currently the most popular racing class in Finland with over 40 cars in the grid regularly. In 2010 Seinäjoen Vauhtiajot street racing event saw the record breaking 54 legends cars in the entry list.
The most successful racer in Finland is Pasi Matintupa, who won the trophy three times, in 2005–2007. In 2007 Rory Penttinen won the legends car world finals at Infineon Raceway in the pro class.
Legends Cars Baltic racing run a FIA Northern European Zone championship consisting of racers from Finland, Sweden, Russia and Baltics. In 2016, the series was won by Marko Kilpiä. More than 50 racers participated in three events. Series will continue in 2017 with round in Riga, Parnu and Ahvenisto.
In Italy more than 80 legends cars have been sold, and the official Italian championship counts up to 30 drivers per event. The Italian team regularly takes part in the world finals, winning the Semi-pro Legends Road Course World Final in 2019 with the driver Kevin Liguori.
Since 2020, there has been a Legends Car Ice Challenge which is held in various Italian famous ski resorts during the winter season
A legends racing series has been announced in Mexico for 2009, consolidating a true ladder system for the NASCAR Corona Series. The series is open for drivers 12 years and older, and is marketed as being the step before the NASCAR Mexico T4 Series.
In 2012, a legends national championship started in the Republic of Georgia at the rebuilt Rustavi International Motorpark, 10 km from the country's capital of Tbilisi. The 2012 season consisted of eight races for the championship of Georgia and one international race where 18 drivers from Georgia, Russia, Belarus and Germany took part. For the 2015 season, seven races are scheduled from April until November.
For a number of years legends raced on Australian oval tracks, surviving as a minor category, as the popularity of oval track racing "down under" is not what it is in the United States. Mainly legends is a speedway category racing on dirt and clay ovals running on midget and sprint car meets, but also briefly became a tarmac category, racing as a support category with the Australian NASCAR series, mainly racing on the Calder Park Thunderdome superspeedway (something that the Legends Cars do not race, as they typically are on smaller ovals and road courses). Phil Ward, a former touring car racer, recognized the potential for this type of economical racer, and developed the Aussie racing car, with a focus on road racing. The Aussie racing cars retain the same Yamaha motorcycle engines. The classic legends style bodyshape of old Fords and early Holdens have been gradually supplanted by imitations of modern road cars for commercial purposes. The category has visited many of the major Supercars Championship races across Australia. While high grid numbers have long been a feature of the class, calendars have fluctuated wildly as category management has clashed with event promoters. Another very similar category Future Racers also emerged during the 2000s technically very similar although the bodywork was more sportscar in nature.
Legends Big Money 100 at Charlotte
On January 22, 2010, it was announced that US Legend Cars International would host a million dollar purse race at Charlotte Motor Speedway, from July 15–17, 2010. Three hundred one legends cars were on hand for the inaugural "Legends Million" event. The event was televised live on Speed Channel with Daniel Hemric of Kannapolis, North Carolina, taking the top prize of $250,000.
The event was hosted again at Charlotte Motor Speedway under the name of the "Legends Big Money 100" from August 1–2, 2011. The winner was Kyle Plott of Marietta, Georgia. He held off NASCAR driver David Ragan, a past legends car and bandolero champion, to win the 100-lap race at Charlotte.
The third annual Big Money 100 was once again hosted at Charlotte Motor Speedway on July 4 weekend of 2012. Tyler Green won the 100-lap feature.
- Car specifications
- Wheelbase: 73.00 in (1,854 mm)
- Overall width: 60.00 in (1,524 mm)
- Overall length: 10 ft 6 in (3,200 mm)
- Height: 46 in (1,168 mm)
- Engine: Yamaha 1,250cc (sealed) or 1,200cc (open)
- Horsepower: 140 hp (100 kW)
- Weight: 1,300 lb (590 kg). with driver
- Tires: 205/60R13 Federal SS595 (pavement)
American Racer 13 inch (dirt)
- Wheels: width: 7 in / diameter: 13 in
- Suspension: coil over with Bilstein shocks
- Frame: full tubeframe with integral rollcage
- Harness: FIA-approved five-point
The cars have very tight specifications to ensure cars are quite similar with each other. All cars utilize the same parts, engine and tires. The only adjustable areas on the cars are: camber angle, caster angle, ride height, tire pressure, spring rates, wheelbase, and gearing. All of these adjustments are also strictly regulated in the INEX rule book. The overall similarity in the cars ensures good racing, at a low cost. It also puts the race in the hands of the driver and the setup of the race car, instead of being about who can spend the most money.
Available body styles
- 1934 Chevrolet coupé
- 1934 Ford sedan
- 1934 Ford coupé
- 1937 Chevrolet sedan
- 1937 Dodge coupé
- 1937 Ford sedan
- 1937 Ford coupé (no longer available on new cars)
- 1937 Chevrolet coupé (no longer available on new cars)
- 1937 Dodge sedan
- 1940 Ford coupé (no longer available on new cars)
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- "Championship Standings - Legends Racing UK - race reports, results, competitions, championship calendars and driver profiles". Archived from the original on 2011-10-13. Retrieved 2011-10-21., Legends Racing UK race format
- "Legends driving experience activity day – Legends racing at Knockhill, Fife". Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2007-11-26., Knockhill Legends driving experience
- "Race Hire - Legends Cars at Legends Race Hire". Archived from the original on 2007-11-12. Retrieved 2007-11-26., Scottish Legends race hire
- , French website introduction/report
- , Spanish Legends Cars 2007 calendar
- Andrea Di Marcantonio. "IL FENOMENO LEGEND CARS | PERFORMANCEMAG.IT" (in Italian). Retrieved 2021-08-07.
- Campionato del Mondo Legend Cars Vittoria Kevin Liguori Atlanta, 3 novembre 2019, archived from the original on 2021-12-12, retrieved 2021-08-07
- "Ghedina diventa "Legend" "Un vecchio amore che ritorna"". Corriere delle Alpi (in Italian). 2021-03-26. Retrieved 2021-08-07.
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- "Newspaper Georgia Today. Georgians, start your engines!". 2012-11-09. Archived from the original on 2013-01-26.
- US Legend Cars International - official Legends manufacturers
- Legends Cars Canada
- Legends Racing UK
- Legends Racing Ireland
- Scottish Legends Cars Championship and race hire
- Legends Racing South Africa
- Legends Cars Finland
- Legends Russian Series
- Legend Cars Denmark
- Legends Cars Cup France
- Legends Cup Benelux
- Dutch Legends Cup
- NEZ and Baltic Legends
- Swiss Legends Racing
- Italian Legends Cars