Layout of the Mount Panorama Circuit (1938-1986)

The 1985 James Hardie 1000 was a motor race held on 6 October 1985 at the Mount Panorama Circuit just outside Bathurst, in New South Wales, Australia. It was the 26th running of the Bathurst 1000 and was the first held exclusively for cars complying with the Australian version of International Group A touring car regulations. The event, which was organised by the Australian Racing Drivers Club Ltd, was Round Four of both the 1985 Australian Endurance Championship and the 1985 Australian Manufacturers' Championship.

The 1980 Jaguar XJ-S of John Goss repainted as a replica of the 1985 James Hardie 1000 race winner, pictured in 2007

The race was dominated by the Tom Walkinshaw Racing run Jaguar XJ-S's, which finished first and third. John Goss and German driver Armin Hahne claimed the victory with team owner Tom Walkinshaw and his co-driver Win Percy finishing three laps down in third. On the same lap as the winning Jaguar was the Schnitzer Motorsport prepared BMW 635CSi of Italian driver Roberto Ravaglia and Venezuela's former Motorcycle World champion (and ex-Formula One driver) Johnny Cecotto who, despite their extensive overseas experience, were Bathurst rookies and as such easily co-won the Rookie of the Year award. The Holden Dealer Team Holden VK Commodore of Peter Brock and New Zealand open-wheel racer David Oxton was in second place with three laps to go when it broke a timing chain and retired.

1985 was the first Great Race since 1968 in which four-time winner Allan Moffat was not an entrant. Left without a drive in 1985 after the withdrawal of Mazda from Australian touring car racing, Moffat was guest expert commentator with race broadcaster Channel 7.

Class structure

The race was held for cars complying with the Australian version of International Group A touring car regulations with three engine capacity classes.

Class A - Up to 2000 cc

Six cars were entered for Class A, including four Toyotas, two of them factory supported, an Alfa Romeo Alfetta which did not start and a Volvo 360 which also failed to start.

Class B - 2001-3000 cc

With a multiplication factor of 1.3 applied to cars with turbocharged engines, a 2000cc car with a turbocharger was rated at 2600cc for the purposes of the class structure. This saw the factory supported turbocharged Mitsubishi Starions and a Volvo 240 compete against non-turbo Audi 5+5, Toyota Celica Supra and the factory-backed Alfa Romeo GTV6. It was the first time since the 1973 race that there was no Ford Capri on the grid.

Class C - Over 3000 cc

The class featured Holden VK Commodore V8s (in both 5.0 litre and 4.9 litre configuration), the big V12 Jaguar XJ-S', the V8 Ford Mustang GT's and Rover Vitesses and the Straight-six BMW 635 CSi. Both the Rovers and BMW's used 3.5 litre engines, though unlike the BMW, the Rover was a V8.

Hardies Heroes

Pos No Entrant Driver Car HH Qual
Pole 8 JRA Ltd/Jaguar Racing United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw Jaguar XJ-S 2:18.822 2:19.78
2 9 JRA Ltd/Jaguar Racing United Kingdom Jeff Allam Jaguar XJ-S 2:19.915 2:20.32
3 17 Palmer Tube Mills Australia Dick Johnson Ford Mustang GT 2:20.646 2:21.79
4 6 Roadways Racing Services Australia Allan Grice Holden VK Commodore 2:20.661 2:21.72
5 55 Mark Petch Motorsport New Zealand Robbie Francevic Volvo 240T 2:20.873 2:22.22
6 10 JRA Ltd/Jaguar Racing Australia John Goss Jaguar XJ-S 2:20.919 2:19.77
7 1 JPS Team BMW New Zealand Jim Richards BMW 635 CSi 2:21.396 2:21.68
8 18 Palmer Tube Mills Australia Larry Perkins Ford Mustang GT 2:22.340 2:21.99
9 21 Goold Motorsport Italy Roberto Ravaglia BMW 635 CSi 2:22.874 2:24.25
10 7 Mobil Holden Dealer Team Australia David Parsons Holden VK Commodore 2:22.886 2:23.22
11 05 Mobil Holden Dealer Team Australia Peter Brock Holden VK Commodore 2:23.018 2:22.85

* Tom Walkinshaw's pole time of 2:18.822 in his Group A Jaguar XJ-S was 0.138 seconds faster than he had qualified John Goss' Group C Jaguar XJS in Hardie's Heroes the previous year. It was also the first time a driver had gone from being the slowest in the runoff one year to being the fastest a year later. Showing the difference in performance between Group A and Group C at that stage, Walkinshaw's time was 4.972 seconds slower than George Fury's pole winning time of 1984.[1]
* Walkinshaw's Jaguar was recorded at 274 km/h (170 mph) on Conrod Straight during the runoff. The fastest non-Jaguar was the turbocharged Volvo 240T driven by Bathurst Rookie Robbie Francevic which recorded 260 km/h (162 mph). The once dominant V8 Holden and Fords were slower still, topping out at around 250 km/h (155 mph).
* Volvo became the 8th marque to be represented in the Top 10 runoff since its inception in 1978 when Auckland based Robbie Francevic qualified his Mark Petch Motorsport Volvo 240T in 5th place. The Volvo was also the only turbo powered car in the runoff.
* With Walkinshaw on pole and teammate Jeff Allam in second, 1985 was the first and so far only year that cars powered by V12 engines have filled the front row of the grid at Bathurst. It was also the first time since Peter Brock and Colin Bond had qualified 1-2 for the Holden Dealer Team in 1974 that one team had occupied the front row.
* The No. 18 DJR Ford Mustang driven by Larry Perkins was officially withdrawn from the race following Hardies Heroes. Every car on the grid that qualified behind the car was then was moved up one grid position. The car had been entered as an insurance policy should something happen to keep the #17 Mustang out of the race, and to give drivers Dick Johnson and Perkins the maximum amount of practice time before the race.
* For the first time there were 11 cars and not 10 in the runoff. The ARDC had originally bumped the Larry Perkins Mustang believing (correctly) that it would not start the race despite persistent rumours that it would, and included in its place the BMW 635 CSi of Roberto Ravaglia. However, DJR protested as their car had provisionally qualified 8th. As the ARDC had no grounds to exclude it as regulations stated the top 8 qualifiers were an automatic inclusion, the runoff went ahead with both Perkins and Ravaglia taking part.
* 1985 was the only time Peter Brock was out-qualified by one of his HDT teammates in Hardie's Heroes, qualifying 0.132 behind David Parsons, who was listed only as co-driver to 1983 race winner John Harvey in the No. 7 car. Prior to this the closest a teammate had got to him in HH was when Harvey was only 1.19 seconds slower in 1980. 1985 would also be the only time that the HDT had the slowest two cars in the runoff.
* The fastest driver in official qualifying, 1974 winner John Goss, made his first and only appearance in Hardie's Heroes. Goss' Jaguar had also qualified for the shootout in 1984 but Tom Walkinshaw was at the wheel.

Official results

Bold donates outright and class winners

Pos Class No Entrant Drivers Car Laps Qual
1 C 10 JRA Ltd/Jaguar Racing Australia John Goss
West Germany Armin Hahne
Jaguar XJ-S 163 1 6
2 C 21 Goold Motorsport Venezuela Johnny Cecotto
Italy Roberto Ravaglia
BMW 635 CSi 163 11 9
3 C 8 JRA Ltd/Jaguar Racing United Kingdom Tom Walkinshaw
United Kingdom Win Percy
Jaguar XJ-S 160 2 1
4 C 1 JPS Team BMW New Zealand Jim Richards
Australia Tony Longhurst
BMW 635 CSi 160 4 7
5 C 3 H. Kent Baigent New Zealand Kent Baigent
New Zealand Neal Lowe
BMW 635 CSi 159 12
6 C 20 Jim Keogh Australia Jim Keogh
Australia Garry Rogers
BMW 635 CSi 159 16
7 C 17 Palmer Tube Mills Australia Dick Johnson
Australia Larry Perkins
Ford Mustang GT 159 6 3
8 B 47 Network Alfa Australia Colin Bond
Australia Gregg Hansford
Alfa Romeo GTV6 158 21
9 B 42 Mitsubishi Ralliart Australia Kevin Bartlett
Australia Peter McKay
Mitsubishi Starion 157 13
10 C 41 Barry Jones Australia Barry Jones
Australia Tony Mulvihill
Holden VK Commodore 156 25
11 C 25 Yellow Pages Australia Tony Kavich
Australia Ralph Radburn
Holden VK Commodore 156 34
12 C 40 Terry Finnigan Australia Terry Finnigan
Australia Barry Lawrence
Holden VK Commodore 155 24
13 C 11 Alf Barbagallo New Zealand Tim Slako
Australia Geoff Leeds
Rover Vitesse 152 18
14 C 12 Garry Willmington Australia Garry Willmington
New Zealand Peter Janson
Jaguar XJ-S 150 29
15 C 19 Ken Mathews Prestige Cars Australia Ken Mathews
Australia Bob Muir
Holden VK Commodore 147 38
16 B 45 Ray Gulson Australia Ray Gulson
Australia Frank Porter
Alfa Romeo GTV6 147 40
17 A 60 Toyota Team Australia Australia John Smith
Australia Drew Price
Toyota Corolla GT 147 42
18 C 30 Lester Smerdon Australia Lester Smerdon
Australia Geoff Russell
Holden VK Commodore 145 38
19 B 51 Greville Arnel Australia Andrew Harris
Australia Greville Arnel
Mitsubishi Starion 141 48
20 C 39 Sleepyhead Beds New Zealand Graeme Bowkett
New Zealand Wayne Wilkinson
Holden VK Commodore 135 20
21 B 53 Chris Heyer's Kingswood Import Centre Australia Chris Heyer
New Zealand Graham McGregor
Audi 5+5 134 49
22 C 36 Lusty Engineering Australia Graham Lusty
Australia Ken Lusty
Holden VK Commodore 133 45
23 C 34 The Xerox Shop Australia Alan Taylor
Australia Kevin Kennedy
Holden VK Commodore 132 41
DNF C 05 Mobil Holden Dealer Team Australia Peter Brock
New Zealand David Oxton
Holden VK Commodore 160 9 11
DNF C 14 Auckland Coin & Bullion Exchange New Zealand Denny Hulme
New Zealand Ray Smith
Holden VK Commodore 146 15
DNF C 13 Grellis Marketing Australia Bernie McClure
Australia Ray Ellis
Holden VK Commodore 136 36
DNF C 4 I.M.B. Team Wollongong Australia Peter McLeod
Australia Graeme Bailey
Holden VK Commodore 126 22
DNF A 57 Bob Holden Motors Manly Vale Australia Bob Holden
New Zealand Glenn Clark
Toyota Sprinter AE86 123 46
DNF B 55 Mark Petch Motorsport New Zealand Robbie Francevic
Australia John Bowe
Volvo 240T 122 8 5
NC B 54 Melbourne Clutch & Brake Service Australia Brian Sampson
Australia Garry Waldon
Mitsubishi Starion 117 35
NC C 37 Brian Callaghan Australia Barry Graham
Australia Brian Callaghan
Holden VK Commodore 114 26
DNF C 6 Super K-Mart
Roadways Racing Services
Australia Allan Grice
Australia Warren Cullen
Holden VK Commodore 114 5 4
DNF C 24 Jagparts Racing Australia Gerald Kay
Australia Martin Power
Holden VK Commodore 112 33
DNF A 61 Toyota Team Australia New Zealand John Faulkner
Australia Ray Cutchie
Toyota Sprinter AE86 110 43
DNF C 22 Erle McRae Motorsport Australia Charlie O'Brien
Australia John English
BMW 635 CSi 106 23
NC A 58 David Ratcliff Australia David Ratcliff
Australia Don Smith
Toyota Sprinter AE86 98 47
NC C 2 Masterton Homes Australia Steve Masterton
Australia Bruce Stewart
Holden VK Commodore 96 53
DNF C 7 Mobil Holden Dealer Team Australia John Harvey
Australia David Parsons
Holden VK Commodore 96 10 10
DNF C 33 Mike Burgmann Australia Mike Burgmann
Australia Bob Stevens
Holden VK Commodore 93 30
DNF C 31 JPS Team BMW Australia George Fury
New Zealand Neville Crichton
BMW 635 CSi 68 17
DNF B 49 John Bundy Australia John Bundy
Australia Norm Carr
Mazda RX-7 67 51
DNF C 16 Flexible Hose Supplies United Kingdom Barry Robinson
United Kingdom Jon Jeffery
Rover Vitesse 59 52
DNF C 23 Simon Emmerling Australia Simon Emmerling
Australia Trevor Hine
BMW 635 CSi 42 31
DNF C 38 Barry Wraith Australia Barry Wraith
Australia Wayne Park
Holden VK Commodore 34 39
DNF B 44 Peter Williamson Toyota Australia Peter Williamson
Australia Tomas Mezera
Toyota Celica Supra 32 27
DNF C 29 Ken Davison Australia Ken Davison
Australia Wally Kramer
Ford Mustang GT 19 44
DNF C 28 Capri Components Australia Lawrie Nelson
Australia Bill O'Brien
Ford Mustang GT 18 37
DNF C 32 Anderson & O'Leary New Zealand Bruce Anderson
New Zealand Wayne Anderson
Ford Mustang GT 17 28
DNF C 9 JRA Ltd/Jaguar Racing United Kingdom Jeff Allam
Australia Ron Dickson
Jaguar XJ-S 3 3 2
DNF B 43 Mitsubishi Ralliart Australia Brad Jones
Australia Peter Fitzgerald
Mitsubishi Starion 0 14
DNF C 27 Alf Grant Australia Alf Grant
Australia John French
Holden VK Commodore 0 19
DNS C 18 Palmer Tube Mills Australia Larry Perkins
Australia Dick Johnson
Ford Mustang GT 7 8
DNS B 52 Formula 1 Investments Australia Graham Moore
Belgium Michel Delcourt
Mitsubishi Starion 50
DNS C 26 Super K-Mart
Roadways Racing Services
Australia Warren Cullen
Australia Allan Grice
Holden VK Commodore
DNS A 59 Phil McDonnell Australia Greg Crick
Australia Phil McDonnell
Alfa Romeo Alfetta


  • Provisional Pole Position - #10 John Goss - 2:19.77
  • Pole Position – #8 Tom Walkinshaw – 2:18.822
  • Fastest Lap – #10 John Goss – 2:21.86
  • Average Speed – 150 km/h
  • Race Time - 6:41:30.19

External links